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SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY,
VETERANS AFFAIRS AND INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT REFORM

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED SEVENTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

MARCH 27, 2001

Serial No. 107-18

Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Reform

Available via the World Wide Web: http://www.gpo.gov/congress/house

http://www.house.gov/reform

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

75–970 PDF

WASHINGTON : 2001

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512–1800; DC area (202) 512–1800

Fax: (202) 512–2250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM

DAN BURTON, Indiana, Chairman BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York

HENRY A. WAXMAN, California CONSTANCE A. MORELLA, Maryland TOM LANTOS, California CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, Connecticut

MAJOR R. OWENS, New York ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida

EDOLPHUS TOWNS, New York JOHN M. MCHUGH, New York

PAUL E. KANJORSKI, Pennsylvania STEPHEN HORN, California

PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii JOHN L. MICA, Florida

CAROLYN B. MALONEY, New York THOMAS M. DAVIS, Virginia

ELEANOR HOLMES NORTON, Washington, MARK E. SOUDER, Indiana

DC JOE SCARBOROUGH, Florida

ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS, Maryland STEVEN C. LATOURETTE, Ohio

DENNIS J. KUCINICH, Ohio BOB BARR, Georgia

ROD R. BLAGOJEVICH, Illinois DAN MILLER, Florida

DANNY K. DAVIS, Illinois DOUG OSE, California

JOHN F. TIERNEY, Massachusetts RON LEWIS, Kentucky

JIM TURNER, Texas
JO ANN DAVIS, Virginia

THOMAS H. ALLEN, Maine
TODD RUSSELL PLATTS, Pennsylvania JANICE D. SCHAKOWSKY, Illinois
DAVE WELDON, Florida

WM. LACY CLAY, Missouri
CHRIS CANNON, Utah
ADAM H. PUTNAM, Florida
C.L. “BUTCH” OTTER, Idaho
EDWARD L. SCHROCK, Virginia

BERNARD SANDERS, Vermont

(Independent)

KEVIN BINGER, Staff Director
DANIEL R. MOLL, Deputy Staff Director

JAMES C. WILSON, Chief Counsel

ROBERT A. BRIGGS, Chief Clerk
PHIL SCHILIRO, Minority Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY, VETERANS AFFAIRS AND INTERNATIONAL

RELATIONS

CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, Connecticut, Chairman ADAM H. PUTNAM, Florida

DENNIS J. KUCINICH, Ohio BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York

BERNARD SANDERS, Vermont ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida

THOMAS H. ALLEN, Maine JOHN M. MCHUGH, New York

TOM LANTOS, California STEVEN C. LATOURETTE, Ohio

JOHN F. TIERNEY, Massachusetts
RON LEWIS, Kentucky

JANICE D. SCHAKOWSKY, Illinois
TODD RUSSELL PLATTS, Pennsylvania WM. LACY CLAY, Missouri
DAVE WELDON, Florida
C.L. “BUTCH” OTTER, Idaho
EDWARD L. SCHROCK, Virginia

Ex OFFICIO

DAN BURTON, Indiana

HENRY A. WAXMAN, California
LAWRENCE J. HALLORAN, Staff Director and Counsel
R. NICHOLAS PALARINO, Senior Policy Advisor

JASON CHUNG, Clerk
David RAPALLO, Minority Counsel

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CONTENTS

Page

1

Hearing held on March 27, 2001

Statement of:

Hoffman, Bruce, director, Washington Office, RAND Corp.; James Clap-

per, Jr., Lieutenant General, USAF (Ret.), vice chairman, Advisory

Panel to Assess the Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism In-

volving Weapons of Mass Destruction, accompanied by Michael

Wermuth, project director; and Frank Cilluffo, chairman, Report on

Combating Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Terrorism,

Center for Strategic and International Studies

Rudman, Hon. Warren B.,

Co-Chair, U.S. Commission on National Secu-

rity/21st Century; and Charles G. Boyd, General, USAF (Ret.), execu-

tive director, U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by:

Cilíuffo, Frank, chairman, Report on Combating Chemical, Biological,

Radiological, and Nuclear Terrorism, Center for Strategic and Inter-

national Studies, prepared statement of .

Clapper, James, Jr., Lieutenant General, USAF (Ret.), vice chairman,

Advisory Panel to Assess the Domestic Response Capabilities for Ter-

rorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction, prepared statement

of

General Accounting Office, prepared statement of

Hoffman, Bruce, director, Washington Office, RAND Corp., prepared

statement of

Kucinich, Hon. Dennis J., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Ohio, prepared statement of
Rudman, Hon. Warren B., Co-Chair, U.S. Commission on National Secu-

rity/21st Century, prepared statement of
Shays, Hon. Christopher, a Representative in Congress from the State
of Connecticut:
Article by Sydney Freedberg, Jr., entitled, "Beyond the Blue Canar-

6

25

ies”

Prepared statement of

77

3

COMBATING TERRORISM: IN SEARCH OF A

NATIONAL STRATEGY

TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 2001

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY, VETERANS

AFFAIRS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM,

Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 2247, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Christopher Shays (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Shays, Putnam, Lewis of Kentucky, Gilman, Kucinich, and Tierney.

Staff present: Lawrence J. Halloran, staff director and counsel; R. Nicholas Palarino, senior policy advisor; Thomas Costa, professional staff member; Jason Chung, clerk; Alex Moore, fellow; David Rapallo, minority counsel; Earley Green, minority assistant clerk; and Teresa Coufal, minority staff assistant.

Mr. SHAYS. A quorum being present, the Subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs and International Relations' hearing entitled, “Combating Terrorism: In Search of a National Strategy," is called to order.

Last week we learned the stalled investigation of the Khobar Towers bombing that killed 19 Americans has been beset by a longsimmering power struggle between the FBI Director and the U.S. Attorney assigned to bring terrorism perpetrators to justice. Transfer of the case to another prosecutor may breathe new life into the 5-year-old inquiry, but the change is also a symptom of a suffocating problem plaguing the Federal effort to combat terrorism-in a word, "turf."

In 1995, the President designated the Federal Emergency Management Agency as the lead Federal agency for consequence management—the measures needed to protect life, restore essential services, and provide emergency relief after a terrorism event involving conventional, biological, chemical, or radiological weapons of mass destruction.

The FBI, part of the Department of Justice, was directed to lead crisis management—the measures needed to prevent or punish acts of terrorism.

Today, more than 40 Federal departments and agencies operate programs to deter, detect, prepare for, and respond to terrorist attacks. We put their names out to demonstrate how difficult it would be to get them all in one room, much less get them all to speak with one voice.

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