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AMENDING THE MERCHANT

MARINE ACT OF 1936

HEARINGS

FEB

3 1938

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE U MEAN

AND THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR FORD

UNITED STATES SENATE LIBRARIES

SEVENTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

25

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 3078

A BILL TO AMEND THE MERCHANT MARINE ACT OF 1936

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

PART 3

DECEMBER 14, 1937

Printed for the use of the Committee on
Commerce and the Committee on Education and Labor

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COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE

ROYAL S. COPELAND, New York, Chairman MORRIS SHEPPARD, Texas

CHARLES L. McNARY, Oregon JOSIAH LLIAM BAILEY, North Carolina HIRAM W. JOHNSON, California HATTIE W. CARAWAY, Arkansas

GERALD P. NYE, North Dakota BENNETT CHAMP CLARK, Missouri

ARTHUR H. VANDENBERG, Michigan JOHN H. OVERTON, Louisiana

WALLACE H. WHITE, JR., Maine
THEODORE G. BILBO, Mississippi

ERNEST W. GIBSON, Vermont
VIC DONAHEY, Ohio
JOSEPH F. GUFFEY, Pennsylvania
FRANCIS T. MALONEY, Connecticut
GEORGE L. RADCLIFFE, Maryland
CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
JOSH LEE, Oklahoma

C...
GEORGE L. BERRY, Tennessee

GRACE McEĽDOWNEY, Clerk
ROGER WILLIAMSON, Assistant Clerk

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah, Chairman ROYAL S. COPELAND, New York

WILLIAM E. BORAH. Idaho DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts

ROBERT M. LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisconsin JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana

JAMES J. DAVIS, Pennsylvania
VIC DONAHEY, Ohio
RUSH D. HOLT, West Virginia
CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
ALLEN J. ELLENDER, L na
JOSH LEE, Oklahoma
DIXIE BIBB GRAVES, Alabama

EARL WIXCEY, Clerk
KENNETH C. ROBERTSON, Assistant Clerk

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CON TENTS

Page

95

Statements of

James Mullen, National Maritime Union, Committee for Industrial

Organization.
Philip Van Gelder, Secretary, Industrial Union of Marine and Ship-

building Workers of America, 2332 Broadway, Camden, N. J.-
Mort. Borow, on behalf of the American Radio Telegraphers' Associa-

tion, New York, N. Y..

99

103

AMENDING THE MERCHANT MARINE ACT OF 1936

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1937

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, AND
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D. C. The committees met, pursuant to adjournment, at 10:30 o'clock a. m., in the caucus room, Senate Office Building, Senator Royal S. Copeland, chairman of the Commerce Committee, presiding:

Present: Senators Copeland, Thomas of Utah, Guffey, Ellender, Vandenberg, White, Pepper, and Gibson.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
Is Mr. Thomas Ray here?
Mr. PHILLIP VAN GELDER. He is sick, Mr. Chairman.
The CHAIRMAN. Is Mr. James Mullen here?
Mr. JAMES MULLEN. Yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. At this point I shall ask to have inserted in the record committee print of S. 1710, as amended.

(Committee print of S. 1710, as amended, is as follows:)

(Committee Print)

(S. 1710, 75th Cong., 1st Sess.)

[Omit the part in brackets and insert the part printed in italic) A BILL To provide means for the amicable settlement of all disputes between employers and employees

that affect the service of carriers engaged in transportation of passengers and property in the water-borne interstate and foreign commerce of the United States, to promote industrial peace in maritime industry, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE I. EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYEE RELATIONS

DECLARATION OF POLICY

SECTION 101. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to [avoid all interference with, and interruption of,j promote and maintain the free and safe movement of passengers and property in the interstate and foreign commerce of the United States and it is the purpose of this Act [(1) to regulate employment conditions in the maritime industry as a whole by setting up machinery for the settlement of disputes between employers and employees therein whereby disagreements resulting in strikes and industrial disturbances may be prevented by voluntary agreement and arbitration; (2)] (1) to safeguard the right of employees in the maritime industry to bargin collectively through representatives of their own choosing without interference, influence, or coercion on the part of their employers; [(3)] (2) to impose a binding duty upon employers to recognize and treat with the representatives of their employees; and ((4)] (3) to impose a corresponding duty upon employees to scrupulously observe their voluntary agreements with their employer; and (4) to set up machinery for the settlement of disputes between employers and employees in the maritime industry whereby disagreements resulting

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