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baths ? It may be said that he was not lost a shilling and a night, and not at a prophet. Just so. He was not a all disposed to renew our acquaintance prophet. We were told that we had with such miserable representations of been listening to a Chinese philosopher the multitudes who people the great who had studied “ these matters' for spheres beyond the grave, awaiting the one hundred and thirty years! Some glorious coming of the Divine King. of us wanted to know how it was that We inust not leave the subject withthe philosopher had such a knowledge

out stating that " spiritualism" is of books published since he died ? how spreading in London, and has its cenit was that he spoke in “ Cockney Eng- tres of propagandism, its mediums, lish ?” and how it was that there were lecturers, magazines, and, we might no traces of Chinese modes of thought alınost add "church." It supplants the in what he said ? but we could not ob- Bible. The medium is declared to tain any satisfaction.

speak what the unseen spirits wish to To our surprise, however, the stroll- reveal, and Moses, David, and Paul, ing player began to speak once more are not regarded as authorities when through the medium, and indulged in revelations contrary to Scripture are some impertinent remarks on the men- made, or asserted to be made. Nevertal incapacity of the objectors, and, as theless it is written : Beloved, believe it had got late, and was time for both not every spirit, but try the spirits whether spirits and mortals to go home, we they are of God: because many false took our departure, feeling that we had prophets are gone out into the world."

THE DOWNFALL OF THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON.*

BY REV. J. H. LUMMIS.

“And there fell a great star from Heaven."-Rev. viii. 10. Aneminent Nonconformist minister preach- There are some, indeed, who profess to ing the other day upon the war is reported have an insight into passing events which to have said, “I find almost as much food we, at least, do not presume to enjoy. The for thought and reflection in the daily Book of the Revelation is their key to newspaper as in the books of the Kings or every perplexing and mysterious eventChronicles. In the historical books of the it contains for them the solution of every Old Testament I see the course and con. mystic page in the history of the world. duct of God's Providence in the past; in We confess it is not so with us. No! For, the daily newspaper I see the working of although our text is selected from that the same Providence in the present.” A book, we cannot say that it has any distinct statement to which I fally consent when reference to this event—that Napoleon is we add this limitation,—that in the Old this great star which falls from heavenTestament history the veil of mystery that Napoleon is the “ Wormwood" of this overhanging all God's providential proce- chapter and of this book. We have not dure is, at least partially, uplifted even by inquired what commentators say about it, the Divine hand; whereas in the daily for we are heartily weary of men who are newspaper no divine hand is present, for ever pouring out the vials and unseal. either wholly or in part, to uplift the veil, ing the seals ! Enough for us that you while occasional attempts of this kind, will admit that Napoleon was a star-& made by human hands, are often ill-advised, great star-shining in heaven; that is, the presumptuous, and profane.

firmament of eminence, power, and glory. Especially do we feel the weight of this Then, during the last few days, he has consideration in relation to the present fallen–the world has seen him fall; and subject. For firmly as we believe that everywhere, in the Christian world most of the Lord reigneth," that He is in all and all, the question arises, “What meaneth it? above all and over all, and that in the most What shall we say?" troubled and mysterious events of the What are the facts with which we have world He is working out His wise and to deal ? Simply these. That Napoleon gracious plans, it is nevertheless difficult, III., two months ago, apparently firmly nay, impossible to interpret the meaning established as the monarch of one of the of every event in the providential chain, greatest nations of Europe ; still more reor to perceive the harmony and blending cently the popular commander of a valiant of all in God's universal and eternal plan. and seemingly invincible army, is this day

* Notes of a Sermon preached at Swadlincote, Sept, 11, 1870.

The Downfall of the Emperor Napoleon.

337

an Emperor no longer — Commander-in. chief no longer-but decrowned and de. throned, and denounced by army and na. tion, is exiled to a foreign land, a prisoner of war at the mercy of those with whom he needlessly quarrelled, and whose best and most valiant blood he madly spilt.

I. Perhaps, as we think of this downfall, 80 sudden, so startling, and so momentous, RETRIBUTION is the very first word which issues from our lips.

We cannot be wrong, I suppose, in lay. ing very much of the blame and wickedness and guilt of this war, to the weakness and the vanity and the folly of Napoleon. Such being the case, his responsibility becomes immense, overwhelming. Heavy, indeed, must be the burden resting upon the author of a war so causeless, so bloody, so prodigious! He may be pitied-part of his punishment is pity of which he is now the object. But it cannot be forgotten that it was he who proclaimed the scourge of war-who impelled armies to the con. flict - who strewed the battle field with the dying and the dead. To him must be assigned

“the infinite fierce chorus,
The cries of agony, the endless groan,
The tumult of each sacked and burning village,
The shout that every prayer for mercy drowns,
The soldier's revels in the midst of carnage,
The wail of famine in beleagered towns,
Thc bursting shell, the gateway wrenched asun-

der,
The rattling musketry, the clashing blade,
And ever and anon, in tones of thunder,
The diapason of the cannonade."

Far be it from me to rejoice in his down. fall, or to withhold the slightest commiseration from him in his reverses. As the staunch ally of England, as the faithful friend of Britain, we may have a " a warm side" for him even now. But not slightly can his last and most frightful error be condoned. Blood has a voice ! The tears of widows and of orphans numberless thick as rain-drops fall ! Hell from beneath is glutted with the slain! And shall not God arise ? Shall He not search this out? Can this foul crime escape unpunished ? It cannot be ! And already it would seem that Nemesis is abroadthat retribution unsheathes its sword that vengeance is God's, and that He does recompense ! For where is now Napoleon's crown-Napoleon's throne-his army-his rights ! Vanished-vanished for ever before the blast of the avenging angel of the Lord ! “Verily there is a reward for the wicked—there is a God that judgeth in the earth !"

II. Perhaps, too, in the downfall of this great star we ought to see another illustra.

Y

tion and confirmation of our Lord's words, " They that take the sword shall perish by the sword.

Literally Napoleon has not so perished. Although long in the hottest and thickest of battle, he was denied the death some say he even courted and desired. Shot and shell fell about him thick as hail ; death dealt his blows on every hand, but, as though bearing a charmed existence, he was upharmed, he was untouched! Fatalism has been ascribed to him. Man," so says his supposed creed, is immortal till his work is done." The field of Sedan, then, has taught him, we fain would think, that his work is not yet done ; that though decrowned, dethroned, captive, exiled, a work remains for him yet-and that is to seek peace with Him more bitterly wronged by him than his royal conqueror, even the King of kings and the Lord of lords; and to attempt what ever feeble reparation lies within his power for the gigantic evil and scourge he has let loose upon the world ! Otherwise we must hold, in the fullest sense of the words, that taking the sword he has perished by the sword. The war was to glorify and perpetuate his name and dynasty-it has disgraced and ruined both.

By the sword he has perished. Yes, perished more fully, it may be, than as though the German sword had pierced his heart. For that had been a speedy, an easy death, compared to the prolonged death of a despised exile, anathematized by the widow's groan and the orphan's tears, preyed upon by the gnawings of anguish and the worm of remorse, the beginning of the second death!

Another victim of human glory is added to the long roll of those who taking the sword have perished by the sword. Oh that rulers were wise; that they and all nations would see the defiance breathed by war to Him who is the Prince of Peace and Lord of all. May he arise! May He hush and rebuke the storm! Speak now, mighty Lord, and say, “ Peace, be still !" “Peace!' then no longer from its brazen portals The blast of war's great organ shakes the skies, But beautiful as the songs of the immortals The holy melodies of love arise."

III. Nor is it possible to observe the falling of this great star without being reminded of the worthlessness and vanity of human greatness.

What an unsubstantial thing it is ! Made up of what accidents-sustained at what risk-overthrown how suddenly and without warning! Even when a man has achieved it for himself, as Napoleon in a large degree did (though by what means it is best not to say), how fickle and uncertain is his continuance therein! Human

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glory has no continuance. The Son of sycophants who lived but in his favour, man Himself was one day greeted with who were bedizened by his patronage and “hosannas,” and three days after was fluttered only in his radiance? Where crucified !

were they? And "echo answers, where!" Few indeed are the men who can bear Poor prisoner! his patronage no longer with any sobriety the effects of exaltation, gives life or promotion. He has failed, or withstand with complete success the and therefore he falls. He is down; he temptations of high place. The lust of has no friends. The parasites, the satelglory has been the ruin of Napoleon, as of lites, even, are gone; for thousands before him. His downfall-'tis

“The friends who in our sunshine live, the price of the assertion of his might, of

When winter comes are flown; the display of his glory. Flushed with And he who has but tears to give, the hope of military triumph and conquest,

Must weep those tears alone.” he has fallen from his heaven, and this is His unpardonable sin to France is his his legitimate reflection

failure. France has no throne for a de.

feated soldier. However well he has "I have ventured in a sea of glory,

deserved of his country, and in some But far beyond my depth; my high-blown pride respects he has deserved of it well-bis At length broke under me, and now has left me

military reverses nothing can condone. Weary and old with service, to the mercy Of a rude stream that must for ever hide me.

So much the worse, not only for him, but Vain pomp and glory of the world, I hate ye!" for France, for humanity. Verily, 'tis a Oh! how oft has the declaration been

cold world; its heart is of stone; it is made, how powerfully by this and

ingrate to its very core. “ Cease ye from

numberless cases beside has it been confirmed,

man.that there is no true and abiding greatness

Except from Him who loved to call but that which rests on goodness—which

Himself “the Son of man;"- cease not rests on Christ! Never was there such from Him. For He possesses the ineffable greatness as His, who, thinking it no rob.

charm of unvaried constancy and eternal bery to be equal with God, yet emptied faithfulness. “He changes not." He is Himself, and humbled Himself to the

most true when the world is most false; death of the cross. With His greatness,

most faithful when all beside are most the greatness of Alexander, Cæsar, Charle- treacherous. Cease not from Him. magne, or of Napoleon, is not for a

V. moment comparable. And the greatness of Jesus—this is our model. “ Let this Last of all, as the great star is falling, a same mind be in you.” It may adorn and voice is heard, saying, Be still, and know exalt the poorest, the humblest, and the that I am God." most despised. And they that are great

There is need that some great and with Christ's greatness are God's own startling events should ever and anon stars, held for ever in His right hand, to reawaken the belief we are in imminent know no eclipse, and never to fall from danger of losing, that the Lord reigneth the heaven of blessedness and glory pre

over all; He is most high for evermore. pared for them from the foundation of the Consciously or unconsciously, the present world. May this greatness be possessed calamities of Europe must test the faith of by us all.

many in the overruling dominion and all

wisa providence of God. Little faith and IV.

strong distrust have already started many What words are these, too, that I see questions concerning the apparent backblazing in the track of the falling star- ward tendency of the age, and the seeming what but these ? “ Cease ye from man frustration of the plans and purposes of for wherein is he to be accounted of ?"

God. But God speaks. He is speaking Napoleon's adversities have not wholly now, and saith, "Be still; wait and watch; or chiefly proceeded from his enemies. quiet these apprehensions; dismiss these His foes have been those of his own fears: I am God." household; he has received wounds in the We do not profess to know much more house of his friends.

than thisto hear in this event much France has decrowned-dethroned him. more than the soothing voice of the Most And in this the discordant and faction- High declaring that He reigneth, that He rent nation has for once been unanimous must reign. Perhaps He is saying much -united fully. Not a voice has been more that we cannot understand. Perad. heard protesting against his deposition ; venture He may be saying, Enough, not a man has been found to cry,

“ This enough of this bloody strife; now put up shall not be." No physical or moral force the sword.Or this He may say, " Retire, had to be vanquished in proscribing the vaunted civilization-international amities empire. Not a courtezan, not a satellite, - universal enlightenment. Retire, vain forbad it. Where were the parasites and arbiters, in conscious impotency; make

IS

Our Winter Campaign.

339 ready for the Prince of Peace.” Or is it pose, brought about by the most splendid too soon to hear in these great events the strategy and tactical operations. Surdoom of standing armies pronounced, and rounded with a belt of steel and fire, the the challenge given to burn up the war army of France was entrapped and capchariots in the fire ? The falling star, too, tured. Nearer and yet nearer approached is a portent for Rome. It troubles the that deadly surrounding line; closer and Vatican. And wbile we pray that it may yet closer still was hemmed in the fated not turn the Tiber also into blood, we army, until absolute and unconditional hear even now the death knell of the tem- surrender" were the hard terms it was poral power, proclaiming, “FALLEN compelled to accept. Brethren, the trumBABYLON—IS FALLEN-IS FALLEN."

pet of the gospel proclaims another conBut in this voice I would rest, in this flict, another warfare. Long since it was voice I would rejoice—"Be still, and know opened; many centuries it has been mainthat I am God.” This complete collapse tained; it seeks surrender, “absolute and of French arms, this entire stamping out unconditional,” of the world to Christ the of the French army, this great overthrow Lord. But not to condemn, but to save of the originator of the war-who can you, is this warfare waged. doubt that God is in it all ? and in it is eternal salvation the armies of grace sursaying, "Be still; anguished and troubled round mankind. They surround us each, hearts, be still; be still, agonized and not with the belt of fire and steel, but bleeding spirits. Peace to the fearful and with the belt of infinite compassion and distrustful. I live. I am, I am God. I dying love. He draws you now with the reign. I will make wars to cease. I will cords of love and the bands of a man. come in the kingdom of my Son." Dost He waits to hear you respond-do it thou so speak, my Lord? Then we will be still. But “even so come, Lord Jesus,

"I yieid, I yield, I can hold out no more; come, come quickly.

I sink by dying love compelled, and own thee Napoleon's surrender, and the surrender

conqueror.” of the French army at Sedan, was, I sup

For your

now

OUR WINTER CAMPAIGN. THE rest of summer is over and gone. our great want. Ministers and leaders The refreshing holiday is now an inspiring must take their place in the van of this reminiscence. The oreezes of the sea, work. We have much more to do than bracing air of the hills, and exhilaration of merely to speak wisely to an admiring labour amid new scenes, have enabled us crowd ; to study the principles of our holy to forget our cares for awhile, and lay in a religion, and give the results of our labours store of health and vigour for the service to an appreciative throng. “ Woe be to us of Christ. During this recess there has when we are content to shine as the pet been some slackness in gathering the prophets of our spiritual territory." We spiritual harvest. At two of our recent are the leaders of regiments of soldiers, Conferences regret was expressed concern. and we had better stay at home if we can ing the character of the reports from the only give them streams of eloquent talk. churches. This month's Magazine has a It is our's to plan the campaign, put each slenderer account of baptisms than any man to the work for which he is most fitted, previous month of the year. It was the promote those who show themselves worthy, same last November. Indeed it seems and bravely lead in the attack on the em. this is one of the consequences of the pire of evil. Christianity is expounded. It general pervasion of this fast-living age waits to be applied to the vast needs and with the summer holiday-making spirit. rioting sins of the world that lieth in

But we serve the Lord Christ, and our wickedness. We cannot believe in any rest contemplates further and better work. church, however “respectable” its standPublic worship is to be more forvent, sus. ing, learned its ministry, correct and gracetaiped, and spiritual; the instruction and ful the architecture of its home, which comfort of the church done with more does not inspire its members with a fresh thoroughness, and the truth of the gospel impulse towards usefulness, and assist, by more widely diffused by the strength and its own personal as well as delegated acpurpose we have derived from recreation. tivity, in “sounding abroad the word of Pastors, elders, deacons, and members, the Lord.” Every living community of have met together again, and it is hoped Christians should have fifty per cent. of its settled down to work with the solemn de. members engaged in visible and organized termination " to save men" by some means. work for God. Undoubtedly the home We certainly need more of the evange.

deserves the exclusive attention of many. lizing fervour in our churches. This is A mother with half a dozen children has

no need to wait for a call to duty. Her vineyard is around her, and if she till it well she will render the church the highest possible service : for next to God a holy mother is the strongest spiritual power in the church and the world. In their patient and loving fellowship with Christ the afflicted are forwarding, in a quiet but forcible way, the interests of the kingdom of heaven; but when these two classes are removed, what a large residue we have for the specific work and warfare of the church, and yet how little of it conforms to the rule-every one at some work or other, and each at work up to the full limit of his strength. It is computed that we have only fifteen out of every hundred professed Christians who show themselves to be api. mated by an eager love of human souls. These things ought not so to be. The de. bauched, the dissolute, the drunken and the profligate, need reclaiming. The wandering prodigal waits a loving word to assure him of a welcome to the Father's home. The young press upon us for training. The sick yearn for some human ex

pression of the sympathy of Jesus, and to hear His words of comfort once more echoing in their solitude. The doubter battles with the fierce and gloomy mysteries created by his own brain, and wishes for someone who has wrestled with the foe of doubt and thrown him, to speak peace to his heart. The timorous sigh for encouragement. The lost need even yet to be sought out by Christ's messengers so that they may be saved by Him. “ This day,” said a joyful spirit to a friend, “is the anniversary of my conversion, and I felt I must come to thank you for the bliss of this year. I had attended this chapel for several years, but never felt the joy of pardon till a year ago you spoke to me of the love of Christ for me." Dear friends, let us speak. Human hearts thirst for the love of Jesus. They want to see and hear what Christ is to you, i.e., to one like themselves. Lead them to Him. Begin to-day. Each one seek to save son

at once. “ The night cometh when no man can work."

J. CLIFFORD.

Brief Notices of New Books. .

higher degree of perfection than here, are laid under contribution to a great extent. The experience of half a century of Sunday school work is skilfully compressed into this volume. The “Sunday School World” deserves to have a very large circulation, because it supplies in an admirable way & long felt necessity.

THE SUNDAY SCHOOL WORLD.

Edited by J. C. Gray. London: E. Stock. THE full title of this work is almost sufficient explanation of its rich and various contents—“An encyclopædia of facts and principles illustrated by anecdotes, incidents and quotations, from the works of the most eminent writers on Sunday school matters.' For some time past this valu. able compilation has been issuing from the press in monthly parts, and we have before called the attention of our readers to it. It may now be had complete, and it fully justifies its more extended title. The " thorough Sunday school man," of which class we have many, will hold this volume to be an invaluable treasure, a “ friend indeed because a friend in need;" and he will recur to it again and again to illustrate and enforce his views, and always to find something that will be of use. Discouraged labourers will find it as the “ balm of Gilead” and the “oil of joy." Friends who are establishing a school will get answers to their questions about the qualifications for the superintendent, the duties of the secretary, how to teach infant classes, “the Sunday School Post Office,” &c. &c., and so will be able to put the school on a right basis from the beginning. A signal merit of Mr. Gray's book is, that the United States, where this form of Christian enterprise is carried to a much

A HANDBOOK TO THE CHARITIES OF LON

DON. By Sampson Low, judr. An entirely new edition, by C. Mackeson.

London : Sampson Low, Son, & Marston HERE is a repertory of one branch of the evidences of the Christian religion, and one of the witnesses to the real and substantial progress that is being made amongst us in practical philanthropy, not. withstanding many signs of weakness and corruption in our high civilization. Men who misread prophecy and say that the world is only getting worse, and must continue to get worse, may study this hand. book with protit; and those who rail at Christianity might discover in the nine hundred Charitable Institutions of London a living and forcible illustration of the secondary consequences of the religion of Jesus. Sixty-four new charities have taken shape and form in the metropolis since 1867. Hospitals, Dispensaries, Convalescent Homes, Reformatories, Or.

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