Mimesis and Theory: Essays on Literature and Criticism, 1953-2005

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Stanford University Press, 2008 - Всего страниц: 310
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Mimesis and Theory brings together twenty of René Girard's uncollected essays on literature and literary theory, which, along with his classic, Deceit, Desire, and the Novel, have left an indelible mark on the field of literary and cultural studies. Spanning over fifty years of critical production, this anthology offers unique insights into the origin, development, and expansion of Girard's "mimetic theory"--a groundbreaking account of human interaction and of the genesis of cultural forms.

The essays run the gamut of Western literary culture, from Racine and Shakespeare to the existentialist writings of Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre. The authors who have most influenced Girard--Stendhal, Proust, and Dostoevsky--receive extended treatment, and Girard's observations on the changing landscape of literary studies are chronicled in several essays devoted to psychoanalysis, formalism, structuralism, and post-structuralism.

Though at times overshadowed by his work in religious and cultural anthropology, Girard's work in the area of literary studies has been the wellspring of his thought. All of the essays in this volume develop the idea that the greatest authors are also the greatest students of human nature, for their artistic intuitions are generally more penetrating than the analyses of the philosophers or the social scientists. Girard does not offer us a theory of literature but literature as theory.

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Содержание

History in SaintJohn Perse
1
Valéry and Stendhal
13
Classicism and Voltaires Historiography
26
Pride and Passion in the Contemporary Novel
33
Stendhal and Tocqueville
42
Memoirs of a Dutiful Existentialist Simone de Beauvoir
50
Marcel Proust
56
Marivaudage Hypocrisy and Bad Faith
71
Critical Reflections on Literary Studies
160
Narcissism The Freudian Myth Demythified by Proust
175
Theory and Its Terrors
194
Love and Hate in Chrétien de Troyes Yvain
214
Innovation and Repetition
230
Mimetic Desire in the Underground Feodor Dostoevsky
246
Conversion in Literature and Christianity
263
The Passionate Oxymoron in Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet
274

Formalism and Structuralism in Literature and the Human Sciences
80
Racine Poet of Glory
96
Monsters and Demigods in Hugo
125
Bastards and the Antihero in Sartre
134
Sources
291
Notes
293
Index
305
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René Girard is the Andrew B. Hammond Professor Emeritus of French Civilization at Stanford University and a member of the Académie française. Robert Doran is James P. Wilmot Assistant Professor of French and Comparative Literature at the University of Rochester.

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