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A GLANCE AT PARIS IN JUNE, 1854. THE capital of France is at this talk, also, is of clearing the ground bemoment in a state of transition from hind and round the Cathedral of Nôtre what it has been to what it will be, Dame, up to the point where the two and any one who has been absent from branches of the river rejoin, and erectit a few months would imagine on re- ing an extensive and magnificent arvisiting it now that he was in another chiepiscopal palace. One day, in the world. Where he was accustomed to year 1812, the King of Saxony being meet with a labyrinth of narrow dirty on a visit to Paris, the first Napoleon lanes, lined with no less dirty-looking said to him, “Eh bien! mon cousin, shops, he will now find spacious streets comment trouvez-vous Paris? C'est une bordered with absolute palaces. Ifour belle ville, n'est-ce-pas." “ Oui, Sire,readers will suppose that in one day an replied the king; "quant elle sera order had been given to demolish the bâtie" A few months hence, were whole of Piccadilly, the extensive neigh- the King of axony to see Paris bourhood of Leicester-square, with the again, he might fairly say, " La ville Strand and Fleet-street, and that this est bâtie." But the striking feature of order was executed at once, all the Paris at the present moment consists of inhabitants having been moved out, masses of houses on every side pulled and then a spacious street, lined with or falling down, and even greater lofty houses, built with stone, and masses of new buildings rising from ornamented with sculptures, reaching amidst the ruins, while the capital is from Hyde Park corner to St. Paul's, literally occupied by an army of this would be an exact picture of what builders, and, which is worse, the at. has been done for the new Rue de mosphere is strongly impregnated with Rivoli at Paris, which now reaches the dust of lime and old mortar. in one continuous line from the Place Giving work to the labouring populade la Concorde to the far side of the tion on this extensive scale is a sure way, Hotel de Ville. The length of this for the moment, to keep them from innoble avenue of buildings cannot be surrection; but the expenditure, which much under a league. In the course is said to be divided equally between of demolition several old monuments the government and the municipality, of Paris, chiefly of an ecclesiastical must be enormous, and will no doubt character, have been relieved from one day be severely felt. the buildings under which they were effect is to make everything excessively buried, and among these the interesting dear; and this is especially the case tower of St. Jacques-de-la-Boucherie with regard to house-rent. will form a prominent object. Nor is Great, however, as will be the this all that has been done, or is con- changes produced in the physiognomy templated. Not to speak of several of the French metropolis, their moral new streets which have already been effect will be still more important, and finished some time, a "boulevard" is the planners of them had no doubt to be opened from the present boule- this object in view. It may be truly vard, between the Porte St. Martin said that the reign of the barricades is and the Porte St. Denis, across old at an end. The extensive labyrinth of Paris to the river; another, to reach lanes and alleys which extended for a from the Madeleine to the outskirts of considerable distance round the Hotel Paris, is in construction; and the new de Ville, formed the pivot of all the Rue des Ecoles, in the quartier Latin, revolutions of Paris ; it was a district is half finished, and will

, when com- almost impenetrable to armies and pleted, reach from the Ecole de Méde- police, a gigantic "Rookery," in which cine to the Jardin des Plantes; and to vast bodies of insurgents might asmake place for it, not only houses, but semble, show themselves, and conduct theatres, and even churches have felt their attacks with the utmost effect, the hand of the destroyer. It is also and when necessary disappear unhurt, said that the destruction of the Jardin and not easily to be followed or traced. des Plantes itself is contemplated. The Now, the wide Rue de Rivoli extends

Its present into the very centre of this locality, and ened by the war with Russia, and will allow of the advance of large bodies especially by the English alliance. of troops who may set barricades at de- The alliance with England is wonderfiance ; while it will be cut through fully popular, and from what I have in a transverse direction by the new seen I believe that in all classes the boulevard. But this is not all; the sentiment is cordial, and calculated to once closely inhabited ground imme- be permanent; when expressed, it is diately behind the Hotel de Ville has always accompanied with a feeling of been cleared to make place for a vast respect as well as of friendship; they pile of barracks capable of holding say, we are the two nations who have several thousand men--the citadel of never been able to conquer each other, the state overlooking and commanding and therefore we may be friends with the fortress of the town. Paris is out jealousy, and our friendship is the indeed fallen from its ancient power. triumph of civilization, and must enThe new Rue des Ecoles will in a sure the prosperity of both countries. similar manner intersect the more tur. The enthusiasm has risen so high, that bulent districts on the southern side some one has published a book to preof the river.

pare the world for the abolition of the In taking this strategic glance at the channel! and I have before me more alterations now making in Paris, I can than one poem in which the Alliance bardly help applying to the power that is celebrated in very glowing language. is the celebrated epigram ascribed to There is, under the surface, less abthe poet Virgil, Sic vos non vobis. The solute enthusiasm in France for the war Emperor of the French has been la- with Russia than for the alliance with bouring earnestly to destroy the power England, and it is perhaps more popular of the mob, which certainly opened to than it would otherwise be on account bim the way to the throne—is he of that alliance. Any strong feeling of labouring for his

own advantage, or for hostility towards Russia that is obthat of others? In a short visit to Paris servable in France may

be ascribed in during the present month, I have mixed a great measure to the imprudent alluintimately and rather extensively with sions which have been made by the nearly all classes of society, and heard Emperor Nicholas to the events of the Louis Napoleon spoken of in private year 1812. Nevertheless, France has as a mere alternative-as having been evidently entered into the war with the less obnoxious of two disasters, cordiality, as well as with confidence as while the manner in which he reached to its results, and there are far moreoutthe throne is forgotten by nobody. ward indications of animosity against He has, however, still many things in

the Czar Nicholas in Paris than in Lon. his favour. There appears to be little don. The shop windows are literally sympathy for any of the past dy- filled with caricatures and prints renasties ; if there be any leaning, it is, lating to the war, some of them witty I think, towards the house of Orleans, enough, but often rather coarse, and -the reign of Louis Philippe is the only evidently intended for the lower

classes. one to which people in general look back in these prints, full justice is done to

In with regret as one of peace and pros- the English sailor, for our Gallic neighperity--but this party has ruined itself bour is especially proud of the fact that for the present by the "fusion,” by con- the two navies are riding side by side sequent division, and by a mistaken in friendly union. With a somewhat advocacy by one portion of it of the singular prejudice, which has long prepolicy of Russia. In fact, it has gained vailed in France, when the English the character of being selfish, instead army is represented in these caricaof patriotic. I believe, moreover, that tures, it is almost always by the figure of still the republican sentiment is the a highlander, for it seems to be a popupredominant one in France, and that lar notion that without highlanders an if the present state of things should English army could hardly exist. Not now be suddenly overthrown, it is content with the ordinary instrumenthat sentiment which, be it for good tality of paper, caricatures against

Ni- . or for evil, would gain the day. On cholas have been circulated on pocketthe other hand, the position of Louis handkerchiefs and such like articles. Napoleon has been greatly strength- The same spirit of hostility is exhibited

GENT. MAG. VOL. XLII.

in multitudes of popular songs and a great independence of sentiment ballads, which are sold about the town, and language still exists. This inwith such titles as, La danse du papá dependence has been recently shewn Nicolas, Le cri de Guerre, J'veux man- in an incident in the Académie des Inger un Cosaque, La Danse des Cosaques, scriptions (Institute of Franee), which Le départ pour la Turquie, Le Marseil- has made a considerable sensation. lais à Constantinople, and a multitude M. Fortoul, the Minister of Public Inof others in the same style. The same struction, has for some time aspired to subject has taken possession of the the honour of being a member of that stage. At the Vaudeville, there is a learned body. All his influence as piece entitled La Foire de l'Orient, a Minister of State has been employed ridiculous caricature on the Emperor (and it must be borne in mind that of Russia, in which there are mounte- the Institute comes immediately under banks, and white bears, and all that sort his ministry); neither promises nor of thing, in abundance; but it is at the intimidations were spared for the purtheatre of the Variétés that the Ques- pose of obtaining votes. At length a tion d'Orient is made am by its vacancy occurred, but the spirit of the very absurdity. The Question d Orient Académie rebelled against this attempt at the Variétés is not a drama at all, at undue influence, and the Minister of but a dialogue between two working State was beaten by M. de Longpérier, masons, who are introduced talking the talented conservateur of the anpolitics, and astound the ears of the tiquities of the Louvre, who was elected audience with a succession of bad into the vacant place by a majority of, puns, which keep everybody in a roar I think, two over his powerful opof laughter by their mere absurdity. ponent. Here is an example. Sais-tu, says one The French people seek, above all to the other, pourquoi l'étendard du things at the present moment, peace, Prophète est une queue de cheval? Non, as the only condition on which they says his companion.-Eh bien! c'est can hope to secure prosperity. They pour qu'il soit crin (craint)! The other have accepted war against Russia, now takes him up; Sais-tu, he says, because they believe that it will end pourquoi on appelle le Détroit de Con- in making peace permanent. To them stantinople lu mer de Tartanelles ? Non. the English alliance represents peace ; Eh bien! c'est parce qu'elle est toujours and they received the empire with less couverte de Tartanes!! Another sam- regret because they were told that it ple. Sais-tu pourquoi l'Empereur de signified peace. The influence of this Russie veut prendre la Turquie ? Non. word alone has already produced an Eh bien! c'est pour que son empire aille improvement in the condition of the en croissant!!!

nation, which no doubt will go on imSociety, in Paris, does not appear to proving if left to its own resources. have sustained any permanent change Perhaps nothing in France has refrom the succession of revolutions which ceived a greater shock from its recent have followed the expulsion of the revolutions than its literature. Most House of Orleans. In the fashionable of the distinguished writers of the geworld there is at present an evident neration which is passing away have tendency to English manners and been involved in political disasters, forms, and I thought I could even and have been prematurely swept trace a certain

importation of English from the stage. Victor Hugo lives a stiffness into French social manners. broken exile in the isle of Guernsey. The suppression of the liberty of the Lamartine is almost forgotten. You press has taken away one great cause sometimes meet in Paris a half-negro of political excitement; but, inde. whose hair has lost its colour and bependent of this, the strong political come white, and who stoops alarmingly temperament of the lower orders seems in the shoulders - it is Alexandre to be in a great measure extinguished, Dumas. This popular writer resides and it may be doubted if they will with his daughter, at the Maison d'Or, soon or easily recover their influence. on the Boulevard, but has lately taken a The next revolution, when it comes, small “ hôtel"in the Rue d'Amsterdam. will probably originate among the I passed one evening on the Boulevard

gher and more educated class, where a gouty old man, bent almost double,

a

35

1854.]

who seemed hardly able to drag him writers in the Atheneum Français
self along; he was returning from the whose names are best known in this
Divan, a sort of estaminet, celebrated country are Alfred Maury, Longpérier,
as a place of reunion for men of letters, De Saulcy, Emile Forgues (who writes
and was pointed out to me as the cele usually under the pseudonym of Old
brated critic Gustave Planch, but he Nick), Delessert, &c.
looks now like a critic of the past. Some of the younger writers of the
Alfred de Vigny, the author of St. reign of Louis Philippe have now
Mars, is a tolerably constant attendant thrown themselves entirely into po-
at the Academie Française, and still litics. One of these, an old friend of
holds up his head comme un Saint Sa. ours, whose name in past years has
crement, to use a French phrase; his often been mentioned in our columns,
locks hang long, like those of the Achille Jubinal, the author of Les
Franks described by Thierry; but, Tapisseries historiques de France, Le
alas! they are no longer black. Emile Musée d'Armes de Madrid, and other
Deschamps has retired to Versailles, important archæological works, and the
where he cultivates his garden more editor of the works of Rutebeuf, and
than the muses. Sainte-Beuve has of many volumes of French medieval
thrown himself into the Moniteur Uni.

poetry, now represents in the legis. versel, where he has turned a prophet lative body of France the department of evil, and appears in wearisome arti- of the Hautes-Pyrénées. In this quacles, which are read only in the pro- lity, though he has little leisure for vinces. The bibliophile Jacob (Paul literary labours, he remains heartily Lacroix) must also be classed among attached to literature and art, and in his the forgotten ones, as well as his brother, zeal for the welfare of the department who once enjoyed a reputation as a he represents may well be held out as writer of romances and dramatic pieces, a model for a member of parliament. and who has married the sister-in-law It will hardly be believed that, although of Balzac. Some of the writers of a his career as a deputy has hardly yet higher class of literature remain, such exceeded two years, M. Jubinal has as Guizot, Villemain, Augustin Thierry, enriched his department with three and Victor Cousin, but of these Guizot important institutions of his own founalone is active.

dation-1. The Société Académique des The names I have been enumerating Hautes-Pyrénées, which has already have left few or no successors. The begun to publish memoirs and a bulnames which compose la jeune litterature, letin of its proceedings; 2. A public such as Augier, Murger, Baschet, Bar- library in the town of Bagnères-debier, Champfleury, &c. are little known Bigorre (the chief town of the division out of France. Méry, a poet of Mar- of the department he particularly reseilles of some merit, is understood to presents), which already contains nine be aiming at a seat in the Académie thousand volumes, nearly all obtained Française. The younger literary men for it by himself, and without expense of the reign of Louis Philippe lived to the town; and, 3. a museum in the principally in the journals, and the same town, for which he has obtained suppression of so large a portion of the about 80 paintings, some hundreds of periodical press has almost destroyed engravings, and a considerable collectheir occupation. Some of the more tion of antiquities, objects of art, and talented are labouring to lay the foun- collections of natural history, geology, dation of a new and better school, and mineralogy. which we may hope will soon begin to While mentioning M. Jubinal it may make itself powerful. An attempt has be observed that the taste for the study been made to guide the public taste of mediæval literature, which has been by the establishment of a purely lite- dormant since 1848, appears to be rerary journal, which is entitled l’Athe- viving. During the interval most of næum Français, and is similar in form those who cultivated this study forand price to our English Athenæum. merly, have, like Jubinal, left it to It is ably conducted under the editorial follow other pursuits. Leglay has becare of Ludovic Lalanne, and numbers come the sous-prefect of a department; among its contributors most of the I'r. Michel is a professor at Bordeaux; rising men of the day. Among the Le Roux de Lincy, having inherited a fortune, has retired from Paris to names of old celebrity, still stand at the Choisy-le-roi, where he has become head of their profession, but there has a collector, instead of an editor of risen around them a young and numeold texts ; Génin is vegetating in the rous school, among the more remarkVosges; Chabaille, more humble, though able names in which are Diaz, Antigna, not less zealous than the others, has Daubigny, Justin Ouvrié, Dauzats, become a corrector of the press, or, Duval-le-Camus (the younger), Bacas we should say, a reader, in a print- cuet, Gabriel Lefébure, Mademoiselle ing office. Paulin Paris remains alone Rosa Bonheur, Glaize, Chassériau, of this class, and is now editing a new Camille Chazal, Goyet, Emile Thomas, and more perfect edition of Tallement Elschoet, Clésinger, Courbet, Jules des Reaux. A new school, however, is David, Giraud, Leveel, Hanoteau, arising, in which one of the most pro- Lucot, Hugard, Jadin, Bérot, Laemlein, minent names at present is that of Lazarges, Luminais, Duveau, MontM. Anatole de Montaiglon, who has pezat, Borione, Dallemagne, and so just completed the publication of the many others that it would fill a page three volumes of the singular collec- to enumerate them. A certain number tion of early French farces, the origi- of foreign artists have also settled in nals of which were discovered a few Paris, and contributed to the progress years ago in Germany, and purchased of art by bringing thither the principles for the British Museum, and who is now of the schools of their different counpassing through the press his edition of tries. Among the more distinguished the rather celebrated “Book" of the of these are Rieck, Jäger, Kiorböe, Chevalier de la Tour-Landry. These Kniff, Stevens, Madame O'Connell

, and publications form part of an extensive Melbye. With such a host of talent series of publications of medieval lite- collected together within its enceinte, rature which has been commenced by Paris merits to be regarded as the M.Jannet, one of the most intelligent of centre of European art at the present the publishers of Paris, the successor of day, and the great alterations which it Silvestre. Of more extensive works of is undergoing promise to make it one this class there are also several in pro- of the noblest cities in the world. Still gress of great historical importance. I I left it with an impression that public may mention especially the diplomatic taste is considerably debased from what history of the Emperor Frederic II. to it was a few years ago. This struck form six volumes 4to. edited by M. me even in some of its recently erected Huillard-Brébolles, a name well known monuments, among which I need only in this class of literature. It is under- point out the new statues in the garden stood that the expenses of this publi- of the Luxembourg, most of which cation are defrayed by a nobleman are execrable. The same observation distinguished as much for his learning struck me in glancing over the ornaand liberality as for his wealth--the mental articles in the shops, where a Duc de Luynes. It may be mentioned great proportion of the novelties are also that M. Alexandre Teulet is

pre- absolutely ugly, and it extends even paring for publication the whole of the to the fashions in dress, which, in the Trésor des Chartes.

present season, have been less than There has been

much more activity usual distinguished by elegance or in the arts than in literature. Horace taste. Vernet, Gudin, Delaroche, and David,

T. W.

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IRISH STATE RECORDS. OUR attention has been again called the floor and are trodden under foot, to the neglected state of the public and in the dark oubliettes of a state records of Ireland. It has been repre- prison. The editor of the " Kilkenny sented to us that they are to be found Moderator," who apparently has been in the vaults of the Dublin Custom the first to bring the subject before the House, in the dome of the Four Irish public, remarks that he has a Courts, where they are strewed upon keen remembrance of the mode in

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