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pp. 288.

that their very names have perished; The remarks offered on the appearance and this conviction was the result of his of the first volume would in a great most minute and persevering inquiry measure be suitable for the present. It among the Arab population.

No one

contains seventy-three sketches of serknew

any such names, nor of any thing mons, on a great variety of interesting which could be so moulded as to resem- subjects. We have read them all, and ble them.

many of them with great pleasure. It remains only to add, that our There is, however, a peculiar kind of traveller's account of the various re- mechanism in the construction of some markable places he visited are enriched of them, perhaps a characteristic of the with brief historical notices, the result of author's mind, which might be laid extensive reading, the value of which aside or varied with advantage. We may be inferred from the fact, that their think the sketches fully equal to any of preparation augmented the labor of those previously published. The volume preparing his manuscript for the press contains eighteen essays on the commore than fourfold. The narrative is position and delivery of sermons, which closed by a number of learned and deserve to be most carefully studied by valuable appendices, and accompanied every young preacher. They are among by new and correct maps of the regions the very best that have ever been visited.

written. No one who engages in the

sacred work can even peruse them withJOSEPH, A Model FOR THE Young. By out benefit. If the former volume

EDWARD LEIGHTON. Illustrated with merited commendation for its utility, two Engravings on Steel. Post, 8vo.,

this one, in our opinion, on account of Strange, London; Allen,

the superior value of its essays, has Nottingham ; Allen, Leicester ; Brooks, especial claims on those for whom it is Leicester.

designed. The history of Joseph, as given in the inspired pages, surpasses in interest THOUGHTS, chiefly designed as preparaand pathos the most celebrated of the tive or persuasive to private devotion. works of uninspired genius.

We are

By JOHN SHEPPARD, Author of much gratified with the efforts of Mr.

Christian Encouragement,&c. RoyLeighton to set in order an instructive al, 18 mo., pp. 324. Tract Society. view of the chief points of importance in this inimitable narrative. He has

This volume has for many years been executed his task with great deli

in possession of the public, and has cacy, and considerable ability. To the passed through several editions. We various recommendations of this work

recollect perusing it with profit and

It is adgiven on our cover, we do most cordially pleasure many years ago add our own; though the sale of two

dressed more especially to the reflective, large editions of three thousand six

and dilates on some twenty-seven topics hundred copies, in four years seems to

of great interest, as the Divine greatrender all commendation superfluous. ness, omnipotence; the greatness of the The book has taken its position amongst blessings we seek in prayer; the imthe standard and approved works for perfection of all human language and the young with which the literature of thought in the view of the Creator; the this nation so happily abounds. The

means by which our thoughts of the present edition, by its typography and moral perfections of the Deity may be engravings, has a decided advantage elevated; on endeavouring, amidst deover its predecessors. Would that it jection, to “look at things unseen;" the was placed in the hands of all the youth habit and spirit in life and business,” &c.

means of maintaining a devotional in our families and schools, and that its counsels and lessons were practically These are selected as a specimen of the regarded!

topics discussed in this useful work. It

is enriched by illustration notes, as an THE PULPIT CYCLOPÆDIA, and Chris- appendix, containing, among other ex

tian Minister's Companion. By the cellent facts and observations, a most Author of Sketches and Skeletons touching correspondence with the late of Sermons," &c. Vol. II. 8vo. Lord Byron. pp. 348. Houlston and Stoneman. VOL. 6.--N.S.

Y

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BRIEF NOTICES.

gate Hill.

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE. Two stitution and proceedings. It gives most

Lectures explanatory of the objects of the fearful details of the horrors of the knackers' Anti-state Church Conference, delivered yard. How cruel is man! in South Parade Chapel, Leeds. Ву

THE VOICE OF ISRAEL : Conducted by JOHN EUSTACE GILES.

Jews who believe in Jesus of Nazareth as These lectures are published at the request the Messiah No. ). Unwin, 33, Dowof the Leeds Committee of the Sunday school Union. They deserve to be read by all dissenters, and, as they may be had for a

The title of this new periodical is sufficient trifle, we recommend our readers and Sunday

to commend it to the attention and sympathy school teachers to procure a copy each for

of many of our readers; and, when we inform himself.

them that, unless the work has the assistance

and patronage of Gentile Christians, it cannot THE NATIONAL ANIMAL'S FRIEND So

be sustained, we hope we shall induce some CIETY, for the protection of the dumb of them to become subscribers. Three-pence creation against cruelty. Howit, Not.

a month, or four-pence, if the paper

be tingham.

stamped, will be the expence. The present This pamphlet, issued by the society of the number contains several articles of interest. above name, contains an account of its con

CORRESPONDENCE.

A REPLY

66

CÆSAR'S CLAIMS AND THE governments, or the person exercising the PEOPLE'S DUTY. *

supreme magistracy;" he suggests, that the former “is God's ordinance, and that the

latter, "are the creatures of men, under the With Civis, whose essay on “ Obedience to general guidance of his providence.” I Civil Rulers," is inserted in the January however, am disposd to consider the whole as number of the General Baptist Repository, the powers that be, and to adopt, as applying (page 13) I can truly say, that I have no to them, the language of unerring truth, desire to “prolong mere dispute;" nor which, now the Roman government is in indeed, have I a wish, even to provoke this existence, even with wicked Nero at its head, kind of warfare; but I would not shrink says, the powers that be, are ordained from that free and friendly discussion, whose (appointed) of God.” This is God's word ! object of attainment is not mastery, but May our faith admit it, and our piety adore truth; in this instance, Divine Truth, as to it, as being the declaration of spotless purity, the rights of civil governments, and the and infinite wisdom ! duties of their subjects.

Civis now remarks, “ That obedience to I am glad, that in some important parti. it (government) according to law, is reason. culars, Civis and I concur in our views. We able, and christian.” The fact is, I conceive, are in agreement as to the facts, that in one that the man who obeys government, obeys aspect, the powers that be, are ordained of law; and that he who obeys law, obeys God; and that in another, they are the government. Upon reconsideration, Civis ordinance of man. Rom. xiii. l. 1 Peter ii. will perhaps see, that be involves, (except I 13—17. They appear to be, in God's wise mistake his meaning) a mere truism, the and gracious providence, His appointment ; non observance of which, seems to infuence and, the ordinance of men, as being effected him, in what he subsequently says. He by their instrumentality, and in the concur. remarks, “the authority at which the mind rence of their will. With reference to these of every patriot revolts, and I think he may higher powers, however, Civis makes a dis. be a christian too, that should demand in the tinction, and employs a qualification, the form of taxes, ship money, or any thing propriety of which, in their application, the else, any sum not granted by law, but from one to the other, I beg leave to question. In mere pleasure, deserves no better name than distinguishing between the “power or civil tyranny.” Tyranny! an oppressive law, may authority;" and, the “particular form of deserve this appellation. The case supposed every soul,”

would be, robbery attempted. Obedience to * As we think few of our readers are without those who make a demand upon you in the fixed opinions on the question at issue in these papers, the insertion of this " reply'' must termi.

shape of taxes, &c., which demand, let it be nate the controversy in our pages.-ED.

understood, has not the sanction of law, is

pot obedience to government, but obedience trow not,” that it is also taught by Paul, to the demand of some public robber, under the influence of divine inspiration, in who if detected in his guilt, would have to the requirement, “Render therefore to all suffer the penalty of the law himself. And their dues, tribute to whom tribute, &c.," on this point, surely I have been sufficiently appears to me, self-evident.

The things guarded. Take, as an example, my words given to Cæsar, are, it cannot be disputed, in enforcing the duty of paying Church worldy possessions. Cæsar's claim upon Rates; they are, “ After having been legally these is without any limitation on the part laid."*

The whole of my argument is to of the King of kings. Who, then, can fix show, that in civil matters, we should obey any boundaries to the claims of government, civil law: and must therefore, pay all taxes, be that government a despot, a republican, a rates, &c., required by law; but, with equal king and parliament &c. ? God has not earnestness would I contend that as good sub. enjoined any particular form of government, jects of the realm, and as Christians also, we as Civis very correctly remarks; but, he does have a right to resist imposition, and not to enjoin obedience on the part of “ submit to that, as law, which in fact is not law. to that government, which does exist. My The spirited conduct of the inspired Paul friend will allow me to say here, that instead is my authority; and, we all know that in of putting me to proof on these points, he this respect, inspired precedent is equal to should have attempted to show that the inspired precept. See Acts, xvi. 30–39. arguments employed in my former papers xxi. 39–40. xxii; 25–30. With deep are unsound, and that the Scriptures which regret it is, that we have occasion to remark, are there quoted, in support of them, are that kings and governments, in a multitude irrelevant. Civis, however, opposes my views, of instances, rank amongst the most wicked not we think by Scripture, but by a course and oppressive of moral agents. God, in bis of political reasoning. He teaches, that what inscrutable, but wise providence, often gives is due to civil rulers, “is their due, for the his people to see, the prosperity of the purposes of just and lawful government, wicked.” But while He thus, in his prov- after, having asked for it, the community idence, exalts them, as to things temporal, according to constituted order, has granted it." they, in rejection of his counsel, make them- But my enquiry is, “What saith the Scrip. selves wicked; and ultimately, unless they re- ture ?” It does not say to the Romans “ Pay pent they shall be thrust down to hell; while Cæsar, what is due for just and lawful those of God's people whom these sons of government.” It says not, “but let Cæsar power have wickedly oppressed, shall pre- ask for it, and let the community grant it.” sently be delivered from every trial, and shall No, but without any stipulation, qualification, rise to take posession of realms of bliss, and or enquiry, the Scriptures say, thrones of glory, and crowns of life! See soul be subject unto the higher powers," &c. Psalm. lxxiii.

Rom. xiii. 1-8. A government may adopt Civis requires of me, a “ Thus saith the the course that my brother has in his eye; Lord,” to show, that in conformity with and if so, all the happier for its subjects; what I have previously written, taxes are yet it may not do this, but quite the contrary, collected, not as gratuities, but as debts; and and even then they must submit, if they that God has given our governments 80 would regard the New Testament. much of the property which we hold, as they Civis seems to be in perturbation respec. are disposed to claim, even the whole, if they ting the prerogatives of the civil law, comresolve to have it. That taxes are not gra- paring them—when by their virtue on the tuities, but debts, is unquestionably the doc. one hand, an individual holds and possesses trine of God's word. The divine law says,

property; and when on the other, by their “Pay ye tribute :"-" Render therefore to power, he is compelled to pay such taxes as all their DUES, tribute to whom tribute.”

government may demand-to the grinding of Conformity to this, is urged by the injunction, two mill-stones. But after all, this is the “Owe no man any thing,” Rom. xiii. 6–8. fact. By law, property is so secured to its But, when the Scriptures urge gratuities owner, that no man can legally take it from their language is, “ Every man as he pur- him; except in such a way, and for such poseth in his heart, so let him give, not purposes, as the law may provide. By law, grudgingly, or of pecessity : for God loveth then, in civil matters, he is defended; but to a cheerful GIVER.” See also I Cor. xvi, 1-3. law he must, in civil affairs, submit. Much, And, that God has given to our civil rulers it is cheerfully conceded, of the comforts or the right of claiming so much of our the miseries of men in reference to the property, as they are pleased, in their things of this world, depend upon the purity, official capacity to demand, is a doctrine or the impurity of the laws by which they taught in the words of the blessed Redeemer, are governed. How important, then, it is to “ render to Cæsar, the things that pray, “ for kings, and all that are in authoCæsar's," and, notwithstanding Civis's “I rity, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable

life in all godliness and honesty ;” and how # G. B. R. 1843, page 297.

necessary, that we should be subject to prin

“Let every

are

cipalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to whicb Civis treats us, in his burst through be ready to every good work." Faith and pray- the mist, and in his looking on the fair er, and obedience to divine requirement and creation around; and in his reference to direction, will, of God's grace, secure all that “Æsop's stork among the frogs;" and would we want; while disobedience to God's word ask all my readers, by the Scriptures, to prove will incur the divine displeasure. “Blessed all things; I would also respectfully beg of are they that do his commandments, that Civis, in future, not to judge motives, as they may have right to the tree of life, he does, when he says of Mr. K. that he was and may enter in through the gates into the “mystified by eagerness of dispute, or some. city.” I am glad that my friend protests thing else,” but I would ask him to deal against the use of “ clandestine means," for, with facts. (in some of its modifications at least) the I have now, so far as I can judge at evasion of law; and I hope he will presently present, done with this controversy ; except see, that he should do this also, with respect some friend will examine and open to us the to those laws that are obviously oppressive, Scriptures by which I aim to support the and to the existence of which we are decid. arguments employed; and show, if he can, edly opposed, and for the abrogation of that their import is misunderstood. If he which we would use all constitutional means, in my view succeed, I will, through the as well as in reference to those of which we General Baptist Repository, heartily and approve. The wisdom and the mercy of sincerely thank him for setting me right; God are apparent, even to creatures so short. but if I should think he expounds them sighted as we, in the circumstance, that he incorrectly, I will endeavour, through the requires obedience to erery civil law. With- same medium, to show him why I entertain out this, there must be continual anarchy. this opinion. The principal passages are, Were each individual to judge for himself Titus iii. 1; 1 Peter ii. 13–17; Rom. xiii. as to the laws to which he shall submit, and 1-7; Mark xii. 13–17; Jer. xxvii. 5–8; what tax he shall pay, no law nor tax would and Dan. iv, 17; and, may I be permitted, have universal regard. In fact, law in this with all due respect to the esteemed corres. case, would be a mere nullity. Blackstone pondents of the General Baptist Repository, says of Law, “It is called a rule to dis. to state, that I cannot consider any thing a tinguish it from advice or counsel, which we reply to this, which does not exbibit its auare at liberty to follow or not, as we see thor's views, of at least, those Scriptures proper, and to judge upon the reasonableness above named, which are found in the New or unreasonableness of the thing advised : Testament. whereas our obedience to the law depends My feeble efforts thus to secure from the not upon our approbation, but upon the Christian Church, obedience to its great and maker's will.

glorious Head, I commend to God's blessing, I pass by the specimen of rhetoric with and to the prayers of his people.

J. KIDDALL.

OBITUARY.

MRs. Hoe.-Died, April 19th, 1844, Sarah, and could only give utterance to her feelings the wife of Thomas Hoe, minister of the in exclamations of wonder and ascriptions General Baptist Church, Spalding. From of praise. A few days before her departure, infancy she manifested a serious turn of she said to her husbaud, when conversing mind ; at the age of fifteen or sixteen she respecting the state of her mind, “ I believe became decidedly pious, and entered into that Jesus Christ is the Son of God; I visible union with the Church of Cbrist. believe he is able to save to the uttermost; From that period to the close of her earthly and I believe that he will save me.” On career her conduct was uniformly consistent another occasion she repeated with sweet with her religious profession, being marked composure and peculiar emphasis the fol. by strict conscientiousness, cheerful serious lowing lines :ness, and habitual humility. She was O what a mighty change especially exemplary for her ardent attach

Shall Jesus' sofferers know, ment to the house of God, and for her

While through the happy plains they range, regular attendance on the public means of

Incapable of woe! grace. During her last affliction, which Her end was peace. In reference to her was unusually protracted, she manifested case how applicable and how consolatory

very exemplary degree of patience. is the language of inspiration, “ I heard & Towards the close of her illness she was voice from heaven, saying to me, write, at times highly favoured in her religious Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord, experience; so much so on one occasion, from henceforth; yea saith the Spirit for that she was overwhelmed with the weight they rest from their labours, and their of glory that seemed to descend upon her, works do follow them.

a

INTELLIGENCE.

The seventy-fifth Annual Association of exertions to improve them; and that the the New Connexion of General Baptists will representatives now present, be requested to be held in the Ely Place Chapel, Wisbech. bring the subject under the notice of their The sittings will commence on Tuesday respective Churcbes. morning, June 25th, at ten o'clock.* The

4. That the arrangements for supplying following public services will be held:

the Home Mission stations be left with the Preaching on Wednesday morning, at half.

committee. past ten; annual meeting of the Missionary Society, at half-past two in the afternoon;

5. The reports from the Church at Macand preaching on Thursday evening. The

clesfield, stating the probability of the chapel inn appointed by our Wisbech friends is the premises being sold by the trustees, and of White Lion, Bridge Foot.

the prospect that the congregation would

shortly be without a place in which to wor. CAESHIRE AND LANCASHIRE CONFER- ship. Resolved, this meeting deeply sympaENCE. –The tenth meeting of this Confer. thizing with the friends at Macclesfield, in ence was held at Stoke-upon-Trent, on the their trying circumstances, suggests to them, afternoon of Good Friday, tho 5th April. not to present any obstacle to the sale of the Brother Lindley, of Macclesfield, was called property; and in the event of the present to preside. Thirteen brethren represented the chapel being sold, recommends them to build seven Churches comprised in the Conference, a new one, in the centre of the town, promis. and two other friends, who attended as repre. ing to afford them every assistance in its sentatives of the Baptist Church at Andlem, power, amd cordially commending their case were invited to be present during the meet- to the sympathy and aid of Christian friends. ing.

6. An application being received from the The reports received from the Churches, Baptist Church at Andlem, to be received were not of so favourable a character as at into this Conference, as an act of union with the previous Conference. Twenty one per.

the New Connexion of General Baptists. sons had been baptized, fourteen received, Resolved, that this meeting, recommends the and twelve were reported as candidates. friends at Andlem to apply to the annual as. The minutes of the previous meeting were

sociation; and, from our intimate knowledge read. The home mission committe reported, of the friends composing this Church, their that arrangements had been made, continuing

sentiments and Christian character, we corthe services at Congleton, up to March 25th dially recommend them to the annual associalast, at which time his engagements with the tion, requesting that they may be received Committee ceased. To defray the expences of

into union therewith. this arrangement, a further grant of £20. 7. That this meeting respectfully recomhad been made ; the friends at Stoke had not

mend to our Churches the establishment and received any aid from the funds of the Home support of British Schools in their localities. Mission, nor had any other assistance been 8. That this Conference, contemplating the afforded during the six months than the unholy alliance which exists in the conoccasional gratitutious supply of the pulpit, nection of the Established Church, with the by a few friends in different Churches. The

civil government of our kingdom, hail with payments on account of the Home Mission, satisfaction the convention proposed to be during the six months, had been £28., and the held in London, on the 30th, instant, in refer. receipts about £18., leaving a balance due to ence to the separation of this union. the treasurer of about £10. Resolutions to 9. That brethren Suteliffe and Lindley be the following effect were then passed.

delegated to appoint two persons in London, 1. That the proceedings of the Home Mis. to attend its meetings, as the representatives sion Committee, be approved and confirmed. of this Conference.

2. That the engagements of brother Sten- 10. That the next Conference be held at son with the home mission having ceased, Tarporley, on the last Tuesday in September. he is open to an invitation. The Con. Mr. Sutcliffe of Staley-bridge to preach. In ference respectfully commend him to the connection with this meeting, brother Hesketh notice of any Church which may be in of Manchester, preached in the forenoon, need of ministerial aid.

from Mark xvi. 15; and Gen. iv. 10; “What 3. That the Churches comprising this con- hast thou done ?! In the evening, a very inference, be respectfully and earnestly reques- teresting and impressive Home Mission meetted to consider the low state of the Home ing was held. Brother C. Bate presided. Mission finances ; and to make more vigorous Brethren J. Sutcliffe, J. Lindley, W. Prest

wich, R. Pedley, and G. Hesketh, were the * It is questioned whether the brethren will be able to arrive at Wisbech in due time, as there is

speakers. A collection was made in behalf of no railway to Wisbech.-ED.

the funds.

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