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Angles, and whose exile and despondency have inclined to this latter interpretation;
are so minutely described by Bede, was but fabricavit seems to apply more strictly
the monarch who honoured this place by to architectural work, and, in connection
bis presence." Alas, for the theories and with a circumstance we have next to notice,
conjectures of our elder antiquaries! The determines us to decide in favour of the
representation which Mr. Wardell now former.
publishes of this f.agment of stained glass, A very remarkable monument of ancient
shows that it is merely one of a series Leeds, though not at present preserved
of the beavenly host, for the “king is there, is the obeliscal Cross which is re-
winyed, though in armour and wearing a presented in the lithographic plate of
coronet, and the three crowds upon his which we are favoured with impressions.
surcoat and his shield are intended, not " It was found in fragments, in the walls
for the kingdom of East Anglia, but for of the belfry and clerestory of the nave
the Holy Trinity. He is evidently one and chancel of the parish church, on its
of the nine orders of Angels,--the prin- demolition in the year 1838. This in.
cipalities and powers in heavenly places ; teresting relic, no doubt, originally stood
and, from his costume, was delineated in in the churchyard, and was broken in
the early part of the fifteenth century. pieces and used as materials for repairs

The castle of Leeds is said to have been shortiy after the reformation (or rather, besieged and taken by Stephen, in his we should say, when the nova historia was march towards Scotland, A.D. 1139. It built by Thomas Clarell in the reign of is also mentioned (says Mr. Wardell) as Edward the Fourth.] A pagan, and conthe place of imprisonment of the dethroned sequently a very remote origin, is ascribed Richard Il. in the following quaint and by some antiquaries to remains of this oft-quoted extract from Hardyng's Chro- description, but I think without any suffipicles.

cient authority. This cross, with the exThe kyng then sent kyng Richard to Ledis, ception of the base, which is lost, is in the There to be kepte surely in previtee ;

possession of the architect of the new From thens after to Pykeryng went he nedes, church of St. Peter's, now resident in the And to Knauesburgh after led was he,

metropolis. It is, in its present state, But to Pountfrete last, where he did die.

between nine and ten feet in height, and, But, though Pickering, Knaresborough, being the only vestige of Early-Norman and Pontefract be all in Yorkshire, we sculpture connected with the borough, it believe it is no less certain that the first is to be deeply regretted that it should place of king Richard's imprisonment was not have been placed on or near to its Leeds castle in Kent. Therefore the people ancient site." We earnestly second this of Leeds need not be surprised that they suggestion of Mr. Wardell. After leaving bear nothing else of their castle after the casts in London for the Architectural time of Stephen.

Museum and the National Museum at Among the relics of antiquity in the Sydenham, this cross should certainly be Church is an inscription to a vicar who restored to its own locality in Leeds. It died in the reign of Edward IV. in the appears to have represented on one side a following terms : • Ecce sub hoc lapide half-length of the Saviour, and on the humatur dominus Thomas Clarell quon- other full-length figures of two saints, dam hujus Ecclesie venerabilis vicarius, perhaps Peter and Paul. At the foot, on qui eandem pluribus decoravit ornamentis, the former side, is a nobleman, with his Cancellumque ejusdem nova historia fabri. sword and hawk, who defrayed the cost of cavit, et jö die mensis Marcij A° d'ni its sculpture ; and on the other the sculpM°CCCClxixo diem clausit extremum, cu- tor has apparently represented himself, jus anime propicietur deus amen." What entangled in the meshes of his favourite was the nova historia with which we are serpentine scrollwork ; whilst at his head, here told that Clarell built his chancel ?

seen as it were in perspective, is a fellow. Mr. Parker in his glossary informs us workman refreshing himself after his la. under the word “ Story" that it was “in bours with a horn of old English ale. We monkish Latin written Istoria and His. make no doubt that Mr. Le Keux, in his toria, as in William of Worcester," but projected work on English Crosses, will explains the term as a single poor of a publish more elaborate representations of building.' Did the munificent vicar raise this very curious example. his chancel to a higher elevation than be- Of the seals of Kirkstall and its abbats fore, with a range of what were called much more might be collected than is clere-story windows,—which at the period given in p. 26. The other relics from that in question is not improbable; or did he once tranquil and still impressive ruin are embellish it with a new series of painted but few : they consist chiefly of pavement history? Had the word applied to the tiles, representations of which occupy seven latter clause been decoravit, we should of Mr. Wardell's plates. The area has


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not hitherto been excavated, but the fac- patent rolls; and altogether, every feature tories of Leeds now closely approach its of information is brought together that can walls, and Mr. Wardell gives a lamentable be expected in a Monasticon. account of the desecration and wilful Ardmore is especially memorable as one damage to which this venerable fabric has of the mother cities of Christianized Ire. been subjected, “and at no period more land, first converted by the labours of than the present, without any effort being Saint Declan, in the early part of the fifth made, either in accordance with the general century. Declan, as depicted by Colgan, features of the building, or even by an was “in person handsome, in birth illusordinary surveillance, to save it from the trious, in garb aud gait humble, in language decay to which it is rapidly hasteuing. sweet, in counsel mighty, in discourse The wanton ravages it has undergone powerful, in charity ardent, in behaviour during the present year, if allowed to con- cheerful, in gifts profuse, in life holy, in tinue, will in a very short time entirely wonders and miracles frequent and emidestroy a pile which, on account of the asa pent.” The lord of Nan-Deisi granted him sociations connected with it, extending a sheep-down, which acquired the name over a period of eight hundred years, is of Ard-more, or “the great eminence." regarded alike with reverential feelings, Here Declan is supposed to have founded pot only by the antiquary and historian, his seminary about the year 416, and he but by every person of taste and educa- was confirmed Bishop of Ardmore at the

Are the burgesses of Leeds too synod of Cashel in 448. The ancient orabusy,-

; -we are sure they are not too poor, tory of Saint Declan is still standing with to extend to their own Kirkstall some a pillar-tower by its side. little regard, in point of purification and bability, it is the very place where Declan exploration, in accordance with the excel. ministered during his life, and where his lent example that has been recently shown remaids were deposited when he rested at Fountains and some others of the more from his labours. The building is of small fortunate ruins of Yorkshire ?

dimensions, 13 feet 4 inc. by 8 feet 9 inc.

in the clear. The two side-walls extend Notes and Records of the Ancient Reli. about 2 feet 6 inc. beyond the gables, and yious Foundations at Youyhal, co. Curk, form in this way a set of four square butand its Vicinity. By the Rev. SAMUEL tresses to the building. The original en. HAYMAN, B.A. 8vo. pp. 60.- We have trance was at the west end; but it is now here presented to us in the form of a rendered useless by an accumulation of soil closely printed pamphlet, materials which on the outside to the very lintel. It is in other quarters might have been dilated 5 feet 6 inc, in beight, and its lintel is into a volume of far greater pretensions. formed by a single stone more than 6 feet Mr. Hayman has diligently compiled, in length. The doorway tapers in width, from every available source, the annals of from 2 feet at lintel to 2 feet 5 inc. at the religious foundations which he had base. The east window has a semicircular selected for illustration, and has coin- head formed in one stone, and displays the pleted his task by the results of personal same tapering construction with the door. examination. The district embraced in There were wiadows also in the north and the work is situated at the mouth of the south walls. The south window is now river Blackwater, in Munster, comprising built up; and the only entrance into the portions of the counties of Cork and building is through the north window, Waterford, and including the ancient city which bas been opened down for this purof Ardmore and the important town of pose. The roof is modern: it was erected Youghal. Besides the several religious in 1716, for the preservation of the orafoundations of those places, the others tory, by Dr. Thomas Milles, Bishop of which are included are the Abbey of Waterford. The interior presents DO Molana, Kilcoran, or the Shanavine feature of interest, save that a large open Monastery (hitherto unnoticed by topo- excavation is shown as Declan's grave. graplers), and the Preceptory of Knights The walls of this vault are of masonry, and Templars at Rhincrew. In the account the descent is by a few steps. The earth of each house, the founder, and the pur- taken from it (and which is often put into pose of the foundation, are first stated; it, that it may be consecrated by lying historical and local occurrences are ar- there) is superstitiously reverenced by the ranged in chronological order; and the peasantry, and is considered efficacious in present state of the remains is fully de- protecting from disease. scribed. Remarkable monuments are “ The Round Tower, or Cloiy.theach noted, and their inscriptions given at of Ardmore, is, owing to its beauty and length. The burials of distinguished per- fine preservation, one of the best-known sonages are recorded. The grants made structures of its kind in Irelaod. It is at the dissolution are derived from the built of a hard sand-stone, cbiselled to bomor


Oratory of Saint Declan at Ardmore. the curve, and brought from the moun. Windele, Hackett and Abell, and led to tains of Slievegrian, about four miles dis- the discovery of two imperfect human tant. The tower is about 15 feet in diame- skeletons at a considerable depth of earth. ter at the base, from which it gradually This circumstance induced some to think tapers to the apex, 97 feet above the surs that the interments took place at a period face of the ground, and terminates in a subsequent to the erection of the tower, conical roof now half thrown over by in- and was advanced as an argument for the juries from lightning. Four string-courses Pagan origin of these structures. Put divide the exterior into five stories. The there was no little misconception here. entrance is in the east side, at the distance Instead of having been interred, with care, of 13 feet from the ground. It is circular. within the basement of the tower, these headed, and tapers from 1 foot 11 inches human remains had been interfered with at springing of the arch to 2 feet 7 inches at the time of its erection. A foundationat base. The full height of this fine door- stone occupied the place of one of the way is 5 feet 9 inches. Around the outer crapia, and the skeleton evidently had edges is cut a bold Norman bead; and been decapitated and otherwise injured by inside are bar-boles, two at each side of the workmen who cut the circular trench the entrance, for securing the door. Access for the foundations of the tower. We to the interior is now rendered easy, by have no hesitation in assigning this noble means of the ladders and floors provided structure to the ninth or tenth century ; by Mr. Odell, the lord of the soil. The for the mouldings of the doorway, the lower stories are lighted by splaying spike. grotesque corbel-heads in the interior, and boles, some square, some with circular the square trefoil-heads of the windows of heads; and as the visitor ascends he meets the upper story, all belong to this period. grotesque corbels at intervals, staring at And, perhaps, we may find the reason for him from the concave walls. The highest the erection of the Cloig-theach at this story has four tapered windows, facing the time in the unsettled state of the country cardioal points. Each of these presents owing to the predatory landings of the on the exterior a triangular urch, and on Dubh-Galls, Fin-Galls, and other seathe interior a trefoil bead. In height rovers." they are respectively 3 feet 9 inches. The Another memorial of the first evangeliser stone lintels remain over the openings where of Ardmore is the Teampul Deiscart, or the beam for the bell rested, which tradi- Church of the South. “ Few situations tion says was of so deep and powerful tone could be more romantically chosen for a that it was heard at Glaun-mor, or The place of worship. A steep precipitous Great Glen, 8 miles distant. The apex cliff

, overhanging the ocean, is its nest of the roof was once surmounted by a ling-place ; and just on the verge of the cross of stone; but this was some years frightful chasm stand the grey weathersince shot down by a person firing at birds. bleached ruins of the old church. The

“ Excavations were made, in the year ecclesiastical details belong to the thir1841, within the base of this tower, under teenth century. There are now standing the superintendence of Messrs. Odell, the west gable, with portions of the south

side wall. The east gable was blown down Well, the place of resort for pilgrims on by a storm about thirty years since ; and the pattern day. where the north wall stood, right over the “ The festival of St. Declap is kept, with sea, is a pile of the loose stones of the many superstitious observances, on the ruin. The entrances were two, both in 24th of July, when multitudes resort to this the south wall, at its east and west ex- well, as well as the Saint's burial-place in tremities. Of the door to the west one the oratory already described, and to a jamb alone remains. The door towards large boulder-stone lying among the rocks the east gable is nearly perfect, and is 8 on the beach, which is called by his feet in height by 4 feet 3 inches in width. name.' The key-stone of the flat arch of its head We have come to the extent of our is apparently inverted-a matter which

space, but before concluding we must has given rise to much speculation; but point out the interesting notices which the result of a keen scrutiny will show Mr. Hayman has collected relative to the that it was so cut to the depth of a few aucient Light Tower, at the west side of inches only, and that then it is constructed the harbour of Youghal, which was enas usual to meet the laws of gravitation. trusted to the care of the nuns of St. The church measures within walls 66 feet Anne's—an appeal, it is suggested, at once by 18. It was lighted by a large lancet to the religion and the gallantry of the window of two lights in the east gable, a native Irish. It was an Anglo-Norman narrow window (now built up) in the structure of the 12th or 13th century; south wall, and a square tapered window and was placed on a site so admirably high up in the west gable. This last is chosen, that when, in 1848, it was deternow broken through at the base, and mined to erect a new Harbour Lighthouse, affords a modern passage into the ruins. it was found desirable to fix upon nearly At the east end is a square piscina, close the same spot, and the demolition of this to which is a rude modern altar. At the remarkable monument of the Norman in. west end, on the outside, is a famous Holy vaders of Ireland became inevitable.

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Supplement to Vacation Rambles," consisting of Recollections of a Tour through France, to lialy, and homeward by Sroitzerland, in the Vacation of 1846. By T. N. Talfourd. 12mo.-From the date on this title-page it might be supposed that this supplemental tour of the late gifted Justice of the Common Pleas had not been intended by himself for publication, but was now brought forward by his family on their own suggestion. Such is not exactly the case. It appears that, though it was chiefly at the solicitation of

his own family, the companions of his tour, that the book has been prepared for the press, yet it is the actual (though now posthumous) production of Mr. Justice Talfourd himself. Io fact, the book was not written during the journey, but partly during the following year, and only arranged in shape for the press during the last vacation. In spirit and in substance it has the advantage of Tours written by way of diaries, which have usually in their composition too large a proportion of the personal adventures of the writers, which are generally of little if any interest ex- that of a wilderness of flowers than of cept to the parties concerned. The intel. clustered fabrics made with hands. Around lectual spirit of Talfoard could not write the circle, palaces, churches, villas, rise, but with a higher aim. Whilst a tour to tufted with bright orange trees, or garParis, Italy, and Switzerland forms the landed with the red oleander in long streaks, ground-work of this book, its essence con- as if all had sprung into life together ; sists in the recollections and reflections even the light- house looks as if it had suggested in retracing the course of his been cast out of the rock far towards the travels. It was a tour which he describes clear blue sky by an effort of nature, in himself to have enjoyed more intensely sudden perfection.

Our guide than he ever could another, inasmuch as conducted us through the Goldsmiths' he had not then retired from the arduous Street, which is one of the broadest alleys labours and feverish excitements of his of the steep ascent of the city, radiant forepsic life, whereas he had “since been with painted walls, resounding with conblessed by Providence with the attainment stant hammers, and enriched by a picture of a position which is visited with no of the Holy Family in stone, worthy of sharper anxieties than those which attend Raphael's hand, and now preserved be. the endeavour to discharge its duties." neath a canopy by the brotherhood of

The more we become acquainted with working goldsmiths, as the last relic of the inner mind of this highly amiable and the departed glory of their guild. Besides conscientious man, the more we are con- its association with an ancient and once strained to admire and love him: to es. powerful community, now reduced to a teem him not merely for his genius and society of craftsmen, this picture is inhis appreciation and creation of the beauti. vested with the dearer interest which be. ful, but for his enlarged benevolence and longs to genius extinguished by death in bis sober piety. He was not, like other the brilliant uncertainty of its dawn; for ardent and enthusiastic spirits, dazzled its author, Pellegrino Piola, died in his by the pompous splendour of the Roman twenty-second year, leaving, in his succhurch, nor deceived by the fantasticcessful attempts at various excellence, a freaks of a spurious Liberalism. The last problem never to be solved-in what style Republican "reign in France, and the he would have excelled in protracted life pseudo-triumph of Liberty at Rome, which or whether he would have developed for were contemporaneous with the tour, did himself a style of art embracing the finest not prevent the accuracy of his political qualities of several styles. The story asperceptions, attached as he ever enthu. sociated with the Apprentice's Pillar at siastically was to all that was truly liberal Roslin, of the murder of an extraordinary and free. The course of subsequent pupil by an envious master, is applied to events has fully confirmed the accuracy of this picture, as it is to several other works his anticipations. There are few passages of precocious desert in different places ; throughout this little volume with which but its verity in this instance is not rethe reader will not sympathise. As a brief quired to deepen that awe with which specimen, and one in accordance with the every Christian observer must contemplate spirit of the whole, we transcribe the fol- the exhibition of rare powers just shewn to lowing lines. After describing his three our species, and suddenly withdrawn to days' passage from Marseilles to Genoa baffle its earthly anticipation, and add as an enchanted voyage of delicious confirmation to the faith which teaches indolence,"

—“At noon on Wednesday, that this world is not the final home of the charm was interrupted by the vessel genius." sweeping into the port of Genoa, and the image of that pictorial city, so suddenly Magazine for the Blind. No. 1. June exhibited, so swiftly withdrawn, glistens 1854. (Chapman and Hall).-We have in the past, as if it were an air-drawn before spoken of the value of the enfancy breaking through an enchanted deavours now making to add to the slumber. Perhaps a visitor, fugitive as we, resources of the Blind. It is cheering too seeking to recall it after it has been ob- to see that these efforts are made on the scured by the concerns of busy life, will sensible plan of preserving as far as recognise at first only a confused rainbow- possible a common type for the Blind and streak in his memory ; but that streak the seeing. The present attempt at comwill gradually expand in gorgeous colours, mencing a Magazine is a very promising those colours will settle into shapes, and specimen. It is in the lower-case Roman gresently the radiant semicirtle will ap- type, and we are assured by those who pear complete, blazing in the sun; and have taught the blind to read by means of Genoa la Superba will be clearly reflected that type, that it is a great improvement in the intellectual mirror. .. The on the system of using capital letters only. first impression on tbe spectator is rather This might indeed be suspected, previous Gent. Mag. VOL. XLII.


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