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reading it. I saw bim reading it the day before he was drowned, and I am going to keep the book in remembrance of him."

It would be easy to pursue our task, but we have revealed enough, perhaps, of the ignorance, misery, crime, and wickedness, which exist inside the houses of the metropolis, and we do

ask our readers to pray for this great city, that He who wept over Jerusalem may speedily send forth His light and truth, and reign in our midst. Then shall wondrous changes come, and the people be the saved of the Lord.

SUMMER CLOUDS. *

FOR THE YOUNG.

“ Ive been thinking, mamma, all day of her mirthful heart was sobered, and her what you said last night, and I can't un- gleeful spirit bound with the fetters of derstand how trouble and care can make grief. She was already standing on the us better. It seems to me that I should threshold of the school of sorrow, and love God more if He would let me be about to be summoned to undergo the dis. always happy, than if I knew and felt that cipline of life by the severe and inexorable He had sent some great sorrow upon me.” mentor of experience. The increasing

“ Who knows best what is for our good, weakness of Mrs. Grey gave more definiteJessie ?"

ness to her fears and keenness to her grief, “God does, of course, mamma."

and at length she had to bow to the pain. " And if we believe that He knows what ful stroke, which so many have to endure we need, and that He is too merciful and in their youth-the loss of a pure and loving to afflict us without cause, can we affectionate mother. Jessie's heart aches not take whatever He sends as a proof of and bleeds. She cannot interpret life, or His love?-can we not trust that each

comprehend its dark enigma. The burden trial but shows His watchfulness and care is too heavy to be borne. God's love is over us?"

clouded from her eyes, and joyousness and “But I cannot see, mamma, why He childhood flee away. But her mother's should make us suffer if He loves us so; comfortable words still echo in her ears, I am sure we do not like to give pain to and she begins to spell out their meaning people we care for."

and to understand the favourite text, often “When you were a little girl, Jessie, you repeated with trembling voice by the dying were sometimes punished for faults that saint, “ He will swallow up death in victory, were at the time very trifling, but which if and the Lord God will wipe away tears allowed then would have grown to be very from off all faces, and the rebuke of His serious ones. You suffered pain at the people shall He take away from off all the time, and perhaps thought your papa and earth : for the mouth of the Lord hath I very cruel; but do you love us less now, spoken it." Her passionate grief was or believe that we would have punished soothed. The inspired strain came again you needlessly ?"

and again to her fevered spirit like a breeze “O no, mamma, because I can under. laden with balmy fragrance, and gave her stand that it was for my good, and that it strength. The home that had lost a was necessary.”

mother seemed now more full of God, and “And just so, my daughter, trials that the love that once she did not understand seem too great to be borne turn out to be was now felt chastening her spirit in paour greatest blessings, and we shall sooner tience, and meekness, and grace. Jessie or later recognize our Father's hand, and Grey henceforth sees the beauty of the be strengthened in believing that He doeth words all things well.”

“I know thy burden, child; I shaped it; Thus the old, old mystery of early sor

For even as I laid it on, I said,

I shall be near, and while she leans on me row loomed like a dark cloud over the

This burden shall be mine, not her's: summer brightness of Jessie Grey's life, So shall I keep my child within the circling arms and quickened feelings of apprehension Of my own love.' and alarm, which the sweet and placid Is there any variety greater than that of scenery of Brockville was not able to the summer clouds ? Each appears like soothe. She felt as “if something was its fellow to many, yet the artists eye begoing to happen," as she would say, and holds an infinite diversity of form and * Jessie Grey; or the Discipline of Life. Katie Johnstone's Cross.

Edinburgh : William Oliphant & Co.

The Blessed Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.

275

colour in the numerous airy tenants of the sky. Some cling like a garment to the far extending valleys; a heavy, level, white mist, waiting only to be driven away by the heat of the sun; others soar aloft and form colossal pyramids not fearing in the least its fiery force. So the sorrows of youth differ. Jessie Grey and Katie Johnstone are disciples in the same school of affiction, and learn similar lessons from the same teacher, but from different books. There is a cross for both, but the wood is not from the same tree in each case. Katie Johnstone is a lovely and industrious Cana. dian girl, of about fourteen years of age, dwelling in the little village of Lynford, painting, as girls' will, the vision of the way of life in colours soft and bright and free, and withal energetically labouring to get the first prize at Miss Fleming's

Academy for Young Ladies.” She passes her examination, and hastens home in a somewhat pensive mood to her mother, when suddenly turning the corner of the principal street, the sleigh of the Win. stanley's, driven at a rapid rate, is upon her. She is taken up very much hurt, and the doctor fears that her spine is seriously injured. This is, indeed, a great sorrow to Katie, and it takes her a long time to learn that “God never does, nor suffers to be done, but that which thou wouldst wish if thou couldst see the end of all events as well as He." But bye and bye, after many a hot tear has chased her pale cheeks, and many cheering words have been spoken to her by old Mrs. Duncan, a devout Scotch woman of the finest type, and by Helen Grey, the lovely and accomplished daughter of the Presbyterian minister of Lynford, she finds out the true secret of comfort in her

affliction, stays herself upon her God, en. joys His perfeot peace, and in the new vigour of her quickened sympathies becomes a ministering angel, conveying the choice messages of heaven's love and mercy to needy and suffering hearts. Her patient, heroic, and trustful love is revealed in the most winsome forms, and from her sick room issue streams of help and comfort to the neediest and lowest in the village. Several lives are made holier and more useful through her earnest spirit and wise words. In the midst of many alleviations of her grief provided by Him who “stayeth the rough wind in the day of the east wind,” she serves her generation, calmly and sweetly bearing her long trial, and then falls on sleep and is at rest with her God.

My dear young friends, when you are called to suffer, let not your hearts be troubled, believe in God, believe also in Jesus, the man of sorrows and the comforter of those that mourn. The most precious blessings may flow from affliction if it be met and borne in a spirit of faith and Christian cheerfulness, and the saddest lot may be brightened with the favours of God's gracious providence, and an active and loving endeavour to minister to the needs of others. These two stories of Jessie Grey, and Katie Johnstone's Cross, will aid you in this endeavour. They are two of the healthiest and most attractive tales for the yoing that we have seen. They will brighten any day, interest every heart, and purify as well as please. Both are good, but the second is a work of signal merit, and will be read through with un. flagging interest and high delight.

J. CLIFFORD.

THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE LORD'S SUPPER.

ROMANISM and Protestantism are more keenly at war on the subject of the Lord's Supper than on any other of the numerous points that divide them. The dogma of an Infallible Pope, recently added, among divided counsels, to the creed of the Roman Catholics, and which seems likely to provoke serious dissensions in their midst, is but the logical crown of the edifice, which maintains the head of the Roman Church to be the dispenser of the grace by which the priest in the mass performs a greater miracle than any recorded in the annals of the life of our Lord. The stronghold of Romanism is the doctrine of the real and actual presence of Christ in the elements consecrated by the authorized priest of the church. The total denial of that doctrine . was the rallying-word of our reforming ancestors in the days of Queen Mary.

They would face the most excruciating tortures, and even death itself, rather than admit that Christ was really and organi. cally present in the consecrated bread. Thomas Tomkins was burned in Smith. field, March 6, 1555, as an obstinate heretic, persisting to the last that he had believed, and did then believe, that in the sacrament of the altar, under the forms of bread and wine, there is not the very body and blood of our Saviour Jesus Christ in substance, but only a token and remembrance thereof; the very body and blood of Christ being only in heaven, and nowhere else." John Rodgers and Thomas Cranmer triumphed in the midst of the flames bearing a distinct and emphatic testimony to the same truth. Numbers, indeed, in those evil days sealed the doctrine with their blood.

And yet, in the face of such facts, the

Established Church of these realms is be. is sure to rest on indifference and precoming more and more Romish on this sumption. Nothing should be left to critical question every day. Recently a chance. Leaders and led should alike high authority, Sir R. Phillimore, has jus. understand their work, or we shall be tified the notorious Mr. Bennett, of Frome, surprised by a repulse at the moment we in teaching

“the real and actual presence are singing the song of triumph. of Christ in the elements under the form In view of these facts we heartily wel. of bread and wine," and so given another come the thoroughly Protestant and nonillustration of the fact that it is extremely priestly exposition of the Lord's supper difficult to say what doctrine there is that given in the effective and timely volume should not be believed, or act that should mentioned at the foot of this page.* Every not be done, which may not be believed and passage in the New Testament alluding done within the confines of the Anglican to or directly stating anything concerning “ bulwark of Protestantism.' Verily the this feast of love is patiently and skilfully

pure worship of our church is im. treated. The order adopted is as follows. pregnated with Romish superstition;" and (1.) Mr. Biddle investigates the words though the judgment of the Court of anticipatory of the ordinance contained in Arches is not final, yet surely it is time the sixth chapter of John's gospel, and by somebody came to the rescue. Protestan. an ingenious exegesis derives a strong tism is betrayed by its professed friends witness for his main position. (2.) The and paid servants. The citadel is mined threefold record of the institution of the by traitors. The Romish view of the ordinance is examined in all its bearings. sacraments of the Lord's supper is strenu- The reasoning on the words, “this is my ously disseminated by the priests of the body,” is very acute, and the refutation of English Church, and Dr. Manning him- the supposition of a miracle,” crushing. self is not rendering more effective aid (3.) The incidental references to the pracin the spread of popery than the State-en- tice of the apostles and immediate disdowed clergy who are silently preparing ciples of our Lord form supplementary communicants for the Church of Rome. evidence that ritualistic views of the sacra

Without question the chief remedy for ment did not obtain in the primitive this evil is the disestablishment and dis- church; and (4.) Paul's commentary upon endowment of the English Church, yet we the supper in his first letter to the Corin. also require the valuable aid afforded by thians is conclusive, on the one hand that such books as Mr. Biddle's, and such he knew nothing of the “real presence," essays as Mr. Dale's in Ecclesia. The and on the other that the Corinthians did coming conflicts between Protestants and not, or surely its solemn and awful force Romanists will gather chiefly along this would have been brought into service in line of the real presence; and the best the serious rebuke administered by the drilled and disciplined army will carry off apostle to them for their errors in the the prizes of victory. The blight of defeat observance of that rite.

J. CLIFFORD.

THE FRANCO-GERMAN WAR AND IMPERIALISM. WITHIN the short space of a month the of hosts surely has said, “ For three face of European affairs has completely transgressions" of France “and for four I changed. The first to fight is the earliest will not turn away the punishment to endure defeat. France is deeply hu- thereof;" and therefore He ceases to miliated from her centre to her circum- interpose His mercy and long suffering ference. Her brilliant armaments are between the sinner and the punishment, driven back at every point, and those who and the latter, unobstructed, sweeps on thought ere this to exult as victors in the with its overwhelming might like a resiststreets of Berlin are now seriously per- less avalanche. plexed about the defences of their own Whatever may be the future vicissitudes beautiful capital. The knell of Napoleon of this most mournful and cruel of wars; booms along the boulevards of Paris, and whether the French arms repair their reverberates among the hill-tops of the disasters and eclipse the glory of the Vosges and the fertile fields of Chalons. German victories at Woerth and Forbach The dynasty founded on deception, bap- by yet greater triumphs, or whether they tized in blood, and sustained by a succes- do not; this at least is certain, that the sion of astute hypocrisies, goes to its own sentence, long delayed, is now executed place. The last erate throw of the against French Imperialism. Whatever conspirator against the peace of Europe “may be re-established,” surely that canhas proved to be a huge mistake, and filled not regain its former footing. The radical up the measure of his iniquity. The Lord and inherent vices of a despotic monarchy

* The Blessed Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. By D. Biddle. London: Williams & Norgate.

Rev. Thomas Mee, Retford.

277

have been brought to the front once more, and their condemnation written this time, alas ! in the blood of more than 50,000 Frenchmen, the unbearable shame of four disastrous defeats, the utter prostration of all directive energy, and the return of chaos to the very centre and source of French order. A condemnation more complete is scarcely necessary.

France has kept her idolized Napoleon for twenty years and lost herself. Imperialism has produced imbecility. Despotism has given birth to dwarfs. The absolute denial of any controlling share in the government to any and all save one man has, as it always will and must, though that one man may be most clever, sagacious, and bold, wrought incalculable mischief to the nation. Men are the strength of a king. dom. Imperialism eats up maphood as the grave the dead. It studies the chemistry of bursting bombs, not the ex. panding life of men; invents horrible engines of slaughter, and lets citizens rot in sensualistic pleasures; manufactures guns, and trusts to them rather than to good subjects. Against its door, therefore, is to be laid the serious crime of deteriorating masses of men; and if he who degrades the life of a little child ought to have a millstone put about his neck and

be cast into the depths of the sea, on what scale should punishment be measured for enervating the morals and sapping the manhood of a whole people? A French writer of high position declares, “ Nobody in France has studied or thought for the last twenty years." And M. E. About asks, “ Have twenty years of despotism degraded all France en bloc ? Has the government of the last Buonaparte suc. ceeded beyond its wishes, and crushed the spirit of resistance in the heart of its citizens? Has he driven out all civic virtue?” The events of the last few weeks force on us an affirmative answer to these questions, though we are ready to believe that when France has passed through the baptism of fire and suffering she may, casting off the imperialism that has fettered her movements and hindered her growth, occupy a more conspicuous place, and exert a more salutary influence than she has ever done before.

May the lesson, urged with such terrible arguments, and by seas of suffering and woe, not be lost upon the nations of the earth. Imperialism is the foe of man and of God, and it must perish sooner later, crushed by the weight of divine and eternal justice.

J. CLIFFORD.

or

REV. THOMAS MEE, RETFORD. THE Rev. Thomas Mee was born at in the welfare of the young. When he Smalley, in Derbyshire, in 1816. He was left the place he received a valuable testi. blessed with pious parents, whose religious monial as an expression of the kind affecinstructions and example were made a tions and good wishes of the people. In blessing to him. In early life he gave his the address accompanying the testimonial heart to God, and was baptized at the age were the following words :—“We have, of twelve and a half years. He became a throughout your sojourn amongst us, Sunday school teacher, and endeavoured beheld with satisfaction and delight your with advancing life to make himself useful sincere attachment to the principles of the in other ways. At the age of twenty-seven religion of Jesus Christ. In defence of he delivered his first sermon at Tag-hill, the mysteries and sublimities of our holy near Langley Mill. It was, I believe, faith you have used no other weapon than through the influence and advice of the the 'Sword of the spirit, which is the now venerable Rev. H. Hunter, of Not- word of God,' and in your intercourse with tingham, that Mr. Mee was led to give the people of your late charge you have himself entirely to the work of the min. always been free and courteous, and we istry. He became pastor of the church beg to offer you our grateful acknowledg. at Whittlesea in 1855 ; but Whittlesea not ments for your past services, assuring you suiting the health of Mrs. Mee, he was that our esteem for you as a Christian induced to accept the pastorate of the minister remains unabated." church at Isleham, in Cambridgeshire. In 1867, Mr. Mee accepted the call of He removed thither in July, 1857. Ten of the church at Retford. Here his labours, the best years of his life were devoted to though of short duration, have been the work of God in this village. His owned and blessed of God. Some now in ministrations were acceptable to the people. fellowship with the church will have to He was made the instrument in the con. thank God in time and through eternity version of many souls. During the ten that they have been privileged to hear the years of his residence there, more than gospel from his lips. On the 17th and one hundred were baptized and added to 18th of July of this year, the jubilee of the the church. He took an especial interest Sabbath school at Retford was celebrated. The mayor of Retford presided at the of the most tender affection, scarcely meeting held in the corn exchange, and leaving him from the time of his being Mr. Mee read the report of the school for taken ill until he ceased to breathe. This the last fifty years. A more than usual strain on her energies was too much for manifestation of Christian unity and joy her delicate frame, and as a consequence, was observed. A bright future seemed to she became for a time completely prostrate be dawning. The subject of a new chapel from exhaustion. was uppermost in the minds of many. Mr. Mee has left a weeping widow and The kind expressions of feeling and sym- nine sorrowing children to lament their pathy with this project evinced by the irreparable loss. Five of these are demayor, and other influential friends in

pendent on their mother. They are Retford, greatly cheered the pastor. During deserving objects of Christian sympathy the week his mind was exercised with and practical help. And while we would plans for the future building. His spirits bespeak on their behalf the assistance of were higher than asual. On the following sympathizing friends, we would ask them Lord's-day he preached three times, twice to turn their sorrowful souls towards that at Retford and once at Gamston. In the loving and compassionate Saviour, who morning his subject was, Caleb following said to His sorrowing disciples, “I will the Lord wholly; and in the evening his not leave you comfortless, I will come to text was, “I gave her space to repent.” you.” God has promised to be a father to After service he spent a short time in the the fatherless and a husband to the widow. house of some friends, one of whom was May the younger members of the family called to the faith of Christ and fellow- give their hearts to God, that the happi. ship of His church by his ministry. He ness of their father in heaven may be retired to rest in his usual health, but increased by seeing them choose the after being in bed about an hour, he better part and walk in wisdom's ways. awoke in a struggle, roused Mrs. Mee, and On the Sunday following the funeral, a said the word,“ stroke,” after the utterance sermon, bearing on the melancholy event, of which he sank back in the bed and was preached in the chapel at Retford, to spoke no more. Consciousness departed. an overflowing congregation, by the Rev. His breathing continued till the following Giles Hester, of Sheffield, from 2 Thess. Thursday, when he passed into another i. 10.-" When He shall come to be glori. world. His eldest daughter, who for fied in His saints, and to be admired in all thirteen years has been an invalid, suffer- them that believe, because our testimony ing from a spinal complaint, watched her

among you was believed, in that day.” sinking father with the anxious solicitude

G. H.

Brief Notices of New Books.

THE

THE FOURTH NICENE CANON AND

ELECTION AND CONSECRATION OF BISHOPS.
By J. B. McClellan, M.A. London and

Cambridge: Macmillan & Co.
THE consecration of Dr. Temple to the
bishopric of Exeter, it will be remembered,
produced no small stir in the ecclesiastical
world. Eight bishops of the province of
Canterbury protested against his consecra-
tion, and a very determined resistance, up
to a certain point, was made by the subor-
dinate clergy. The vicar of Bottisham
wrote at that time a letter to the lord
bishop of Ely with a view to show that the
consecration of Dr. Temple, though valid
by the statute law, which the presiding
bishop rightly held to override all law of
the church universal, was nevertheless
perfectly null and void according to the
ancient law of the one church. This
affirmation as to the ancient law was based
upon an interpretation of the canons of
the Councils of Nice, Antioch, and Arles.

But the bishop presiding at the consecration, and Dr. Harold Browne, both relied on those identical documents as a justification of their share in promoting Dr. Tem. ple to the see of Exeter. Hence Mr. McClellan, in the pamphlet before us, subjected the fourth Nicene canon, which is the leading statute on the subject, to a most thorough, learned, and exhaustive examination, critically investigating the meaning the important words of that canon bore in the age of the ancient oecumenical councils, and illustrating and confirming the same from original and more or less contemporary documents. No item of evidence is passed over, and to each one its due. weight is assigned. It is proved that “ă bishop, if possible, ought to be created by all the comprovincials, but if this be difficult, three should gather together, and the absent ones should con. sent in writing." So speak the canons of the ancient church. In the case of the

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