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Viewed in the Light of Present Circumstances.

111 moment? Who are gaining ground in gion and no religion, Hindooism and the strife of sects within the Estab- Christianity, Popery and Protestantism, lishment? Is it the Low Church party according to the returns made at which abides by the Articles, and each election; or, more likely, a makes them the key to the Prayer generous government profusely enBook ? You know it is not. Besides, dows all. Mahomet and Buddha rewho were they that were most eager joice together. Calvin and Arminius in the strife to endow Popery in Ire- embrace. Penitent Paul and the infalland ? Surely the law.lords! Not at lible Pope are one. The High Church all. But those "right reverend fathers leopard, with his many spots, lies down in God” who had said a dozen times with young and nimble Secularism. under the solemnity of an oath that Wolfish infidelity dwells with the unthey would "banish and drive away aggressive and unresisting “Friends ;" all erroneous and strange doctrines and the State, meek and simple as a contrary to God's word,” and especially child, leads them to pastures ever the Popish doctrines of purgatory, etc. fresh and

When Sir John Who led the way in petitioning Par- Coleridge propounds á measure like liament for the support of Roman this, it seerns the only thing we have Catholicism in Ireland out of State to do is to ask, “What next?” and funds ? Cardinal Cullen? No. Then answer, “Surely anything save and some poor erring Dissenter ? Not even

except the free and spiritual religion 8o. But the enlightened Dean of West- of the New Testamenti' minster, who had also subscribed the But would such a system lack the nineteenth and twenty-second articles radical vice of the Broad Churcbism of of the Church of England. Leave the the day? No. It could not, from Established Church in the hands of her what we know of men and nations, be officials, and it is not difficult to tell worked without seriously undermining what will become of her. The bul- sincerity, and leading men to play wark of Protestantism forsooth! The with words in a double sense, and that defender of the faith against Romish is not far from playing with things. error! Indeed! The light of present Inward impulses to honesty would be facts shows clearly that if Britain is to crushed. Veracity of mind would be be rescued from the perils of Romanism, endangered. Sincere adherence to it must be by Free-Churchism. The conviction would be stifled in such an Evangelicals will not come forth, nor atmosphere. Men would slight it first, will they work for the Church's sever- and then lose faith in its existence. ance from the State; and meanwhile The perilous doctrine of accommodathe Ritualists are taking many over to tion would be generally welcomed, Rome, and the Broad Churchmen are and the sublime and truly Christian carrying others beyond the pale of virtue of faithfulness to conscience historical Christianity into that wide would be in a fair way of banishment paradise where

essential religion" from the so-called Christian church. alone will be required. The sooner Such an indiscriminate endowment the Church is freed from the golden would be less wise than feeding the fetters of the State, the more will army and navy with bread and opium truth rejoice and triumph.

in equal proportions. Another plea for union is based on The last circumstance to be menthe theory of periodical acts of the tioned is recorded in the recent despatch legislature to settle the religious creed of Sir James Grant on the state of of the nation with a view to the inclu- religion in Jamaica. “To provide,” sion of the whole of its religious he says, “instruction for those who thought and life. This is clearly a otherwise would be provided with last resource, and would not have

none, is the object which makes a been called in if every other defence Staté Church "legitimate". words had not broken down. What an edify- which appear to mean that the alliance ing picture such a comprehensive of Church and State should be kept up, State-Church presents, and how noble 80 that we may have sufficient funds the heroism, perfect the fidelity to con- for missionary purposes. This reasonscience, and burning the zeal for truth, ing is identical with that which tells that would mark its progress! The us that Dissent leaves the villages in Alexible creed oscillates between reli- dense darkness, and must in the nature



of things confine itself to the towns. and notably State-Churchism lacks The statement is plausible, and is not enthusiasm. All its instincts and without apparent foundation. But training are against it. Enthusiasm Jamaica itself shows how utterly un- is not respectable and dignified, and reliable is this defence. Who has prefers truth to "sweetness," and concared for the villages of that island the science to appearances. A clergyman last fifty or sixty years ? Who has said, ten years ago, “If there is not done the chief evangelistic work there? reform soon, I will come out.” He is The governor says: “The Church of there yet, and we know what reform England in Jamaica hardly hopes to do there has been; and he will be there anything without all but complete support ten years hence, and ten years afterfrom the public funds." Is it unfair to wards should it be possible. Broad argue that such a powerless and needy Churchmen plainly tell you they do society cannot bave done much for the not intend to separate themselves poorer districts of Jamaica ? Work from the State, and I have not a fragbrings strength and enlarges capa- ment of hope in either the Evangelical bility. Patronage induces weakness or Ritualistic divisions. They murand diminishes force. The Episcopal mur, they protest, they threaten, they church will do more missionary work coalesce, they divide, they denounce, amongst those who are not provided they do everything except free themwith religion when she herself better selves from the bondage of governunderstands the first principles of ment. Mr. Ryle thinks it his chief the gospel of Christ. And as to our duty to preserve the alliance intact; own country we venture to think and Mr. McConochie, with all his zeal, the Free churches have done more for has proved that he is not quite incathe villages and hamlets during the pable of something that looks a little last hundred years than the State like truckling and deception. EnglishChurch, though all worldly advantages men, if you care for your country, for have been on the side of the govern- its social peace and progress, for its ment agent, and all the difficulties political advancement, work for the resulting from squiredom and its atten- Church's complete independence of the dant evils in the way of the unpre- State. Christians, if you value the tending Dissenters. Candour requires religion of the New Covenant, be not that this circumstance should partakers of a system which obscures longer be read as an argument in the glory of the Redeemer, militates favour of the union, for it will not bear against His triumphs, restrains holy a single moment's honest examination. enterprise, and blights and destroys

Is it not, then, high time for all who the harvests of loving labour. He is hold that the kingdom of Christ is

no friend

to the English Church spiritual in its nature to have done who counsels perpetual dumbness with the silent and observant system ? and inactivity

He is its foe. If Have we not had enough of Noncon- a false friend is in my house corformist reticence? Why are we to be rupting my children, the man who told to leave English Churchmen helps me eject him deserves my lifealone, and allow them to devour each long thanks. The State is such a false other? I do not believe a word of friend in the home of the Church, and this doctrine of silence. It is as weak it is the duty of all who love the truth as it is ungenerous. The commotion of Christ to aid in expelling the inwithin will be endured because it is truding government.

Not for ourendowed, and the plea for reform will selves. Indeed, we as Dissenters shall satisfy men who feel uneasy as to the probably lose by the act; but we shall justice of their position. There is a gain as men and as members of the wondrous fascination, even to honest kingdom of Christ. Our interest in men, in place, position, authority, and the welfare of the Anglican Church, property. The power of education is our desire for the prosperity of our strong. He is a brave man who, for fatherland, our faith in the spiritual the sake of truth, will “sacrifice the character of Christ's rule, and chiefly future of his family as well as his own. our love to Christ Himself, urge upon Nothing but a grand enthusiasm would us the duty of earnest and immediate constrain to such an act of self-sur- labour for the separation of Church render as a voluntary disendowment; and State.




JOHN MITCHELL, TODMORDEN. THE story of this friend's life is bound up its greatest depth, it was necessary to with the history of the General Baptist make an artificial pond in it whenever a church at Todmorden, and has on that baptism took place. On this occasion Mr. account more than usual interest. Born in Mitchell and another candidate went to 1812, at Stoneshey Gate, near Heptonstall make the pond at about three or four Slack, of poor but industrious parents, from o'clock in the morning; but when they the cradle to the grave “ toiling, rejoicing, returned for baptism it was frozen over. sorrowing, onward through life," he went, This did not deter them; they broke first as a hand-loom weaver, and afterwards through the ice at once, and “put on principally as a stone cutter or quarryman. Christ by baptism.” From his youth the Holy Spirit strove Mr. Mitchell now gave himself with with him, but as he grew up he joined great enthusiasm to the work of the church, ungodly companions, often neglected his and soon proved that he was well qualified maternal teaching, and quenched the for Christian service. The young commustrivings of the Spirit. In 1834 he mar- nity prospered greatly, and they decided ried Mary, the daughter of Mr. John to hire Sobriety Hall for worship. Im. Sutcliffe, of Popples-side. The change provement continued in the school, con. from hand-loom work to the use of steam gregation, and church, and in 1854 the and water power in weaving induced Mr. resolution was taken to build a new chapel. Mitchell in 1838 to remove to Beanhole- Chiefly by the self-sacrificing efforts of our head, near Todmorden. The nearest G. B. friend £250 were obtained from the York. church at Lineholme; but Cross shire Conference, and then the foundation Stone Church being only a few yards stone of Wellington Road chapel was laid away, his two children began to attend by Mr. Mitchell, and the building itself the school there, and the then incumbent opened in 1859. The numbers increased often tried to draw Mr. Mitchell to church, so greatly that in 1861 they resolved to but always without success. Having been obtain a regular pastor. This was done, brought up Baptists, the family could not but difficulties arose in 1865 which issued feel at home in the Established Church. in severing brother Mitchell's connection Mrs. Mitchell had frequented the expe- with the church. This was a very painful rience meeting previously to leaving Slack, event to him. For fifteen years he had but she ceased after their change of resi. devoted a great part of his leisure hours dence.

-and many of those required for “bread. About this time the country was dis- winning"—to the service of his Master. turbed with the Chartist agitation, and A considerable number of members there were very many adherents to this commenced another cause in Sobriety political faith in and about Todmorden. Hall, wbich subsequently became a branch Owing to the support given to this move- of the church at Heptonstall Slack. Mr. ment by Rev. Mr. Baker, the pastor of the

Mitchell worked with his usual eagerness adjacent Millwood Baptist church, a ma- and zeal for Christ in this new home, but jority of the members excluded him in was soon overtaken by affliction, and in 1814. He and his supporters took a room 1868 was quite laid aside. During his last in the Mechanics Institute, and conducted illness his thoughts often reverted to the services in it for some time. But the condition of the church, and he said to a interest in the work gradually declining, friend, “I hope to live to see you all back Mr. Baker left. The friends thus remain. at Wellington Road. I shall never be of ing were joined by some General Baptists any use there now, but you may be, and I from Shore, etc., and thus lingered on for should be satisfied if I could only live to some years without making much pro- see you there. I should then feel content gress. On Nov. 9, 1845, the sixteen per- to go.” Sustained through his affliction sons then united together were formed by the faith in Christ which had inspired into a G. B. church by Rev. H. Hollin. his work, he said the day before his death, rake. About 1847, brother Mitchell was “ I feel as if I was in Beulah land. I am invited to the Sabbath school, and from just waiting to cross the river;" and then, that time to his death took great interest on Feb. 12, 1869, calmly entered into rest. in its efficiency and success.

As a deacon, leader of experience meetHe was baptized on Christmas-day, ings, superintendent of and teacher in the 1850, by Mr. A. Wrigley, under circum- school, visitor of the sick, and a friend, he stances which are worthy of record. There will long be remembered by many with was no baptistery in the Hall, and there. real affection; and his manifold services fore the rite was usually administered in a to the General Baptist church at Tod. small rivulet called Shoebroad Clough, morden must have secured for him the which runs down the hill on the southerly “ Well done, good and faithful servant; side of Todmorden. As this rivulet is thou hast been faithful over a few things; very narrow, and only a few inches deep in enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.” A.

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Of the several measures before Parliament deserving the consideration of all citizens, there are two or three of such an important and special character as to demand the prompt examination and decided action of our churches.

I. National Education. The Bill of the Government is an honest and able attempt to deal with the necessities of the pation in the matter of education; but it has some serious defects. The chief fault is that it gives to Local Boards unre. stricted power to determine the religious character of the schools which are aided and supported by local rates. No Baptist will need to look at this provision twice to know what to do. We hold that the function of Government is exclusively secular, and that religious education must be entirely left to the voluntary zeal of religious people. The Bible is more to us

“ Hebrew Classic," and though we would not object to its being read in “National” schools, yet we hold it no honour to the word of God to reduce it to the level of “ Todhunter's Arithmetic" or “ Cornwell's English Grammar.” Strict justice requires that in a Bill for national education the religious convictions of every man in the nation shall be respected. Why should a citizen be forced to pay for teaching children on a Monday those religious dogmas he has freely condemned in their hearing on the previous Sunday ?

Let this part of the bill become law, and the fires of sectarian strife will be fed with inexhaustible fuel. Religious controversy will be more bitter than in the worst days of the church rate struggle. Every municipal election will be a keen party fight, and the rural districts, already sufficiently burdened with the unpleasant predomi. dance of the State Church, will have a wing of the Church Establishment in every village school. Each Baptist church that has not already done so should at once petition the Commons against this fresh phase of Government endowment of religion,

feel it their duty to secure a speedy repeal of acts that are false and unsound, constitutionally, economically, and morally. Mrs. Butler, the Secretary of the Liverpool Association for the repeal of these laws has kindly supplied for our readers the following information :

“ Far from being a legal proceeding, the acts are an outrage upon the first principles of English jurisprudence, and strike at the very heart of constitutional ideas. The Acts of 1866, 1869, are a fair example of the unfortunate manner in which we have proceeded within the last half century in regard to social evils. Through the perversion of moral senti. ment, or through indolence or heedless. ness, we allow them to grow up and gain strength among us, until they threaten the very foundations of society, or eat into the heart of our daily life and comfort. Then we are seized with a panic, we evoke the spirit of the law,' and call for imme. diate redress of the evil by an Act of Parlia. ment: a party of doctrinaires is allowed to take the lead, and the public health, morality-whatever it be-is to be dealt with by a sweeping piece of legislation, which, we idly trust, will cut the Gordian knot for us, without the necessity of our taxing our individual souls to discover each one his own responsibility and right line of action in the matter. But laws passed in this sudden and wholesale man. ner make matters worse and not better when, as in this case, their promoters fail to take account of the temper of a people whose character has been to some extent moulded by centuries of constitutional rights, legal and personal safeguards; and when, forgetting that vital Christianity still exists in the land, they outrage the national conscience by failing to establish their new law upon the moral law, whose origin is divine, and which is the only sure basis of human jurisprudence.

But not content with the application of the Act to garrison towns and naval depôts, the advocates of the system have memorialized the Government with the object of extending it over the entire kingdom; and meanwhile they have stealthily obtained an extension of its provisions to country districts in which the population is civilian and not military, and in one case to a populous city where there are peither troops nor men of war. Two-thirds of the county of Kent are now under the Act, and the wives and daugh. ters of the farniers in the rural districts are no more safe from police espionage and the risk of nameless outrage than are the lowest female hangers on of the Shorncliffe barracks or the Plymouth Docks.

II. Contagious Diseases Acts. It is not yet generally known that our legislature has already introduced the corrupt conti. nental system for the governmental regulation of the “social evil” into our garri. son towns. English homes owe a large debt of gratitude to those brave ladies who have made us aware of the nature of these pernicious laws. Not one in a thousand suspected their character, or dreamt that they so vitally concerned our liberties and morals as a people; but we are sure that as the churches of the land become acquainted with their nature, they will

Brief Notices of New Books.


The inequality and glaring injustice of this law-as applied to one sex only, and that the weaker-fills every just and generous man with anger. There is no proposal in it to interfere with the civil rights, or in any way to check the career, of the male profli. gate It reminds us of the self-satisfied blindness with which king David pronounced the unhesitating sentence against the rich villain who had stolen the poor man's one treasure. Is there among our great men none faithful enough to turn, like the prophet, with the worls, Thou art the man,' and to require (if we must have such laws) that they shall at least be equal, and shall not exclude one half of the guilty and the contaminating?

We trust that all who are of mature age and character, whose consciences have been exercised in the discernment of good and evil, will take up this subject with earnest thought, and with the courage which such a crisis of national life or death demands of every man and woman, patriot and Christian.

Each may aid, according to his or her ability, in making known throughout our land that England has not yet fallen to that level of morality which will secure the acquiescence of the majority in such iniquitous laws as this, laws whose utmost promise of good is a doubtful and almost inappreciable diminu. tion of bodily suffering, and whose postponement of moral to material considerations is an augury for the future of English society so dark and terrible, that one might well question whether any moral or spiritual revival in the future would

avail to arrest the national decline which we anticipate as the result of open State protection of hideous vice. Papers and information on the subject may be had by application to the secretaries of the various associations or committees of associations for the repeal of the acts. AddressesMr. Frederick Banks, 31, Mansfield Road, Nottingham; Mrs. J. Butler, 280, Southhill Park Road, Liverpool ; Mrs. F. Malleson, Camp Cottage, Wimbledon, London.”

Ministers and church officers should lose no time in obtaining information on this matter, and acting with the energy and promptitude it demands.

III. The Burial Bill. This measure, which provides for the burial of Dissenters in parochial churchyards according to the religious rites of the sect to which they belong, passed the second reading on the 23rd ult., by a majority of 111; but was referred to a Select Committee. Although the principle of the Bill is accepted by the Government, yet, in the interest of our churches in the rural districts, it will be requisite to watch the action of this Com. mittee with a vigilant eye.

IV. Religious Disabilities at Cambridge and Oxford Universities. A bill for the removal of these disabilities is promised by the Government; but unless it speedily appears it will be necessary to petition both Houses of Parliament; for every years delay is “ fruitful of injustice to an increasing number of students," as well as detrimental to the interests of education throughout the country. J. CLIFFORD.

Brief Notices of New Books.


fillan. London : E. Stock. This book gives, in a small compass, a not uninteresting account of the lives and characters of the chief supporters of protestantism in England and Scotland. Such a book, though not putting forth any new views or facts, may be useful to those who have not leisure to study in detail the his. tory of the progress of religious reform. But, unfortunately, Mr. G.'s work is dis. figured by faults, which, though they might be excusable in popular lectures, ought to have been corrected before the work was sent to press. The style is florid and bombastic. Ill chosen epithets, such

“ martyred, magnificent Robertson," abound, and allusions to Garibaldi, and other remarkable men of the present time, are dragged in without sufficient reason.

The author delights in word-painting, and word-painting becomes a snare to him. Thus, in the account of Milton's travels in Italy he cannot help describing not only the scenery which Milton did see, but that which he might have seen but did not. His comparisons also are some. times very unfortunate, as, for instance, when he applies to Cromwell's rapid march to the north a quotation from “ Marmion" describing the descent of the Scots from their hilly fortress to the fatal field of Flodden. As Cromwell came, not with a wild rush, but with sted fast determination, not from any quixotic desire to meet his enemy on equal terms, but with the reso. lution to destroy him, and finally not to be conquered but to conquer, the quotation is singularly inapplicable. At page twenty Mr. G. expresses an opinion which we


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