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which the late porter (the sub-custo

Wales have been printed, it appears to dian of the Birmingham Tower re- be but just and reasonable that those cords), dusted them, namely, by fling- for Ireland should be published in like ing them from the height of about manner. Since the year 1830, when twenty feet on to the floor," and he the Record Commission expired (a adds, that “one precious Plea Roll was period of 24 years), nothing has been found sadly mutilated by damp, all in done towards rendering the state a state of dust and dirt incredible.” records of Ireland accessible to the With these facts before us, there can public (save the mere printing of the scarcely remain a doubt of the im- calendar of the Patent Rolls of James I. mediate necessity of adopting some above referred to), and, with the exmeasure calculated to rescue the public ception of a trifling grant recently records of Ireland from destruction, made for the purpose of effecting a and to render them accessible to the hasty arrangement of the ancient republic. It appears by a recent an- cords of the Exchequer, no effort has nouncement, " that the records of the been made during that long period of Birmingham Tower in Dublin Castle time towards their preservation or safe are about to be cleansed and arranged custody. under the direction of the present In consequence of the want of a Under-Secretary, Colonel Larcom," general record repository and of a sygand as there are many other state re- tematic guardianship, many of the cords in Dublin of equal if not of greater public muniments of Ireland have (as value, and in an equally neglected we understand) on several occasions state, it is very desirable that they been abstracted from their places of should be no longer overlooked. deposit and sold to strangers. We will Considerable progress has, as we are

here make mention of two instances informed, been made in Ireland in out of many. By the Irish Record rendering the ancient records of the Reports, vol. i. pp. 481, 482, it appears Chancery accessible to the public that “several volumes of original books through the means of printed calendars of recognizances in chancery had been and indexes. The Patent and Close disposed of in a chandler's shop in Rolls of that court, which commence Dorset Street (Dublin), by a repre.. in the year 1301, have been thus sentative of the late Mr. Deane, one of made available for every reign from the Six Clerks, and clerk of the recognithat period to the close of Henry zances." These records were purVII.'s time, and those of the reign of chased, as it appears by these Reports, Henry VIII. have been printed but in or about the year 1812 by the late not published. These calendars were Sir William Betham, and they have printed under the directions of the Re- lately appeared in the Catalogue of his cord Commission for Ireland, which Manuscripts, sold by Messrs. Sotheby began its labours in 1811, and ended and Wilkinson, numbered 80 to 85. them in 1830; since which time a ca- Whether these public records have lendar to the Patent Rolls of James I.'s been purchased for the public benefit, reign has been printed, but is not yet and thereby the order originally made published, and we understand that with respect to them by the Irish Regreat desire is manifested by many of cord Commissioners, that “they should the literati of Ireland that the calendar be restored to the proper officer,” has to the entire series of these Chancery been carried into effect at this very records should be completed. The favourable opportunity, we have not contents of the ancient records of the hitherto ascertained. King's Bench, Common Pleas, and Ex- The other instance of abstraction chequer, are unknown to the public, and sale of public records to which we owing to the want of books of refer- will advert, relates to the acquirement ence; and nothing has yet been done by purchase recently made by the pretowards the publication of the tran- sent custodian of the ancient records script of the Irish statutes, which was of the Exchequer in Dublin, of several made at considerable expense to the fragments of Irish records (for to frag. public when the Record Commission ments had they been cut) of the reigns for Ireland was in existence. As the of Edward I. and III., and of one entire statutes for England, Scotland, and roll or compotus only of the reign of James I. This gentleman having been be essentially necessary to bear in informed during the past year by the mind three important considerations : Rev. H. T. Ellacombe that several of 1st. that they should be carefully prethe Exchequer Records of Ireland served from injury; 2ndly. that their were, as he understood, then in the safe keeping should be enforced; and possession of the Baron de Lassberg in 3rdly, that they should be made acSwitzerland, who had procured them cessible to all men upon payment of of a wandering Jew, he proceeded in reasonable fees. To obtain these obthe month of April, 1853, to that jects, or at least some of them, two country, and recovered them at a cost modes of dealing with records are sugof 301.

gested, namely, a Special Commission Where so much confusion exists or an Act of Parliament. Judging of amongst the Irish public records, it is the future by the past, it will naturally not surprising that the documents or occur to the many who feel an interest records of any particular court are not in this description of public property, to be found in any one place or depart that all former Special Record Comment. As, for instance, the records missions have ever been the occasion of the King's Bench are deposited in, at of large expenditure and little benefit. the least, four different offices : 1. the It is possible, we admit, that much Record Tower at the Castle; 2. the useful work may be effected under a Rolls Office at the Four Courts; 3. the Record Commission; but, owing to the Dome of the Four Courts; and, 4. the many difficulties ever attendant upon King's Bench Offices. Those of the its management, we cannot but come Common Pleas are kept partly at the to the conclusion that nothing can be Record Tower, partly at the Rolls effectually performed for the future Office, and partly in the Common Pleas safe custody and preservation of the Offices; and the records of the Ex- Irish Records, until they have been chequer are deposited in part at the placed under the control of the MasRecord Tower, partly in the Custom ter of the Rolls for Ireland, by the House, partly in the Rolls Ofice, and passing of an Act for that country partly in the Exchequer Record Offices similar to that which has been passed at the Four Courts.

for England, or that the English Act With respect to all documents of a be extended to Ireland. public character, it appears to us to

And now,

ON THE DEATH OF JAMES MONTGOMERY, 1854.

HAPPY the Christian when he dies;

When both his cares and trials cease,
He finds his mansion in the skies,

His end is peace !
Thy end was peace, immortal Bard,

before the throne above,
Sounds thy harp sweetly to the theme,

Eternal love!
'Twas late when came the Bridegroom forth,

But thou, prepar'd for many a day,
Held up a lamp, which cast around

A brilliant ray!
“ Prayer" was, indeed, thy“ vital breath,"

Prayer" was, indeed, thy "native air,"
And at the very gate of death,

Thy watchword, “ Prayer !"
With that exalted glorious throng,

Elected by the great I AM,
I hear thee join in the “ new song,"
“Worthy the Lamb l”

L. M. THORNTON.

66

39

A DREAM :

Imitated from the German.
By the late Mr. HENRY HARRISON.*
Cho. θρoει τις κακων τελευτα μενει;
Electr. Oaveir-

Eurip. Orest. 187.
METHOUGHT I saw a fair and innocent child
Reclining on a bank of sunny flowers,
Her light hair streaming to the breezes wild,
As thus she joyed her in the summer hours :
And she had twin'd a wreath of jessamine,
And smiled, and bound it in her locks of gold,
And looked into the glassy brook that rolled

All playfully beside, and smiled again.
Dear infant! in a world so bright and fair,
Why should'st thou haply live to find affliction there?

The scene had changed : a mother sate alone
Beside her sleeping babe, pure as the dream
Of him o'er whom she watched ; methinks the tone
Of that soft voice that breathes his requiem
Is all familiar to mine ear ; that eye!
It is the same, but calmer, holier now;
And it hath fied-that untold witchery,

Tbat sate in smiles upon her infant brow.
Oh! faithful bosom-loving and beloved
Tho' skies are dark without, thy peace shall be unmoved.

There is a gentle being lies within
That hushed and darkened chamber : the bright wreath
Of smiles that wantoned on her cheek are gone
For ever from that treasured form, and Death
Hath fixed its impress there ; the eloquent eye,
Now mute and passionless, shall charm no more ;
And cold and pulseless does that food heart lie,

But faintly imaged in the love it bore.
Farewell, thou sainted spirit-Death for thee
Hath lost its boasted sting, the grave its victory.

1835.

H. H.

CORRESPONDENCE OF SYLVANUS URBAN. Recent Writers on St. Thomas of Canterbury-Churchwardens' Accounts of St. Mary Woolnoth

Portrait of John Hales-Life at Oxford circa 1620.

RECENT WRITERS ON SAINT THOMAS OF CANTERBURY. MR. URBAN,-Having been led, in the coveries in Saint John's Church, Win. first instance, by the perusal of the in- chester, had been prepared for the Journal teresting volume by Mr. John Gough of the Archæological Association. The Nichols, on “ Pilgrimages to Walsingham curious mural paintings there brought to and Canterbury,” and more recently by light include the most striking representa. the valuable dissertation in the Quarterly tion, probably, of the martyrdom of Saint Review, in September last, to make some Thomas, which has escaped the fury of research regarding the history of Saint iconoclasm. On the appearance of the Thomas of Canterbury, I perceived with last number of the Journal I turned with pleasure that an account of recent dis- agreeable expectations to the promised

* See the Obituary of our present Magazine.

paper, announced as from the pen of or to the particular volume of his CollecFrancis J. Baigent, esq. a local antiquary tion of Biographies to which reference is personally unknown to me, but of whose made. The expression transcript, howskill and fidelity in copying works of this ever, is not strictly correct, since the description I have on several occasions plagiarism is accompanied by certain had satisfactory demonstration. The paper omissions, of those passages and phrases comprises curious information not only in especially which seemed in any degree unregard to the mural paintings at Winches- favourable to Becket; but the chief part ter, and at other places, of which coloured of about seven pages of Mr. Baigent's reproductions are given from Mr. Bai- composition will be found, I believe, sub. gent's drawings; but it supplies many par stantially abstracted, with some interpo. ticulars relating to Becket, his shrine, and lations and changes of phrase, from the generally to the tragic close of his life. interesting narrative of the reviewer. It The antiquary is indebted to the writer can be no cause of surprise that Mr. of this memoir for calling attention to the Baigent was impressed like myself with Passio et miracula gloriosi martyris the graphic recital, but it is surprising to Thomæ," a MS. bequeathed by William find that he has omitted any acknowledge Wykeham to Winchester college, and still ment of the source to which he has been preserved in the college library. This so much indebted. The fidelity of the relation, it is believed, is inedited, but it copyist, it may be observed, is shown even appears to correspond with some of the in the adoption of the oversights of the fragments of the Life of Becket, attributed original. to William of Canterbury. The author or For instance, the progress of the arch. compiler, however, is at present unknown. bishop from his palace to the scene of

In perusing Mr. Baigent's dissertation, the martyrdom had been inadvertently I was struck with surprise at finding a described by the reviewer as along the close similarity in the narrative of the southern, instead of the northern, cloister ; martyrdom to that given in the Quarterly Mr. Baigent has transcribed the blunder Review.

of the press, which the slightest consideraAt first, I was somewhat startled by tion of the localities would have corrected. perceiving amongst Mr. Baigent's foot- It must universally be a subject of regret note references a citation of a passage in that any literary or antiquarian writer, Garnier," whose metrical biography of those especially whose zealous researches Becket is very little known in this country," and ability may well claim our respect, and I had reason to think that, with the should thus fail to recognise the imperative exception perhaps of the talented author obligations, not only of courtesy, but of of the Review already mentioned, scarcely honesty, in literary concerns. An unknown any writer is familiar

with the poet of Pont reviewer may appear perhaps less securely St. Maxence. Dr. Giles has promised to protected from the plagiarist than those bring his production within our reach in writers who do not assume an anonymous a Supplement to his curious Collection of character. Any deviation, however, from Biographies of Becket.

honourable dealing is not on that account Having been thus led to refer to the less reprehensible. You, Mr. Urban, have Quarterly Review, it became obvious that always been foremost, and most properly, Mr. Baigent had enriched his memoir not to denounce any literary pilfering. Un. only with the citations but with a copious pleasant as the duty must be, all who transcript from the text. The former, value historical or scientific truth must indeed, he scarcely appears to have com- insist upon the necessity of the strictest prehended, since he has simply copied the candour in literary relations, and denounce names and pages indicated by the re- any such disingenuous appropriations as viewer, but gives us no clue to the works that to which I have called your attention. thus cited having been edited by Dr. Giles,

Yours, &c. A. T. EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS OF ST. MARY WOOLROTH,

IN THE CITY OF LONDON. MR. URBAN,-Some few months ago the limits of this paper will allow, enI was (through the kindness of the Rector deavour to present such a selection of exof St. Mary Woolnoth) enabled to inspect tracts as may interest those who are an ancient volume containing the accounts curious in such matters. of the churchwardens of that parish be- The church, from its architectural tween the years 1539 and 1640. This peculiarities, having received frequent interesting record appearing to have notices at the hands of writers eminently hitherto escaped the observation of those qualified for their task, I shall content whose publications have embraced sub. myself with quoting a curious passage in jects of a similar nature, I shall, so far as an old Statute Book of St. Mary WoolCHURCH, mentioned by Malcolm in his Hat with the adjoining tenements (“in Londinium Redivivum, iv. 431, which the aley") to a brotherhood of our Ladye affords some information as to the eccle. in this church. He died in 1459. siastical government of the parish in the “ It'm receyved of Sir Thomas Revett, Middle Ages :

knight, by th'aode of Mr. Bowes, alder"The parish shall chese ij. oneste per- man, for an annual quite rent goying out sons chyrche wardens, both of goods and of the greate measuage in Lombard Strete good name, to rule the goods and orna- wherin the said Mr. Bowes dwellith, ments and reparacyons of the sayd chyrche, graunted for evermore by Sir Hugh Brice, the bells with all tother thyngs, the beme koight, for a hole yere iij' and iiijd." lyghte with all reparacyons that longythe Sir Martin Bowes, Mayor 1545, of therto; that ys to wete, the sayd wardens whom there is a portrait by Holbein in to gadyr for the sayd beam lyghte iiij. the Goldsuniths' Hall, was likewise a benetymes a yere, that ys to wete. Ester, factor to the church, and upon the dissoMydsomer, Myghelmas, and Crystmas." Jution of religious bouses the presentation

The parish was also to elect“ two to the living fell into his hands. He died clerks with connyng in redyng and syng- 3569; and suspended from the walls of the yng," whose annual wages together present building, on either side of the amounted to 358.

organ, are his spurs, helmet, crest, sword, One of the earliest entries in the gloves, tabard, and pennons, a description volume, A.D. 1539, makes mention of Sir of which is given in Allen's History of John Percyvall, who had a chantry in this London, vol. iii. p. 691. church, He was Mayor in 1498, and Sir Hugh Brice, one of the Governors Sheriff in 1486, received the honour of of the Mint in the Tower, was Mayor knighthood from Henry VII. and died 1485, and died 1496. He built a chapel circa 1504.

in this church called the “Charnell," as “ 1539. It'm receyved of the Maister also part of the body and steeple, besides and Wardens of the Merchynt Taillors leaving money for the completion of the for the beme light of this churche accord- works. ing to the devise of Dame Tbomasyn “It'm for holy and ive * againste Percyvall, widow, late wyf of Sir John Crystmas, iiijd Percyvall, knight, decessed, xxvjs viija ** It'm for makyng a new stop for the

" It'm receyved more of the Maister orgynne the xxiij. day of December, ijs iiija and Wardens of Merchant-taillours for “ 1540. It'm paid for palme flowers ij. tapers, th'oon of xv lb. and the other and cakes on Palme Sonday, vja of vlb. to burne about the sepulchure in " It'm paid for wafers againste Estere, ija this chirch at Ester Sunday and for the " It'm paid for watchyng of the churcbwardens labor of this churche to supulkur, viija gyve attendance at the obit of St John * It'm paid for rose garlands on Corpus Percyrall and of his wife according to the

Xti day, ije devyse of the said Dame Thomasyn Per. “ It'm for a holy water sprynkill, ja. cyvall his wyf isija, vjø iiija.

“ It'm for a chayne for the same “ It'm receyved of the said Maister and sprynkyll, ijd. Wardenns of Merchant-taillours for the "1542. It'm paid to Emery for mend. reparacions of the ornaments of this yng of ye pewes, iijd. chirche according to the will of the said “It'm paid for bromes on Palme SonSt Jobn Percy vall, vjø

day even, ijd. " It'm receyved of the Chirchwardenne ** It'm paid to Howe, the organ mak", of Saint Edmonds, in Lombard Strete, for mendyng the organs, vijs. for the pascall light at Ester according to “1543. It'm paid for water to the fonte the wille of Thomas Wymound, that ys at Ester and Whytsontide, ijl. to say vi for the pascall and iiijd for the " It'm paid to a carpenter for iiij. days, parson, or bys deputee, for exorting the ijs viija. parysben's at their housyll to say a pater “ 1544. It'm for makyng and setting noster and an ave for the soule of the said up a storehous in the Cloister, vlib vjø vja. Thomas, v iiija

" It'm paid for mending the belle “It'm receyved of Richard Pawlyn for wbeles, ije. the rest of the rent of the Cardynalls It'm paid fra hunderthe of new latten Hatt and the tenement in the aley for a nales to set the names on the pewes, hole yere ending at the said Myghelmas (20) ij". viij."

“ 1547. Pd to a mason for heving down Simon Eyre, Sheriff 1434, and Mayor the stones where the images stode at the 1445, gave a tavern called the Cardinal's side aulteres, xxd.

bolly and ivy.

GENT. MAG. VOL. XLII.

G

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