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always “call right.” Take, e.g.,

the window-pane-all have the case of a highly conscientious something said upon our dealings Thug, with a conscience educated with them that will commend itself in the principles of Thuggism; and to most readers, and interest and then contrast with that

instruct them, and that not with. scientious Brahmin. And as of out amusement added as well. the individual so of the national The writer perhaps best sums conscience, and what is called the

up the purpose of his book in this moral sense of mankind.

sentence, p. 18: “For those who But to pass on; the scope and believe in a wise Maker of men and bearing of the book, apart from its animals, and who wish to help in ethical value, is a vindication of fulfilling his end, the same reasons the rights of our fellow-creatures which would lead them to include of what is called the lower order of in that end the happiness of men, animals. Very racy, very piquant, must lead them to include in it the and very telling is the line of argu- happiness of all his other creatures.” ment taken ; it is by far the best This is the keynote of the essay. book for "prevention of cruelty to Mr. Nicholson has something to animals” we know; of course of a say as to his style.

“ To save any much higher order than the one the trouble of picking my style Society's well-meant tracts; placing to pieces, I have no style worth the subject on a broader, firmer, speaking about. In schoolboy days wider basis, illustrating it in a far I gathered from books and newsmore effective and real way, and papers two main rules to follow in very discreetly limiting

it by composition: first, always other rights, as remote from the choose a romance word before an sickly sentimentalist as from the English word, and a Latin or Greek brutal advocates for torture. word before either; secondly, to Vivisection, for instance, a subject shun tautology.” This rule, only now so strongly debated, is held reversed, is the present aim of the (p. 61) to have its “ warrant in the writer, and he has very effectively

of harmful animals, and observed it. We think the result, animals which are man's rivals for as to style, is a good idiomatic food," and so on.

English, with much freedom of We by no means wish it to be expression. Even

the Neosupposed that this book deals Cartesian view, the animal soul and solely with high and abstract the animal reason, and other theories “first principles scientific matters, are treated of alone; on the contrary, it is emi- without infringing the writer's rule, nently practical, and quite level or importing into the discussion with everyday life. The horse, for either Latin or Greek words. instance, which, in the words of Altogether, the book is a pleasant John Lawrence, is at

in- and useful contribution to its substant whipped for holding too close ject. Amongst other curious to the driver, at the next for bear- things coming fresh to ourselves is ing too much off; now for going the remembering, p. 14, that Lord too fast, then for going too slow; Redesdale, whom our readers have by-and-by for stopping, afterwards perhaps known an amateur because he did not stop, comes in theologian, and a pamphleteer on for some most sensible remarks. various recondite theological subSo, too, the discipline of dogs, the jects, stood up in the House of mode of necessary slaughter, field Lords, in 1849, to defend cocksports, sports of schoolboys, the fly fighting“ when fairly and properly






conducted"-of course his Lord. used by the natives. The first, the ship’s notions of fairness and pro- hand assegai, has a long, broad priety being then, as now, some- blade, and is used when fighting what peculiar in their application. hand to hand. The second, which

the natives use for hurling, has a A Hunting Expedition to the longer handle, and the blade is Transvaal. By D. Fernandes Das smaller and sharper. The Vatuas Neves; translated by Mariana and the Landinas can, at a distance Monteiro. London : G. Bell and of thirty paces, pierce a Sons. 1879.

through with one of their hurling The Transvaal is at this time of assegais." much interest to Englishmen. It This is from the description of a is not alone for the “hunting," or singular method of hunting buffafor the dash of the “expedition,” loes, practised by a celebrated that we are very glad of this trans- native hunter, who is also a marlated book; it has much to recom

vellous runner. It reads almost mend it in that respect; and quite as an instructive comment on recent as much in other, perhaps wider, events. matters. Senhor Neves had for The original work was published many years unusual opportunities last year in Lisbon. Our readers of studying the various tribes and may recall Mr. Oswald Crawfurd's races of the country he hunted review of it in the Academy at over; this of itself just now is an the time. The translator is, we important matter. The ways and believe, sister of the African trahabits, the customs and methods, veller, whose “Angola and River of these tribes, with whom we are Congo" we all know, and she has more and more coming in contact, the advantage of being well acis a subject on which Englishmen quainted with English, as well as should have at least some general her mother togue. A good translaideas, and not less some knowledge tion indeed always needs a certain as to adapting or framing their mastery over the language into own customs and methods in deal- which the translation is made; ing with them. How to treat them only less—if indeed at all lessis a rising question. If kindness than the knowledge of the language is thrown away, harshness may be from which it is taken. Malle. kindness, extermination


be the Monteiro is fortunate in possessing solution of present difficulties; but both. We have not detected many it ought not to be so, and should, faults, unless indeed the not suffiat least, be that only as the last ciently interchanging the labials resource. We have, however, in rendering into English from the wandered from the more direct Portuguese, where, as is well purpose of our notice. Still, before known, the idiom of pronunciation returning to it, we must transcribe

and of spelling vary. one passage to which late events example of what we mean, the give particular significance, and word“ Vatuas” in our above quowhich at the same time affords a tation would have been properly sample of the book, and of the Batuas for English eyes as well as useful form its adventurous ex- English ears, and there would then ploits sometimes take. It is à propos have been no danger of Englishto a very stirring, well-told nar. men not recognising the tribe with rative, for which we send our whom they have lately had the proreaders to the book itself, p. 257: bability of only too much acquaint

“There are two kinds of assegais

As an



We wish our columns allowed us fully counted up; the advantageous to give our readers the story of an prospects are not exaggerated; the

; elephant hunter, twice caught by difficulties are not diminished ; the elephants, and carried in the air drawbacks are not withheld. It is for a great length of time. On the practical : choosing stock, finance, first occasion the animal laid him stud-flocks, are all treated of. In down very carefully. On the one thing it strikes us as of use in second, when passing a large tree, the old country, if only our old he placed him on the top of it. On farmers could be persuaded to profit neither did he receive the least in- by it; we mean the cleanness of jury. We send those who enjoy the wool, not the mere washing, hairbreadth escapes and the like which is another matter; but the exciting marvels of the chase to cleanness by prevention, as to which the twelfth chapter for this par- our own herdsmen are so strangely ticular story, and to the whole book deficient in care. When we read passim, with full commendation of (p. 50) that, “ if there be a road to it for this its speciality; and also, cross, a careful man will go a mile as we have said, even more for the round to avoid it; if a gateway higher matters which it so compe- becomes dusty, it is shut up and a tently describes, and as to which it fresh opening made in the fence," gives materials for further thought we can but contrast with this the and for forming opinions.

state of things as we have seen it

at a sheep-shearing at home. In Australian Grazier's Guide, 1879. many respects

the Australian Silver, London ; Robertson, Sydney, grazier rejoices not only in more Melbourne, and Adelaide.

careful "hands," but also in higher We conclude that the late Kil. appliances than we can boast of. burn Exhibition will have suffi- “It pays,” we are told,“ to have ciently aroused general interest in a steam engine at the wash pens, the general subject, to give a special acres of battens, scores of men, hot interest to this special branch of it. and cold water, covered pens.' To an intending emigrant, with a Truly Australia is a big country, purpose of cattle farming, whether with large ideas, as well as a great “stock," as it is called, or sheep, future before it—which is the moral which is the other staple of Austra- we draw from so small a book as lian farms, this small book is this “Grazier's Guide," and so exactly what it is called—a guide. small a matter in it as its sheepThe experiences of colonial life, as washing squatters and otherwise, are care





facility for the development of his CHAPTER I.

tastes and talents, whether they He was born some thirty years ago,

should turn out to be the stuff of at a moment when Saturn was lord a soldier, or a scholar, a Premier, or of the ascendant, irradiated by a “only a fiddler.” malefic quartile aspect of the planet He did not keep them waiting Mars, afflicted by a baneful opposi- long. But when-it was at the early tion with Jupiter ; a nativity which age of three--peculiarities first declares that the native shall be gave signs of life, they were of a kind involved in troubles and dangers, that filled his nurse, at least, with even to the hazard of his life. wonder, not unmixed with alarm. Failing to discover in his family “Times out of number," she tendencies or early surroundings narrates of her charge, “ he ran his any influence that might have life and limbs into danger by a made him what he was, we have way he had, even as a baby, of fallen back on the idle old method prying into the inside of whatever of casting his horoscope.

he had to do with. It wasn't puré The only child of fond but judi- mischief either, but he would have cious parents, John Ichabod began the real thing at all risks. I have life with every advantage under seen him go into fits of rage at

He was not to be forced ; what he thought tricks and deceits he was not to be spoilt. They would we played off upon him. He loaded prepare the soil, temper the air, his little waggons and trains till and supply good nourishment for they broke, and then threw them the young plant, but never check away, ate his painted wooden fruits its growth. So the roots were to and vegetables, armed his tin sol. spread, the twigs to shoot, the diers with penknives, and put a buds to expand, according to the live coal into the toy cannon's dictates of a healthy nature.

mouth!” Both father and mother watched On his birthday six, he was preeagerly for dawning signs of distinct sented by a benevolent old uncle gifts, the germs of particular powers with a set of playthings that would in the infant brain. They had made have made earth a heaven to any up their minds not only to allow commonplace child for at least a their son to follow his bent, what- week. Coming into the nursery ever it was, but to give him every the next morning, his mother was

the sun.


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horror-struck to see the treasures worshipped him devoutly from his already carefully picked to pieces, cradle upwards, came once, long the parts sorted and neatly ar- after he had outgrown her watch ranged on the floor. She checked and ward, to pay him a visit. He her impulse to scold. John might behaved with such cold indifference be a mechanical genius-a Watt or as to get scolded for it afterwards a Stephenson in the bud. Unable, by his mother, who observed that however, to refrain from

he used to be on most affectionate exclamations of regret, she was terms with her. “Yes, baby that promptly rebuked by her son. I was !” he exclaimed, with self. Child though he was, he could tri- contempt.

“ Let me umphantly prove to her now that the

mother, whenever there was so-called horse was a lump of wood storm she went and hid behind the besmeared with paint,-the same, door; and she wanted to substantially, as the cart; the pic- believe it was unlucky to spill the ture book a roll of daubed rags;

salt !” Mrs. Ichabod represented the lamb that ran, and bleated, that nurse knew no better, and that and wagged its tail, worked by at any rate she was very fond of springs inside. It was all a trick, him. Mother," said the boy, a delusion, and a snare, and made thoughtfully, “I should like to him vastly indignant. It was long know what the love of such ignobefore he could be induced to speak rant silly old women as that can be to that uncle again, nor did he ever worth !" quite forgive him for trying to take A pet lark was one day found him in.

dead in its cage, and there was a Ichabod, junior, was a prodigy; great stir among the maids. But that was settled. It was very in- the young master came forwards teresting, yet his mother often fearlessly and begged to refer them thought she would rather he had to a book called “ Euthanasia for been more like other children, in Birds," in which they might read some ways; as on one unlucky day of a method of putting them to a when his active mind (which soon painless death, and also that larks rose above the nursery and its were good, very good, for food. It contents) addressed itself to her

was a scientific experiment of his favourite piece of Venetian glass. which had been perfectly successful,

Unluckily for the glass, that is. and he wanted now to have the He melted it down, and brought bird for supper, which, he confessed, her the residue with some glee, and he thought more important than was both surprised and hurt by song. her displeasure. Of course it must His first instruction in the mys. be a shock to her feelings to re- teries of Latin and Greek he receive proof positive that her pre- ceived from his father, who was cious vase was but a mixture of delighted with his quick progress. sea-sand and soda ; but, as it was But here again rocks ahead soon the fact, she ought to be glad to showed themselves. The boy was have it verified. He had destroyed a good boy to work, but in these the ornament, of course; but on particular studies familiarity bred the other hand he had made out for contempt in him with distressing her a descriptive catalogue of all rapidity. the ingredients used in its manu- Attwelve years old he scandalised facture.

his poor father, an enthusiastic The little critic spared nothing classical scholar, by holding forth or nobody. His old nurse, who had on the folly and inconsistency of

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