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in the desert, to bring them to the land hope after death! O let us, like Moses, of promise; Christ delivers his people climb to mount Pisgah in our medifrom bondage, sustains them by his tations and prayers, that we may have grace, and brings them to the heavenly the brightness and hope of heaven to land. Moses was a prophet, a teacher, cheer us in all our pilgrimage; and, and lawgiver ; so is Christ. But the we live in a dying world, to fortify us comparison, as in all types of Christ, in against the fear of death. We have many parts, fails. Moses was a sinner; fears and misgivings about the crossing Christ was without sin. Moses was only of the Jordan of death, and start and a man ; Christ was the incarnate God. tremble, and are alarmed, at the thought Moses led his people to the borders only of it. The bright prospect of the sweet of Canaan; but Christ shall bring his fields beyond would dissipate our fears, people into heaven: as we sing
give courage to our hearts, and make us “Moses beheld the promised land,
exclainYet never reached the place;
“ Might I but climb to Pisgah's top, But Christ shall bring his followers home, And view the promised land, To see his Father's face."
My flesh itself would long to drop, Finally. In the removal of an entire
And pray for the command: generation in forty years, we see the Clasped in my Heavenly Father's arms, fate of man. In thirty years now a I would forget my breath, whole generation is removed. How And lose my life among the charms happy they to whom grace gives a good Of so divine a death."
THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION IN ALL
to prevent the outworks of their citadel COUNTRIES; including sketches of the from being taken, as well as
make occastate and prospects of the Reformed sional and effective sallies which may Churches. A Book for critical times. drive into confusion the ranks of the foe. By John MORISON, D. D. Fisher
One very essential means by which and Co. 8vo., pp. 527.
this important end may be secured, is "We are arrived at a crisis in our his- by keeping the attention of Christians tory,' observes Dr. Morison, “which to the main bulwarks of pure religion, demands of all enlightened Protestants, the Scriptures of truth. They, and the that they should well understand the life-giving doctrines they contain, are grounds of their separation from Rome.” the surest preservative against error of This testimony is true. At no period in every kind, whether it originate in the the history of our own country, or of fertile inventions of modern enthusiasts, Europe, in the memory of any living or whether, like those of Rome, they
was there more occasion for had their origin in the remote past, and true hearted Protestants to understand are become hoary by age, and veneratheir principles, and to be well grounded ble by courtesy. The touchstone of in them, than at the present. When error is the truth of God. All that is the Jesuits are abroad; when Rome is requisite for the security of any honest putting forth every kind of effort; and and upright mind, is a competent acwhen there has arisen in our so called quaintance with the divine word. The Protestant Establishment, and among ancient Waldensian Churches relied the old advocates for “ Protestant ascen- mainly on the Word of God for their dency," a strong and powerful party, preservation against the errors of the who have all the wiliness of Jesuits, darkest ages. But a history of the corand all the determination of “the man ruptions of Antichrist, and of the murof sin,” to introduce both the dogmas derous fury with which those bold men and the spirit of Popery, it is right for were assailed, who had the temerity to "the witnesses to the truth” to be on endeavour to correct them, and their their guard, and to be fully prepared success or failure in their efforts, cannot to meet the insidious foe, and effectually fail to impart firmness to our judgment,
while it communicates light to our gation-priestly absolution—the massunderstanding; and, on this account, the adoration of the virgin—the invocathe study of ecclesiastical history, and tion of saints and the sale of indul. especially of the Reformation, cannot gences. The whole of these hateful fail to be of essential service. As many errors, and the persecution and abomihave neither the time nor the means of nation arising out of them, could not perusing larger works, we are glad that bave been palmed even on an unthinksuch as the one before us are supplied ing world at once; they required time to for their benefit; though we should be attain to the full dimensions of their gratified if a cheap edition, as it might enormity. They had arrived at this be, at half the price of the present bad eminence at the time of the Refor. volume, were published, for more general mation, and the public mind, by a series circulation. The class of people to of events, was prepared to struggle for its whom a volume like this will be most emancipation. The vices of its pontiffs valuable, are not those who will be likely and clergy; their unbounded ambition; to give fourteen shillings for a copy. their avariciousness, securing to them
The origin and developement of popery, selves immense revenues from every its downward progress, until that “ country; and holding the consciences of of sin was revealed, the son of perdition, men, and the crowns of princes in their who opposeth and exalteth himself above power; their superhuman pretensions; all that is called God, or that is wor- could not be endured by the enslaved shipped; so that he, as God, sitteth in nations for ever. the temple of God, shewing himself that There had been, from the early period he is God:-whose coming is after the of its corruption, communities who were working of Satan, with all power, and untainted with its errors and vices; the signs, and lying wonders, and with all Waldenses, and others; and there had deceivableness of unrighteousness in appeared amongst her own sons, in diffthem that perish,” is an unparalleled erent countries, those who had borne mystery in the history of human presump- testimony to her sins, and who were tion and folly; and, were it not known to severely persecuted for their holy boldbe a veritable historical fact, and clearly ness: but, at the commencement of the predicted in the inspired records, would sixteenth century, she “sat as a queen" surpass the power of human credence.
among the nations, and said in her Its character and course should be heart, “I shall never be moved,” and known; and then in vain will it ply its little expected the fearful trial reserved arts to win our confidence. It will be for her in the Divine judgments. The spurned, in all its forms, with mingled revival of learning, the invention of indignation and contempt. It was not printing, the various scientific discoveby a sudden movement, but by a gradual ries, and the separation of the nations and steady progress, that the nominal of Europe into distinct governments, Church, from the third century down- gave new life to mankind, and prepared wards, receded from “the faith once them for the struggle to throw off the delivered to the saints.” At first there papal power; and hence, when the was no rule of faith but the words of luxuries of the Pope, and the building the Holy Ghost, spoken or written by of the Church of Saint Peter, required inspired men. Then came the corrup- that the papal treasury should be retions of Church order, and the claim of plenished, and Leo X. issued a bull authority in matters of faith; then the sanctioning the public sale of indulgenpretension of apostolic traditions; and cies, and commissioned his emisaries then the authority of councils, dictating into all lands, to dispose of them, what men were to believe and profess. promising the forgiveness of all sins, Then was introduced the evil of infant any desired to commit, for money; and baptism—the worship of images—relics the spirit of Luther, who had previously a heap of disgusting and heathenish become acquainted with the Bible, was mummery-mock miracles--pilgrimages roused, to oppose and denounce such —the celibacy of the clergy—the supre- blasphemy, there was soon a response macy of the pope—his infallibility-the in the public mind, the good work use of an unknown tongue in worship- was begun, and, though he entered on --purgatory-prayers for the dead- his work as a friend to the Church, be transubstantiation-works of superero- was led on by the love of truth, by the
force of circumstances, and by the help the evils of state alliance. Dr. Morison of God, until he became the champion is a valiant Pædobaptist; but that is no of the Bible, and of evangelical religion. reason why he should malign the “ AnThe fire was kindled, and neither the abaptists of Poland ;” no, nor of “Mun. power of the emperor, nor the bulls of the ster," as though they were evil because Pope, nor the anathemas of the council they were Anabaptists." He must of Trent, were sufficient to extinguish it. know, that, as to the latter, they come The favor that Luther obtained from the to us as represented only by their foes, people, and from princes, protected him and that the principles laid down by the from the outrage of his enemies; so that peasants of Westphalia, were such, ache not only stood against the Pope, cording to Voltaire, (no friend by the but prevailed, and died in peace ! way) a Lycurgus would have
In a work like that before us, it is signed.” Either the practices referred to natural to expect that considerable at- in Poland, which “justified the interfertention would be given to the life and ence of the civil magistrate,” should have actions of Luther; but there are also been proved, or the authority cited, or they other persons, scarcely of
should not have been hinted at. We have note, whose names and deeds are it on authority quite as good as Dr. M.'s, brought before us. A brief sketch of that “these Anabaptists resembled the its contents is all that we can give. It ancient Donatists; their lives are blameis divided into twenty-five chapters: the less, their simplicity, innocence, fidelity, first describes the state of Europe at the and industry, are admirable."* We have time of the Reformation; the second no wish to defend error, or to palliate shows the lights which shone during sin, though it may be found in a Bapthe long night of papal darkness; the tist; but we must deprecate the attempt five following are devoted to the rise to fasten a stigma on men, because they and progress of the Reformation in do not choose to substitute a human Germany; from the ninth to the seven- ceremony, and a corruption fraught teenth, we have Switzerland, Geneva, with innumerable evils, for an ordinance France, Sweden, Denmark, Italy, Spain, of Christ. It savours too much of the the Netherlands, Hungary, Transyl: spirit and practice of Antichrist. vania, and Poland; the eighteenth and The work of Dr. Morison would be nineteenth are given to England; the rendered increasingly useful and interestthree following to Scotland; the next to ing, if a more extended view was given Ireland ; the twenty-fourth, details, in an of the present state of religion in the reinteresting manner, the religious, intel- formed Churches. As it is, we commend lectual, and political results of the it cordially to our readers, assuring them, Reformation; and the last contains a that they will find in it that which will glance at the present state and prospects amply repay an attentive perusal. of the reformed Churches.
The wide range of events embraced THE PULPIT CYCLOPÆDIA; and Christian in the author's plan will be sufficient to
Ministers' Companion. By the Author of convince the reader that a vast amount
Sketches and Skeletons of Sermons, $c.
Vol. III. Houlston and Stoneman. of interesting facts must be presented in a very condensed form. We have no If we gave a favourable notice of the previous right to complain of condensation in a volumes, we are equally bound to do so as to work of this kind, though, while perusing
Vol. III. It is not a whit behind its predeces. several of its chapters, we felt disap
sors, either in the quality of its seventy-three
original sketches; or in the value of the pointed at their unexpected brevity,
Mr. Burns has our hearty and the unavoidable deficiency arising thanks for the care and skill displayed in the from that source. We could have
selection of thirty essays on the essential wished for a longer account of Switzer- characteristics of an efficient ministry. The land, France, and other continental wide range of important topics, all bearing on countries; and we felt that a dispro- the same point, selected from all quarters, is portionate of pages was given extremely interesting, and cannot be read to Scotland. We wished, also, that it without benefit. We wish every young minhad entered into the plan of Dr. Mor
ister would read and study them. ison to inquire a little into the causes why the Reformation had been so re- * Sylvestrii Ozecanovii, as quoted in Robintardod in its progress, and to point out son's Ecclesiastical Researches, p. 566.
ates the idea of an active, living principle. Reply to a Query.
“It is the Spirit which giveth life.” “ They
are spirit and life.” I would understand by In looking over the queries in the December it, the temper, dispositions, and passions, number of your interesting miscellany, I find which govern man. Humble spirit, a contrite your correspondent, S. T., asking, “What am spirit, spirit of meekness. That by spirit is I to understand by the sanctification of spirit, meant an active principle, seems more evident soul, and body, as mentioned by the apostle, in by its being subject to rule, and oft ought to be 1 Thess. v. 23." If the following remarks will ruled. “He that hath no rule over his spirit elucidate the subject, and satisfy the mind of is like a city that is broken down, and without S. T., they are at your service. Your corres. walls." “ He that is slow to anger is better pondent will see, that the great apostle of than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit the Gentiles is praying for those whom he than he that taketh a city.”+ was instrumental in bringing to a knowledge Soul. That rational, intellectual faculty, of the truth, and in whom the word of God and in this connection may signify its rational had produced such a gracious change. It powers only-understanding, judgment, con. came to them not in word only, but also in science, thinking powers, by which man is power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much distinguished from the lower creation. Some assurance. This divine agent would produce think this distinction of the constituent parts those effects for which the apostle prays, on of man is countenanced by Moses' account of spirit, soul, and body.
the creation, Gen. i. 26, 27, Eccl. ii. 18, Sanctification. This generally includes “Man became a living soul.” cleansing, and setting apart for God's service, Body : "wholly." In all the powers of and being his property; in the last of which body and mind. "I beseech you, therefore, senses, the term is used throughout the by the mercies of God that ye present your Mosaic dispensation. Hence the tabernacle, bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto temple, priests, altars, sacrifices, vessels, God, which is your reasonable service." Sabbaths, fasts, &c., were said to be sanctified, Yield yourselves unto God. This is the will that is, separated to the service of God; and of God, even your sanctification. The docmany of these, in order to such separation, trines and precepts of the Gospel will teach were purified or cleansed.
us how to possess his vessel, i. e., his body, This corresponds with moral sanctification, in sanctification and honor. in which may be observed a sanctification by This will apply to every member of the the blood of Christ. “For if the blood of Christian community.
The apostle is bulls, and of goats, and the ashes of a heifer, writing to a whole Church, not an epistle sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the to an individual only, as Timothy, Titus, &c. purifying of the flesh; how much more shall Such a sanctification appears to be as a the blood of Christ, who through the eternal ground for what the apostle prays, “ that spirit offered himself without spot to God, they may be preserved blameless, unto the purge your conscience from dead works to coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” This serve the living God ?" If S. T. will look at supposes their unblamable character at pre1 Pet. i. 18, 19, he will see that we are not
(Jude 24.) “ Now unto him that is redeemed with corruptible things, but with able to keep you from falling, and to present the precious blood of Christ. The apostle you faultless before the presence of his glory tells us why Jesus suffered without the gate, with exceeding joy." “ There is, therefore, that he might sanctify the people with his now no condemnation to them that are in own blood; this is a cleansing from guilt. Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh.”
Sanctification by the Spirit. The apostle Blamelessness of spirit, how much it comaddresses believers in Christ as sanctified by prehends! Freedom from revenge, pride, the Spirit and belief of the truth, to unfeigned envy, malice, carnality, and all the works of love of the brethren ; from sin and its defiling the flesh which war against the soul. These nature. This work of divine grace in the are put off; but this not sufficient,- the new soul, is sometimes ascribed to God the Father, man must be put on, which after God is and implies a separation unto himself, conse. created, in righteousness and true holiness. quent upon, and necessarily including sancti. The fruits of the Spirit must be possessed, fication by faith, belief of the truth.*
which are the opposites of the flesh. The But your correspondent is looking at the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longdegree or extent of this work of grace. suffering, genueness, goodness, faith, meekSpirit. This term almost invariably associ. ness, humility, contentment, fidelity, purity,
heavenly affection. * Acts xxvi. 18; 1 Pet. i. 2; 2 Thess. ii. 12; Jude 1; 1 Pet. i. 6.
† Prov. xxv. 28; xvi. 32.
Of Soul. Its understanding, unperverted by tation which is called the spiritualizing mode self-will, unclouded by sin. Its views, clear of explaining the Scriptures. and just; pursuits, noble and good; con- As “ A Son of Abraham" is a lover of science void of offence, both toward God and “sound principles of interpretation,” I expect man; approving things that are excellent, he will agree with me, that the literal meandelighting in the law of God, after the in- ing of any passage is the true meaning, pro. ward man.
vided it makes a clear and consistent sense, Blamelessness of Body. Temperance, and is not contradictory to the analogy of modesty, industry, purity, every member faith, and to the general tenor of the Scripdevoted to the will of God - doing the will ture. It is useless to go to the uncertainty of God from the heart.
of a figurative meaning, when the literal is " Lord I am thine, entirely thine,
important and simple. It is also dangerous, Purchas'd and sav'd by blood Divine, because we may so easily be thus adding to With full consent, thine I would be, His words, or taking from them. I know And own thy sovereign right in me.” this is done under colour of spiritualizing ;
but it does not deserve the name, unless it is
more true, unless it tend to make us see God's THE RESTORATION OF THE JEWS.
own meaning. The apostles, when our
Saviour told them of his sufferings, death, To the Editor of the General Baptist Repository.
and resurrection, were wishful to find out must acknowledge, dear Sir, that the what he could possibly mean. They tried letter of “ A Son of Abraham,” in your num- to think of some meaning more spiritual ; ber for April, has affected me with a good but their efforts arose from the carnality of deal of grief; grief, not for my own sake, their heart. The literal meaning was far beca use nothing advanced either by him or more spiritual than any they could have by others against the restoration of the affixed. What would have become of us, twelve tribes of Jacob to their own land, has Mr. Editor, if the prophecies of the Divine produced on my mind any doubt of that Redeemer's being born of a virgin, of the interesting future event; but because many of seed of the woman, at Bethlehem, of the your readers, seeing the hope of Israel given family of Abraham, and of David, had not up by one of that nation, will be probably been literally accomplished, if he had not persuaded to think that hope nothing but a been literally“despised," "cut off," " pierced," delusion, and consequently to discard a “lifted up,” his bones remaining"unbroken,” doctrine which is as essential as a key is to “his soul poured out to death,” his body a lock, to the understanding, or making any buried, yet “seeing no corruption ?" if he intelligent use of, many very large portions had not been literally raised from the dead ? of the precious book of God, “the Scriptures Ab, Sir, we owe all our spirituality, all our which cannot be broken."
happiness, and all our hopes, to the literal “ A Son of Abraham" sees no important fulfilment of God's blessed word. end to be answered by their restoration. I acknowledge some parts are figurative; But you know, Mr. Editor, this is to beg but common sense will discern them; and in the question. I see very important ends to many, perhaps nearly all cases, we have the be answered by their restoration; but I did literal interpretation appended, as in the not see the use till I saw the truth of the case of Daniel's four beasts, &c. doctrine.
Now, Sir, to return to your correspondents Your correspondent says, that “from assertion, that we have nothing from Christ Christ and his apostles we learn nothing of or his apostles about the restoration of the the Jews being restored from their long Israelites, I must request your readers to place captivity." Then surely it must be because their Bible before them, and read Matt. xxiv. we will not learn. I hope all your readers and Rom. xi. Matt. xxiv., from the comwill not resolutely be thus unlearned. Let mencement to verse 28, contains a prophecy them read their Bibles again.
by our Lord, of events which may be underHe further says, the principal argument stood to have transpired within forty years for their recovery is the grant of the land to after he spoke. I allow, that that part of Abraham. This is an argument, though by the prophecy was accomplished in the des. no means the chief: it is an argument, to truction of Jerusalem, and in the subsequent deny which, is to make havoc of some parts dispersion of Israel; but this dispersion, of the New Testament, and many of the which is still being endured, is a continuation Old; an argument which is not answered, of "the tribulation of those days, and an but trifled with, and made ridiculous, by essential part of it.” Let the reader turn to saying, as “ A Son of Abraham” says, that, Luke xxi.- xxiv., for a more detailed account on his principles, “ Christians have a right of the words of the Lord in this selfsame to the Holy Land;" an opinion which prophecy; and he will see my assertion originated the crusades; and many other verified. “They shall fall by the edge of follies are generated by a system of interpre. the sword, and shall be led away captive into