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and nobly, whicb means trading, liefs. Now there is our friend Orthodining, sleeping to the merely neces- dox producing his creed; I alınost sary degree, and-ah me! the sentence wish he would burn it: at best it is must stand there unfinished ; let me expressed in the exact language of close it with a solemn rythmic word Scripture, and then it is a collection of Goethe's

more or less brief of his favourite texts, “Choose well; your choice is

tending for the most part to fix the Brief, and yet endless."

limits of his faith and knowledge, As a broken column arrests the eye which should be ever expanding to which might heedlessly pass the shaft coincide with the vast area of revelacomplete and beautiful from base to tion. I know a man so satisfied with capital, so we have been holden for a being able to point out the Pole-star, pause by that inarticulate sentence; the Great Bear, Orion, and the Pleiades, there our minds have stood together, that probably he will never recognise let us cheerfully hope not without another constellation as long as he thoughts deep, humble, and earnest. lives; I call him the man with an We'll go on.

All phenomena declare astronomical creed. What creed has the glory of God; to study them with belped us to a radiant view of the reverence and love for Him is to character of Christ, that sole spotless ascend with joyous, triumphant steps glory of humanity? Yet by so much the illimitable heights of our Creator's as that character shines on, in, and wisdom. How few are going up! I from us, we have attained to Chriswonder what numerical ratio the real tianity by so much and no observers bear to the human race. We Belief is by life, according to an old boast of our civilization, sound pæans derivation I found the other day. We of self-laudation over what we venture may not be satisfied with a few imperto call our subduing of the earth; in fect propositions plus a few convenshort, we are always taking off our tional observances; we have the Son hats to the present age, almost all of of God to study in those Testaments; us. But now divide all human achieve- we know Him, and reflect Him on ments by the millions of men whose mankind to our utinost, else our relisuccessive opportunities have extended gions are shadows all. “Looking unto through six millenniums, and if the Jesus,” saith the Record; but many dividend has made us proud, the lack- are familiar with His work who dinly ing quotient may humble us : you see perceive His character, and look with the divisor is not contained. He that faith to His cross with scarcely a bas eyes let him look. At this late glimpse of Him as Immanuel still, or date diseases assail us which are only as the Priest and Forerunner in glory. faithful witnesses against our blindness Relatively to us Christ is a glory that to divine laws; forces appear an- grows while we gaze, and God is waittagonistic which better known

ing for observers. should find to be our natural allies ; One point more and we must take perpetually recurring accidents by land

our several ways. and sea point to ignorance as the Christianity, as Max Müller says, mother of destruction; while innu- has blotted the word barbarian out of merable secrets of nature are secrets the dictionary, and has written the only for want of observers. Probably word brother in its place. That other our civilization is barbarism itself com- word, humanity, to be looked for in vain pared with the results which might through Plato or Aristotle, is the be obtained by one generation of product of our religion. That religion unanimous watchers. So, and so near tells us that all races are of one blood, to us, lies vast undiscovered good the offspring of God, with a cross of with glories of the Divine Artificer, hope standing in their midst benigoly blank, dumb to man, while God is related to all : our God has spoken to waiting for observers. And, too, for in the interests of humanity. observers of His Word.

“ Preach the gospel to every creature, Stars of truth and duty beam on in (which may be called the great unthat firmament unseen of men. What obeyed commandment now almost two thousands of good people would be thousand years old). When shall we amazed to know how much of that all wake to the meaning of these Book has never entered into their be- things? When shall we all see the

we

us

General Baptist History, George Carlow.

47 grand purpose of the Gospel, and the throne of God. With all her manifold splendid place of the church in rela- imperfections she is the best and tion to the lost members of our great brightest institution standing in this family? Christ loves humanity be- saddest of God's worlds, and great is cause it is human; that is in His her unfaithfulness to herself, and the character, and it must be in ours. Son of Man, if the world does not Cost what it may, we who love Him know and feel it. Her peerless place, must take the foremost place in moral her Christlike character, her diviner and spiritual influence, and with a duties, all are shining in the Book : benevolence impossible to a worldly Eternal Love is waiting for observers : philosophy, assume the direction of the for God's sake, for the world's, and for affairs of men in all that relates to thine own, assume, attain, and do; the their highest welfare. The church evening shadows are upon us even wants only unity and character to be

Adieu, good reader; by and by the leader of a lost world up to the we may meet this way again.

Dow.

GENERAL BAPTIST HISTORY-GEORGE CARLOW.

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WOODBRIDGE is a small but well-built and compact town about seven miles east of Ipswich. In this quiet and somewhat secluded place assembled a General Baptist congregation. One of its teachers, George Carlow, is of local celebrity, although his name is not found in any Baptist records. We know little of his personal history. He lived in a house of his own, where he carried on the trade of a broker. He was buried in his own garden, and on a tombstone erected to his memory is the following inscription :

"Here lieth ye body of George Carlow, who departed this life 24th day of March, 1738. Aged 76 years.

Weep for me, dear friends, no more,

Because I am gone a little before; But by a life of piety prepare yourselves to follow me. Good friends, for Jesus' sake forbear To move the dust intombed here; Blessed be the man that spares these stones, Cursed be he that removes my bones.” On the second stone: "The covetous live poor to die rich ; but what a mistake and misaying it is, to say such a man died worth so many thousands, when he left it all behind him. He had been rich indeed if in the sence of the Apostle he had sent it to heaven aforehand. It is probable he died the poorer for leaving so much behind him; and indeed no man dies rich unless rich in grace, in faith, and good works while he lived; but ye rich depart as poor and naked as any, and leave their wealth to others. 1 Tim. chap. 6th, verses 7, 8, 18, 19."

This good man left a rent charge on bis own premises, the amount to be expended in bread, and given to the poor every 2nd of February in each year. Accordingly it is distributed on that day by one of the church wardens, or some one deputed by them. This distribution on Candlemas-day is made from the tombstone in his own garden according to his own directions. The

original will of this Baptist teacher

found some years ago in the parish chest. From it we learn that he left a sum of money to the ancient General Baptist church in Mill Yard, Goodman's Fields, London.

Carlow was of opinion that the seventh day of the week was to be perpetually observed as a Sabbath. In consequence of Mr. Ward, a Congregational minister of the same town, advancing views on the question of the observance of the Sabbath, as at that time it was usual, Carlow published a book of 222 pages, 12mo, 1724, entitled, “. Truth Defended; or, Observations on Mr. Ward's Expository Discourses from the 20th chapter of Exodus concerning the Sabbath."

This plea for the seventh-day Sabbath was reprinted at Stonington, Connecticut, in 1802, and at New York, by the American Sabbath Tract Society, in 1847, in 18mo, under the title of " A Defence of the Sabbath, in reply to Ward on the Fourth Commandment." The American editors say in their preface—" He was evidently a man of plain parts, not schooled in the rules of logic, but learned in the Scriptures. From that fountain of true wisdoin the word of God-he had imbibed a spirit which gives pungency and heartsearching character to his writings, not often found in books of controversy."

It was a very pleasing idea of Addison's, that “there are probably greater men who lie concealed among tho species, than those who come out and draw on themselves the eyes and admiration of mankind."

JAMES READ.

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48

TRADE PROSPECTS: MATERIAL AND MORAL. There are several features in the last annihilated. Debtors, moreover, prospects of British trade at the present are no longer all of the same moral moment of special hopefulness. Reli- hue in the eyes of an English court of able symptoms of an approaching and justice. The "precious” will cease to gradually increasing prosperity appear be confounded with the “ vile"-for it both in the general condition of our is now cast upon the judge to draw a commerce, and in the reports made by clear and broad line of distinction the representatives of the leading between the unfortunate business man branches of industry. That dubious suddenly overtaken by calamity, and tone with which we have been familiar the unprincipled dealer guilty of manifor some years past has given place to fest fraud. May we not “expect great healthy, though not jubilant, anticipa- things" from the righteous use of this tion. The trade circulars for 1870 are winnowing fan? Confidence in trading more cheerful than they have been -the very spring and source of prossince the beginning of the “distress.' perity-will grow steadily and surely The cotton, woollen, and iron districts under the New Bankruptcy Act. Invisiare already in greater activity, and ble dividends will gradually cease to have the promise of growing demands. be declared. The secresy and trickery Lancashire is steadily reviving. Shef- 80 often associated with “composition field speaks of decided improvement. deeds" can have no place. CarelessOur export trade has extended itself, and ness and rashness will be checked in the further remission of taxes is certain. their birth ; and as the sense of secuSo that we may hope that the winter rity becomes stronger and stronger, of our trade is past and gone, and the snpple limbs of Industry will be healthy and joyful spring near at hand. unfettered, and breathing the bracing

The moral aspect of our commercial atmosphere of righteousness with a life is even more reassuring. We have deep and full inspiration, she will soon not passed through the fiery furnace regain her wonted strength and surpass of national trial in vain. The sanctions even her former achievements. of God's eternal laws, as real and Now, since the moral standard of inevitable in trade as elsewhere, have our legislation is never higher than had, in some measure at least, their that of the really governing portion desired effect;

and

enforced of British Society, we may accept it obedience to those laws cannot fail as an augury of good that it has beof its appointed reward. Recent come possible to enact these beneficial commercial legislation bears witness

" Social necessities and to a keener sense of right and justice social opinion are always more or less amongst ns, and to the prevalence of a in advance of law." It is the mission stronger desire to check rash specula- of the church of the Lord Jesus Christ tion and to suppress unfair dealing. to infuse her lofty principles into soThe Act abolishing the imprisonment ciety, to pervade commercial life with of debtors, save in certain exceptional her just and generous spirit, and by cases, came into force on the first of creating a necessity for purer legislaJanuary of this year, along with that tion, first to inspire, mould, and fashion counterpart statute, making the debtor the laws of the land; and next, by liable to his creditor until he has paid those very laws (amongst other means) half of his debt. These are outward to lift to a higher level those, who signs" of an “inward" advance of this lacking, or destroying conscience, fail great "shop-keeping” people in that to rise above deceit and crime. May righteousness which exalteth a nation. the Lord God, “who giveth us power The old Roman severity towards the to get wealth,” enable us to transact impecunious debtor has no longer the our business in the spirit of inflexible countenance of English law. No justice and unselfish care for others, “Barnacles" will again be made a and so fill us with His grace that it

prisoner in Whitecross Street for may be the delight of our hearts to twenty-seven years sirnply and solely consecrate our gains to His glory in because he owes to another a sum of the various ministries of love and money which he finds it impossible to mercy to which He has called us. pay.” That flagrant absurdity. is at

J. CLIFFORD.

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measures.

66

THE LATE MR. SAMUEL WRIGHT, OF LEICESTER. Substance of an Address at the Friar Lane Chapel, April 4th, 1869, by the

Rev. J. C. Pike.

It is not often that the pastor of a Wright sustained the office of sexton church has the opportunity of address- and chapel-keeper, but relinquished it ing his friends under circumstances in the year 1827 that he might serve similar to our own this day. A father the church in the office of deacon. in Israel has been taken away,-one Twelve friends were nominated on the who for nearly fifty-eight years, or occasion, and three were elected from during the lives of two generations, the number. The votes were as folhad been a consistent and honourable lows–S. Wright, 78; R. Senior, 50; member of this church, and who for Joseph Harrison, 42. These figures nearly forty-two years had shared the sufficiently speak for the estimation in duties and responsibilities of the dea- which our brother was held by the con's office. Mr. Wright was born at church forty-two years ago; nor had Leicester, April, 1785. He died, March they reason to repent their choice. 19th, 1869, being within a few days of Through all these years he has served eighty-four years of age. I find, on the church diligently and faithfully. searching the records of our old church He used the office of a deacon well, and books, that our departed friend was purchased to himself a good degree. baptized here, with three others, on My acquaintance with Mr. Wright Nov. 17, 1811. The minister of the only dates back for ten years. My church at the time was the Rev. John further remarks will apply to this Deacon, who, a few months before, had period. I shall speak of our esteemed resumed the pastoral office. The dea- friend and father as I have known him. cons were John Wright, John Johnson, I do not suppose that he was perfect. and Frederick Deacon. I am not aware He was human, as we all are. Conthat Jobn Wright was any relative of sidering the troublons times through Samuel Wright's, and I have not ascer- which the church had passed during tained exactly how long he had been a some of the years of his connection deacon; he was one in 1807, and con- with it, it would have been strange tinued in office until his death in 1815. indeed if all men had spoken well of Thus, through the greater part of the him. I can also imagine that there present century the name of “ Wright" was at times an apparent austerity and has been familiar among the office- harshness in his manner that proved bearers of this church.

displeasing to some; but I think any The first mention that I find of Mr. thing of this kind was in appearance, S. Wright's name, after joining the rather than in reality ; and for myself church, is in December, 1815. It had I can testify that I never heard from been resolved unanimously to adopt him a discourteous or an unkind word. the plan of weekly subscriptions for de- His demeanour toward me was unifraying the necessary expenses of the formly respectful and considerate. I church; suggesting to us that “there have heard of lordly deacons in some is nothing new under the sun," unless churches, but am thankful that it has it were in the sterner methods adopted not been my lot to be associated with by our fathers in carrying out their such. It was the delight of our friend decisions. For the above plan was not to minister in any way that he could only recommended to tbe members, but to the comfort of his pastor, and to it was required that every one who co-operate with him in his plans for was able, should contribute his quota usefulness. Let me mention one way toward these expenses. Six collectors in which he ever caused me great enwere appointed, of whom Mr. Wright couragement and joy. He was always was one. From that day to the last

in his place.

He never ran away after day of his life he ever took a lively in- novelty; rarely was he absent from terest in the financial welfare and a Sabbath service for nearly sixty prosperity of the church.

years; and at the prayer meeting, At that period it was customary to the weekly lecture, the deacons' meetbury the dead in the graveyard adjoin- ing, the church meeting, he was there ing the chapel. For many years Mr. regular as the day, punctual to the

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gone;

minute! Whoever was absent, I was friend, “Even while we were yet sure that he would be present. Many speaking, the Lord heard." A few a day must pass before I can forget his days of lingering affliction, and he is cordial greetings as I entered the ves

6 Absent from the body, present try on the Sabbath morning and even- with the Lord.” He was unable to ing, and ere I can lose the impression say much during his last illness. This of his familiar and venerable form is a case in which we care not to know in this sanctuary.

Would that our how the servant of Jesus died, we churches were more largely composed know how he lived. of such reliable men and women.

I would invite the special attention Mr. Wright did not often speak much of young men to this example of Mr. about his own experience. Any one Wright. See what religion would do who heard him pray would feel assured for you, and see what it would enable that he was a man who walked with you to accomplish in spite of every God. Many of you can remember how disadvantage. It needs not wealth, fervently he pleaded at the throne of nor rank, nor position, nor learning, to grace for the peace and prosperity of secure great usefulness in the church Zion, and for the conversion of sinners, of Christ. Mr. Wright was needleespecially any unsaved ones among maker by trade; before his conversion the families of this church and congre- he used to occupy a considerable porgation.

tion of the Sabbath in taking out his A month ago to-day when I entered work, but as soon as he was brought the vestry I perceived that he was to Christ he 'resolved to make the very hoarse. I said, “You will not be sacrifice, and abandon all Sunday able to give out the hymns to-day,” trading. His particular branch of and offered to relieve him, little dream- trade suffered great reverses, so that ing that we should never again hear to the end of life he was comparatively his voice in this place. He attended a poor man. He had, however, a large at the Lord's supper in the afternoon, heart, and a liberal spirit.

He was and that was the last time he was per- rich in faith and good works. He did mitted to meet with us. The glorified what he could; and now, in a good old Saviour was represented as saying to age, he has left the world respected, one and another of the guests at His mourned for, beloved! Children, and table, “What is thy petition ?" and children's children, revere his memory one of the answers suggested was, and call him blessed. The history of “Lord, that thou wilt keep me to the Samuel Wright is another illustration end, and in death receive me to thy. and verification of the divine promise, self." In reference to our departed “ Them that honour me I will honour.'

MR. H. VARLEY, AT NOTTINGHAM. At the request of some friends who illustration and touches of quiet buheard Mr. Varley's address at the mour, evidently made a great impresBaptist Union meeting at Leicester, sion. On the following evening Mr. V. and hoped that his earnest words might preached in the large and beautiful be useful in Nottingham, this well- Independent chapel in Castle Gate, known Christian evangelist visited our and on Thursday evening in Stoney town on Dec. 7th and following days, Street chapel. On these occasions, and conducted a series of special reli- also, the congregations were large and gious services.

attentive; on Thursday evening in On Tuesday evening Mr. Varley particular a very serious feeling appreached in Broad Street chapel, the peared to be awakened. place being crowded to overflowing, On the afternoons of Wednesday and and many going away unable to obtain Thursday, meetings for prayer and admission. Vigorous efforts having conference were held in the George been made to secure the attendance of Street and Broad Street school-rooms. working people, many of this class To these gatherings professing Chriswere present, and Mr. Varley's earnest tians were more especially invited. and faithful appeals, now serious and They were quiet, solemn services, and solemn, and now enlivened by homely all present felt it good to be there.

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