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the extension and observance of exist. ing agreements before proposing to negotiate new ones?

The new agreements which the American Secretary of State is understood to be contemplating bind the contracting parties, in the event of an otherwise insoluble dispute, not to have recourse to arms until the International Commission of Inquiry, established by the last Hague Convention, and acting on its own initiative, has investigated and reported upon the question at issue. The idea is that the Commission will take at least six months to hear both sides and prepare its report, and that in the interval opinion will have cooled

and reason have reasserted itself.

With what authority, one may ask, does Mr. Bryan, whose quality as a statesman was long ago assessed, put forward such a proposal? With what authority does it come from the United States—a Power remote from the imminent contentions of Europe, and a mere looker-on at the game of Weltpolitik? Do Great Britain and America stand in the slightest need of any such cement to bind them closer together? And what, finally, are the chances that the Senate will ratify any such agreements without profound and devitalizing modifications? I gravely fear that Sir Edward Grey is heading straight for another Anglo-American fiasco.

Sydney Brooks.

The Outlook.

HOME RULE-WAR OR PEACE?

Two voices were there on the Union. As to civil war, only one thing need ist side in the debate upon the Second be said here. This talk of force Reading of the Home Rule Bill. One whether it is bluff or whether it is was a very loud and raucous voice. It earnest-is a game that two can play thundered threats of civil war through at, and that both can lose at. This is the speeches of Sir Edward Carson, a time when, under certain aspects, the Mr. Long, and Lord Charles Beresford. social question has become more acute The other was a still, small voice, than it has been since the days of the which came at the close of the debate, Hungry 'Forties. Never before were at the very end of Mr. Bonar Law's such large masses of organized men speech. Mr. Bonar Law, too, had more rebellious against the conditions given us something of the whirlwind under which they live. Is the Conservaand the fire. But it was not the whirl. tive Party—the party of law and order wind and the fire that spoke the truth the party which stands to lose by the and delivered the message, but the destruction of property and the disapstill, small voice that came after them. pearance of respect for GovernmentAnd this still, small voice we seem to going to teach these masses of men, by hear in Mr. Bonar Law's concluding precept and by example, the lesson sentences. If Mr. Redmond could per- that it is not necessary to bow to consuade him that what he proposes is stituted authority, as represented by “not utterly detested by one-third of King, Parliament, and Courts of Law? the people of Ireland, in that case we If it elects so to do, it may be sure should all rejoice.

. If you

that the masses will apply the lesson can bring in a Bill that is just and for their own benefit. They also are possible

we will welcome organized, and it is possible for them it." There, surely, spoke the saner also to drill, in the first place, for bluff, mind of the Unionist Party.

and, in the last resort, conceivably,

course.

with as serious intentions as those at present, every such line appears to whioh animate Ulster. Short of drill- be barred by the resolute determinaing, short of threats of civil war, it is tion of Ulster itself. Ulster has no possible for them to use tactics of vio- proposals to make. It does not claim lence, and to make every labor dispute to be a nation. It does not ask to be the excuse for a commotion. For gen- separate from the rest of Ireland. It erations, responsible leaders and all does not ask to remain united with advisers of organized labor have com- England and Scotland. It does not bined to dissuade them from any such ask to be an independent community.

"Conquer the ballot" they It will look at no guarantees. Its athave said. "Obtain the ultimate con- titude is that of a sheer, simple refusal trol of Parliament. Secure for your- to consider any alternative to the exselves that the law be just. Seek your isting situation. aims through law, but not over or Now, that is not permanently a posagainst law.” They have urged these sible position. Considering the hopes counsels in the interests of the work- that have been raised in Ireland as a ing classes, in the interests of the com- whole, considering the stage to which munity and of civilization. How can the present Bill has been carried, and the counsellors of working men con- all that has been said upon the Uniontinue to urge this advice with any ist side three years ago—and even, for prospect of success, or even with the that matter, during the recent course internal feeling of sincerity, when the of the discussion—it is clear that, even sanctity of law and order is over- if the Liberal Party should be dethrown by those whose one claim to feated before Home Rule has come their position in the community is that into active being, the Unionists themthey are the supports of ordered au- selves would have to construct some thority? We trust it is not too late scheme of self-government, which they for the Unionist Party to reflect on might call by another name, but which considerations of this kind, and to ask would have to concede a large measure themselves seriously to what issue they of the Irish demand for recognition as are leading England—we will not say a nationality. It is the perception of by the deeds which they contemplate, this truth, we think, which underlies but by the threats of which they make that tentative effort towards conciliause for purposes of impressing public tion which we have found at the close opinion.

of Mr. Bonar Law's defiances and deWe pass to the more fruitful side of nunciations. And this is the cardinal the debate. Under the Parliament Act, fact with which Ulster, if she retains no amendments can be included in the any wisdom, must reckon. She may Bill, but suggestions may be made count upon a Liberal defeat, but that which, if adopted by both sides, can will not save her. Home Rule can ultimately become law. Is it possible now be said, with some confidence, to at this stage to make iny suggestions be coming, whether through this Bill which would mitigate the hostility of and the present Government, Ulster, or, at any rate, remove the last through another Bill and the next [ossibility of substantial injustice to Government. the minority in the four Unionist coun- But, in the meantime, is it possible ties? Every Liberal speaker, we think, at this moment to make any attempt and Mr. Redmond himself, showed towards conciliation? When Ulster keenness to discover a practical line of has learnt wisdom, her spokesman will approach to a peaceful settlement; but, perhaps indicate the lines upon which

or

she can be approached. Almost any do not see how the Liberal Party could advance consistent with a real admis- profitably make advances. Whatever sion of Irish nationality might then be it offers will be used against it. Next made to her, with the goodwill, not year, when the reality has come a only of Mr. Asquith, but also of Mr. little closer, the mood of men may be Redmond. Doubtless there would be different, and the opportunity of statesin Ireland a very strong dislike to any. manship may come. We trust that it thing that should actually separate

will be so. The object of British Libthe four Protestant counties from the erals is to hold the balance fairly berest of the country. But even such a tween the two sides in this controversy. concession might appear to the eye of So holding it, they cannot overlook the statesmanship worth tendering for the fact that Nationalism represents the sake of an assured settlement. Unfor- great majority of Irishmen; nor do tunately, at this moment, there is not they forget that the four Protestant the smallest evidence that any such counties have their claim, as a minorproposal would contribute a single ity, to protection. If this minority mite to the easement of the situation. would state its claim, it would be our Ulster presents a blank wall, behind duty to consider it. The difficulty at which she laughs or frowns at every present is that it will state no claim offer of peace. The Unionist Party, except one which implies that it is Ireexcept in those sane moments of which land, and that is founded upon so comMr. Law gave us an example, backs plete a distortion of fact that it can her up, and cheers her threats of force. only be ignored. As long as this position continues, we

The Nation.

MR. PUNCH'S DIDACTIC NOVELS.

(The First, and probably the Last.)

[In humble imitation of Mr. Eustace babits, but now he rises at 7.30 every Miles's serial in Healthward Ho! (Help!), morning and breathes evenly through and in furtherance of the great princi- the nose for five minutes before dresspl of self-culture.)

ing. THE MYSTERY OF GORDON After three weeks of the breathing SQUARE.

exercise, Roger adds a few simple Synopsis of Previous Chapters. lunges to his morning drill. Detective Roger Dangerfield, the famous bar

Inspector Frenchard tells him that he rister, is passing through Gordon

has a clue to the death of Sir Eustace, Square one December night when he

but that the murderer is still at large. suddenly comes across the dead body

Roger sells his London house and takes of a man of about forty years.

To his

a cottage in the country, where he horror he recognizes it to be that of his

practises the simple life. He is now friend, Sir Eustace Butt, M. P., who

lunging ten times to the right, ten has been stabbed in seven places.

times to the left and ten times backMuch perturbed by the incident, Roger

wards every morning, besides breathgoes home and decides to lead a new

ing lightly through the nose during his life. Hitherto he had been notorious

bath, in the London clubs for his luxurious One day he meets a Yogi, who tells him that if he desires to track the mur- cold bath, a brisk rub down and anderer down he must learn concentra- other glass of distilled water, comtion. He suggests that Roger should pleted the morning training. start by concentrating on the word But it is time we got on with the "wardrobe," and then leaves this story story. The murder of Sir Joshua and goes back to India. Roger sells Tubbs, M. P., had sent a thrill of horhis house in the country and comes ror through England, and hundreds of back to town, where he concentrates people wrote indignant letters to the for half-an-hour daily on the word Press, blaming the police for their neg“wardrobe"; besides, of course, perse- lect to discover the assassin. Detecvering with his breathing and lunging tive-Inspector Frenchard, however, exercises. After a heavy morning's was hard at work, and he was inspired drill he is passing through Gordon by the knowledge that he could always Square when he comes across the body rely upon the assistance of Roger Danof his old friend, Sir Joshua Tubbs, gerfield, the famous barrister, who had M. P., who has been stabbed nine sworn to track the murderer down. times. Roger returns home quickly, To prepare himself for the forthand decides to practise breathing coming struggle Roger decided, one through the ears.

sunny day in June, to give up the meat CHAPTER XCI.

diet upon which he had relied so long, Preparation.

and to devote himself entirely to a

vegetable régime. With that thoroughThe appalling death of Sir Joshua

ness which was now becoming a charTubbs, M. P., following so closely upon

acteristic of him, he left London and that of Sir Eustace Butt, M. P., meant

returned to the country. with the intenthe beginning of a new life for Roger.

tion of making a study of food values. His morning drill now took the follow

OHAPTER XCII. ing form: On rising at 7.30 A. M. he sipped a

Love Comes In. glass of distilled water, at the same It was a beautiful day in July, and time concentrating on the word "ward- the country was looking its best. robe.” This lasted for ten minutes, after Roger rose at 7.30 A. M. and performed which he stood before the open window those gentle, health-giving exercises for five minutes, breathing alternately which have already been described in through the right ear and the left. А previous chapters. On this glorious vigorous series of lunges followed, to- morning, however, he added a simple gether with the simple kicking exer- exercise for the elbows to his customcises detailed in Chapter LIV.

ary ones, and went down to his breakThese over, there was a brief inter- fast as hungry as the proverbial hunter. ral of rest, during which our hero, A substantial meal of five dried beans breathing heavily through the back of and a stewed nut awaited him in the his neck, concentrated on the word fine oak-panelled library; and, as he "dough-nut.” Refreshed by the mental did ample justice to the banquet, his discipline, he rose and stood lightly on thoughts went back to the terrible the ball of his left foot, at the same days when he lived the luxurious meattime massaging himself vigorously be- eating life of the ordinary man-abouttween the shoulders with his right. town; to the evening when he discovAfter five minutes of this he would ered the body of Sir Eustace Butt, M. test again, lying motionless except for P., and swore to bring the assassin to a circular movement of the ears. A vengence; to the day when

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Suddenly he realized that his This would bring him in touch with thoughts were wandering. With iron the lower classes, among whom he will he controlled them and concen- expected to find the assassin of his two trated fixedly on the word “doughnut" oldest friends. for twelve minutes. Greatly refreshed In less than a year the shop was a he rose and strode out into the sun. tremendous success. In spite of this, At the door of his cottage a girl was

however, Roger did not neglect his standing. She was extremely beauti- exercises; taking particular care to ful, and Roger's heart would have keep the toes well turned in when lungjumped if he had not had that organ

ing ten times backwards. (Exeroise 17.) (thanks to Twisting Exercise 23) under Once, to his joy, the girl whom he had perfect control.

first met outside his country cottage “Is this the way to Denfield ?" she came in and had her simple lunch of asked.

Smilopat (ninepence the dab) at his “Straight on," said Roger.

shop. That evening he lunged twelve He returned to his cottage, breathing times to the right instead of ten. heavily through his ears.

One day business had taken Roger

to the West-End. As he was returnCHAPTER XCIII.

ing home at midnight through Gordon Another Surprise.

Square, he suddenly stopped and stag. Six months went by, and the mur- gered back, derer of Sir Joshua Tubbs, M. P., and

A body lay on the ground before Sir Eustace Butt, M. P., still remained him! at large. Roger had sold his cottage in Hastily turning it over upon its face, the country and was now in London,

Roger gave a cry of horror. performing his exercises with regular- It was Detective-Inspector Frenchity, concentrating daily upon the words ard! Stabbed in eleven places! "wardrobe," "dough-nut," and "wasp,” Roger hurried madly home, and deand living entirely upon proteids.

vised an entirely new set of exercises One day he had the idea that he for his morning drill. A full descripwould start a restaurant in the East- tion of these, however, must be reEnd for the sale of meatless foods. served for another chapter. Punch.

A. A. M. (To be continued elsewhere.)

MORAL INTOXICANTS.

A learned judge said of Mr. Glad- drunk. They and they only laugh stone that he was often "the worse" with real ill-nature and without a for flattery. It is an intoxicant against thought of sympathy when they meet which few heads are proof. The true a friend who is palpably “the worse" cynic and the truly modest man alone for the heady stuff which he has taken remain sober, however strong the dose. in. But however ridiculous a man Such men are few. Of course, there may be when he has had too much are plenty of people who believe them- flattery, it is certain that a vast numselves immune from its effects. Most ber of men are the better for a little. of them have never tasted it, and some The conscious flatterer is the sycohare not known when they were phant-a hateful and despicable per

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