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In Devonshire, aged 21, William Perkins Penny, At Bath, aged 77, Emma, widow of James only child of John Penny, esq. of Leeds.

West, esq. At Camberwell, aged 82, Mary-Anne Rigaud, June 10. At Smethwick, aged 27, Elizabeth, sister to the late Professor Rigaud, of Oxford. wife of the Rev. E. Addenbrooke, and eldest dan.

June 8. Aged 53, Dixie Blundell, esq. eldest of Henry Homfray, esq. Broadwaters House, near son of the late Rev. William Blundell, D.D. Rector Kidderminster. of Castlerea, co. Roscommon.

At Hayes-end House, Uxbridge, aged 60, CapIn Pentonville, aged 65, Michael John Fitz- tain George Dalton, of the Royal Eng. fourth son patrick, eso.

of the late John Dalton, esq. of Sleningford Park, At Bath, Myra, wife of Francis Garford, jun. Yorkshire, and Fillingham Castle, Lincolnshire. esq. eldest dau. of Frederick Clarkson, esq. of At his residence, in the Close, Salisbury, aged Stamford-hill and Doctors' Commons.

64, Thomas Davis, esq. At the rectory, Ockham, Surrey, aged 12, John- At Liverpool, Eleanor-Dickenson, wife of the Rich-Davey-Hamilton, only son of the Rev. Ro- Rev. William Corston Hutchison, late Curate of bert Crosse.

St. Mary Devonport, and of St. Endellion, CornAt Oldcastle, co. Meath, John Muldoon, esq. wall. Eliza, third dau. of the late Rev. Josiah Pratt, At Lymington, aged 86, Lucy, relict of John Vicar of St. Stephen's, Coleman-st.

King, esq. solicitor. At Burley House, near Leeds, aged 49, Anne- In the Minories, Mary-Anne, wife of F. Rawle, Catherine-Jane, wife of John Smith, esq. banker. esq. surgeon, only dau, of the late George Eachus,

At Chanters House, Pilton, aged 30, Jane, wife esq. surgeon, Saffron Walden. of Vincentio Corbett Taylor, esq. Jate Capt. 3rd At Willingham, at the house of her mother, Madras Light Inf. eldest dau. of W. R. Robinson, aged 38, Elizabeth, wife of the Rev.John Rootham, esq. of Hill House, Acton.

of Canterbury. June 9. At Shovel House, North Petherton, June 11. At Glastonbury, aged 86, Mary, relict aged 75, the wife of C. Chapman, esq.

of Robert Bath, esq. At Leamington, aged 72, Anne, relict of Tho. At Milton House, aged 25, Catharine, wife of mas Harbridge, esq. of Pellerton Hersey, Warw. Edward Joscelyn Baumgartner, of Milton House, and mother of J. Sabin Harbridge, esq. of Bath. and of the Middle Temple, barrister-at-law.

In London, aged 61, G. 0. Heathcote, esq. of At Ryde, W. J. Berens, esq. late Capt. 6th Barbados.

Dragoon Guards, eldest son of the late Joseph Aged 83, John Hindle, esq. of Stoke Newington. Berens, esq. Kevington, Kent.

At Havering-atte-Bower, aged 52, Francis At Sutton Coldfield, Warw. aged 82, James Tomes, esq. surgeon.

Bourne, esq. formerly of Somerset-st. Portman-sq. At Alverstoke rectory, Hants, aged 6, Perceval- At Wellington, Somerset, aged 69, Maria, relict Thomas, youngest son of the Rev. Thos. Walpole. of William Buck, of Alston Lodge, Lanc.

Aged 39, Alexander, eldest son of Thomas In Endsleigh-st. aged 13, Maria-Moseley, dau. of
Waugh, esq. of the Grove, Camberwell.

John Mellor, esq. Q.C.
TO
TABLE OF MORTALITY IN THE DISTRICTS OF LONDON.

(From the Returns issued by the Registrar-General.)

Deaths Registered

Week ending
Saturday,

Births
Registered.

Under 15 to 60 and Age not Total. Males. Females.
15. 60. upwards. specified.

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AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, JUNE 23.
Wheat. Barley. Oats. Rye. Beans. Peas.
8. d.
8. d.
8. d.

8. d.

8. d. 78 3 37 3 295 48 11 49 10 46 6

PRICE OF HOPS, JUNE 26. The accounts from the plantations are still of a very unfavourable character, the vermin ipcreasing rapidly. The duty is variously estimated at from 90,0001. to 100,0001.

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW AT SMITHFIELD, JUNE 24. Hay, 31. Os. to 51. 08.-Straw, 11. 108. to 21. 0s.-Clover, 41. 10s. to 51. 158.

SMITHFIELD, JUNE 26. To sink the Offal-per stone of 8lbs. Beef ...

. 38. 4d. to 58. Od. Head of Catile at Market, JUNE 26. Mutton

38. 4d. to 48. 10d. Beasts......... 3,434 Calves 507 Veal

38. Bd. to 48. 10d. Sheep and Lambs 30,100 Pigs 310 Pork.

38. Od. to 48. 8d.

COAL MARKET, JUNE 23. Walls Ends, &c. 158. 6d. to 268. Od. per ton. Other sorts, 188. Od. to 20s. Od.

TALLOW, per cwt.-Town Tallow, 658. 6d. Yellow Russia, 668. Od.

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METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, BY W. CARY, STRAND.

From May 26, 10 June 23, 1854, both inclusive. Fahrenheit's Therm.

Fahrenheit's Therm.

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June 26 62 48 29, 68 rain, fair 11 54 61 57 29, 85 cloudy 27 48 58 48 65 do. hail 12 55 66 52 58 do. fair 28 50 60 47 72 heavy rain 13 54 61 571 61 heavy rain 29 48 59 50 59 do. do. thndr.|| 14 55 67 | 54 77 cloudy, fair 30 50 59 51 89 'do. do, fair 15 57 61 55 69 rain 31 50 64 | 50 94 cloudy, do. 16 57 61

73 do. J. 1

50 65 50 86 do. do. rain 17 56 66 56 69 cloudy, fair 2 48 64 | 50 71 const. rn. fair|| 18 56 68 53 77 fair, cloudy 3 47 57 48

75 cloudy

19 55 66 52 91 lido. 4 49 60 48 30, 05 do, fair 20 53 66 52 97 do. do. 48 57 48 I do. do. 21

67 57 30, 02 do. do. 6 48 56 50 05 do, do.

22
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08 fine
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15 do. 9 53 61 54 29, 98 do.

77.57 29, 98 fair, rain 10 54 / 66 54 92 rain, do.

2898 S&S Morning.

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92 911 915 91 91 915 911

914 914
90% 90g 48
914 91 45
913 914 49
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92% 92%
94 93
93% 9244

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921 43
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3 pm. par. 4 pm.

par, 236 2 4 pm. 3 pm.

par. 233 idis.3pm. 1 dis. 3 pm. 236 4pm. par. 1 dis. 3 pm. pm. par. par.

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pm.
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4 pm. 5 pm. 5 pm. 5 pm. 4 pm. 4 pm. 4 pm. 5 pm. 4 pm. 4 pm. 4 pm. 4 pm. 3 pm. 3 pm. 3 pm. 5 pm.

911

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J.J. ARNULL, Stock and Share Broker,
3, Copthall Chambers, Angel Court,

Throgmorton Street, London.

J. B. NICHOLS AND SONS, PRINTERS, 25, PARLIAMENT STREET.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE

AND

HISTORICAL REVIEW.

AUGUST, 1854.

[graphic]

98

CONTENTS.

PAGE MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.-Defoe and Paterson—Richard of Cirencester-Storey's Gate

and the Birdcage Walk-"Solitude is sweet”-Pattern Piece of Charles I. .... History of Oliver Cromwell and the English Commonwealth : by M. Guizot.... 99 The Political Constitution of Finland (continued) ..

107 Mr. Roach Smith's Collection of London Antiquities

116 Sketch of the Early History of the Jews, derived exclusively from Heathen Writers 120 Undesigned Imitations—The False Knights and the Unruly Brides of Erasmus and Shakspere.

128 Memoirs of Joseph John Gurney...

134 “Our Ladies of St. Cyr," 1686-1793..

139 Sale of the Manuscripts of the late Sir William Betham, Ulster ....

145 CORRESPONDENCE OF SYLVANUS URBAN.--Our Old Public Libraries ; Book Catalogues ;

and Special Libraries, 148.-Portraits of Sir Philip Sidney, 152.-Harrow Church and Dr. Butler's Monument, 153.-Portraits of John Hales, Founder of the Free Grammar School at Coventry.

155 NOTES OF THE MONTH.-Removal of the Learned Societies from Somerset House — British

Museum, Royal Society-Illustrations of Newton and his Contemporaries—Paris Exhi-
bition of 1855-Centenary of the Society of Arts-Educational Exhibition-Industrial
Museum in Edinburgh-Literary and Scientific Institutions Act-Architectural Museum-
Commemoration at Oxford-Honorary Degrees at Cambridge-Entertainment given by the
Mayor of Oxford-Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire—Sale of Library of John
Dunn Gardner, esq.-Numismatic Collections of Mr.J. D. Cuff-Pictures bought for the
National Gallery, and other recent Picture Sales-Roubiliac's Statue of Handel-Stained
Glass Window made for the King

of Denmark - The 350th anniversary of Printing at Breslau-New materials for Paper—The mystery of Spirit-rapping solved.

157 HISTORICAL AND MISCELLANEOUS REVIEWS.-Notes on the Architecture and History

of Caldicot Castle, 162 ; Niebuhr's Lectures on Ancient Ethnography and Geography, 163; Hill's Travels on the shores of the Baltic, 165 : Neale's Islamism, 165; Dr. Bruce's Biography of Samson, The Darkness and Doom of India, The Old Testament Pocket Commentary, 166; The Works of Apuleius, 167 ; Thomson's Bampton Lecture, 167 ; Montgomery's Popery as it exists in Great Britain and Ireland, 168 ; Bungener's Voltaire and his Times, 168 ; History of the Minor Kingdoms, 168 ; Adderley's Essay on Human Happiness, 169; De Burgh's Early Prophecies of a Redeemer

169 ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.-Meeting of the Archæological Institute at Cambridge, 169;

Sussex Archæological Society, 179; Norfolk and Norwich Archæological Society, 181;
St. Alban's Architectural and Archæological Society-Numismatic Society

182 HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.- Foreign News......

182 Promotions and Preferments, 184; Births, 186; Marriages...

187 OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of The Earl of Castlestuart; Sir Charles Wolseley, Bart; Sir T.

E. M. Turton, Bart. ; Lieut.-Gen. Sir Richard Armstrong; Lieut.-Gen. Mercer Henderson,
C.B.; Rear-Admiral Sotheby; Rear-Admiral Wemyss; Lieut.-Col. C. A. West ; Lieut.-
Col. Handcock; Godfrey Meynell, Esq.; Rev. S. G. F.T. Demainbray; Arthur Aikin,
Esq.; George Clint, Esq., A.R.A.; Richard Prosser, Esq., C.E.; Madame Sontag ; Mr.
John Fulton ; Mr. William Laxton...

.... 190-200 CLERGY DECEASED

200 DEATHS, arranged in Chronological Order

200 Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis–Markets, 207 ; Meteorological Diary-Daily Price of Stocks...

208

[graphic]

BY SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

p. 576.

MR. URBAN, - Your Correspondent the present gate, and was employed by Mr. S. Bannister (July No. p. 2), inquires Charles II. in the improvements which he after a pamphlet published in 1717 en. made in St. James's Park." Mr. Storey titled, “Fair Payment no Sponge." I died in 1664, and was buried in the nave of possess it, and have referred to it in a St. Margaret's, Westminster. The Volery, notice in “Notes and Queries," vol. vii. or Birdcage, of which he was the keeper,

As I have there stated, I think was an aviary so large as to allow birds to it clearly written by Defoe and not by fly about within it. See the Rev. Mack. Paterson, to whose writings I have paid enzie Walcott's Historical Notices of St. some attention as well as to those of his Margaret's, Westminster. great contemporary. It will give me much J. T. M. inquires, who is the Frenchpleasure to see Paterson's works republished man, to whom Cowper refers in his “Rein a collected form, and some justice done tirement," as saying that “Solitude is at last to his extraordinary merits.

sweet," but requires to have some one to Yours, &c. JAS. CROSSLEY. tell us so? Some editions give La Bruyère Manchester, 18t July, 1854.

as the author in a note. But Bonhours MR. URBAN,—Your valuable and long- solitude est certainement une belle chose,

quotes it as Balzac's.

“ Selon Balzac, la extended periodical contains many refe

mais il y a plaisir d'avoir quelqu'un que rences to, and comments on, the doubtful origin and authenticity of the Itinerary sqache répondre, à qui on puisse dire de of Richard of Cirencester.” It is time aủl temps en temps, que c'est une belle such doubts on this subject be settled, and Modernes, ed. 1737, p. 311.)

chose." (Pensées des Anciens et des I think it may be satisfactorily done by a

Some account of the prices for which series of eleven letters, from Bertram to

the late Mr. Cuff's coins have been sold Dr. Stukeley, in my possession, and which

will be found in our Notes of the Month. I trust will come under the cognizance of the Wiltshire Archæological Society, at

One of them, the pattern gold-piece of

Charles I. was sold for the largest sum its first anniversary meeting at Salisbury, in August next.

ever given for a single coin. This highlyYours, &c. J. BRITTON.

interesting medal was intended, it is July 12, 1854.

thought, for a 51. piece. It was never pub

lished. It bears the King's bust to the Storey's Gate. The stone gate-posts at left, bare-headed, and over his armour a the entrance of St. James's Park from lace collar. Its history is curious. It was Great George Street, Westminster, have purchased by Lieut.-Colonel Drummond been pulled down during the past month, of the Rev. Mr. Commeline, of St. John's in order to widen the road-way, the iron college, Cambridge, a collateral descendant gates themselves having been removed of Bishop Juxon, to whom it was presented some years ago. An absurd paragraph by Charles I. a little before his death. has been going the round of the news- The bishop devised it by will to Mrs. papers, asking who the Storey could have Mary Gayters, from whom it descended to been who built this gate so inconveniently her grand-daughter of the same name, who narrow : whereas, since we ourselves have married the Rev. James Commeline, the resided in Westminster, the said gates were grandfather of the Mr. Commeline from kept constantly closed, and only opened whom it was bought by Colonel Drumon very unfrequent occasions for objects mond. Mr. Till, the late worthy coinconnected with works in the Park,-Bird dealer in Russell-street, Covent-garden, cage Walk being then literally a walk, and bought it from Colonel Drummond for 501. not a roadway, except for the Royal Fa- He then offered it to the British Museum mily, or, as we have said, for necessary for 801., but the trustees refused to purworks. It was entirely by royal favour chase, and it was immediately sold by Mr. that the public was permitted to pass along Till to the late Mr. Cuff for 601. At the this road, which is now become the great recent sale the agent of the Museum conhighway from Belgravia to the senate-house. tended for it at thrice the sum the trustees The question as to the origin of the name might have had it for some twenty years of the Gate is answered in Peter Cunning- ago. The enthusiastic gentleman who has ham's Handbook for London, thus : given 2601. for a single coin is Mr. Brown, “Storey's Gate was so called after Edward of the eminent publishing firm of Messrs. Storey, who lived in a house on the site of Longman & Co.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE

AND

HISTORICAL REVIEW.

GUIZOT'S CROMWELL. History of Oliver Cromwell and the English Commonwealth from the Execution of

Charles the First to the Death of Cromwell. By M. Guizot. Translated by Andrew R. Scoble. 2 vols, 8vo. Bentley.

THE contents of M. Guizot's book of its majestic course, setting amidst would be described more accurately in the louring indications of a coming this title-page if "the English Com- tempest, but leaving behind it a trail monwealth" and " Oliver Cromwell” of stormy splendour, which has exerwere to change places—that is, were cised a curious kind of fascination to occupy the relative positions which upon all historical inquirers. Those of they occupied in fact and in chrono- them who condemn the most strongly logy. M. Guizot begins his history, of the means by which Cromwell accourse, not with Oliver Cromwell, but quired his authority, and rejoice the with the vain endeavour of the Parlia- most sincerely that it so soon came to ment to erect republican institutions an end, yet cannot forbear to admire upon the ruins of the monarchy, and the way in which he wielded what was in the midst of a people the vast ma, in their estimation his ill-gotten power. jority of whom were sincerely attached Something of this kind seems to have to the ancient constitution. This por- taken place in his own day, even with tion of the subject runs through the reference to the personal qualities of first volume. As it proceeds, the grim the man himself. The courtly young shadow of the successful soldier rises gentleman who observed with congradually over the scene: it soon tempt, and recorded with foppish parbegins to overtop his so-called masters. ticularity, the "plain cloth suit made by They indeed exercise nominal autho- an ill country tailor," the linen plain rity; their ordinance takes the place and not over clean, and the hat with of the king's proclamation ; but the out a band, for all which Cromwell soldiers, the sinews of actual govern- was noticeable in the early sittings of ment, are moved by Cromwell. The the Long Parliament, was yet comParliament holds the purse, but, with. pelled to bear witness to the fact, that out his consent, they dare not draw at a subsequent period this same rustic its strings with reference to the victors sloven “ appeared of a great and maof Dunbar and Worcester. Such a jestic deportment, and of a comely state of things could not last long. presence.' Dissension arose between the Parlia- In the present state of our historical ment and its too powerful servant, and knowledge in reference to the period Cromwell openly assumed the power of ten years comprised in M. Guizot's which he had long in fact possessed. present work, we are struck with

M. Guizot's second volume comprises astonishment, that, in the face of a dea narrative of the strong and in many cidedly hostile people, the parliament respects glorious protectorate of Crom- should have succeeded in establishing well;-rising out of what seems like an a republic at all. It must be admitted, unjustifiable usurpation, dazzling all in explanation, that there were at Europe with the force and brilliancy that time amongst the parliament

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