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Tango. By Filson Young

509 Tariff, The Coming American.

By Edward Stanwood 451 Tendencies of Modern Art, The. James Bone

30 Thompson, Francis.

235 Three Years' Bill in France, The 245 Trade in Armaments, The. By J. F. Williams

156 Tragedy, The Barbarity of Real

istic, By Ernest A. Baker 634 Triple Entente, The, and M. Poincaré

310 Tryst, The. By Rabindranath Tagore

573

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Satire, The Death of. By Her-
Scheffauer

82 Seagulls. By F. G. Aflalo

691 Season, The (To a Debutante) 442 Secret of the Hills, The. By Weyland Keene

380 Session of 1913, The. By Auditor Tantum

643 Sex Antagonism, Modern Fem

inism and. By Ethel Col

quhoun Slavery in Anno Domini 1913. By Joseph Burtt

594 Socialism, German, The Creator of

759 Society, Evolution in Human.

By C. C. Roylance Kent 201 Some Account of Arcady. By

Louise Imogen Guiney 605 Some Notes on Cats

632 Song of Amergau, The. Trans

lated by Alfred Perceval
Graves

642 Speech and Politics. By Sydney Brooks

765 Spell, The. By V. H. Friedlaender

66 St. Mary's Bells. By John Masefield

706 Sterne, Laurence. By Professor George Saintsbury

480 Stone Man, The. By James Stephens

56 Story of Modern Bulgaria in

Brief, The. By H. M.
Wallis

346

.

Wages of Hurry, The. By Vernon Lee

697 Waters, Lustral. By C. G. C. T. 226 Western Sheep, In the Wake of the

285 What is Wrong with the Empire? 753 Whistler, The. By E. M. Cook 450 White Fane on Montmartre, The. By Elsa Barker

386 Whites, A Revolution of the 506 Will the Government Survive? By Harold Spender

323 Wind, The. By Frances TyrrellGill

66 Wind-Bell, The. By E. Hamilton Moore

770 Winter Dusk. By Walter de la Mare

2 Woman, Nietzsche and the. Hubert Bland

122 Wordsworth, The Ascendancy of.

By E. Cecil Roberts 40 Wyndham, George

175 Youth and Age. By Edward Storer

770

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By

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racial problem. They have seen Japanese emigrants settle in Queen Charlotte Islands off Vancouver and rapidly take possession not only of those islands, but of the fisheries on the coast of British Columbia; they have witnessed the settlement of 40,000 Japanese, and nearly as many Chinese, in California, where whole districts have become orientalized; they have heard of the rapid increase of the Japanese popula. tion in the Island of Hawaii; they know that the Japanese are swarming over the Loyalty Islands under the eyes of the Commonwealth, and they believe that they covet the vast unoccupied territories under the British flag in Australia. Wherever the Japanese emigrant settles he underbids the white man in the labor market, his family follows him to his new place of settlement, his customs and habits become predominant, and, with persistent pressure, he and his kin enlarge their boundaries, driving the white man before them.

We who live far removed from this racial problem cannot afford to ignore it, unless we are content to witness the growth of a movement which may dismember the Empire. The people in other parts of the King's dominions can hardly realize the intensity of the anti-Japanese feeling which dominates all the peoples of the white race who live on the slopes of the Pacific Ocean. Mr. F. B. Vrooman, in a lecture which he delivered before the Royal Colonial Institute in March of last year, conveyed some impression of this racial sentiment. Speaking as

a native of British Columbia, Mr. Vrooman said:

“So long as Asiatic immigration was confined to a few individuals who scattered themselves over a large area, offering competition to very little labor, except the hand-laundry, there was no particular problem. But when these people settled down in solid phalanxes of 10,000 or more at a time and place, and became undigested and

indigestible lumps in the political ventricle, the case called for scientific diagnosis. This thing is happening, and in the language of periods and nations, all at once, in many quarters of the Empire. Suddenly the results of Asiatic immigration into different parts of the white world are presenting new problems to be solved.

It is plain, too, that one of the numbers in the new

Japanese world. programme is the occupation of British Columbia. Our Province is becoming Orientalized, and one of our important questions is whether it is to remain a British province or become an Oriental colony-for we have three races demanding seats in our drawingroom, as well as places at our boardthe Japanese, Chinese, and East Indian.

“According to a report of the Assessment Commissioner several years ago (I have no later figures), nearly an eighth of the population of Vancouver was Oriental, with that of the New Westminster district larger. But the Orientals practically all male adults. If they had their families with them their numbers would have been about five times as great, and this would represent permanent population; and this would have given over half the population of Vancouver as Oriental, while giving one Oriental male adult to every three-and-a-half whites of the male adult population of the Province."

This is the experience of British Columbia, and we know from recent events what Americans who live on the Pacific coast think of this "yellow peril," and we have lately read of the determination exhibited by the Californian legislators to stem the Japanese movement, now that Japanese brides are arriving to make homes in their midst.

Europeans may form some conception of the basis upon which the antiJapanese feeling in the Dominions rests if they keep in view the facts as stated by Mr. Vrooman:

"Japan will not allow a foreigner to

a

own or even work a mine in Japan, because of the imperious demands of but she unreasonably demands for the Japanese pride and national interest, Japanese the right to work in the and the power of the Japanese warmines and to own and exploit the ships." * mines of Canada and the United The belief which dominates the States—one small syndicate of coolies minds of all these white people is that having now possession of a copper

they are in greater peril from Japan mine in British Columbia worth nearly

than from Germany. As Mr. Vrooman a million pounds. She allows no for

has declared in summing up the posieigner to engage in fisheries in Japanese waters, but she demands the right

tion, in words which are echoed by the of the Japanese to fish American and

majority of the inhabitants of AusCanadian waters; and, as conse

tralia, New Zealand, and British Coquence, all the fisheries of British lumbia: “The vital world-issue of toColumbia, which are 30 per cent. of day, now especially on the Pacific, is the fisheries of Canada, which are the

the Japanese programme of Asiatic largest and most profitable in the

Imperialism." world, are now wholly in Japanese

The racial problem is not merely the hands, yielding 10,500 Japanese laborers from £100 to £600 a year apiece,

antagonism of the white man to the the most of which is sent in cash to

Japanese, but his rooted objection to Japan, and alienated from the British

the settlement in his midst of any Empire for ever. It is a well-known Asiatic community, whether it come fact that Japan will not tolerate our from Japan, China, India, or Singaworkmen on her soil, except those

pore. It is this terror which is mouldskilled laborers we have been simple ing the policy of the Dominions, and enough to send over to teach the Jap

the time has come for the Imperial anese how to make goods cheaper than

Government to consider what its attiwe can make them.

tude should be in face of the grave "Japan is gradually taxing, or legislating, or expropriating every Western

situation which is rapidly developing. interest out of Japan, Korea, and Man- Sir George Reid, the High Commischuria, and as far as possible out of sioner in London for the Common(hina, but she demands equal rights wealth of Australia, recently recalled and opportunities for the Japanese that as there is a mountain range workman, merchant, financier, farmer,

known as the Great Dividing Range in the business opportunities and po

in the continent to which he belongs, tential wealth of the New World, and

there is also a Great Dividing Range more those safeguards and protections which the Japanese themselves

in the British Empire: “Under the cannot grant to their own people on

same flag that waves over the fifteen their own soil-equal rights in the million white subjects in Canada, Ausprivileges of an Anglo-Saxon democ- tralia, New Zealand, and South Africa, racy. .

there are in Asia and Africa three "If Japan wants something on the hundred and sixty millions of people American Continent, Canada and the

who are'not of our color, who do not United States must give it. If Canada

• Japan possesses a Davy, less than oneand the United States want something fourth the size of the British Fleet, and its in Japan, Korea, or Manchuria, it is

relative strength is declining.

s The Canadian Government has put into inimical to the interests of Japan,

operation a Privy Cooncil order providing and they cannot have it. Whatever is that no immigrant can land unless he come

direct from bis native country, and there beprejudicial to the interests or the pride ing no direct steamship service between of Japan must be yielded by Cana

India and Canada the effect of this order is

to probibit further immigration of Indians. dians and Americans. Whatever is This exclusion policy directed against all prejudicial to the interests of Ameri

Asiatics, whether from India or elsewbere is

supported in Australia, New Zealand, and cans and Canadians must be accepted South Africa.

are

an

belong to our race, and who know the course of Dominion policy that nothing of our religion.” The great matters have reached a critical condibalance of the population of the British tion. The inhabitants of those sections Empire is on the Asiatic side of the of the British Empire which Great Dividing Range. If the Imperial washed by the Pacific Ocean, have Government were willing to sacrifice been watching with close and interall the fruits of the alliance with ested attention recent events in CaliJapan, it could not forget India. “We fornia. Many of them have come to do not always remember what a tre- believe that they have more to hope mendous fact India is to us and to the from the United States—which is on world. In the last thirty years the the scene and looks at the problem people of India have increased by more or less as they do—than from 61,000,000, against increase of any influence which may be exerted by 5,000,000 in the self-governing Domin- the Imperial Government. Under this ions and 12,500,000 in the British Isles. impression, vastly strengthened by the There are 250,000,000 acres under crop cruise of the powerful Atlantic Fleet in India to-day, while Great Britain, of the United States Navy, and its Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, visit to Australian and New Zealand all told, have less than 50,000,000 of ports, a community of sentiment is acres. In one crop—wheat-India pro- growing between the white peoples in duces 64,000,000 bushels more than the the Pacific under the American and whole of the rest of the British Empire British flags. In some minds in the put together; that is to say, 426,000,000 Dominions there is already developing bushels of wheat are produced in India the idea, still it may be dim and every year, to say nothing of rice and shadowy, that the road to safety lies the rest. The sea-borne trade of India rather in close co-operation with the has increased in ten years by far more United States than in reliance upon the than one-half, and now amounts to vague and undefined, if benevolent, £260,000,000, or £60,000,000 more than intentions of the Imperial Government, the trade of Russia. India does not worried by many little things—not forcome begging to the rest of the Empire getting the Suffragettes. While these to buy her exports. In Great Britain white peoples are facing the problem she buys, I think, something like 70 which they regard as vital to their per cent. of all she buys abroad, but future, the Imperial Government apshe sells about 70 per cent. of what she pears to them to be absorbed in a produces to other nations outside the hundred and one more or less trifling British Empire.”

problems appertaining to the affairs of This statement represents only one the British Isles and in the clash of facet of the truth. India is not only policies in Europe, to the exclusion of prospering commercially, but she is all thought upon the major problems awakening to a sense of her impor- of the Empire which to the Dominions tance and her rights, as the recent dis- are very near and very real. cussion on fiscal matters in the Legis- The possibility of war in the near lative Council, and the speeches alike future between Japan and the United of the native members and of Sir States is admitted. During a recent Fleetwood Wilson revealed. If Japan discussion of the Japanese naval prois to be shut out of the white man's gramme in Tokio, Admiral Takarabe, lands, what is to be the Imperial atti- the vice-Minister of the Navy, justified tude towards India ?

his proposals by claiming that it was It must be evident to all who study necessary “to form a ileet strong

a

enough to beat the fleet of a certain may strike in defence of the free emiforeign Power which the Government gration of her subjects, Australians had principally in view in drawing up and New Zealanders are adopting a its naval programme." • And he dealt policy of local defence, and Sir Wilfrid specifically with the naval force which Laurier has become the advocate of Japan could concentrate "in certain the same policy in Canada. These waters which would form the scene of white peoples are obsessed with the the next possible encounter in war.” thought of a local peril, and they are The reference was, of course, to the also impressed by the balance of popUnited States, the only considerable ulation which is overwhelmingly naval Power in the Pacific. On the against them. Therefore they are other side of this ocean naval officers adopting a “hedgerow" policy of deof authority, and a large section of the fence, and are looking to the United Press, discuss not infrequently the States in increasing friendship. They strength of the American Navy in con

have not the resources to provide a trast to that of Japan, and the prob- navy which could adopt the bold deable course which hostilities with that fensive and take station on the sea country would take.

frontier of the country which they reHas the British Government, which gard as their potential enemy, and is responsible for India, is in alliance their faith in the ubiquity of British with Japan, and occupies the position sea-power to hold the lines of sea comof the only exponent of the foreign munication is waning. They are unpolicy of the Empire, no advice or familiar with those broad principles guidance to give in face of the new of naval policy which to the people of situation? It is confronted with the British Isles are now the commoncleavage in the Empire. Barriers are places of everyday thought. There is being erected not only against Japan, not an effective warship at any point but against all the Asiatic subjects of on the western coast of the British the King, and active, but quite in- Isles, and yet every town and village effectual, measures are being taken to is defended. Years ago, in our innodefend the racial frontier. This is the cence of the truth, we used to have explanation of the defence policy coast and port guardships dotted round which has been adopted by Australia the British Isles. They have long and New Zealand, of Sir Wilfrid since been banished in recognition of Laurier's bid for the votes of the the fundamental principle that navies electors of British Columbia, and of do not directly defend territory; their the anxiety with which Americans aim is to prevent the enemy securing have watched the completion of the the sea highways—that is the real inPanama Canal, which will enable the

vasion to be feared. American Fleet to be concentrated The seas are all one, and it is on this more rapidly in the Pacific.

principle, and on this principle only, This growing anxiety of the white that a full assurance of safety can peoples of the Pacific is undermining be given to every section of the British every sound principle of naval strategy Empire. Half a century ago the moveby which British maritime interests ment of ships was slow and uncertain, have hitherto been effectively defended, because reliance had to be placed upon and yet no action is being taken.

wind and sea, and the passage of inFearing that sooner or later Japan formation was uncertain; to-day the

movement of ships and intelligence. 6 Owing to financial stringency this programmo has been greatly reduced.

owing to the development of steam and

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