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The Solons asinine, to passion stung,
“Away with him!” exclaimed, “Let him be hung.”
“Hung!” cried the Fox, “Can I have understood
The Court aright ? Sure, hanging is too good.
My Lords, this gross depravity demands
Dire vengeance at your hoofs, I would say hands;
Let him be drown'd in the next river !" All
Applauded with one voice. The criminal
Was cast into the stream, and there, they say,
Continues even to this very day.

III.

THE ANT.
An Ant, the glory of the frugal race,
Grown discontented with the narrow space
And theatre of his virtue and renown,
Resolved to show these forth unto the town,
And, greatly daring, scaled a load of hay,
And with it to the city took his way.
Safe in the market, see our Ant advance,
Grasping a spike of straw, his trusty lance,
And, challenging all contemplating eyes,
Perform the military exercise,
With other most extraordinary feats.
But when he, nothing doubting that the streets
Were full of gazers, for applause looked round,
With indescribable disgust he found
That not one soul of him took thought or care,
Or even seemed to know that he was there.
“Is it even so ?” he cried,“ Pernicious pack!
But, softly, Ant, paint not their case too black,
Or lightly lay grave matter to their charge.
I have it now:

I am a thought too large.
The Pyramids, I've heard a poet chant
(Which are, as I surmise, a kind of ant),
Šeem not at first in greatness to excel,
Since there is nought to them comparable.
Mortals, forgive my warmth. 'Tis not your crime,
But Nature's law. I'll send my son next time.”

IV.

THE WOLF AND THE CAT.
A Wolf, pursued by hunters and by hounds,
Fled at full gallop to a hamlet's bounds,
And thus unto a Cat by him descried
Basking upon a wall: - Where shall I hide ?

Say, Puss, whose friendly roof will grant defence ?" “Stephen," says Puss, is all benevolence.” " True, true, but once by accident, I tore One of his sheep a bit.” Try Theodore.” “ Alas, I fear I there should be forbid; We had a difference, too, about a kid.” “ Philip will shelter you, no doubt of that.” “I doubt it much. I took his calf, dear Cat.” “ What do you think of Basil ?” "There I'd fee, Did not I know what Basil thinks of me. What shall I do ? “Dear friend, my heart will break. I wish we had some wolves here, for

your sake; Yet bear this comfort to the shades' abodeYou have not failed to

reap
what
you

have sowed.

V.

THE WOLF AND THE MOUSE. A Wolf into the wilderness one day Bore off a stolen sheep, and on the prey. Fed to the full. Then, finding he could not Devour it to the bone upon the spot, Resolved till supper time the rest to keep, Beside it laid him down, and went to sleep. Meanwhile, the smell allured a neighbouring Mouse To creep with caution from his tiny house. A particle of meat he slily stole, Then swiftly sped him back into his hole. Yet, spite of all his care, the Wolf awoke, And into cries and lamentations broke“ Hallo there! Murder! Robbery! Will none Fetch the police ? I'm ruin’d and undone. Confound those miscreant Mice! O shame and grief That any four-legged thing should be a thief !

VI.

The Fox IN ERMINE. For murder, aye and robbery beside, A harmless sheep before a Fox was tried. A peasant sued, and sure his case was hard. “ I left," said he, “this villain in the yard, Along with sundry fowls, which in the morn Lifeless I found, with blood imbrued, and torn. No depredator, I dare well-attest, Saving this Sheep, could have approached the nest.” 'Twas the Sheep's turn: “In sooth I cannot say,Thus he, “ what ruffian made the birds his prey; For why? I slumber'd all the night, and so Nought of this fowl atrocity could know.

Whoever heard a Sheep was an as

assassin,
Whose gullet takes not flesh, but only grass in ?”
Then spoke the Fox, with dignity surpassing:
"The Sheep's iniquity cannot be hid,
He might have killed the fowls, and therefore did.
Locked up alone with poultry all the night,
And never to indulge his appetite !
Tell this to Sheep, too flagrantly it shocks
The common sense and conscience of a Fox.
The Court can but discern in such defence
Deep aggravation of the first offence.
Wherefore it dooms the criminal to bleed
Beneath the steel with all convenient speed,
And (sitting now in Equity) directs
Administration of deceased's effects
Forthwith to be performed in fitting sort;
Fleece to the plaintiff, carcase to the Court.
'Twere ill to grant impunity to crime,
Especially so near to dinner time.”

R. GARNETT. MAN AND ANIMALS IN NATURE. A SCIENTIFIC conclusion, owing to to be only a phase ? asks science. the care which is taken during the Perhaps none, but there is equally process to eliminate any elements little reason for asserting that the of doubt, tends to a fixity which is manifestation of life which we liable to become narrowness and behold in the career of a human dogmatism. For, in passing by the individual is the sole and complete doubtful elements, in letting slip expression of the force in activity the difficult, ill-ascertained, or still therein ; it would be dogmatic and mysterious constituents of the sub- not scientific to make that asserject, it is quite possible to miss tion, and science therefore is no something without which no large science unless “not grudgingly or and integral conception of it is of necessity” it leaves room in the possible.

anthropological map for the extenScience is classification, and, to sive tract of the unknown. be perfect, must include in every Alone of animals, man has an category one very large and impor. instinct of superiority to his earthly tant group of qualities, labelled as lot, an intuition which blossoms the Athenians wisely named one into shapes of beauty in imagination, deity of the Pantheon-one side, and into forms of art which are felt that is to say, of universal God, to be related to a perfection only -the Unknown.

partially realisable under terrestrial To show that a man and a monkey conditions. This foreboding is an in physical structure manifest very argument for the belief that the decided resemblances, and carefully relation of man to the animal plane to note all of them, and all cor- is a partial and temporary one poreal dissimilarities as well, is only ; but it is an argument which scientific. To assert that therefore science shrinks from taking hold man and monkey are on the same of. And while “ we know not what plane of universal life, on which we shall be,” this element of man by various processes the so-called can belong only to the region of human denomination has erected a the unknown, which fact it is that step or raised platform, is plausible, makes unscientific folk instinctively but not scientific. All the elements rebel against their place being of comparison are not allowed found for them next door to the equal force, the great region of the ape. unknown is defrauded of its pre- This instinct is an intelligible rogative, a place in the classifica

one, but strangely difficult to tion.

account for is the opposite instinct, What do we know of the life of that of aversion from any theory man ?-a phase of seventy years, allowing for the extension into the or thereabouts. A phase! What unknown of the unexplorable side

is there for supposing of the constitution of man. This human life more than any other aversion can only be understood

reason

on the hypothesis that in some animals is to fortify the memory minds the sense of orderly classifi- and to facilitate the record of cation and definition is so strong, knowledge, it would seem that that pain is produced by contem- similarity of form, and similarity plation of anything admitting in general, may constitute the basis neither of certain classification nor of classification. On the other precise definition. Moreover, even hand, when the end is of a philosoon the theory that present life is phical character, when we wish to but a phase of human spiritual treat our classification as a truth, existence, while we are here, we and to reason from it, we must are here; and though certain indi- have recourse to something more viduals of high faculties seem vital than analogy of form, and in to be conscious of a glory afar, this case, as I hope to show, we the generality of mankind are glad must rather consider affinities of to content themselves in making use and character than the resem. certain of the undoubted realities blances perceptible to the senses. of terrestrial existence.

The rigidity of scientific deducThe aversion to which we have tion meets with a due corrective referred shows itself in the growth when we bear in mind that “a of what is called materialism, a classification framed upon the one state of mind which probably principle of uniformity involves a affords rest to some minds, by hypothesis and not a fact; that, if relieving them of the strain of used for higher purposes than pressing forward into that vague those of reference and memoria unknown which is so attractive to technica, it will carry us away from others. The dislike manifests the laws of nature ; and that, when itself also in neglect of any theory so abused, it must cause small which, by admitting the unverifi- facts to extinguish great ones, .able, conflicts with theories which particular instances to override derive their force and solidity from general laws, exceptions to put its elimination.

down rules, and the senses of the Some years ago we fell upon body to be discordant with the a curious little treatise* which, common sense of the mind." being scientifically objectionable, Animated nature the writer very well illustrates the tendency to fairly represents, not as a museum neglect of which we speak. The of stuffed specimens grouped in essay contains much that is interest- classes, but as a vast social organi. ing from a literary point of view, or sation, a family : “ The grouping as considered on the broad ground of animals in nature is not accordof general and philosophical ing to a scale of similarities, but thought rather than on the narrow according to a scale of differences.” arena of the prevalent creed of the • Take, first, a case from ranks day; and, as it is practically un- in society, and look at the upper known, we propose making a few classes. Now, human society is a extracts from it to illustrate the wonderful instance of grouping. oft-discussed relations of man and But are its grades associated by monkey.

extrinsic similiarity alone? Who When,” says our author, “ the are the parties that most copy the end proposed in a classification of nobleman ? Decidedly his own

* On the Grouping of Animals. By Mr. J. J. G. Wilkinson, M.R.C.S. (A paper read before the Veterinary Medical Association, April 8, 1845, and published in the Transactions of the Society in the same year.) London : Longmans.

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