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the Novatians, the Donatists, &c., re- founded on the double meaning of the immersed persons coming to them from word; the communion objected to, other communities; and were, therefore, being ritual, and not spiritual, and is strict Baptists: and so were the various neither an act of faith, obedience, nor sects in the East, and the Paulicians in worship. The argument is continued Armenia, the Baptists in Britain, the by the considerations, that to receive Paterines in Italy, the Vaudois, the the Lord's-supper with Pædobaptists, is Albigenses, the Lollards, the Waldenses, to falsify our principles by acknowledgand others.
ing the validity of their baptism, and These facts being proved, the writer confessing ourselves re-baptizers—which proceeds to reply to the arguments for is the concession they wish to secure free communion, derived by its advo- from us; — that Pædobaptists of all cates from the assumption that John's sorts, have ever sought, and sometimes baptism was not Christian baptism: by persecuting means, to suppress the from the inspired canons of Christian Baptists, and their regard to a divine toleration; from the spirituality of the ordinance; that they now seek by Gospel, the promptings of Christian the plausible pretext of Christian comaffection, the inconsistency of engaging munion to annihilate a due regard to a with Pædobaptists
other departments divine ordinance; and that Mr. Hall of worship, and declining intercourse admits that the prevalence of free comwith them at the Lord's-table. In refer- munion would lead to the Baptists givence to the latter, Mr. Howell remarks:- ing up their existence as a Christian “We have already fully conceded their
Church. It is further urged, that Pædo(the Pædobaptists) general Christian charac- baptists cannot be admitted to com
As such we fraternize with them in mune with us because they have not every form of worship which is not peculiar been baptized. Infant baptism is not to the Church as an organized body. We Christ's baptism. This is shewn by deem this sufficient testimony of our good will the apostolic commission, the teaching and desire for their prosperity, so far as they and practice of the apostles, and the are engaged with us in the same common design of the sacred rite. It is an evil,
We give them credit for sincerity subverting the distinction between the and for conscientiousness. What more can be required ?
Church and the world, rendering posThe exercises in which we unite with them were duties before baptism
sible a union of the Church with the was instituted, and would have remained
state, and both deludes and destroys. duties to the end of time, had no Christian
As it is without warrant, and is useless, Churches existed. Since these facts are un.
and an evil, it is virtually prohibited, doubted, can our course be inconsistent with by all those Scriptures which forbid any the opinions we entertain ? Such a thing addition to God's appointments. And is impossible.”
again, that Pædobaptists are not bapOur author proceeds to argue that tized, as they have not been immersed : the Lord's-supper was instituted to com- immersion being proved to be essential memorate the death of Christ; not as a to the rite. After adducing a great test of mutual Christian love, nor as a variety of arguments and testimonies token of our respect for the sincerity of in support of the latter position, our others; and that, as the Church must author proceeds to urge, that as Pædojudge whether a person has complied baptists administer both baptism and with Christ's terms of communion at the Lord's-supper for unauthorized purhis table, they are not at liberty to ad- poses, and attach to them an unscriptumit those they deem unbaptized ; as ral efficacy and importance, the strict even Pædobaptists would refuse a pious baptists cannot commune with them. person, a Quaker for instance, who had This grave charge is sustained by a not, in their view, submitted to this mighty mass of evidence gathered from initiatory rite; that all considerations all quarters. In the third century and of interest should be disregarded in con- onwards, it was taught that sins were nection with the performance of our forgiven in baptism, that infants reduty; and that the plea of being un- ceiving it were purged from original willing to hold communion on earth pollution, and that all persons dying with those with whom Christ now com- without it were lost. So Cyprian, munes, and with whom we hope to Ambrose, and Chrysostom testify. The commune in heaven, is a sophism Roman and Greek Churches teach the Vol. 6.--N. S.
same doctrine; and alas, so do the tables on his opponents, by showing, Lutheran; the Reformed, of Switzer- that strict Baptists are, after all, in some land, France, and Holland; the Episco- respects, more catholic in their commupalian of England and America : the nion than almost any class of PædobapPresbyterian and congregational com- tists whatever. “Do Episcopalians or munities, by their latest confessions and Roman Catholics,” he asks, “ usually republic documents, ascribe to it some ceive do their clergy ever receive the spiritual efficacy, as it brings their Lord’s-supper at the hand of Presbyterian children into the covenant, recognizes or Methodist ministers ?”
Do the vatheir membership of the Church, is “ rious sects of Protestants, the Methosign of purity, and a seal of the cove- dists and Presbyterians, &c., commune nant;" and the Wesleyan Metho- together? Is there no separation bedists regard it as “a means of spiritual tween high and low Calvinists and regeneration.” This pernicious error, it Armenians? Can two walk together is shown, has led to many others, except they be agreed? Do they geneamong which are mentioned, the intro- rally commune with infants whom they duction of unsanctified men into the regard as baptized members of the offices of the Church, and its tendency Church? Do they not, in excluding to universal degeneracy and corruption, them, exclude two-thirds of those they as evinced by the Socinianism, formal. thus recognize as members, from the ity, and infidelity, of the Lutheran, the Lord's-table? And do not many free Reformed, and other Churches. The communion Baptists exclude Pædobapcorruption of the Lord's-supper, the tists from all acts of Church fellowship, early practice of infant communion, except the Lord's-supper? How then and the efficacy ascribed to it as neces- can it be said, that the strict Baptists sary to salvation; transubstantiation, are the only close communionists? and consubstantiation, &c., are then The argument is concluded by the noticed; after which Mr. Howell pro- declaration, that the strict Baptists are ceeds to argue that we cannot commune not chargeable with the sin of schism. with Pædobaptists, because to do so Here our author contends, that the would involve the subversion of the unbaptized are not entitled to Church constitution of the Church, as it would fellowship, and, therefore, that seprecognize the unregenerate (i. e children aration from them is not schism; of believers) as Church members, over- that the Baptists have only adhered to turn the authority and discipline of the original principles; that they are not Church, violate conscience, and involve Protestants, having never been conthe sacrifice of truth. A number of im- nected with the papal hierarcy; that portant facts are adduced in illustration they have existed from the time of the and support of these statements. apostles; that the Baptist Church is the
The history of free communion next only one which can claim apostolic passes under review, where it is con- origin; that they have been persecuted tended, that, so far from the policy of in all ages; and that it behoves them, open communion tending to make the out of regard to their illustrious ancestry, Churches more prosperous and happy, the and from respect to the Word of God, to experiment has been tried, and has stand unmoved on their original ground, signally failed. Reference is made to
“Firm as the surge repelling rock.” the Socinian Baptist Churches in Poland, the German and Dutch Mennonite We have thus given an extended Baptist Churches, the Old Connexion of analysis of the work before us, and, ere General Baptists, and the Particular we lay down our pen, we must comBaptists in England and in America, mend the volume to the careful and for proof of this assertion. A great unprejudiced perusal of our readers. variety of details are given under this Its details and its facts, as well as its section, containing a glance at the
entire argument, deserve the careful gress and changes of many Churches consideration of every one concerned to which have adopted free communion, know the will of Christ. If any, from which deserve the careful consideration kindliness of nature, and a high esteem of every one, and especially of every for many Pædobaptists, have been led, advocate of free communion.
like ourselves, almost to concede the Mr. Howell now proceeds to turn the principle of free communion, they may
be assured, that an honest examination From this pamphlet, which, by the way, of this volume will test the strength of contains a great deal of extraneous remark and their opinions, and perhaps lead them, quotation, we learn that “ from 1500 to 2000 on the whole, to be thankful that their
Asiatic sailors arrive in the port of London lot has been cast in a strict community. annually—that they are wretchedly provided As for others, whose strict notions are
for in the port—neglected by the captains in
whose service they come over-that the refirm and fixed, we can assure them, that
peal of the East India Company's charter here they will find a storehouse of argu- has deprived them of the protection they ments to be used on all occasions for formerly enjoyed—that the places where they the defence of their peculiar position. are lodged are miserable sheds, unfit for the The maintenance of a divine ordinance
purpose- e-that they often die of cold and from corruption and disuse, and the disease--that a recent attempt made by the preservation of the apostolic order of the Seaman's Society failed for want of support Churches, are of more importance to the
-- that the Asiatic sailors are of various interests of religion than the doubtful
countries, and hence of different religions, good that might result from the general
Mussalmans, Idolaters, and of every caste
that they are often thrown on the Metropo. adoption of free communion. While we could have wished that some harsh ex
litan parishes — that the Government has
little control as to their neglect—and that no pressions as to names revered for their
efforts are made for their spiritual welfare. high excellencies, had been effaced from
This pamphlet urges on the British public these pages, we are constrained to avow
the justice and the humanity of interposing the conviction, produced by a careful for their benefit. It contains an appeal to perusal of this volume, that, though it is various societies, to the Queen, the ministers our duty to “love as brethren” all who of the crown, &c.: it argues that these “love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity," foreigners, brought to our doors and thrown it is most scriptural, most honorable to on our sympathies, may, when instructed, be the exclusive authority of our King,
the means of diffusing in the world the light most expedient, most conducive to the
of life: and concludes with a glance at the overthrow of error, and to the advance
final triumph of Christianity in the East, ment of the real interests of truth, and
as a glorious event to be accomplished by
British Christians, and to be an eternal of the kingdom of Christ, to maintain
honor to the British name. inviolate the principle, that our communion at the Lord's-table should be THE DISCOURSE ON CHRISTIAN BAPTISM, BY restricted to those who have been MR. T. STRATTON OF HULL, EXAMINED. " baptized into Christ.”
By John CRAPPs. Houlston, and Stone.
man. pp. 52. THE LASCARS' CRY TO BRITAIN, an appeal to British Christians on behalf of the
Baptism again! The activity of pædobapAsiatic sailors, who resort to the ports of himself well in this pamphlet. In closeness
tists is refreshing. Mr. Crapps has aquitted London, Liverpool, 8c. More particularly addressed to the directors of the Missionary
and point, it surpasses most of his other punSocieties.
gent and useful efforts on this subject. From By the Rev. J. Peggs, late Missionary at Cuttack, Orissa, Author of the household of Stephanas,” Mr. Stratton
the text, 1 Cor. i. 19, “ And I baptized also India's Cries, &c. Ward & Co., pp. 44.
professed to derive five conclusions, which are That was an excellent description of brother said “ easily, naturally, and in order arise out Peggs, given in 1843, by one of the speakers
of the case.
I. A conclusion against making at the annual missionary meeting at Lough. baptism “the ground of denominational disborough, viz., that “he was a concentration
tinction. II. Aganist the practice of giving of cries." How many cries have issued
public exhibition and éclat to baptismal serfrom his not stentorian lungs, prompted by vices. III. Against limiting the rite to adults his benevolent heart, it will not be a very only. IV. Against linking together baptism and easy task to enumerate. We have “ The
V. Against immersion. Suttees' Cry,” “A Cry from the Ganges," With what wonderful powers of extraction “A Cry from the Tombs," &c., &c. And must Mr. S. be gifted, to draw all these connow the poor shivering Lascars find a vent
clusions out of such a text! Mr. Crapps for their neglect and ill-treatment in this
grapples with every point mooted in his pamphlet. It is well said by Mr. Peggs,
sermon, and has our hearty thanks for his * Homo sum,” 8c., for everything that con. performance. cerns man and that pertains to his well being, finds in him an advocate and friend.
and those in the first three centuries provided for the claims of the ministry, and the calls of the distitute and afflicted.
EDITOR'S CORRESPONDENCE. A Correspondent enquires, “Is it quite proper that the members of a General Baptist Church sanction the requirements of any of its officers or managers, in demanding silver on entering the gallery, at a Sabbath school anniversary ? and can such requirement and concession be justified or vindicated as expedient and constitutional, by an appeal to Christian principle and the word of God ?” To this we reply, that in the case referred to silver was not “demanded" on entering the gallery. The bill forwarded says only, that it will be “gratefully received.” As a rule there may be objections to the practice, but we have heard "a grave and reverend senior" contend with great power of argument that there might be circumstances in which it would be justifiable. If the appeal be to the word of God, will not the whole practice of public collections be found to be disapproved ? - 1 Cor. xvi 2. We shall be glad of the remarks of any of our judicious correspondents on the whole question of public collections ; embracing, if possible, a satisfactory account of the manner in which the early Christians
LITERARY NOTICE. On the 1st of June will be published, A Pictoral and Descriptive History of China and India, from the earliest period recorded to the present time; in which the manners, customs, religion, and domestic practices of a people hitherto but little known, are delineated with great fidelity, and in a peculiarly pleasing style.
The embellishments are of the first order, illustrating whatever is peculiar to the inhabitants of these countries ; their dress, mode of agriculture, commercial pursuits, arts, sciences, literature, and, in fact, whatever is of importance to be known. The plates, 32 in number, are printed in tinted thography, in the new style of the art ; and the wood engravings, of which there are 138, are executed by artists of celebrity, from accurate drawings made expressly for the work. With Maps of China and India.
DEATH OF REV. C. E. KEIGHLEY,
many ministers being present. The Rer, Dr. Hewlett opened the service, and the Rev. Mr. Franklin concluded with prayer, and a consolatory discourse was delivered by Mr. Goadby of Leicester, from John xir. 2-3; Mr. Chapman, of Longford, gave out the hymns. May the Great Head of the Church, yet smile on his people; heal this painful breach; and sanctify this visitation to all survivors !
It is with deep regret that we record the death of Mr. Keighley of Coventry. This event was unexpected, both by the Church there, and his friends generally, and has thrown a gloom over their minds, and over the prospects of the General Baptist interest in that city. Mr. Keighley had been indisposed for about three weeks, and no apprehensions
were entertained, either by his medical adviser, or himself, that the malady would terminate fatally, until Friday evening, May 24th; and on the following day his liberated spirit winged its flight to a brighter world. So rapid was the change! His remains were interred in the General Baptist burying ground at Longford, on Thursday, May 30th. The mournful funeral procession was attended by nearly all the Dissenting and Wesleyan ministers in Cov. entry and the neighbourhood, and a long train of mourning friends. The funeral service at Longford was conducted by Mr. Goadby of Leicester, who had been invited specially for the occasion, in the presence of a crowded and deeply affected assembly. On the following evening, Friday, May 31st, the event was improved at Coventry. Though the notice was short, and the time the market day, the chapel was crowded,
JAMES HARDSTAFF, the subject of this brief notice, was born of pious parents, at Newthorpe, near Ilkeston, May 15th, 1826. He was deprived of the watchful care of his mother in early life, as she died June 9th, 1837. An interesting account of her appeared in the General Baptist Repository, January, 1838. James was of a meek and amiable disposition, and has reminded the writer of Dr. Watts' description of the rich young man whom Jesus lored, as
“A modest, sober, lovely youth." He was a teacher in the Sabbath school at Ilkeston, and much beloved by the other teachers. About two years and a half since, he stated, that his mind was impressed under a sermon from the parable of the labourers in the vineyard, and he attended the inquirers' meetings for instruction and encourage. ment. Still, like the poor man at the pool of Bethesda, while others came to Christ, found mercy, and were baptized in his
name, dear James stood lingering, and friends are launched into eternity, we feared to advance. A few months before anxiously “gather up every thing that his illness commenced, he was removed to gives us hope of their interest in Christ. Nottingham, to the office of Messrs. North In the writer's last interview, he said, and Co.; but he frequently came home for “ I feel as if I could lay hold a little." To the Lord's-day. In that town he was attacked another friend some days before, he said, with a fever, which, though happily re- “ There appears like a rail between me moved, appeared to give vitality to the seeds and Christ.” How suitable the exhortation of death which were sown in his delicate of the apostle to the young and to the old, constitution. The fears of his affectionate “ Give diligence to make your calling and father and family became alarmed for his election sure; for so an entrance shall be safety, but
ministered unto you abundantly into the “The pale consumption gave the fatal blow,
everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour The stroke was certain, though the effect was Jesus Christ.”—2 Peter i. 10, 11. slow,"
The remains of our departed young friend His last interview with the teachers was were laid beside those of his mother, and at the annual social tea-meeting, at the be- other members of the family, at Newthorpe, ginning of the present year. He was much on the following Monday evening.
The desired to be present, but it is feared he took scene was deeply affecting. The burial. cold on going home, and from that time ground is about to be enlarged by gift and almost imperceptibly sunk, till he became purchase about 600 yards, and the wall was "an inhabitant of the house appointed for partly removed, that the remains of the all living." A prayer-meeting was held
mother and the only surviving son, like kin. at his father's house on the Wednesday of dred streams, might mingle. May the the week in which he died. He lay upon tears and impressions of that solemn evening the sofa, and the addresses, the hymns, and be long remembered. His death was imthe prayers, had special reference to him. proved at Ilkeston, on Lord's-day evening, How little did any one present suppose April 14th, by Mr. Peggs, from 2 Cor. iii. that he was so near eternity! On Friday 16, “ The vail shall be taken away.” A morning, April 5th, 1844, his father left touching account of his experience and home about ten o'clock. Two or three
death, written by his bereaved parent, was times he was seen in the following hour, read to a deeply sympathizing audience. A but his sleep, as it was apprehended, proved funeral sermon, from the same text as at the sleep of death; and his sorrowing parent Ilkeston, was preached at Newthorpe, on was summoned home with the affecting Lord's-day evening, April 28th, to a nu. message, “ Dear James is gone!" This was merous congregation. announced after tea at the Conference then
“ The voice of this alarming scene held at Ilkeston, and spread a very solemn
May every heart obey; feeling over the minds of many who knew Nor be the heavenly warning vain and loved him. When our children and
That calls to watch and pray.”
THE MIDLAND CONFERENCE assembled it, for insertion in the Repository: a request at Hugglescote on Tuesday, May 28th. Mr. with which he kindly promised to comply. Orton, the aged minister of the place, im- 2. Wolverhampton Case. Mr. Derry replored the divine blessing, and presided ported that he had received only £ 6. 5s; over the meeting.
towards the £40. proposed to be raised to The verbal reports from the Churches assist in the effort to establish a General were interesting, and though from some of Baptist interest here, this year. Mr. Shore, the largest Churches in the district there the minister, being present, was requested to was uo report, eighty-six were announced report as to the state and prospects of the as baptized since the Easter Conference, cause, and gave a pleasing account. Brother and ninety-two as candidates for the sacred Derry was requested to endeavour to obtain, rite.
by circular, the requisite sum, it being 1. The thanks of the Conference were judged exceedingly desirable that this interunanimously presented to Mr. Pike, for the esting station should, at this juncture, reelaborate and instructive discourse “ on the ceive this assistance. evils of infidelity as contrasted with the 3. Considerable discussion was had in benefits of Christianity," delivered in the reference to the power of registrars to use morning; and he was requested to prepare a licensed chapels, for the celebration of series of articles, including the substance of marriages, irrespective of the inclination of