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tor about his lying down. She left From the first she had taken special him on the sofa, with the blinds charge of Arnold, with a woman's drawn.

tender interest in suffering. This was the first attempt, and later They went to church together on ones were just as futile.

Sundays, with Willie between them as The initials A. W. on his handker- a link to their hands. In the hayfield chief and other things were positively Peggy kept her blue eyes on him as the only clue they had to build upon. well as upon her boy. The doctor Still, the doctor was very sanguine, avowed ignorance about the developand the farmer liked "the Mr. Man ment of so unusual a case, and left who was found in the grass," and was all the responsibility to her. She willing to wait for a while. If it was all thought it possible that Arnold might due to a love-trouble (as his daughter at any time have a seizure of some believed), it would surely come right kind impelling him to throw himself in time. Mr. Harcourt hadn't yet met into the river or strike some one. AIthe man, he said, that couldn't recover though he was so sane in every parhis balance after a simple shock of ticular save those missing essentials, that kind, if he kept off spirits and she couldn't feel comfortable about other nonsense. "Mr. Man" was wel- him—and showed it. come to board and lodging at the farm This was what the farmer didn't for one pound a week as long as his like.

It led so inevitably to other money lasted, and perhaps a week or things. He remonstrated with his two longer. The weekly pound was daughter, and was slightly soothed Arnold's own offer, prompted by Dr.

by her quick retort

“How Capper.

ridiculous, father!" But he had to And so it went on and on and on. remonstrate again and tell her that

The hay was cut and carried, Arnold “Mr. Mann" must clear out soon, helping, and enjoying himself; the whether he remembered his name or gooseberries and currants had bad whether he didn't; and this time Peggy their little day; and a cloudless fort- was angry—as angry as she could be, night in July gave the wheat its which wasn't very angry. “Of course mantling of bronze and gold, and quite he doesn't,” she exclaimed, when the settled the oats.

farmer asked point-blank if Arnold The farmer still liked Arnold, but talked to her about love and such was feeling uneasy about things now. dangerous matters. Mr. Harcourt was He and every one except Mrs. Bran- still dissatisfied, but accepted the sitdon called Arnold Mr. Mann, and he uation a little longer. “First time he answered to the name. With two does, you tell me, my dear," he said, “n's" to it the name was not so bad. "and off he trots. I've no fault to The proposition came from .Mr. Har- find with him myself-knocks me holcourt laughingly, and Arnold said, low at manners. But that's just it. “By all means," as if there were noth- And he's a good-looking chap-you'll ing odd about it. “Yes, of course I not deny that?" Peggy turned her ouglit to be called something," he ad- head away and whispered that she mitted when the farmer made that ex- didn't wish to deny it. It had nothcuse for the christening.

ing to do with her. They must all be Peggy was the cause of her father's patient, and she felt sure that someuneasiness; and the doctor, the Cherry- thing would soon happen. “We can't Tree servants, and most of the farm send him to the workhouse, father. It hands didn't wonder.

would be shameful."

а

a

Peggy never called him anything, couldn't get a word out of you this and this would have been even more afternoon-at least not enough words. significant to her father than the other Perhaps he bothers you. He's trifies had he been deeply learned in greedy little boy-for attentions." human nature.

He's the jolliest little mortal in all She could not address him as “Mr. the world,” said Arnold. “And I shall Mann" like the others. But she was be awfully sorry to

He sat up, delicious in her little artifices about and, as if without thinking what he names in general when they were alone did, put his hand on one of Peggy's in together. She mentioned numbers of her lap. "Mrs. · Brandon!” he exnames, chosen from dictionary, claimed, looking into her troubled blue Christian and patronymics, always á eyes—they were distinctly troubled ready to fly at a symptom indicative now, though very beautiful. that she had chanced upon one of the Peggy nodded to encourage him. right ones. But she never hit either Her lips quivered. She was only upon

"Arnold" or his other name, twenty-four, and seemed less. "Wise."

“I'm at my last sovereign, and can't And now the barvest was ready. stop here after to-morrow. To-morrow's

“They're going to cut the Long Tuesday. I came on a Tuesday, Field tomorrow,” she told him one didn't i? “The chap that was found evening when they were sitting un- in the water-medder—that's what der the roses on the house, watching Dodson the carter calls me I heard the sunst.

bim calling me that to one of the “Are they?" said he.

maids in the cowhouse yesterday. He had been very silent this day. Well, it's a good description, I suppose. Peggy thought it was the heat. He But, I say, you've been most uncom. seemed in splendid health, except that monly good to me, Mrs. Brandon; and his eyes had shadows under them, and so has every one; but it's all rubbish he didn't talk.

about my working off my board and “Yes. There was a gentleman here lodging after to-morrow. I asked your last year, an artist named Reginald father this morning. He said it would Paterson. Why do you smile like suit him better if I went." that?"

“No!" whispered Peggy, looking It wasn't the first time he had down. smiled at her elaborate mention of "But I must!" His hand tightened other people's names, but hitherto she on hers. It was an argument in itself, hadn't asked him why.

and she let it argue. “Oh,” said he, with the smile gone, “How can you, when you don't know "was I smiling? I don't feel like it, where to go?” Peggy asked, almost I assure you, Mrs. Brandon.”

entreatingly. "Why don't you? I like to see you “I can, of course,” he replied, with smile," said Peggy. It was true, but the shrug of a man conscious of his scarcely a prudent confession. She strength. “I'm as fit as a horse. And, wouldn't have said it if her father had equally of course, I must. It'll be no been near, and a quick realization of end of a wrench, but-" this colored her cheeks.

And then the farmer's voice, very Arnold's head drooped.

harsh, sounded in Peggy's ears from "You're not well. I'm sure you're the porch to the right. not," said Peggy earnestly. “Do tell I want you here, my girl!" cried me what is the matter. Willie says he Mr. Harcourt, and Peggy rose with a

no

start. Her hand came free without "Father!” said Peggy, with a hand any restraint.

on the farmer's arm. “Yes, father!" she said, facing him But the farmer shook her hand off. with untroubled eyes, but much color "Go indoors," he said.—“And don't in her cheeks. “What is it?"

you, Mr. Mann, or whatever your con“Come right into the house, and founded real name is, lift your eyeleave our yoning friend to him. brows at me in that superior way. self, said the farmer.-“It's You've had your last say to my use telling you to pack up, my daughter. I'll be glad if you'll get off lad; but you know what we settled to your bed, straight, when you feel this morning."

like it." Arnold's eyes also were quite un. Peggy threw him a sad look with troubled as he confronted his host of the wrinkle in it which he knew so the past two months.

well now, and went indoors. "That's what I've been telling her," Arnold sat down again. "All right, he said. "It's all right, Mr. Harcourt. Mr. Harcourt," he said, without any I quite understand. I've had a splen- show of resentment; “I'll smoke one did time."

pipe and then to bed." Chambers's Journal. (To be concluded.)

C. Edwardes.

THE PANAMA ROBBERY. *

as

an

M. Bunau-Varilla's book comes at an opportune moment, now that the opening of the Panama Canal is heralded

early forthcoming event; he writes as an actor who has taken a decisive part in the developments and vicissitudes of the last thirty years or so; indeed, if one accepts the view of the book, the conclusion must be arrived at that, without the author's untiring vigilance and permanent and unerring intervention there would be no Panama Canal at all. The present work is a trilogy, "the creation, destruction and resurrection," which, as far as titles go, reminds one of “Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained,” only that Milton's title starts, taking the creation for granted, in mediis rebus as it were.

The keynote to the author's aim and method is to be found in the dedication to his children: "May this book bring home to you what I have always

"The Creation, Destruction and Rosurrection." By Pbilippe Bunau-Varilla. London: Constablo. 1913. 128. od. Det.

LIVING AGE VOL. LX. 3140

striven to impress upon you, that the greatest virtue in a Frenchman is to cultivate truth and to serve France!" No doubt the two precepts, when France is being served, must always be concurrent and inseparable, for it would be inconceivable that truth, that is to say righteousness, should be absent from the service of France. All that is very fine; very fine, as far as it goes. The only shortcoming, not a small one indeed, lies in the vagueness and elusiveness of the terms; such is always the trouble with abstract principles of morality; solemnity of enunciation does not endow them with precision of meaning; they are both elastic and adaptable to the require. ments of the hour, and can be made to cover a multitude of sins, selfishness, avarice, even iniquity, under the plea of serving truth and the fatherland.

If the accuracy and completeness of the information may on occasions be doubted, not so the sincerity of the

une

writer; primarily and essentially he is "the idea of connecting Nature was writing of himself; it is the case of mooted, but Philip the Second forbad an Achilles who is his own Homer, the any modification of what God had whole attuned to harmonize with the created;" thus M. Bunau-Varilla himprosaic capitalistic atmosphere of the self shows that "the great conception" age. Other fairly famous campaigners was a centenarian idea before French of yore, Xenophon and Julius Cæsar, genius took it up. have also taken the world into their Saavedra Ceron, one of Balboa's confidence; but they have done so in companions in Darien, seems to have a more chastened and less aggressive been the first one to conceive the idea spirit of autobiography; in the "Ana- of constructing an artificial waterway basis" and in the “Commentaries" the between the two oceans, having preten thousand and the legions have a pared plans for the work at Darien local habitation and a name of their about 1525 to 1530. In 1534 Charles own; they are not mere puppets in the the Fifth ordered the exploration of evolution of a higher and all-absorbing the Chagres Watershed for the purpose destiny. M. Bunau-Varilla's attitude of connecting that river with the throughout is that of Chanticler; the Southern Sea. The Governor of sun ever rises at his bidding:

Tierra Firme reported in due course "J'ai tellement la foi, que mon cocorico

"that it would be practically imFera crouler la Nuit comme possible to construct a canal across Jéricho."

the Isthmus, and that the atThe avowed aim of the book is: tempt would ruin the richest treasury "To explain how that great conception in Christendom." In 1565 Jorge Quin. of French genius, the junction of the tanilla obtained a charter from the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, was Spanish Crown “to open a water passnatched from her; and that the solu- sage between the two oceans." Soon tion of the problem of the opening of

thereafter a change came

over the a Free Strait between the two oceans royal mind and Philip the Second forwas her work and hers alone.” En

bad all further mooting of canal progineers and men of science in Europe jects under penalty of death. About and America may, and certainly will, that time it was discovered that the dispute and wrangle as to the solution ipper waters of the Atrato, which of the problem and as to whom the empties into the Gulf of Uraba, in the glory is rightfully due; but the asser- Caribbean, flow quite close to the tion that the junction of the two Pacific; this gave rise to a suggestion oceans is the “great conception of of digging a canal to connect the French genius," thus implying exclu- Atrato with the ocean, upon which the sive originality, should not have been Jesuit historian, José de Acosta, obtranslated into English and can only serves “that it would be offending the be meant for home consumption in

Creator to seek to connect an ocean France.

and a river which He had placed The quest for a natural passage be

asunder." tween the two oceans began imme. It is interesting to note the recent diately upon the discovery of the bid by the United States, in their Pacific by Balboa on 25 September

effort to "corner" all possible trans1513. Balboa himself, we are told by oceanic canals on the American contiM. Bunau-Varilla, “nursed the ambi- nent, for this self-same canal by way tion of finding a passage between the of the Atrato; it may be safely astwo seas;" and further on he adds, sumed that in this less reverent age the scruples of Father Acosta will not by “judicial machinery” and by “parbe a serious obstacle to the construc- liamentary machinery," and the Canal tion of this canal, which, in the opinion Company, so to speak, throws up the of many well-informed people, would sponge and offers to sell, he stands un. much improve on the Panama in daunted on the desolate stage amidst cheapness and efficiency.

the crumbling ruins of his mighty French genius seems to appear for dream. the first time in connection with canal Whatever may have been the comprojects in 1785, when a certain M. de pany's mistakes, the technical errors la Naüerre submitted a paper to the of engineers and of managers, and the Academy of Sciences in Paris with a real facts which led to the accusation complete plan for the construction of that eventually brought about the the canal across Panama, at an esti- downfall of the company, the pluck mated cost of one million francs. and the devotion of the men at the Count Florida Blanca, Minister of Isthmus, the work which they actually Charles the Third of Spain, "did not achieved, and their indomitable energy consider the report as deserving of in the presence of the insidious and serious consideration," which, in view murderous scourge of yellow fever of the smallness of the cost, is to be stand as a testimony to the best tradila mented; it is also to be regretted tions of France. M. Bunau-Varilla that later French canal creators and shares the full honor thus acquired for their technical progeny should not liis country. have profited by their compatriot's The issues of these days have wisdom and example at least in the none but an historical interest now. direction of pecuniary demands.

Later events have brought fundaThe “creation" and the "destruction” mental changes, not only in the ownermake an interesting narrative from ship of the canal but in its status as the formation of the Panama Company a factor of incalculable possibilities in in 1881 to the offer to sell the works the immediate development of interand the concession to the United national life both in the New World States in 1898. In 1884 M. Bunau- and in the Old. Varilla "finally resolved to consecrate Panama, it should be remembered, his life to the Panama Canal;" he as- formed part of Colombia. In 1846 sumed "entire management when he Colombia, then New Granada, fearing was twenty-six;" he “discovered the British inroads, concluded a treaty secret of the Straits," and his dis- with the United States by which the covery "freed the future of the canal.” States guaranteed Colombia's soverThe history of the great undertaking eignty on the Isthmus. In 1850 the becomes inseparable from his own per- clashing rivalries of Great Britain and sonal history; he solves the technical the Cnited States culminated in a comproblems, he smooths the furrows of promise embodied in the Claytonadministration, he fights the battles Bulwer Treaty, by which, whilst of Panama against Nicaragua and the neither nation became supreme, equalbattles of the company against poli- ity of position and of rights for both tical intrigue in France; he writes a was maintained. This arrangement book, another trilogy, “Le Passé, Le never popular in the United Présent et L'Avenir,” to inflame anew States. The American mind-official the waning ardour of French in- and otherwise was early made up vestors; he seeks the aid of Russia, that no canal should be built but an and when the destruction is achieved American canal.

was

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