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to any trial at all. Observe the facility out, contending for a peculiarity, which, so afforded to the touch by the Roman cha. far from being a benefit, is positively racter. This one word Blind, as con- detrimental to the purpose, we can see trasted with the same in capitals-BLIND, neither sense nor kindness in the propresents distinctive signals to the finger ceeding. This Magazine contains twelve in the unequal length of the letters, in the pages of good clear readable matter ; and dot to the i, and the commencing capital the price is but sixpence. How far letter. It appears to involve, at first, the cheapness of the work will be met rather more difficulty to a pupil, in so far by its circulation is of course yet to be as the size of the individual letters is proved. “ A few years ago," we are told, concerned ; but, when once this is over- " a similar attempt was made by Mr. come, (and we have seen enough of the Lambert of York, who not only edited power of the Blind to master a dif- the work, but set up the type, and printed ficulty to be sure it may soon be over- it with his own hand, although labouring come,) the finger passes, we believe, at a under total loss of sight. About twentymuch quicker rate over the words; and four monthly numbers were issued, when advantages arise from the occasional (not the undertaking was relinquished on acconstant) use of the capital letter, which count of the expense." are not to be despised. None of us would We heartily desire a better measure of willingly consent to have the distinction success to the present work, and hope it between our proper names and common may be found, to use the words of the nouns obliterated : why should we entail Editor, that “the medium which is here this on the Blind ? Every marked point afforded for co-operation of the Blind which is of use to us, is doubly so to themselves, by contributing articles and them. It is a great pity that there cannot correspondence to the Magazine, may be common consent about an object like awaken interest, and tend to diminish the this. When compilers of books who have feeling of deprivation and infirmity." already got so far in the right track as to We understand that selections from use the alphabetical character, still stand the Scriptures are in preparation.



Threatened Removal of Churches and Burial Grounds in London and other ancient Cities—The

Oxford University Reform Bill-Prizes at Oxford-Portrait of Sir R. H. Inglis—Monument to Mr. Justice Talfourd-Geological Society-Works of Dr. Thomas Young--Index to Blomefield's History of Norfolk-MS. Collections of Sir William Betham-Serial and other Books recently published. We have been much surprised at the litan churches (as was detailed in our small amount of opposition which has Magazine for February last, p. 178,) has hitherto attended a Bill which, having unfortunately received the sanction, not already passed the House of Lords, is now only of the Bishop of London, but of other in the House of Commons under the fol- members of the Episcopal bench; and by lowing title : "An Act to amend the a schedule attached to the Bill its provi. Church Building Acts, and the Law re- sions are extended to several of our ancient specting the Union of Benefices in Cities cities which are most amply provided with and Corporate Towns, for the purpose of churches, and, if once brought into action, building and endowing new Churches in will of course be equally applicable elseplaces where required, in lieu of Churches where, both in town and country. The in other places not required; and to facili- cities at present scheduled are as follows,tate the Transfer of Church Patronage." York, Lincoln, Norwich, Exeter, Bristol,

This Bill, by its seventh section, pro. Chichester, and Chester. poses to give an arbitrary power to certain Believing that the amount of desecration Diocesans, with the consent of the Primate and destruction thus threatened is not as and the Commissioners for building New yet generally known, we think it desirable Churches, to condemn and order for de. to describe the provisions of the Bill more struction any Churches the benefices of particularly. Its preamble refers to seve. which may have been declared united to ral former Acts passed for building new other contiguous parishes.

churches and the union of small parishes : This scheme, which originated with the but the provisions of which, in regard to Rev. Mr. Hume, an incumbent of the the latter point, have been shackled by city of London, who has proposed to re- certain limits of income and population ; move no less than thirty of the metropo- as, for example, an Act passed in 1838


could be applied only to unite two con- of so doing. The like pittance is also tiguous parishes of which the aggregate offered for the removal of a tomb or mo. population should not exceed 1500, and the nument. aggregate yearly value should not exceed By the 16th section it is provided that 5001. ; and the last law of this nature, the the Bishop of London may assign one of 13 and 14 Vict. c. 98, to unite contiguous the churches, otherwise to be taken down, parishes" of which the aggregate popula- for the performance of service in Welsh ; tion should not exceed 1200 persons, not- and by the 17th he is directed to prepare withstanding the aggregate yearly value a scheme for the transference to other should exceed 5001.The present Bill churches of the Lectures founded in the proposes to assume the like power" with- churches to be pulled down. out regard to aggregate population or ag- We are now desirous to direct attention gregated yearly value." It further pro- to the arguments in opposition to this poses (by sect. 2), upon the union of two scheme which are advanced, at a greater benefices, to make them “subject to a length than our present limits will allow certain amount of rent-charge in perpe. us to detail them, in a very able pamtuity, in favour of some other specified phlet which has appeared from the pen of a benefice in the same diocese," however distinguished member of the Institute of distant, or even to transfer “ the whole" British Architects. It is addressed to the of the income of one of the united bene. Bishop of London, and urges in a just and fices in that manner.

forcible way the claims of “ CONSECRABut the most monstrous and innovating TION versus DeSECRATION." proposal as regards the Christian people Addressing the Bishop of London, the whose present rights and possessions are writer appropriately commences his arto be confiscated, is that contained in the gument by reminding his Lordship of seventh and eighth sections of the Bill : his former brilliant success in exciting a which would enact, that, after the ordinary spirit of Church extension by legitimate forms of an Order in Council, &c. have and voluntary effort, and suggesting that been gone through," the fee simple and success as a ground for hesitating, to say inheritance of the site of each such Church, the least, before adopting other and ques. and the buil materials of each such tionable means, He next pleads the hisChurch, and the burial ground or burial torical interest attached to most of the grounds belonging thereto, if the same City Churches as having been the result of has or have ceased under competent au- the last great Church-building movement thority to be used for the interment of the in the diocese of London, and the fruit of dead, shall, without any further transfer, great and noble devotion and self-sacrifice conveyance, or other form of law being at a moment of unexampled distress ani! had, observed, or required, belong to and disaster ;-as being a standing example to be vested in Her Majesty's Commission- future and more prosperous ages, and not ers for building new Churches, in trust a mere investment on which such ages are to make sale or dispose of such sites and to draw, to reduce their own expenditure. burial ground, or any part thereof, and He maintains the principle that it is our such materials, at such times and at such duty and ought to be our privilege to proprices and in such manner, as in their dis- vide for the arrears of population of our cretion shall seem fit."

own day; that this is a wholesome reIt appears to us that the most extraor- sponsibility, and one from which it will dinary part of these destructive proposals do harm to relieve ourselves, and which is that the parishioners, the parties most there are ample means to meet; for in interested, are to have no voice in the the poorest districts the owners of the matter. They are not asked or permitted land and houses at least ought to be able to give or withhold their consent, but ab- to do much, whatever may be the poverty solute power is placed in the hands of the of those who occupy them, and the rich of ecclesiastical authorities already mentioned. other districts are also always ready to aid No longer implored to contribute to the those less able to provide for themselves. spiritual aid of their destitute brethren, He points out as a general rule the imthe parishioners of the devoted churches propriety of desecrating land once dediare simply ordered to “ stand and de. cated for the worship of God, or the seliver !" The only satisfaction offered to pulture of the dead ; that any cases in them is, they may remove the remains " of which this is admissible should be viewed any deceased person whose body may as strictly exceptional, and that the prinwithin the last twenty years (before the ciple of the indiscriminate mobilisation of passing of this Act) have been interred or churches is dangerous in the extreme, is deposited in any grave or vault disturbed," contrary to the very principles of consecraand that a sum not exceeding ten pounds tion, and calculated to make that solemn may be allowed to them for the expenses rite a mere farce, having no real meaning.

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He argues that in a place of such enor- she would deservedly lose much of her mous wealth, and such stupendous mer- hold upon the people, the purchase-money cantile transactions, as the City of Lon- would be the property of the Parish, not don-the mart of the globe—it is but of the Church." The author also, “but right that the worship of God should be only for the sake of those who do not provided for on some less niggardly rule admit these principles," points out the than mere calculations of fixed population; horrible effects of such desecration, and that the concourse of people during every the scenes it would give rise to in a sanaweek-day is enormous, and might provide tory point of view. Lastly, he protests, congregations at daily services in every as a lover of ancient art, of historical Church, and that such services would not monuments, of the antiquarian associabe inappropriate, por, it may be hoped, tions, and of the picturesque ornaments of without result, in a city whose transac- our cities, against the wholesale destruc. tions depend so directly upon the divine tion with which such monuments and re. blessing, and that even where a few only miniscences are now threatened. We join in them such blessing may be looked cannot, my lord, part with objects so dear for. He suggests that a more active and to us unless the absolute necessity of the zealous clergy might make the city the sacrifice be demonstrated; and I have encentre of missionary exertion to the whole deavoured to show that it is the very reverse metropolis, and itself the very pattern of of being necessary. Such considerations, pastoral care and religious cultivation; and instead of having been too much considered that, on the removal of the pews, which, in this country, have been more neglected if not actually closed against the poor, are here than almost anywhere, and to the well known to present barriers which als great detriment of our national character. ways practically lead to their exclusion, What should we think of promoting Christhere still remains in most parishes a fixed tianity by the sale of our cathedrals? Yet population sufficient to supply tolerable this, on hard utilitarian arguments, might congregations. He raises a well-grounded just as easily be proved feasible. Such waroing against the effect which supplies considerations are a part of the better feelof money obtained without exertion will ings of our nature, and deserve not only have in checking the impulse that has lat- to be respected, but sedulously cultivated; terly been given to voluntary effort, and and we not only beg, but we demand, that in furnishing ready excuses to those who they shall not be outraged." wish for them; and this he has reason to Nothing, we think, requires to be added believe has even now begun to act, and to the force of these arguments but that may be regarded as the just retribation to they should be reiterated and duly en. be expected from any attempt to further forced by the Christian laity upon the the cause of God by spurious means. He attention of their representatives in the next stigmatises “the horrible sacrilege of House of Commons. Petitions in opposelling the burial-places of our forefathers" sition to the Bill have been presented from as an act which even the most uncivilized several of the parishes of the City of Lonwould repudiate with abhorrence, and don ; but none as yet from any of the which would bring about scenes against other threatened cities, whose inhabitants which the first sympathies of our nature are probably in a great measure ignorant of must rebel, and which would outrage every the impending mischief. There is, howprinciple in which we have been led to view ever, but little time to be lost. The Christian burial. “On what principle, for second reading of the Bill, baving been instance, are cemeteries consecrated (not deferred from the 15th of June, is now to mention the fees for opening graves) if fixed for the 6th of July. they may be sold for secular purposes, the Viewing the matter merely in a personal bodies dug up, and the purchase-money and historical point of view, as connected devoted to bnilding churches elsewhere; with the records of genealogy, the Society Would it not make consecration appear a of Antiquaries has addressed a memorial to mere trick to delude the unthinking mul- Lord Viscount Palmerston, urging the pretitude-a lie, one way almost say, not only servation of a due record of such memoto' man but to God? Burial-places, my rials as would infallibly be destroyed were Lord, are not the property of the Church : the proposed scheme brought into action. they may in theory be so called, but this The important part of this document is for the sake of placing them under her runs thus: “Besides the particular case of sacred protection, as the surest and most the City churchyards, your memorialists inviolable sanctuary, not for giving her would desire to bring before your Lord. power to sell the bodies of the dead com- ship the general question of the preservamitted to her charge; and I contend that, tion of existing Monuments in Churches should the Church ever be guilty of so and Churchyards, with reference to which fearful a breach of trust, an act by which they beg to submit the following facts ;

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“ A Bill is proposed to be brought be- The Oxford University Reform Bill has fore Parliament by the North Metro- now made some progress in its passage politan Railway Company, by which it is through the House of Commons. The sought to obtain for the company the proposed Hebdomadal Council has been power of purchasing several Churchyards substituted for the Hebdomadal Board. adjoining their line ; but no provision is the establishment of private Halls was made for preserving monumental inscrip- carried, after a division, by a majority of tions.

92 ; but a proposal to allow students to "The Churchyard of St. Clement Danes, live also in private lodging-houses, sancin Portugal-street, Lincoln's-inn-fields, has tioned by authority, was rejected. A been aliened to King's College Hospital. clause has been introduced, requiring that It is at present used as a place for the de- the ordinances of the Commissioners shall posit of building materials, and it is stated always be " for promoting the main dethat some tombstones have already disap- signs of the Founders.” A more stringent peared.

adherence to the original foundations was “When the Church in Threadneedle. proposed, but it was shown that this imstreet was removed for the formation of plied masses for the souls of the founders, approaches to the new Royal Exchange- and a variety of arrangements scarcely although some of the more interesting tolerable in a Protestant country. It was monuments (such as that of Miles Cover- proposed that the visitors of a college dale) were removed to other Churches-no should have a veto on any ordinances of authentic record was taken (as your me- the Commissioners, but this was degamorialists believe) of the greater part of tived, after discussion. An effective check the slabs and engraved stones.

upon innovation remains in the clause " In St. Pancras burial-ground many of providing that, “if two-thirds of the gothe inscriptions published by Lysons, as verning body of any college shall, by writexisting, are no longer to be found; seve- ing, under their hand and seal, declare ral were destroyed on the recent restora- that, in their opinion, such ordinances and tion of the church.

regulations will be prejudicial to said col. “Your memorialists can scarcely over- lege (as a place of learning and education), rate the importance of these records, as then the same shall not take place.” The evidences of title and in the tracing of admission of Dissenters to study has been pedigrees ; and it is to be feared that, if voted by a majority of 252 to 161. No they be destroyed, not only a great amount oaths or subscriptions will be necessary, of valuable evidence will be lost, but faci. except the oath of allegiance, to any perlities will be given for manufacturing in- son matriculating. A further proposal to scriptions and assumed copies of lost dispense with the oaths and subscription stones ; and, as in a recent peerage case, to the Thirty-nine Articles, in the case of for the actual production of forged stones. graduates, was thrown out by 205 to 196. Your memorialists submit the whole sub. Some of those who opposed Mr. Heyject to your Lordship's consideration ; wood's motion, especially Lord John Rusand they especially desire to refer to your sell and Mr. Sidney Herbert, advocated Lordship's judgment, whether a careful the admission of Dissenters, but thought and accorate record of all Monumental In- that the present bill would thereby be enscriptions should not be made under the dangered. sanction of Government, and such record The Chancellor's prizes at Oxford have be made evidence ; and also whether all been awarded as follows :-Latin Verse, such monuments should not as far as pos- Alfred Blomfield, Scholar of Baliol. Eng. sible be preserved : and they submit to lish Essay, Thomas F. Fremantle, B.Ă. your Lordship, that the preservation of a Scholar of Baliol. Latin Essay, not Record of Inscriptions might be efficiently awarded. The Newdigate prize for Engcarried out without involving (compara. lish Verse has been awarded to Frederick tively speaking) a large expense, through George Lee, Commoner of St. Edmund the office of the Registrar-General.” To hall. A general wish having been felt this very reasonable suggestion the Home that the University should possess some Secretary has replied, in a rather off-hand memorial of its late respected representaway, that “ he does not see how be can tive, Sir R. H. Inglis, a committee has interfere in the matter.” Such an answer been formed for the purpose of obtaining is very unsatisfactory, and we trust that a full-length Portrait of Sir Robert, by the subject will be reconsidered. We could subscription, which is to be placed in the however have wished that the Society had, gallery of the Bodleian. in the first instance, taken a higher ground, A committee appointed by the Oxford and endeavoured to protect and save the Circuit to determine the most desirable Churches-not merely the records they form in which to erecta memorial to the late contain.

Mr. Justice Talfourd, have recommended


the erection of a moral monument, with a of it, in order to notice the collection more bust of the deceased, in St. Mary's Church, fully in our next number. at Stafford.

We are also obliged to postpone to our At a special general meeting of the next a review of Mr. Roach Smith's Cata. Geological Society, on the 24th of May, logue of his Museum. W. J. Hamilton, esq. was unanimously The first number has appeared in 4to, elected President of the Society, on the under the title of Miscellanea Graphica, resignation of Professor E. Forbes, in of Mr. Fairholt's illustrations of the Anconsequence of his appointment to the cient, Mediæval, and Renaissance Remains Chair of Natural History, at Edinburgh. in the possession of Lord Londesborough.

Mr. John Pepys has presented to the It promises to be a highly interesting Royal Institution, in Albemarle Street, a work, and we shall notice it more fully fifth donation of one hundred pounds. hereafter.

Dr. Thomas Young's Miscellaneous Messrs. Constable of Edinburgh have Works are again announced in Mr. published the first volume of a complete Murray's list. This work, the scientific edition of the Works of Dugald Stewart, portion of which is edited by Dean Pea. under the editorial supervision of Sir Wil. cock, and the hieroglyphic by Mr. John liam Hamilton, who is also to supply a Leitch, was destroyed by fire on the pre- Biographical Memoir of the Author. mises of Messrs. Clowes when nearly ready In Murray's British Classics, Gold. for publication. It is now reprinted, and smith's Works are now complete in four will appear as

as Dr. Peacock's volumes octavo; and we have received “Memoir of Dr. Young,” which is in the the third volume of Gibbon's Roman Empress, shall be completed.

pire belonging to the same series. Mr. John Nurse Chadwick, attorney.

The latter work is also in progress in at-law of King's Lynn, author of the Bohn's smaller series of British Classics ; “Memorials of South Lynn Vicarage,'' as are the Works of Addison, from the has been laboriously engaged in supplying edition of Bishop Hurd. In his Standard that great deficiency to Blomefield's His Library Mr. Bobn has republished the tory of Norfolk, an Index Nominum. It Works of Cowper, from Southey's edition. has been compiled according to the prin- In Mr. Bell's Annotated Edition of the ciple shown by the Calendars of Inquisi. Poets three volumes of Dryden and two of tions in the public record offices, with Cowper have now made their appearance. arms; and is announced for publication, Mr. Washbourn has published another, by subscription, in a few months' time. the fifteenth, edition of Clark's Introduc

The collection of Manuscripts left by tion to Heraldry, the most popular mathe late Sir William Belham has occupied nual of its class. a day's sale at Messrs. Sotheby and Wil. Mr. Pulman has completed his interestkioson's during the past month. We ing topograpbical work, The Book of the suspend a short account we had prepared Axe, which we have heretofore noticed.




of which no record has been preserved, May 4. Rear-Admiral Smyth, V.P. together with a deed which was exhibited,

Frederic Dixon Hartland, esq. banker, of the reign of Henry V. of Oaklands, near Cheltenham, author of J. Y. Akerman, esq. Secretary, then read a work containing the Genealogies of the a report of further excavations, prosecuted Sovereigns of Europe, was elected Fellow by him, at the expense of the Society, at of the Society.

Harnham Hill, near Salisbury, during the The Abbé Cochet, Honorary Member, Easter recess, the result of which was the presented a string of beads found on the discovery of four more graves; one containneck of a woman in the Frank cemetery ing the bodies of a woman and child, with of Aubin sur Scie. The style of these two dish-shaped fibulæ, a number of amber beads led him to suppose that they belong beads, a pair of bronze tweezers, a silver to the later Merovingian period rather armilla, and two iron knives ; besides a to the age of Charlemagne than to that of bronze girdle-ornament in the shape of a Clovis.

lion's head full-faced. Another skeleton K. R. H. Mackenzie, esq. F.S.A. exhi- had, with it, an iron spear-head, the umbo bited a jug of brown earthen-ware found of a shield, and a shallow circular flat. at Ardleigh, near Colchester. It was said bottomed dish at the head, formed of wood to have contained a small number of coins, and covered with bronze.

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