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that he daily set apart a portion was the regular allotment of his of time, to read the sacred scrip- time to particular occupations, tures. To which we may add the and a scrupulous adherence to the. following couplet, written by him, distribution, which he had fixed. and found among his papers.
Hence all his studies were pursuSix hours to law, to soothing slumbers seven,
ed without interruption or confuTen to the world allot, and all to heaven.
We cannot perhaps more useSome original compositions of fully conclude this paper than by Sir William Jones, not before pub- a quotation from the review of lished, and his Latin letters are the Christian Observer. printed in an appendix to his life.
" Nevertheless, the chief view, The style of the work is per- which we naturally take of Sir W. spicuous and manly. The author Jones is that of a witness for chrismakes Mr. Jones in a great meas- tianity against the unbelievers. ure “ desribe himself,” by insert- His firm confidenee in the truth ing copious extracts from his let- of scripture has the force of a ters. The following sentences thousand arguments. Men canmay give a specimen of the style, not all examine as he did. They and farther information respecting cannot explore Chinese History the character delineated.
cr Hindu Mythology. They can" It cannot,” saith the biogra- not all meet, upon their own pher, “be deemed useless or super- ground of argument, the historie Auous to inquire by what arts ans and philosopliers of Asia, nor or method he was enabled to at the European skepticks who protain this extraordinary degree of fess to build upon their foundaknowledge. In early years he tion. They cannot all answer seems to have entered on his ca. that objection to the Old Testa. reer of study with this maxim ment in particular, which has been strongly impressed on his mind, introduced from the East, that the that, whatever had been attained,
world appears, from bistorick eria was attainable by him; and it has dence, to have been older than it been remarked, that he never ne
has been affirmed tole by Moses. glected, nor overlooked any op- of other learned, though frivolous,
They cannot silence a multitude portunity of improving his intel. lectual faculties, or of acquiring objections. But they can point to esteemed accomplishments. To an and preeminent in this very spu.
a person of acknowledged talents, unextinguished ardour for univer- cies of erudition : sal knowledge, he joined a perse. verance in the pursuit of it, which subdued all obstacle:. His stud- A thousand would be's of the modern day :" ies in India began with the dawn,
a man, rr orecker, who was most and during the intermission of remarkably enamoured with the professional duties, were continu- love of truth, and who carried, ed throughout the day. Reflec. perhaps, almost 10 a fault the liultion and meditation strengthened it of bold and original thinking, and confirmed, what industry and This man exainined, and yet beinvestigation had accumulated. lieved. Having in his hand the But, what appears to me more records of unbelieving nations, he particularly to have enabled him traced back to the neiglbourhood to employ his talents so much to of Palestine, the same centraispot his own and the public advantage,, to which we are referred in licly
"A man who could have foiled at their owa
writ, the origin of the diverging lead them to suspect, that their intribes and discordant languages of credulity may be the result of a the East ; corrected their contra- little smattering in learning, and dictory and absurd chronology by great selfconceit ; and that by a far better testimony ; and pro- hard study and a humbledi mind nounced those scriptures, which they may regain the religion men of inferior learning had de- which they have left." spised, to be the key of knowledge. « Of the manner in which Lord
“In matters of eternal concern,” Teignmouth has performed the indeed, says Lord Teignmouth, task assigned to him by Lady with his usiral piety and discrimin- Jones, it is not easy to speak too ation, “ the authority of the high- highly. His Lordship, if we recest human opinions has no claim ollect right, succeeded Sir Wilto be admitted, except as it may liam Jones as president of the A. be opposed to that of men of in- siatick Society, and delivered, at ferior learning and penetration. Calcutta, an address, which we Among such as have professed a have seen in print, containing a belief in christianity, where shall brief account of his predecessor, greater names be found than those in the present memoirs, his Lordof Locke, of Bacon, and of New- ship has suffered Sir William ton? Of the two former, it may Jones to speak, in general, for be observed, that they were both himself; and by the unaffected innovators in science, whilst the simplicity with which he has congenius of Newton carried him nected the letters of his friend, we extra fiammantia mania mundi. are often led to forget the biogra. These men, to their great praise, pher; a circumstance which, in and, we may hope, to their eter- our opinion, reflects on the noble nal happiness, devoted much of writer no small praise. But his their time to the study of the Lordship has also given, in tbe scriptures. If the evidence of course of his work, indubitable revelation had been weak, why proofs of extensive learning, of were minds, which boldly destroy- a refined taste, and of a very ed prejudices in science, blind to sound judgment, both in polthose in religion? Such authori- iticks and religion. He has freties, and let me now add to them quently introduced sentiments of the name of Sir William Jones, deep importance : and he has in. are entitled to great weight. Letfused into the whole of the volume those, who superciliously reject a christian spirit, which will renthem, compare themselves with der it, as we trust, highly useful the men who have been named. both to the learned and the unThe comparison may, perhaps, learned.” (Ch. Ob. V. 3. p. 698.
UNITED STATES. iously desirous of contributing what The General Assembly of the Pres. may be in their power,consistently with byterian church, at their meeting in their character and situation, to disPhiladelphia in May last, having taken countenance and abolish this practice, into serious consideration, the unhappy “Resolved unanimously, that they do, prevalence of the practice of Duelling in the most unequivocal manner,declare in the United States, and being anx- their utter abhorrence of the practics
of duelling; and of all measures tend the demand for preaching great. One ing thereto, as originating from the of their missionaries travelled for four malevolent dispositions of the human months, principally in the northern neck heart and a false sense of honour ; as a of Virginia, in most parts of which he remnant of Gothick barbarism; as im- was cordially received, and in some inplying a presumptuous and highly crim- stances his preaching was attended by inal appeal to God, as the Sovereign very hopeful appearances. A mission. Judge; as utterly inconsistent with eve. ary to the blacks, itinerated in several ry just principle of moral conduct ; as counties in the south parts of the a direct violation of the sixth command. State ; but owing to some peculiar cirment, and destructive of the peace and cumstances, his mission to them was not happiness of families; and the Assem- attended with success. Upon the bly do hereby recommend it to the whole, the synod of Virginia observed, ministers in their connexion, to discoun. that the field for missionary labours in tenance, by all proper means in their that state was very extensive ; and the power, this scandalous practice. prospect of usefulnessveryencouraging.
“Resolved also, that it be recommend. The synod of the Carolinas have two ed to all ministers under the care of missionaries atthe Natches, who expect the Assembly, that they scrupulouslyre. to continue their missionary labours in fuse to attend the funeral of any person that place for twelve months ; one has who shall have fallen in a duel; and also been appointed to spend some time that they admit no person, who shall in missionary service, in certain destihave fought a duel, given or accepted a tute places, in the lower parts of North challenge, or been accessary thereto, and South Carolina. unto the distinguishing privileges of the In 1803, the General Assembly prechurch, until he manifest a just sense scribed, that on every fifth year, beginof his guilt and give satisfactory evi- ning with 1805, the reports to the Gendence of repentance.".
eral Assembly from the synods and The General Assembly have thirty one presbyteries, beside their usual details, presbyteries under their care. These shall contain an account of the existing presbyteries are all in the states west communicants in each church, and of ward and southward of New England. the number of persons baptized the
Measures have been taken for pub- preceding year, and that it be the duty lishing a new and revised edition of the of the synods and presbyteries, in conconfession of faith and catechisms; junction with the General Assembly, to the plan of government discipline, and bring forward complete and accurate directory for worship of the Presbyte- reports onthis head, to the next Assemrian church in the United States. bly. Minutes of Gen. Assembly. The management of the Missionary
MASSACHUSETTS, business, is committed by the General Assembly, to the several synods under
The Massachusetts Missionary Sociits jurisdiction. In May last, the synod ety, instituted May, 1799, it appears is of Pittsburgh reported to the Assembly, resources. Their Magazine, a useful
increasing in members and pecuniary that during the preceding year they publication, which has been continued had sent missionaries to the settlements for two years, affords them a handsome on Alleghany river, and Lake Erie; on profit
. They have this year sent out the Ohio, and among the Wyandot In- five missionaries, two into the State of dians. The missionary among the In- New York, two into the District of dians was so well received, and made so Maine, and one into the State of Rhode; good a report, that the synod have ap- Island. They have also purchased pointed three ministers to spend two books of piety to a considerable amount months each, in succession among them to be destributed by their missionaries. during the ensuing summer. The synod of Virginia reported, that
WEST INDIES. they had under their direction, for the MISSIONS OF THE UNITED BRETHREN. year preceding Oct. 1804, four mission- From the fortieth number of the pearies, two of whom itinerated for seve. riodical accounts of these missions, we ral months in the south western parts of extract the following: the State. The appearances of success From the West India Islands, the ac. in this district were very flattering, and counts to May, 1804, are pleasing. At
Antigua, the blessed work of convert- power is infinite, and who will not sufing the negroes to christianity, is said fer the evil one to keep possession of his (April 5, 1804,) to go on progressively, prey, but in due time deliver this beand there are in general more who at nighted nation, from the power of darktend publick worship than last ycar. ness and death, and bring many of them A weekly meeting with the children, to the knowledge of the truth, and the has proved the means of exciting, in enjoyment of salvation by his grace, and many, both young and old, a concern the power of his atonement." for their salvation. “The Passion week A mission is likewise contemplated and Easter Sunday," says one of the by the brethren among the Creeks, to brethren, “were seasons of much bless. which Col. Hawkins, the American ing. During the Easter morning lita- agent, promises to give every facility. ny, in the burying ground, the most awful silence prevailed, notwithstanding It is supposed that there are above the numerous auditory. At the time of 300,000 persons in the highlands of the publick preaching, the whole place Scotland who understand no other lan. was again crowded ; 2500 or 3000 ne- guage but the Galic, or at least, who groes listened attentively to the ser. are incapable of receiving religious inmon, preached from the following text; struction through the medium of any
Jesus Christ hath abolished death, and other. The society in Scotland for probrought life and immortality to light moting christian knowledge, are print. through the gospel. Other meetings were ing an edition of 20,000 copies of the also well attended."
bible in the Gælic language. This be“ From Easter 1803, to Easter 1804, nevolent and expensive undertaking is there have been aclmitted to the Lord's far advanced. Supper, at St. John's, 84; at Grace hill,
The above mentioned society, during 59 ; at Gracebay, 41 ; in all, 184 nc- the year ending May 1, 1805, supportgroes. During the same period were ed in the highlands and islands of Scot. baptized, or received into the congre- land, 284 schools, 12 missionaries and gation, (being baptized as children ;) catechists, 6 Gælic Bursaries, and 26 at St. John's, 108 adults and 101 chil. superaduated teachers, at an expense of dren ; at Gracehill 57 adults, and 46 £3651·10 sterling; This establishment children ; and at Gracebay, 35 adults commenced and has been continued and 26 children; in all, 353 persons." since 1738, and has been of incalcula. p. 281, 282.
ble benefit to the northern parts of
Scotland. At Paramaribo, the mission among We shall present our readers in the the negro slaves, prospers. On Christ- next number, with an interesting account of mas day, five were baptized. The mis- this society, one of the most respectable af sion to the free negroes at Bambey, its kind in the world. seems less promising: and that at Hope on the Corentyn, has likewise to strug- Rev. Mr. Kicherer's Narrative abridged, gle with great difficulties.
continued from page 31.
Our days are spent in die following A New missson settlement is about manner. About sunrise we collect for to be established among the Indians on prayer ; we read the scriptures, and LAKE ERIE.
sing an laymn; the elderly people deA mission has commenced among the part, and school begins. School being Cherokee Indians, in which the breth over, we labour un our buildings, and ren have been greatly assisted by Col. in our gardens. At noon we dine, and Meigs, the American agent, but hither. the afternoon passes in the saine man. to with little or no success. “ Indeed it ner. At night we pray, sing, and inappears," say the brethren, “ that noth- struct the people. On a particular ocing less than the destruction of the casion, I deeply felt the need of prayer, whole mission was mediated, by the en. and with my African flock bent my emy of souls, who by his emissaries is knees before Him, who has promised to raising every kind of difficulty to pre- take the heathen for his inheritance. vent its success. But we trust,” they From this time our Boschemen increas. add,“ in our Almighty Saviour, whose ed and I found encouragement in my
Fork. It was affecting to see how waggon and several Boschemen attendamazed they were, when I told them of ed me. After we entered the settled God, and the resurrection. Some of part of the country, the farmers collect. the people began to pray, “ Oh Lord ed the people of the adjacent parts, who Jesus Christ,” they would say, “thou spent Lord's days with us in publick hast made the sun, the moon, the hills, worship. After travelling a month, we the rivers, the bushes : therefore thoil reached Cape Town. Some of the first hast power to change my heart. Oh be objects, which struck the affrighted pleased to make it entirely new.” Ob. Boschemen, were several malefactors taining an interpreter, our labour much hung in chains. In a few days, they increased; many more began to pray, were more terrified at a publick execuand some gare evidence of a new heart. tion. After I had explained to them the The number of Boschemen became so just laws of civilized society, they were great, that I was obliged to give them satisfied, and said it would be well, if sames, which I wrote on their backs. we had such laws in our settlement in When they approached me, the first the wildernesss. At the Cape I preachthing, therefore, was to slew me their ed to the Calvinistic church, a large shoulders.
building and a crowded assembly. My In October, our provisions were al. Boschemen attended ; they were greatmost exhausted ; we applied to God ly surprised on seeing such a congregam prayer, who disposed the heart of tion of well dressed people, whom they Francis Moritz, a farmer, to send us a compared to a nest of ants, and the orhandsome present of oxen, sheep, four, gan they mistook for a swarming beear salt. The Hottentot servants, who hive. From that time, they viewed me brought these things, added a number with inore respect, having beentempted of sheep of their own to express their before to consider me as a beggarly fel. gratitude, that the gospel was brought low, visiting them to obtain a livelihood. to their countrymen.
We visited several of the magistrates. We receired repeated warnings that TheBoschemen, dressed in sheep skins, the Great Kraal of Boschemen, who sitting in a drawing room on silk coverhad not been included in the peace, in- ed chairs, or parading before a large tended to attack and destroy us ; but look glas were objects of mirth and we committed ourselves to the Lord, compassion. The governor treated us who preserved us.
kindly, and the Boschemen thanked When we began our work, we en- him for permitting missionaries to indeavoured to convince our hearers by struct them ; no man before having arguments addressed to their under. cared for their souls. standings; but this excited constant ob. During our absence, the captain of jectings, and we had little success. We the Boschemen, called Vigilant, visited then chicfly insisted on the dying love the settlement, to seize a sheep as his of Christ; we represented him as the due. Brother Kramer opposing him, all-sufficient friend of lost sinners ; we Vigilant stabbed the sheep, and aimed a invited them to believe and be saved ; thrust at him. He was saved by a girl, we entreated them to make a trial of who warded off the blow. He was takour doctrine. Soon, our people came en; but made his escape, and called upto us with tears, and declared they saw on his numerous horde to revenge the more and more the excellency of the affront ; but many of the friendly Bos. gospel, that they found it the power of chemen kept watch round our habitaGoci to their salvation.
tion, till we received assistance, and About Christmas, 1799, several farm- drove this infuriated chief from the ers from a distance, came to partake neighbourhood. the Lord's supper with us, according to Soon after Brother Kramer went to the Dutch custom. Some of them had Hex river, brother Edwards to the been awakened by the preaching of Mr. Cape, and I, in March 1800, with Voss. The provision they brought was brother Scholtz, removed to Zak river. seasonable, and we had several pleasant At this place many tame Hottentots days with them.
joined us. These people have a few İn Jan. 1800, I took a journey to sheep and oxen ; the Boschemen live Cape Town to procure clothing and entirely on tygers, jackalls, reptiles, other necessaries. A farmer with a and roots. One of the first converts