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destructive "restorations." The Rev. been used as a cresset, or lamp. It meaJoseph Hunter observed that he would sures only eight inches in height. very heartily second the proposition made Mr. Neville called attention to a draw. by Mr. Hawkins, and he could not too ing which he had brought of a Norman strongly impress upon the meeting that relique somewhat similar in form, but of no renovation of these venerable memorials larger dimensions. It is a piscina, incould be carried out without the sacrifice tended to be placed detached from the of all that renders them most valuable to wall, and had probably belonged to the the bistorian and the antiquary. Mr. ancient desecrated church of Wenden Neville, Mr. Westwood, and other mem- Parva, Essex. It is now placed in the bers addressed the meeting to the same garden at Wenden vicarage. Mr. Neville effect, and the subject was referred for the exhibited also a fine medallion of Caraimmediate consideration of the council. calla found at Ickleton, struck in Asia
Mr. Nesbitt gave an account of several Minor, and bearing Greek inscriptions. sepulchral brasses, of which he produced It is a piece of great rarity, and of conrubbings, obtained by him at Meissen. siderable value, as having been found in They comprised a striking portraiture of England, where such colonial coins are of life-size of Frederic, son of Albert Duke of Saxony, and Grand Master of the Teu. Amongst antiquities exhibited were,tonic Knights : he is represented in the some Etruscan objects from the Canina mantle of that Order. His death occurred collection ; arrow-heads of various periods, in 1510. Another memorial portrays the a cross-bow and a stone bow, with several mother of Frederic, Sidonia daughter of specimens of early metal work, produced the King of Bohemia : she died about the by Mr. Bernhard Smith, who also gave an same period. The engraving is in the style account of an iron chamber for a piece of of Durer, and executed with admirable ancient artillery found at Bridgnorth. skill. Mr. Carpenter, the keeper of the Mr. Franks brought a number of pheons, prints at the British Museum, had care- forked arrow-heads and other weapons, fully compared it with the productions of from Blenheim Park; several curious Cranach and other noted masters of the reliques of the same kind from Bedford period; but the artist, Mr. Nesbitt stated, Castle, and ornaments of Saxon character remains unknown. He exhibited also a from Norfolk, were sent by Mr. Greville very fine figure of one of the Bishops of Chester. The Rev. T. Hugo brought a Lubeck, who died in 1561.
large bronze celt, stated to have been Mr. Allies read an account of the dis. found in the Thames, and curiously encovery of numerous ancient reliques, in- graved. Mr. Neville shewed a collection cluding some of Anglo-Saxon character, of fragments of celts, with some other unwith pottery of various ages, found at a usual objects of bronze, found at Melgreat depth in the clay at Naunton Close, bourn. The Rev. J. M. Traherne pronear Leckhampton, to the south of Chelduced a beautiful miniature portrait of a tenbam. These vestiges had been found Royalist gentleman, by S. Cooper, dated in the operations of the pottery works now 1655. It had been preserved by the in activity at that place. Mr. Allies ex. Aubrey family in Glamorganshire. He bibited many of these ancient objects, also gave an account of certain reliques of amongst which were some apparently of Charles I. in the possession of Lord Il. the Roman age. He gave also a notice of chester, especially his gold buckles, once the discovery on Leckhampton Hill of the the property of Sir Philip Warwick. Mr. interment of a Saxon warrior, whose equip- Forrest sent a strikingly coloured example ment presented certain singular details of Italian majolica ; some early enamels, more especially in the fashion of the hel. and a finely-sculptured ornament of amber, met, pronounced by the late Sir Samuel probably of Italian work. Meyrick to be without precedent in Eng. Mr. MacAdam of Belfast forwarded a land.
representation of an enamelled vessel lately The Rev. W. Staunton described a found in a ruined monastery near that curious object of stone, in form of a dimi- place. It appeared to be of Limoges nutive Norman font, the upper part sculp- work, and to have been a cruet for the use tured with grotesque heads. He stated of the altar, of twelfth-century work. Mr. that it had been found at Kenilworth Castle Edward Hoare gave an account of the in a singular manner, when preparations discovery of a bronze crucifix, of early were made there for a horticultural display character, at Kilcrea Abbey, co. Cork, of in 1848. The purpose of this relique, which he sent a drawing. contemporary probably with the founda- Mr. G. B. Webb exhibited the original tion of the castle by Geoffry de Clinton, letters patent of Edward VI, in the first in the reign of Henry I., remains un- year of his reign, confirming the charter known. Some had supposed it to have granted to Caernarvon by Edward I. and reciting subsequent confirmations by Watling Street, near Walbrook. In the Edward II. and other sovereigos. This spring of 1852 excavations were made for document was accompanied by another some new buildings, when in removing instrument, dated 1688, purporting to be the debris from the demolished houses the surrender by the Mayor and Burgesses were found, Ist. a variety of fragments of of their privileges and powers to James 11. early pottery and glass ; 2nd. at about 8 and praying for a new charter.
feet from the surface the workmen came Several beautiful casts from sculptured upon two walls, running east and west, itories of various periods were shown by varying in height from 3 to 10 feet; also Mr. Westwood. The society adjourned, a circular shaft, similar to that found be. to re-assemble at Cambridge, where the death the present Coal Exchange, an acannual meeting will commence on July count of which is given in the Journal of 4th, with the patronage of the Prince the Association. The site indicates these Albert, Chancellor of the University. fragments to have belonged to the ancient
mansion known as La Real, or Tower RRITISH ARCHÆOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION. Royal, the scene of many remarkable
June 14, Ralph Bernal, esq. M.A. events during the reign of the PlantagePresident.
nets ; 3rd. at the depth of 12 feet, consi. Mr. Charles Warne presented a very
derable Roman remains were exposed, concarefully modelled plan of the Roman sisting of walls of which the foundations Amphitheatre at Dorchester, on a scale of were laid on piles ; about 20 feet of plain 1 inch to 30 feet, to the accuracy of which tessellated pavement of inch red tesseræ ; several members present bore testimony. three piers, six feet apart, formed of the The Rev. S. T. Pettigrew exhibited a cu- ordinary tiles; and interspersed with the rious vase of Mexican manufacture, having soil a quantitity of fragments of stucco, portions of silex introduced into a baton- red and striped ; blue and fanged tiles ; like kind of ornament. Mr. W. Meyrick coarse pottery, glass, and Samian ware ; exbibited a remarkably fine steel and gold various bones of animals and birds; and official key, of beautiful workmanship; it a human skeleton, lying east and west, is German and of a late period. A coro- and accompanied by iron nails from 2 to net and cypher, contained within the 7 inches long. These remains formed the figure of a thistle, formed the top. The subject of the next paper, by Mr. Syer whole was drilled and underfiled, and pre- Cuming, which gave rise to a discussion sented an elegant official badge. Mr. on the site of the Tower Royal, the idenGibbs exhibited a mutilated figure of an tity of the present Watling Street with the ecclesiastic found in Whitechapel. It was great Roman road of that Dame, which formed of slate. Mr. Pratt exhibited, Mr. White and some others seemed to through Mr. Planché, two specimens of doubt, and on the term villa as not exchain mail, a gauntlet and leg-piece. In pressing with correctness the ancient Romany effigies the absence of any apparent man suburban house.
A paper on lining to the gauntlets has led many anti- series of Helmets, from the the 12th to quaries to conjecture that the glove of the 15th centuries, recently exbibited to mail was a simple bag of interlaced rings, the Association, from the pen of Mr. covering both the inside and back of the Planché, was read and illustrated by very hands, a supposition wbich this specimen accurate drawings by Mr. H. C. Pidgeon. proves to have been correct. The Rev. This paper and its illustrations will appear Thos. Hugo exhibited a portion of an ivory in the next number of the Journal. The tryptich, reported to have been found in chairman then announced this to have been the Minories. It belonged to the 14th the last meeting for the season, and that century. The sculpture exhibits the Vir- the congress would be held towards the gin enthroned and crowned, with the infant close of August at Chepstow. Visits were Christ on her knee, the Crucifixion, and in course of arrangement to the various the Two Marys. Mr. T. Gunston read castles, abbeys, &c. of this rich antiquaa short paper on the remains of what he rian locality, and papers are in preparation considered a Roman Villa, discovered in for their respective illustration. New Cannon Street, on the south side of
Austria.- On the 9th of June a meeting mony with those of the Austrian Governtook place at Tetschen, on the Saxon fron- ment. It is since reported, that the lesser tier, between the Emperor of Austria and governments have adopted the treaty withCount Buol and the King of Prussia and out modification. Baron Manteuffel. About the same time, Turkey.-A convention between Austria in pursuance of the provisions of the and the Porte, for the eventual occupation treaty with Prussia, à communication of the Danubian Principalities by an Auswas sent to the Emperor of Russia by trian army, was signed at Constantinople the Austrian Government, with a view to on the 14th June. Redschid Pasha bas obtain the evacuation of the Danubian resigned the ministry of foreign affairs, Provinces. The reply of the Emperor, and is replaced by Chekib Pasha. General which reached Vienna on the 24th of Baraguay d'Hilliers left on the 20th May. June, states, that, to shew his high con- On the 20th May a meeting and council sideration for Austria, he consented to of war took place at Varna, between this step ; and had given orders to that Marshal St. Arnaud, Lord Raglan, the effect. But though the Emperor Nicho. Seraskier, and Omar Pasha. They afterlas may, thus, with the Austrian Govern. wards proceeded to Schumla, where Mar. ment, make a virtue of the necessity shal St. Arnaud reviewed the Turkish which is imposed upon him by the disas- army. On the return of the French and trous results of the Danubian Campaign English commanders to Constantinople, against the Turks, single-handed, and by their troops were set in motion. The the near approach of the Allied Army, greater part of the English force has now and though he abandons the “material proceeded to Varna, together with a French guarantee,” the wrongful seizure of which division, while another French division has was the cause of the war, this retreat advanced to Adrianople. On the 5th of does not now, as it would have done three June, the first division of the British army, months back, open a prospect of a speedy under Sir George Brown, left Varna and restoration of peace. On the coutrary, it marched to Devna, about 18 miles, where is the declared purpose of the French and a camp has been formed. English Governments, as it is undoubt. The Russian communications with edly their only true policy, having once Georgia are now completely intercepted, taken up arms, not to lay them down except by the shore of the Caspian, the until such conditions are obtained from pass leading to Teflis being in possession the enemy as may place the affairs of the of Schamyl. All the fortresses on the East on a secure basis, and prevent, so eastern coast of the Black Sea were abanfar as possible, the repetition of such an doned by the Russians before the arrival aggression.
of the steamers, except Redout Kaleh, The lesser German States have ad- which was abandoned at their approach, dressed to Austria and Prussia identical after scarcely firing a shot. These fort. notes, stating their wish that the Bund resses are now in the hands of the Circagshould be enabled to accede as a body to sians ; the only forts remaining in posthe Austro-Prussian treaty ; but express- session of the Russians between the sea of ing a desire that those powers should re- Azof and the Turkish frontier are Anapa quire the simultaneous withdrawal from and Soujak. The officers of Adm. Lyons's the theatre of war of all the belligerent squadron have had communications with forces, and a lively interest in the pre- the neighbouring Circassian chiefs, to servation of the Kingdom of Greece. whom Adm. Lyons has sent 18,000 ball.
The Prussian Government, in reply to cartridges, which had been captured from these communications, dated June 14, the Russians. states its concurrence in the desire to see The Danubian Provinces. On the a complete cessation of all hostilities, and 28th May General Liprandi's corps was in the interest expressed for Greece; but attacked by 4,000 Turks, under Skender expresses a hope that the Bund will give Beg, at Brankoveni, as they were about to its adhesion absolutely to the treaty of cross the Aluta, in course of evacuating April 20, and plainly indicates that no Lower Wallachja. The Russians conmodification will be admitted. It states, tinued their retreat during the fight, and also, that these views are in perfect har suffered severely. After crossing the
bridge at Slatina they destroyed it, and occupied the post of Minister Plenipowere not pursued further.
tentiary at Paris, appointed. All Greek Repeated attacks were made upon Silis- officers absent from duty are recalled. tria between the 21st of May and the 9th The Baltic.-On the 20th of May an of June. That of the 29th of May was expedition was undertaken by the Arrogant made by a very large force of Russians, and Hecla steam-vessels under Capt. Yel. but was repulsed with the loss of 1,500 verton, through a narrow channel about men, and among them Lieut.-Gen. Sylvan 12 miles inland, to the town of Eckness, and the younger Count Orloff. On the near Hango Point, in search of three 30th, at four in the morning, the Turks loaded Russian merchant vessels. The made a sally, and a fearful massacre took steamers on their passage were attacked place in the Russian entrenchments. by a brigade of horse artillery supported Many of the besiegers' guns were spiked. by a considerable body of cavalry and inOn the 31st Mussa Pasha, the Turkish fantry, but succeeded in reaching the military governor, was killed by a shell town and carrying off one of the prizes (the while at prayers in a mosque. This brave other two being aground) with the loss of and distinguished officer had raised him. three men killed and eight wounded, self from a simple cannoneer to the head among the latter being Capt. Hall, of the of the Turkish artillery service, to which Hecla, whose wound is however slight. his death is a great loss. On the 9th of The Russians lost 500 men and 10 officers. June Prince Paskiewitch was struck in On the 22nd, some detached forts were the side by a spent ball. He was re- bombarded by steamers at Hango Point, moved to Jassy, and is reported to be but Admiral Napier does not seem to have seriously injured. On this day an attack thought it worth while to attempt their took place on two forts, which was re. destruction or that of Gustafsvärn. pulsed with a loss of 2,000 men. On the Admiral Plumridge, with the Odin, Vul13th the attack was renewed after the ture, Leopard, and Valorous steamers, has mines which Gen. Schilders had carried been cruising in the Gulf of Finland. A nearly to the face of the counterscarp had landing was made at the ports of Brahe. been exploded. These mines, however, stadt and Uleaborg, and the Imperial failed of their intended purpose, and the stores and buildings destroyed. An attempt attacking party found itself attacked, and at landing at Gamla Karleby in four boats, was completely defeated. Gen. Schilders under the command of Lieut. Wise, was was wounded in the leg, which was ampu- repulsed by the Russians, with a loss of 54 tated shortly after at Kalarasch, and he has in killed, wounded, and missing. Among since died. Prince Gortschakoff, who had the former were Lieut. Carrington and Mr. succeeded Paskiewitch in the supreme C. F. H. Montague. The Leopard and command, was also wounded, as well as Valorous have destroyed the Crown wharf three other general officers. On this day at Kemi, in the Gulf of Bothnia. The or the next a body of 2,000 men from French fleet has joined Admiral Napier. Schumla succeeded in getting into Silistria The fleet was off Sweaborg on the 4th of after a slight engagement with the Rus. June. sians on their way. On the 15th a Russia.--An order of the Minister of general sortie took place. The greater Police has appeared at St. Petersburg, part of the Russians were driven across prescribing the course to be taken in the the river, and their works destroyed. The event of a siege of that city. Both sides Turks also gained possession of the of the mouth of the Neva are being proislands in the Danube, and commenced tected with strong defensive works. The the construction of batteries between the Emperor visited Cronstadt recently in comtown and the river. The Russian troops pany with the Grand Duke Constantine, to the east and west of the town imme. when the commander of that fortress is diately commenced a retreat, and after said to have been dismissed for peculation. crossing the river destroyed their bridges. France.-M. Billault has been appointed On the 16th the siege was at an end. Minister of the Interior in place of M. de Since that time we learn that the Russian Persigny, who has resigned on the ground troops, both in Wallachia and Moldavia, of ill health. M. Mavrocordato left Paris and also in the Dobrudscha, are in retreat, on the 27th of May to take the Presidency and in course of evacuating those pro• of the Greek government. vinces as rapidly as possible.
The organization of the camp of the Greece.-A French division, with an North at St. Omer is advancing rapidly, English regiment, now occupy the Piræus. and a part of the troops who are to compose The ultimatum addressed by the Western it have received orders to proceed to their Powers to the King has been accepted, positions. the ministry dismissed, and a new ministry Italy.--The Susa and Turin Railway, under M. Mavrocordato, who has lately thirty-two miles in length, and connecting the Alps with Genoa, was opened, by the of the latter will be admitted to equal King and Queen of Sardinia, on the 29th privileges with British subjects in the of May.
Canadian fisheries, and free trade in raw Signor Gabbri, to whom the inquiry was produce will be established between the committed as to the recent assassination British and American territories. of the Duke of Parma, was himself mortally China.-An attack made by the Imstabbed on the 12th of May.
perialists on the foreign settlement of Switzerland.-A good understanding Shanghai, led to the storming and destruchas been restored with Austria, and the tion of their camp, on April 4th, by the blockade of Ticino has ceased.
English and American forces. Two seaThe Earl of Elgin has concluded the men were killed and twelve wounded of preliminaries of a treaty with the United the volunteers. States Government, whereby the subjects
June 10. The Crystal Palace at Syden- of 1851 in dimensions and in architectural ham was formally opened by her Majesty effect-of a terraced garden and park on the Queen, in the presence of about a scale of magnificence worthy of the 40,000 persons. The ceremony was wit- palace, and of a system of fountains and nessed by the Prince Consort and the waterworks surpassing anything the world Royal Family, by the King of Portugal has yet witnessed. and his brother the Duke of Oporto, by “ The educational object embraces a the Foreign Ministers, the leading mem- complete historical illustration of the arts bers of the Administration, the Royal of sculpture and architecture from the Commissioners of 1851, the Royal Com. earliest works of Egypt and Assyria down missioners of the New York Exhibition, to modern times, comprising casts of every the Committee of the Dublin Exbibition, celebrated statue in the world, and restorathe Representatives of the Imperial Com- tions of some of its most remarkable mission for the French Exhibition next monuments. year, by a large number of Peers and “ In seience,--geology, ethnology, 200. Members of the House of Commons, with logy, and botany receive appropriate il. their families, by the Mayors of the lustrations; the principle of which has different corporate towns in the kingdom, been to combine scientific accuracy with and by the Presidents and Vice-Presidents popular effect; and in its ultimate developof the chief learned societies. One end of ment the directors are bold enough to look the great transept was occupied by the forward to the Crystal Palace of 1854 beorchestra; in its centre stood the dais coming an illustrated encyclopædia of upon which her Majesty's throne was this great and varied universe, where placed, surmounted by an ornamental every art and every science may find a canopy; while on all sides were ranges of place, and where every visitor may find seats reserved for distinguished visitors. something to interest, and be taught The great body of season-ticket holders through the medium of the eye to receive occupied rows of chairs extending from impressions, kindling a desire for knowone end of the nave to the other, or took ledge, and awakening instincts of the possession of raised benches at each ex- beautiful. tremity. Her Majesty arrived at 3 o'clock, “ Combined with art and science, inand was received with the roar of cannon, dustry receives its due representation. the outburst of the Natiooal Anthem from The Industrial Exhibition is based on the voices and instruments of 1,500 per. principles of commercial utility, taught by formers, and the acclamations of the entire the experience f the Great Exhibition of company. When the performance of the 1851. The advantage to national interests National Anthem bad terminated, Mr. of a place where the best products of Laing, having ascended the steps of the different industries and localities could be dais, read to her Majesty an address, in seen and approached was no less manifest which, after dwelling at some length on than the importance to individual pro. the success of the Great Exhibition of ducers of such an unrivalled means of 1851, he described the views of the di. publicity, and the convenience to buyers rectors in its present successor :-
and sellers of such a world's fair for the “The first object was sought to be at. exhibition and inspection of goods, and tained by the creation of a new Crystal the transaction of mutual business. Palace, far exceeding the original structure “The Crystal Palace of 1854 will per