Page images

車 *

in marriage to Azizus, king of the One circumstance which they have reEmesenes, when he had consented to lated in regard to him, namely, his be circumcised. For Epiphanes, the marriage with Drusilla, the daughter of son of king Antiochus, had broken the Agrippa the great, we have already contract with her, by refusing to em- shewn to be true in our own observabrace the Jewish customs, although he tions upon that princess. There are, had promised her father he would. however, one or two other particulars

But this marriage of Drusilla which it may be interesting and useful to with Azizus was dissolved, in a short consider. We have hitherto adduced no time, after this manner:-When Felix proof of his being procurator of Judea, was procurator of Judea, having had a at the time he is said to have been by sight of her, he was mightily taken with the writers of the New Testament her; and indeed she was the most That he was, however, is abundantly beautiful of her sex. He therefore sent evident from Josephus, who frequently to her Simon, a Jew, of Cyprus, who mentions him. Antiq. lib, xx. c. vi. was one of his friends, and pretended vii. viii. to magic; by whom he persuaded her Tacitus says, Hist. lib. V. c. 9," that to leave her husband, and marry him, while Felix was procurator of Judea, promising to make her perfectly happy, he acted in a very arbitrary manner, if she did not disdain him. It was far and made no scruple of committing the from being a sufficient reason; but to grossest injustice.” Josephus, in his avoid the envy of her sister Bernice, Antiq. lib. xx. c. 7, has recorded one who was continually doing her ill instance of abominable villainy of offices, because of her beauty, she was which he was guilty. “ Jonathan the induced to transgress the laws of her high priest often admonished Felix to country, and marry Felix.”

correct his administration; otherwise Tacitus, Hist. lib. v. c. 9, represents he himself would be in danger of the the Drusilla whom Felix married, as illwill and resentment of the people, the daughter of Cleopatra and Antony; since he had desired the emperor to and this has been thought by some to make him procurator of Judea.” But be an objection to Josephus as well as he not being able to bear these reto St. Luke. With ourselves, however, monstrances, " by a large sum of money it possesses no weight. For, in the first corrupted an intimate friend of Jonaplace, Josephus agrees with St. Luke than's, who got him to be assassinated.” that Drusilla was “a Jewess ;” and that His government was so irregular, that he should be quite as well acquainted as the Jews followed him with complaints Tacitus with the parentage and educa- to Rome after he had left the province, tion of this lady, it is very reasonable and it was owing to a very powerful to suppose.

Then, again, Suetonius, interest at court, that he escaped the in Claudio, c. 28, says, that "Felix resentment of Nero. married three queens, or three ladies of These particulars, from Josephus and royal families."

One of these, it is cer- Tacitus, may satisfy us, that when tain, was Drusilla mentioned by the (Acts xxiv. 25,) “ Paul reasoned of evangelist Luke; another might be a righteousness, temperance, (or chastity) Drusilla who had descended from Cle- and judgment to come,” his subjects opatra, queen of Egypt, and Antony; were well chosen, with respect to both who the third was, it is not known. his hearers and that what St. Luke

X. Having thus considered and adds concerning Felix, that he, v. 26, confirmed the observations of the sacred "hoped that money should have been historians respecting the Jewish princes given him of Paul, that he might loose to whom they had occasion to refer in him," is no calumny. Some, indeed, the course of their narratives, we pro- may think it strange that Felix should ceed now to take similar notice of those have had any hopes of receiving money heathen governors whose names they from this prisoner, who does not appear have mentioned.* The first of these to have had any estate, and who seems that we would now introduce is Felix. to have been obliged at times, to "labor,

* For the present we omit Pilate, the first of whom we read in the New Testament, intending at some future time to notice him,

and consider the part which he took in the condemnation and crucifixion of our Lord.

working with his hands," for a sub- afterwards made over to the emperor; sistence. 1 Cor. iv. 12, Acts xx. 34. and on the contrary.

Such a change But in answer to this it has been ob- happened with respect to this province served by expositors, that Paul had of Cyprus : in the first partition it was told Felix, that “after many years ” he one of the emperor's provinces, but was

came to bring alms to his nation and afterwards given to the senate. In this offerings,” Acts xxiv. 17. It is likely, state the province continued, and the therefore, that Felix imagined that the proper title of the governor of Cyprus money had not been all distributed as was that of proconsul. yet, since Paul was apprehended within XIII. The last thing we shall take a few days after his coming to Jerusa- notice of is the title given to Gallio, in lem; chap. xxi. 27, xxiv. 11, or, at least, our translation, Acts xviii. 12, called concluded he must needs be a person the deputy, but in the Greek, proconsul of some consequence, and have good of Achaia. In this instance, St. Luke's friends.

accuracy appears more conspicuous than XI. That Porcius Festus was gover- in the former, because this province nor in Judea, and succeeded Felix, as had a more various fortune than the represented by the evangelist, receives other. In the original partition they confirmation from Josephus. Antiq. lib. were assigned to the people and the XX. C. vi. vii. viii. As nothing of pe

senate. In the reign of Tiberius, they culiar importance is recorded by the were, at their own request, made over sacred penmen in respect to Festus, this to the emperor. In the reign of Claunotice of him will suffice.

dius, A.D. 44, they were again restored XII. Before concluding these ob- to the senate. From that time proconservations we would notice two other suls were sent into this country. St. things, which, though to some they may Paul was brought before Gallio, A.D. 52, appear too minute to be mentioned, or 53; consequently Gallio was proconappear to us instances of great exact- sul of Achaia, as St. Luke calls him. ness and propriety, affording strong

There is likewise peculiar propriety proof that St. Luke was well acquainted in the name of the province of which with the matters of which he wrote. Gallio was proconsul. The country Paul and Barnabas having preached subject to him was all Greece; but the the word of God at Salamis, (in Cyprus) proper name of the province among the went through “the isle to Paphos, Romans was Achaia. where they found Bar-jesus, who was

We have now fulfilled our intention. with the deputy of the country, Sergius Our object was to point out the accuPaulus;" Acts xiii. 7. But in the Greek racy of the evangelists, in the occasional it is, with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus. observations which they have made Upon Augustus' becoming absolute upon certain persons of eminence with master of the Roman commonwealth, whom they had to do, and whom they there was

a division made of the were obliged to mention in the interprovinces of the empire; the most esting narratives which they have powerful, or at least, those which re- penned, by pointing out their agreequired the greatest number of troops, ment with contemporary historians. the emperor kept to himself; the rest This we trust we have, to some extent, were made over to the people and accomplished; to how great an extent senate. The officers sent by the em- must be left to the judgment of our peror were called lieutenants, or pro- readers. We conclude with an obprætors, though they were consular per- servation similar to one that has already sons; that is, though they had served been made, that the correctness of the the consulship in the city. The govern- sacred writers in these instances, furors sent by the senate into the provinces nishes a good reason for the conviction that belonged to their share, he ap- that the more important parts of their pointed to be called proconsuls. But history are credible and therefore dethe division made at this time under- serving our supreme regard. went many changes; a province, as- Northampton. W. JARROM signed at first to the senate,



An Essay towards a new translation of the and extended form. We believe it is perfectly

Epistle of Paul to the Romans, on the basis sound. The only body of christians that of the authorised version ; with a para- entirely repudiate all human authority in rephruse and brief explanatory notes. By ligion, are the Baptists. Their adherence to Basil H. Cooper, B. A., of the university apostolical baptism secures this principle. of London. ended for English readers.

A TREATISE ON PRAYER. By J. ThornLondon. 8vo., pp. 72

ton, author of A Treatise on Repen. This learned and elaborate production seems tance," Fruits of the Spirit," fc. 32mo., to us rather adapted for scholars than for pp. 212. Tract Society. mere English readers. Few of the latter will

This is a useful manual. We cannot do find the translation so intelligible in all its

better than notice the subjects of the seventeen passages as the received text; while the various

chapters into which it is divided. The nature and recondite interpretations given of several

-duty-proper dispositions-encouragements parts will not be adopted by any scholar

--advantages of prayer-closet and family without close examination. The work will

prayer-prayer in adversity and prosperityrepay a careful study, and an inquisitive and

ejaculatory and intercessory prayer-deadness careful student will find many views and

of spirit, wandering thoughts, worldly cares, renderings wbich will interest and instruct.

desponding fears, evil passions, in prayerWe confess we are not in love with the

some remarkable examples of prayer, with phrases “enrighteous,” “enrighteousdom,”

motives to perseverance. From this analysis for “justify," "justification;" but the author's

it will be seen that this small work is very own explanation of his purpose in adopting

cemprehensive in its topics, and very useful them, and others of the like class, is worthy

in its tendency. of attention. A larger work, detailing the “process" of the author's investigations, is EDMESTON'S HYMNS FOR THE CHAMBER OF contemplated, for which we shall look with

SICKNESS. considerable interest.

Sights in Autumn. 16mo., square. Tract BAPTISM, THE SACRAMENT OF LIBERTY. Society.

A letter to the churches of the Baptist The latter of these beautiful little books is denomination, with an epistle dedicatory to like its predecessors on the seasons, full of the Rev. Alexander Carson, L. L. D. By

interesting and instructive remark, and em. CHARLES THOMPSON, minister of York

bellished by a variety of excellent engravings. Street chapel, Manchester. Dyer, London,

The former speaks for itself in its title. This letter was prepared for the annual cir.

MISSIONARY REWARD BOOKS FOR CHILcular of the Lancashire and Cheshire Baptist Churches; and on account of objections to

DREN. Houlston and Stoneman. certain parts, as being adapted to give offence These little books, at a half-penny each, are to pædobaptists, was withdrawn.

It is now

very suitable for small rewards. Their titles presented to the Baptists generally for their are, “A few words to children about misperusal. It contains good truths, and is sions," “A hindoo city,” “The tornado," designed to shew that the Baptists, in main. 'Mary Graham,” “A Jamaica baptizing," taining the voluntaryism of religion, are the “ The Negro servant,” “ The two school conservators of freedom. We should like to boys," “ Africa's lost sons restored." Each see the argument drawn out in a more simple is embellished with an engraving.


BAPTIST AUTHORS OF THE SIX- “ It is proposed to reprint, without altera. TEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH tion or abridgment, and accompanied by CENTURIES.

biographical notices and illustrations, such

of the writings of the early English and Welsh MY DEAR BROTHER,-I beg through Baptists, both General and Particular, as the medium of the Repository to direct the may be deemed worthy of perpetuation, of attention of our churches to the following pot later date than A. D., 1700: works on proposal, made by Mr. Underhill, of Aven. baptism will form but a very small part of ing House, near Stroud, Gloucestershire. I the reprints; they will be mainly theologithink the object deserves the cordial support cal, practical, and historical. of every Baptist.

A part of the plan relates to the printing

[ocr errors]

of records and manuscripts respecting the I hope is the precursor of union in all evan. formation and procedure of the earliest gelical efforts, both at home and abroad,” Baptist Churches.

The commencement of the last century, By an annual subscription of one pound, to which Mr. Underhill refers, was a period on the plan of the Parker, Calvin, and of general defection. Amongst all denomiWycliff societies, it is conceived this de- nations there was a fearful departure from sirable object may be effected in the course the truth. A change has, however, been of a few years, and the denomination be effected, which has produced a mighty revo. put in the possession of a most valuable lution in the history of the British church. series of its early writers and founders. It I cannot but rejoice that Antinomianism is calculated that a subscription of this has lost so much of its power among the amount from a thousand subscribers will other section of the denomination, and secure to them the return of four octavo that juster views of the sublime arrangevolumes annually, of about 500 pages each." ments of heaven are entertained. Nor can

The fathers of our denomination were no I but feel grateful to God that our own ordinary men; they went forth “ weeping, body has been saved from the awful bearing precious seed” during times of dark- heresies to which reference has been made. ness and persecution ; " they took joyfully We yield to none in our attachment to the the spoiling of their goods, knowing in them. cross of Christ, and we love to meditate and selves, that they had in heaven a better and expatiate on his infinite majesty, as “God an enduring substance. Their names over all blessed for ever.' deserve to be embalmed in our memories But I have digressed ; let the churches and affections, and their writings (in not a courage the proposal we have mentioned ; few cases the productions of powerful intel. and let them endeavour to furnish their lects, enriched with varied learning,) claim pastors with the whole series of writings of a careful perusal,

the early fathers of the denomination. It may not, perhaps, be out of place here, As the productions of General as well as to state that in the last number of the Particular Baptists are to be published, I Baptist Magazine, Mr. Underhill has a thivk it is but just that some of our min. paper containing a brief account of some of isters should form a part of the committee the early Baptists; amongst others, John of management. Smyth, Henry Denne, Francis Cornwell,

I remain yours affectionately, and Thomas Grantham, are prominently Castle Donington.

J. J. OWEN. mentioned. The worthy writer, however, makes no allusion to the fact that they were General Baptists. Through entertaining

THE SMEETON CHAPEL CASE. no very great reverence for the mere designa.

Dear Sir,- Will you permit me to tender tion of G. B., or P. B., yet thinking as the

my grateful acknowledgments to those distinction does exist, that the above fact

brethren and friends who have assisted in should have been recognized, I wrote to Mr. Underhill, and received from him the fol

this case, pursuant to the advice of the as

sociations in 1842* and 1844+. I am lowing explanation,—“The distinction was

still £70 out pocket, and as this is to me a not made partly owing to my wish that in

serious inconvenience, I respectfully but this matter the two bodies should be united, and recognize their equal indebtedness to the

earnestly solicit the kind and prompt as. admirable men who bore the beat and

sistance of our benevolent and wealthy burden of the day' of trial, and partly to my

friends. Any contributions forwarded to not having met with the distinction in any

me will be gratefully acknowledged.

Yours truly, of the early works or documents I have con.

Leicester,"Oct. 17th, 1844. S. HULL. sulted. A general fraternal intercourse appears to have been maintained, until the revolution gave time and opportunity for a

QUERY. closer attention to be paid to the differences Is it either scriptural or expedient in any existing among the Baptists themselves.

case, to announce to a congregation that Nor do I think that the distinction would

any member of a church has been excluded have been perpetrated, had not the lapse from fellowship? --Dubito. into error of so many churches at the be. ginning of the last century rendered it neces

OUGHT persons to be continued as mem. sary on the part of the orthodox Baptists,

bers of a church, who from the circuinstance for them to maintain some clear and definite

of their residing at a distance, neither attend line of demarcation. That error, however,

nor commune with such church, nor con.

tribute to its funds, but either do so with it is probable was much increased by the antinomian tendencies of so large a part of

the church where they reside, or are virthe Particular Baptists. Late years have seen

tually unconnected with any ?-DIACONUS. a gradual approximation in sentiment, which * See Minutes, 1842, p. 32. † Ditto, 1844, p. 42.


ELIZABETH STOREY was born at Down. the death of Sarah Storey, daughter of the ton, Wilts., in the year 1805, and was bap. above, who died on the 20th of July, aged tized at Lyndhurst, in 1839; since which sixteen years. She was a hopeful enquirer. time to her death, her conduct was of the She was the oldest of seven children. The most consistent character. In her general remaining six still survive to lament their deportment our dear sister was quiet, meek, irreparable loss.

R. C. humble, and inoffensive.

The natural

June 13, died at Quorndon, aged 90 years, weakness of her constitution rendered her

Sarah, wife of Richard Wilson. She was incapable of discharging some of the more active duties of the christian life; she was,

much respected as a member of the church.

Her end was peace. however, (notwithstanding the distance she

August 15, died at Quorndon, Richard lived from the house of God,) punctual in her attendance on the means of grace.

Wilson, aged 84 years, widower of the

above, and a member of the same church. In the month of August, our dear sister

He stated in his last illness his hopes in the was attacked with fever, and died after a

gospel, and his faith in Christ for salvation. fortnight's illness. During her affliction she

The infirmities of nature consequent from was frequently delirious, and when lucid

80 protracted a life, connected with the intervals were granted, her mind was fre.

cold hand of poverty, precluded from them quently cloudy; nor did those gloomy feel.

many of the comforts which old age must ings appear to be removed till just previous

require. to her departure from this life. She now

August 26, died at Quorndon, after a long sleeps in Jesus.

and painful illness, Mary, widow of William JOAN Storey, husband of the above, Johnson, aged 73 years. She was, during Elizabeth Storey, was born at Downton, her long pilgrimage, an honorable member Wilts., in the year 1805; and united with of the church, and has left behind her a the church at Lyndhurst by baptism in lasting example of punctuality in her atten. 1839. In the same year he was appointed dance on the means of grace; she was to the office of deacon, the duties of which always in her place when service comoffice he ever after honorably performed. menced. In her last moments, she said As a christian he was sincerely pious; as a Jesus was precious to her soul, and all her trust. friend, constant and affectionate; as a mem. September 6, died at Quorndon, Catherine, ber of the church, active and punctual in the

widow of Thomas Gamble, aged 65 years, discharge of all religious duties; “ ready to after a short and painful illness of six days. every good word and work." Our dear bro- She was a very honorable member of the ther was highly esteemed by every one who church, and had been exercised through knew him; he bad a good report of all her long course with many and heavy “that are without;" was not one who could trials; but faith had enabled her to look to be lost and not missed, for “ he was a good

the end for a crows of life which fadeth not man and full of the Holy Ghost.” Our away. She maintained her character for brother was attacked with fever on August christian consistency; and in her last con13th, and died on the 7th of September. flict with the enemy was enabled to trust in Like his dear wife, he was frequently deli- the Saviour. Her end was peace. rious, and some times doubted his interest From August 1831, to August 1844, in Christ; but at length his fears were dis. there have been 187 persons buried in the pelled, and he fell asleep in Jesus. Our General Baptist burying ground, Quorndon, beloved friends both repose in the same viz., forty members, chiefly of our church, grave, in the General Baptist burial ground, eighty non-members, and sixty-seven chil. Lyndhurst. It is right we should mention dren.



London CONFERENCE, held at Chesham, seventy baptized, and that there are now September 22nd, 1844.-After prayers, offered twenty-nine candidates. After considerable by brethren Hood, Horsfield, and Hudson, discussion, on the propriety of endeavouring brother Ayrton was called to preside, and to revive and establish the cause in Aylesbury, brother Horsfield to act as Sec. pro tem. and the best means of doing so, the following Four of the Churches had omitted to send re- resolution was unanimously passed, “That ports. Those forwarded were, on the whole, he brethren at Chesham and Berkhampencouraging; these stated that there had been stead, together with the friends at Wendover

« PreviousContinue »