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TEXT.

17 Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord is.

18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit.

19 Speaking to yourselves in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord, 20 Giving thanks always for all things, unto God and the Father, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.

PARAPHRASE.

dent carriage, from the inconveniencies of those difficult 17 times, which threaten them with danger. Wherefore, be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the 18 Lord is. And be not drunken with wine, wherein there is excess'; seek not diversion in the noisy and intemperate jollity of drinking; but, when you are disposed to a chearful entertainment of one another, let it be with the 19 gifts of the Holy Spirit, that you are filled with, Singing hymns, and psalms, and spiritual songs among yourselves; this makes real and solid mirth in the heart, and 20 is melody well pleasing to God himself; Giving thanks always, for all things, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, to God and the Father.

NOTES.

bere, I must own myself ignorant of the precise meaning of the phrase, in this place.

18 St. Paul dehorts them from wine, in a too free use of it, because therein is excess; the greek word is dowria, which may signify luxury or dissoluteness: i.e. that drinking is no friend to continency and chastity, but gives up the reins to lust and uncleanness, the vice he had been warning them against or dowria, may signify the intemperance and disorder, opposite to that sober and prudent demeanour, advised in redeeming the time.

SECT. X.

CHAP. V. 21.-VI. 9.

CONTENTS.

IN this section he gives rules concerning the duties arising

from the several relations men stand in one to another, in society; those which he particularly insists on, are these three, husbands and wives, parents and children, masters and servants.

TEXT.

21 Submitting yourselves one to another, in the fear of God. 22 Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the

Lord.

23 For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the Saviour of the body.

24 Therefore, as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing.

PARAPHRASE.

21 Submit yourselves one to another, in the fear of God. 22 As for example, wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands, or, as being members of the church, you sub23 mit yourselves to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ himself is the head of the church, and it is he, the head, that preserves that his 24 body; so stands it between man and wife. Therefore, as the church is subject to Christ, so let wives be

NOTES.

21 This, though in grammatical construction it be joined to the foregoing discourse, yet I think it ought to be looked on as introductory to what follows in this section, and to be a general rule given to the ephesians, to submit to those duties, which the several relations they stood in, to one another, required of them.

23 b It is from the head that the body receives its healthy and vigorous constitution of health and life; this St. Paul pronounces here of Christ, as head of the church, that by that parallel which he makes use of, to represent the relation between husband and wife, he may both show the wife the reasonableness of her subjection to her husband, and the duty incumbent on the husband to cherish and preserve his wife, as we see he pursues it in the following

verses.

TEXT.

25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it:

26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it, with the washing of water, by the word,

27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy, and without blemish.

28 So ought men to love their wives, as their own bodies: he that loveth his wife, loveth himself.

29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church:

30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.

PARAPHRASE.

25 to their husbands, in every thing. And, you husbands, do you, on your side, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself to death for it; 26 That he might sanctify and fit it to himself, purifying it

by the washing of baptism, joined with the preaching 27 and reception of the gospel; That so he himself' might present it to himself an honourable spouse, without the least spot of uncleanness, or misbecoming feature, or any thing amiss; but that it might be holy, and without 28 all manner of blemish. So ought men to love their wives, as their own bodies; he that loveth his wife, lov29 eth himself. For no man ever hated his own flesh, but

nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord Christ 30 doth the church: For we are members of his body, of

NOTES.

26 Er gnuari, "by the word." The purifying of men is ascribed so much, throughout the whole New Testament, to the word, i. e. the preaching of the gospel, and baptism, that there needs little to be said to prove it; see John xv. 3, and xviii. 17, 1 Pet. i. 22, Tit. iii. 5, Heb. x. 22, Col. ii. 12, 13, and as it is at large explained in the former part of the sixth chapter to the

romans.

27 d "He himself," so the alexandrine copy reads it avròs, and not avïùv, more suitable to the apostle's meaning here, who, to recommend to husbands love and tenderness to their wives, in imitation of Christ's affection to the church, shows, that whereas other brides take care to spruce themselves, and set off their persons, with all manner of neatness and cleanness, to recommend themselves to their bridegrooms; Christ himself, at the expence of his own pain and blood, purified and prepared himself his spouse, the church, that he might present it to himself, without spot, or wrinkle.

TEXT.

31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.

32 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

33 Nevertheless, let every one of you, in particular, so love his wife, even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband.

PARAPHRASE.

$1 his flesh, and of his bones. For this cause shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall be joined unto 32 his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. These words 33 contain a very mystical sense in them', I mean in reference to Christ and the church. But laying that aside, their literal sense lays hold on you, and therefore do you husbands, every one of you in particular, so love his wife, as his own self, and let the wife reverence her hus

NOTES.

30 and 31 These two verses may seem to stand here disorderly, so as to disturb the connexion, and make the inference disjointed, and very loose, and inconsistent to any one, who more minds the order and grammatical construction of St. Paul's words, written down, than the thoughts that possessed his mind, when he was writing. It is plain the apostle had here two things in view; the one was, to press men to love their wives, by the example of Christ's love to his church; and the force of that argument lay in this, that a man and his wife were one flesh, as Christ and his church were one: but this latter, being a truth of the greater consequence of the two, he was as intent on settling that upon their minds, though it were but an incident, as the other which was the argument he was upon; and therefore, having said, ver. 29, that every one nourisheth and cherisheth his own flesh, as Christ deth the "church," it was natural to subjoin the reason there, viz. because "we are "members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones:" a proposition he took as much care to have believed, as that it was the duty of husbands to love their wives; which doctrine, of Christ and the church being one, when he had so strongly asserted, in the words of Adam concerning Eve, Gen. ii. 23, which he, in his concise way of expressing himself, understands both of the wife and of the church, he goes on with the words in Gen. ii. 24, which makes their being one flesh the reason why a man was more strictly to be united to his wife, than to his parents, or any other relation.

66

32 It is plain, by ver. 33, here, and the application therein of these words, Gen. ii. 23, to Christ and the church, that the apostles understood several passages in the Old Testament, in reference to Christ and the gospel, which evangelical, or spiritual, sense was not understood, until, by the assistance of the Spirit of God, the apostles so explained and revealed it. This is that, which St. Paul, as we see he does here, calls mystery. He that has a mind to have a true notion of this matter, let him carefully read 1 Cor. ii. where St. Paul very particularly explains this matter,

TEXT.

VI. 1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. 2 Honour thy father and mother, (which is the first commandment with promise)

3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.

4 And ye, fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.

5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters, according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ:

6 Not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart;

7 With good-will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men: 8 Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free.

9 And ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threat

PARAPHRASE.

. VI. 1. band. Children, obey your parents, performing it as required thereunto by our Lord Jesus Christ; for this is 2 right and conformable to that command, Honour thy father and mother, (which is the first command with pro3 mise) That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest be 4 long-lived upon the earth. And on the other side, ye fathers, do not, by the austerity of your carriage, despise and discontent your children, but bring them up, under such a method of discipline, and give them such instruc5 tion, as is suitable to the gospel. Ye that are bondmen, be obedient to those who are your masters, according to the constitution of human affairs, with great respect and subjection, and with that sincerity of heart which should 6 be used to Christ himself: Not with service only in those outward actions, that come under their observation; aiming at no more but the pleasing of men; but, as the servants of Christ, doing what God requires of you, from 7 your very hearts; In this with good-will paying your duty 8 to the Lord, and not unto men: Knowing that whatsoever good thing any one doth to another, he shall be considered and rewarded for it by God, whether he be bond 9 or free. And ye masters, have the like regard and rea

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