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Sea-Dredging, Science and Scripture.

141 sketch ? Can we be wrong in sup- to a throne, and gave him a name posing that the country boy who did among the greatest of mortal_men. become a king was like this in his Let us then think of the boy David youth, and that those who saw him as a bright example to our British most and knew him best felt most youth. They cannot expect to wear a kindly towards him? God, in due crown like him; but if they ask of time, did not send Samuel at random God, He will make them all that David to Jesse's house and select David to be was; He will show them one holier anointed the future king of Israel. even than David, “the holy child No! in his boyhood David had that gen- Jesus ;" He will fit them for their tleness, modesty, and courage, that duties as David was trained for his; love of all things beautiful and good, and he will prepare them for entering which rendered him fitted to be the that holy city where David and all governor of the tribes. Because he good men will meet at last and dwell ruled himself he was best able to rule for ever. others; because he cultivated when Dear young friends! Think on these young his wonderful talent for song things, and may David's prayer be and music, he became afterwards the your's—“Lead me, O God, in the way Holy Psalmist and the sweet singer in everlasting." Israel; and because he did his duty

DAWSON BURNS. humbly in lowly life, God raised him

SEA-DREDGING, SCIENCE AND SCRIPTURE. SOME six and thirty years ago, Edward experiment of dropping into the black Forbes, one of the most distinguished depths of fathomless seas under the naturalists of the present century, expectation of being able to pick up a directed the attention of the British living there; or that if it did, it Association for the Advancement of seemed clear to demonstration, that it Science, especially to the subject of must pay the penalty of its obstinacy dredging. And as the result of his and folly by being crushed to death own work in this way, and of opinions by the enormous pressure of water then commonly entertained as to the which it would have to sustain before kind of conditions absolutely necessary it had got half way down. for the maintenance of life, he enunci- But dredging did not stop with ated the doctrine that beneath a com- Edward Forbes. Torall, Dr. Wallich, paratively shallow depth in the ocean Lieutenant Brook, and more recently the existence of animals was impos- still, Dr. Carpenter and Professor sible. The course of reasoning that led Wyville Thompson have pursued it, to this conclusion seems to have been and that too, to an extent to which it something of this sort.- Ultimately all had never been carried before (not even animals depend upon vegetables for excepting Captain Ross's celebrated Antheir existence. But in order to the tartic dredgings), and with results that development of vegetable life: a cer- had been but little anticipated. On tain amount of light is necessary ; one memorable occasion lately the while this agent cannot penetrate many dredge went down 2090, and fathoms beneath the surface of the sea. another 2445 fathoms, before it rested. These data being all fixed and agreed For several hours it remained down upon it seemed quite certain that no and then was hauled up. The selfanimal

, however queer and different registering thermometer that had sunk from his fellows he might choose to be, with it showed the temperature of (and still less no whole tribes of those depths to be only four and a half animals, marvellously like those which degrees above freezing on Fahrenheit's were spending their happy lives amid scale. With breathless interest the the sunshine and ripples of the shal- one or two hundred weight of chalky lows,) could so far forget its own best ooze " that had been brought up was interests as to rebel against the teach- separated and examined, when, instead ings of science by trying the vain of being utterly void of life, molluscs,

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and star-fishes, crinoids, annelids, and secondary. In fact they appear to crustaceans, showed themselves in have proved that the tertiary deposits abundance, having a well-to-do, highly represent but comparatively small organized look that was quite astonish- changes which have occurred here and ing considering whence they had come, there in shallow water, and not in the and betraying no sign of thankfulness least affecting the slow but grand for having been rescued by science modifications of the earth's form which from the miseries of their former state. had been going on for ages, and are

These poor creatures, thus incon- going still, in the deep abysses of tinently dragged up from their quiet the mighty sea. What, therefore, a and sunless abode in the bosom of the few years ago was “secondary" must deep sea, set the philosophers right on now, in the light of these dredged-np more points than one. They not only creatures' history, be reckoned "tertidemonstrated that they could live ary;" and another proof is afforded of where science had said that life was im- the way in which extended discovery possible, but from the striking resem- modifies geological conclusions. This blance which many of them bore to shows strongly also the great necessity animal forms characteristic of what is that there is for caution in accepting known as the chalk formation, they as fixed every new doctrine of a silently suggested the enquiry whether science, which, more than any other, after all geologists were right in mark- seems the subject of change. Readers ing this “chalk” age off by a definite of the Bible will know how to apply line from other formations which, from these facts to the so called contradictheir being supposed to have occurred tions of science and scripture. Verily later, have been named “tertiary, he that believeth shall not make haste." —the chalk forming part of the

W. CARTER.

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The sorrows of the mind

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CHEERFUL WORKING FOR GOD. FRESH from the perusal of the paper the young chimney-sweep, who from

Serve God and be Cheerful,” in his sooty niche was heard singingthe March number of the Magazine, I went to bed; and awaking in the dead

Be banished from the place; of the night (as is my wont, and I

Religion never was designed

To make our pleasures less." suppose that of other elderly people), I found my thoughts occupied with

This was very near to “glorifying the charming truth that essay com

God in the Fires." And though this mended.

boy may have sung, like that other

who I was reminded of one I had just been reading of, whose Christian cheer- “Whistled as he went for want of thought;" fulness made him delight in similar yet there can be no doubt of the “solid nocturnal sleeplessness, because it joy and sacred mirth" of those two gave him most favourable opportu- blessed brothers, who, after enduring a nities of intercourse with that "happy Roman flogging, were thrust into the God who giveth songs in the night;" dungeon, and their feet made fast in and thus his soul was, like David's, the stocks, without any human hope of satisfied as with marrow and fatness, justice or relief, yet sang praises to the while he remembered God on his bed, all sufficient and sympathizing God of and meditated on Him in the night all consolation. One of these, at least, watches.

was pervaded with such an unconquerIt reminded me of a brother, who, at able cheerfulness, that however our prayer meeting last Monday, began rowful he was always rejoicing," “ took his prayer by saying—“Oh Lord, thou pleasure in infirmities," and "gloried hast said, if any one is happy he should in tribulations.' He was a true moral sing psalms; and if unhappy, he should Eddystone,-“Pax in Bello,"-casting pray. Oh Lord, we feel we must do its cheerful, inextinguishable, and beboth; for we are both happy and un- neficent light all around, to encourage, happy."

guide, and save those who were enIt reminded me of the old story of veloped in the darkness of nature, and

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Cheerful Working for God.

143 in peril of sinking in the billows of Christian object. He looks dull, almost despair.

cross ; you persuade him till he is half I turned round and tried to sleep on willing. Now look at his countenance. the other side, but my thoughts turned The cross look is gone, his dullness is round too. I thought what a pity it changed into interest; he resolves to would be if any one, perhaps from make a sacrifice, and he becomes sheer admiration of this Christian radiant. He has made a good bargain. cheerfulness should mistake some false By a little bountifulness he has bought light for the true one, mere natural a great deal of cheerfulness. [I hope hilarity for spiritual gladness. He this experiment will be tried extenmight be wrecked. · I fear many are. sively in the matter of our Centenary They are satisfied if, like a famous Fund.] modern character, they can make them- But how are we to possess ourselves selves "jolly under the circumstances, of Christian cheerfulness ? So they rattle and prattle away in com- use to assume the appearance of it. pany, make themselves agreeable and We must go to them that sell this oil others merry, tell funny stories, crack of gladness. It cannot be extracted sparkling jokes, waste the evening, are from any substance native of this fallen called pleasant fellows, and fancy they

world. How can a passenger enjoy are cultivating Christian cheerfulness. his journey if he does not know his Such persons the Germans call wind- destination ? We are all travelling at bags. Their frivolity is very different express speed through time. The from cheerfulness. It is, indeed, sub- question is, What will be our terminus versive of it. Cheerfulness is an im- in eternity ? This much we know portation from heaven, and a generous that we are going to the place we are impartation of it to others, without fit for. Our fitness is produced by the money and without price-it is "sing- end we expect. “Every one that has ing as we work FOR GOD." This is the

true hope in Christ purifies himself genuine article. This bears the stamp; even as Christ is pure." And how can and it cannot be counterfeited. “Work- we hope or even desire to be with Him, ing for God." May all our readers, in unless we are sure of His forgiveness ? all they say and do, design and enjoy, And where is that assurance to be look well at the stamp"For God.' obtained but in His atonement ? All with this mark are genuine. Talk, There are many of whose deep sinsilence, reading, writing, eating, drink- cerity no doubt can be entertained, ing, sleeping, -all is dignified, beauti- but their religion does not make them fied, illuininated, that is attended to cheerful. They feel the importance of " for God." Even the darkness is an all-pervading piety. They pray to made light; "and sorrow before Him God always; they diligently use every is turned into joy."

means of grace; they discharge every A very large part of working for known duty; they avoid every known God is to be done by the tongue. sin; they struggle against their evil This is the characteristic work of heart; but they are not cheerful. They angels. Wha else they do, they are working not from life, but for life. bear messages, and so they are called They are conscientiously and watchangels, i.e., messengers. Every one, fully doing their best; but it is all for therefore, that has a tongue-man, themselves, not for God. They want woman, or child-may do the like. to secure themselves for time and for “Life and death are in the power of eternity. They are like my poor elder the tongue.” Every one may speak brother in Luke xv. He has served words that may edify, that may save. his father many years, never trangEvery one may say to his neighbour gressed one cominandment, never negand to his brother, “Know the Lord." lected one duty, and yet with all his Use this admirable faculty for God, and doing dever got so much as one poor you will "sing at your work."

kid. Never made merry-was never Another work which may be done cheerful. Poor brother! I pity him; for God is giving. This ensures cheer- but I see the reason. He did his work fulness. “God loveth a cheerful giver,” not for his father, but for himself; to because He is such Himself. You are make merry with his friends, not with asking some one to contribute to a his father. Thos. W. MATHEWS.

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144

THE GIST OF BAPTISM.

taste the ancients, as we know, constructed their's near the entrance of the churches. An open baptistery, with decent space around, not obtrusively prominent, yet conveniently accessible, in which the ordinance may at all times be observed without the excitement caused by derangement of ordinary procedure, is a desideratum which our architects, within my limited observa. tion, have not yet supplied. But they have been fettered by our traditions.

A. B. M.

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nance.

IN Mr. J. W. Chapman's paper on the Ideal Chapel (p. 78), there is an incidental reference to baptism, which I take leave to say fairly expresses a popular and practically serious misapprehension which prevails among us in reference to that ordi.

The remark is this, " The gist of the rite, as a rite, lies in its publicity." Now unless I am wholly wrong, the gist of the rite does not consist in its publicity, but in its spiritual significance; a distinc. tion with a material difference, for the question now presents itself, not how best to secure publicity, but under what con. ditions is the meaning and significance of the ordinance best conserved and set forth?

I venture to assert that the kind of publicity which we make so great an object in the observance of the ordinance tends largely to dissipato all that is most true and sacred in our conceptions of it, and has been one great reason of our failure to commend the adoption of believers' baptism to the churches. Its spiritual bear. ings have been lost in its semi-worldly ecclesiastical aspects. Its deep religiousness has disappeared in a parade of outward conformity. A calm confidence in the truth respecting it has too much given way to an anxiety and a determination to flaunt its observance in men's faces, re. gardless of the fact, that while we cannot thereby compel unwilling attention to that which is spiritual, we do effectually gain a notoriety for that which is external and ritual --à notoriety which finds expression in polite Christian society by polished sarcasm, and among the less instructed in bitter gibes and ribald allusions.

Who of us does not know that the feel. ing with which our practice is regarded outside our own circles among cultured and sensitive minds, is largely one of aversion, akin to horror ? How can it be otherwise? What is baptism apart from its spiritual significance ? “ The letter killeth.” Divorce the rite from its mean. ing, narrow or pervert its teachings, and you necessarily excite disgust and provoke ridicule. I do firmly believe that un. spiritual misconceptions of the ordinance, as manifest in our practice, are a serious stumbling block to souls.

On the question of the baptistery, I would enter my protest against its common location. There is an objectionable "staginess" about it. With far better

Whilst I demur to the polemical part of the above statement, I am at present only concerned with its history and archi. tecture.

During the first two and a half cen. turies baptism was administered at natural fountains. The oldest constructed baptisteries are those of S. Pontianus (ob. 235 A.D.), S. Giovanni in Fonte (circ. 323 A.D.), and Sta. Constantia, all at Rome. The two last are large detatched buildings ascribed to Constantine, and are types of baptisteries until the middle of the sixth century, when a baptistery was introduced within the principal church of each city. Not until the ninth century did they become common to churches generally. The baptisteries of the “ ancients," referred to by A. B. M., were large fonts used for the immersion of infants; the “ ancients' were the medieval clergy. The position of the font at the entrance of the church is invested by some with a significance dissenters will scarcely allow.

A. B. M. wishes, amongst other things, that the baptistery shall be (1.) in view of the spectators without their being disturbed, and (2.) that it shall be near the entrance. To fulfil the first condition the baptistery must be at one of the sides, or at the same end as the preacher. In the latter case the principal entrance must also be at that end and in full view of the con. gregation. This would be fatal. Put the baptistery at the side, and some portion of the congregation will be disturbed, especially if there are side galleries. To fuīfil the first condition the baptistery must be raised, seeing that it is necessary to go down into it, whilst, in a crowd, people at the back cannot see what is done in front on the same plane as that on which they are themselves standing.

J. WALLIS CHAPMAN.

OUR CENTENARY-SPECIAL. THE Centenary of the formation of the sugar, hams, tongues, cheeses, &c., will be New Connexion of General Baptists is very acceptable. rapidly approaching, and there are several Each church or district providing a subjects that require immediate and ear. stall must also appoint ladies for stall. nest attention.

keepers, and the Secretaries of the various

Committees will please to communicate I. THE CENTENARY PRAYER MEETING.- with Mrs. Pike, and intimate the number Our brother, Mr. T. Goadby, forwards the of stall keepers they intend sending." following statement:-" The 7th of June next is the Hundreth Birthday of our Con.

2.-Mr. J. G. Winks, Leicester, also nexion. It has been suggested that that

writes :-“ It has occurred to me that day should be set apart for special thanks.

considerable interest may be given to giving and prayer. Perhaps it would be

the Bazaar at the coming Centenary better that Monday, the 6th, and not Tues

Association, if those friends who possess day, the 7th, should be observed for the

portraits of the founders and other purpose. Monday is the time when ordi. deceased ministers of the denomination narily our prayer meetings are held, and

would loan them for the purpose of Monday, 6th June pext, closes the First forming a gallery of General Baptist worCentury of the Connexion. Moreover

thies. No matter if large oil paintings, or Tuesday would be inconvenient for the

only small prints, all will be equally accepmidland churches, because it is the day of

table; and I am sure that our Leicester holding the Midland Conference. If, on

friends will see that every care is taken of the previous Sunday, attention was called

them, and that they are promptly returned. to the occasion, and some reference made

I shall be glad to correspond with any to the past history of the churches, and if

friends who can assist in this matter." also collections were made for the Cen. tenary Fund, additional interest would be

III. THE CENTENARY ASSOCIATION. felt in the Centenary Prayer Meeting on 1. Applications for accommodation must the following evening, and additional sig. be made by ministers and representatives, nificance would be given to it. There is to No. 52, Friar Lane, Leicester, not later assuredly reason for us to praise God for

than June the 7th, as the Committee do His long-continued mercies; and there is not undertake to provide beds for friends need to bow ourselves low in the dust, and

applying after that date. Secretaries to the earnestly to seek that the New Century

Committee, J. Jarrom, W. Ashby. may be to us all as it dawns a new era-an era of nobler life, of higher hope, and of

2. Committee for the Reception of Minislarger blessing and grace.” Although the

ters into the Denomination. According to

rule evening named is that usually devoted to

“ The Committee for examining the Foreign Missions in our churches, yet we

credentials of ministers coming into the cannot possibly adopt a better course than

Connexion” will sit during, or prior to the to follow this counsel; and, where neces.

meetings of the Association. The Rev. sary and wise, the prayer meeting may be

Thos. Stevenson, Leicester, is the Convener, prolonged so as to admit of adequate con.

and must receive all documents pertaining sideration of the claims both of the

to the reception of ministers into the Conchurches at home and the heathen abroad.

nexion, and the registration of their names in our Year Book not later than June the

14th. At the Association in 1865 it was II. THE CENTENARY BAZAAR.

resolved, “ that it be an instruction to the 1. Mrs. Pike, Seymour Cottage, Leices

Committee to recommend the reception of ter, writes, on behalf of the Committee:

all recognized and accredited ministers of “ The bazaar will be held during the

the other section of the Baptist body, with week of the Association, at the Temper

the students from the Baptist Colleges,

without the usual examination." ance Hall, Leicester, commencing on Tuesday, June 21st.

3. The Statistics.-An unusual degree It is specially requested that all goods of importance attaches to the Statistics of for the Bazaar be sent the week preceding the churches in this year, 1870, and it is the Association, to the care of Mr. Roberts, our desire that they should be without Temperance Hall, Leicester. Friends con- fault. Owing to the degree of accuracy tributing articles will greatly assist the already attained, and the new methods Committee by putting a ticket, with the that will be adopted in the “Schedules" price at which it should be sold, upon each to prevent mistakes, it will not be difficult article.

for the Secretaries of Churches to mainAs there will be a PROVISION STALL, at tain the good character our "returns" the Bazaar, contributions of tea, coffee, gained last year. In the Minutes for 1869

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