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Revelations of Life in London.

71 who never join in the festivities of so that the whole man moves freely, the soul, but keep one long fast, and with little or no friction, but it whose very songs describe this life gives flexibility and suppleness to as “a waste howling wilderness," and our energies. It gives spring to our who tell God in their prayers “there nature. We can bear higher' tenis nothing worth living for.” We sion. Loftier degrees of power are are unwilling to believe in the exis- called into play, and greater mental tence of such disciples.

and spiritual force is exerted. Howard hardly think it possible that the never could have done his work withchildren of light find pleasure in out such a companion. Paul found the darkness of discontent, cultivate in his rejoicing heart solace and moroseness till it thickens into habit, strength. Men never reach their are happiest when bitterly sarcastic best till they have mastered the or severely snappish, and move about whole gamut of joy, from the lowest amongst friends like irritated wasps note of cheerfulness to the highest in a group of romping children. of rapture. Till then there will be Still, as the smallest insect belongs voiceless forces within them. “Godto the animal kingdom, however liness, with contentment, is great slight its powers and growth, so gain”—not without it. As some men these unhappy men, who never look do business without obtaining a out of eyes twinkling with good fiftieth part of the profit gained by cheer, may, after all, be disciples of others, so some Christians may be Him who came that our joy might godly and cheerless, and never“ nett” be full. Would that they knew how the “great gains” that flow from a much they lose by their settled joyful piety. gloom !

Even selfishness might Brethren, let us be of good cheer tempt them to “be cheerful.” A in our divine service. God is happy, merry heart doeth good like a medi- and seeks to impart His bliss to a cine." It is a tonic, and creates world, that greatly needs it, making appetite, and makes a good digestion us the channels along which the rewait on appetite.” It helps a man freshing waters may flow. to make the best and most of him- sing at our work. Filled with all the self in every one of his manifold fulness of God's joy, our songs will relations. It developes force, purifies make work easier and our burdens vision, and produces an excitement lighter. Duty is worthy of a song. that is healthy and stimulating. The Thy statutes have been my rejoicing soul enlarges and expands under the in the house of my pilgrimage. At influence of joy, as bodies do from home, at school, in the world, in the heat. Not only does it lift the bur- church, let us ever serve God and den from the heart and conscience be cheerful.” J. CLIFFORD.

Let us


No. II.— Out at Night. To be out at night in London is to plore London at night, especially to see some singular modes of life, and go alone into the very midst of dark many scenes of sorrow and sin. The places, needs a clear eye, a firm owls, foxes, wolves, and obscene nerve, and great knowledge of the spirits of the modern Babylon are dangerous classes, in order to enable then abroad, and woe to the belated you to circumvent and overawe them. traveller, visitor, or homeless wretch Both my vocation and desire to who falls a prey to them. To ex- understand the real moral condition of the people have led me to be close to him. He turned into a much out at night, and I will nar- gloomy cross street leading into rate, in the simplest and frankest Wellington Street, Strand. I quietly fashion, some things which may be followed, and they, absorbed in their seen in London during the hours professional pursuit, did not see me. from evening till morning.

A young thief—“the wire"-picked How do all the people live ? his pocket very deftly of a small parcel, Some of them get their living in a and turned round to walk off with it. curious manner.

A poor family ob- “Give me that,” I said. tained theirs by keeping a donkey and He threw it down at my feet, and cart, and when it was dark the father off he ran. I picked it up, and went

to the elderly said

and tear down the immense posters Here, sir, is your parcel. You

from the hoardings, and then sell have just had your pocket picked.” them for waste paper. Many beggars " What ! what !” roared he, never show their faces during the " where are the thieves ?” day. They are then “snoozing” in "Oh, never mind them, sir," I bed, smoking, playing at cards, said; you have got your property drinking gin, and dozing over dirty back. Good evening, sir ;” and I newspapers. But when night comes went on my way. I am not clear on they swarm along Holborn, whether he did not regard me as a Regent Street, the Strand, and Pic- penitent thief, and even feel inclined cadilly, and find that fools and their to give me in charge. money are soon parted.

If you see

Broken-down persons, men and a widow with four children in neat women formerly in good society, white pinafores sitting on a door- prosperous in business, and happy step, be sure she has a husband or in domestic life, some of them even two at home, and is really a very ministers of the gospel, are often jolly sort of personage. Thieves are found in the streets of London at all over London at night, and steal night, without food, home, friend, or watches, bacon and beef from shop- hope.' Going through Bloomsbury stalls, whips out of gigs, flannel from Square one dark, foggy night, a big, drapers' shops, rare flowers from shambling figure suddenly came out suburban gardens, poultry from hen- of the fog, and in a husky voice said: roosts, handkerchiefs by the score, “If you please, sir, give me a money from the hands of children

penny; I want to get a bed.” going for supper beer, and plate What, Rawkins, is that you ?” from gentlemen's kitchens—in fact, “Yes, sir; but I did not know it anything they can. One of these

was you, sir.” gentry picked my pocket one night No, I dare say not. There's the of a favourite silk handkerchief, but money for your bed. Good night.” I gave him such a hot chase through “Good night, sir, and thank a crowd, that he threw it down at you ;” and off went Rawkins-a my feet, and. I then allowed him to betting man of low degree now, but "slope away." You must be care- formerly a commercial traveller in a ful, however, how you chase a thief. good condition of life. Thieves hunt in twos and threes, Passing along the east of London and you may possibly be tripped up with a good man who was familiar or lured into a passage, and if so, with “Tiger Bay” and other places of you will come out of the fray both notoriety which I wished to see, I said: hurt and dirty.

• What became of the Rev. T. H.?” One evening I saw three young He paused, looked sad, pointed thieves following an elderly gentle- down a narrow street, and replied:

He toddled on: they got “ Look down there. He was




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Revelations of Life in London. found drunk on the pavement yonder, By this restricted plan, little induce. and died in disgrace."

ment is offered to individuals not actually

homeless and destitute to avail themselves Alas ! how are the mighty fallen. of the shelter for the sake of the food, He opened new chapels, preached which would doubtless occur were a more anniversary sermons, presided at liberal scale adopted. And this would lead

to the exclusion of numbers of the really committee meetings, and had his

houseless. portrait published in a religious

Such, then, is the general principle of magazine, and yet, you see, he died the Institution, and such are the means a drunkard. He was one of those employed. But in all cases of debility and

inanition, from exhaustion or fatigue, apgood men who do not think it

propriate restoratives, both in food and necessary to sign the pledge.

medicine, under medical superintendence, Homeless people abound in Lon- are applied to the relief of the sufferers, don, and one of the most affecting

many of whom have thus been rescued

from the grasp of death. spectacles known to us is a Night

On the Sabbath, the inmates have the Refuge for the homeless. Recently, spiritual benefit of Divine Service; and, when exploring Golden Lane-a nest being permitted to remain within the of thieves, costermongers, tramps,

Asylum throughout that day, have a din

ner provided for then of bread and cheese.” fallen women, and extremely poor people—I found myself in Playhouse fifty years ago 2,064,875 houseless

Since the formation of the Society Yard. An old theatre, where it is

men and women—for both sexes are said Shakspeare played, has been

accommodated-have slept within converted into a refuge for homeless

the whitewashed walls of this old women. Lying, sitting, reclining, and crouching in wooden "bunks,"

playhouse. with a brown leather counterpane

There are hundreds of homeless over them, were about two hundred

boys in London. I have found them women. Down some stairs, in a

sleeping in carts, on the landings of kind of cock-pit, were twenty or

houses, in

corners of the thirty mothers with their children.

streets, in holes under stairs, on What a sight were these poor women !

door steps, and, in fact, they sleep Some were young, some old. Some

where they can. One boy slept for

two months in an unfinished sewer ! hid their faces, and some stared hard

Hundreds of these boys have been at us. Many of them had bad

rescued from hunger, crime, misery, coughs, and all looked thin, sad, and forsaken. It was an awful sight to

and death, by the Boys' Refuge, see in the midst of churches, banks,

Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn

Fields. and happy homes where no hunger

The report, speaking of comes, and no tear is ever left un

them, says :wiped away. The scheme of the In 1866, 177 boys were admitted ; in

1867, 246; and last year the admissions Institution is very simple, and is

rose to the unprecedented number of 369, thus described :

or more than one a day.

They were admitted as follows: “ It is the peculiar principle of this

Sent from various Casual Wards and Charity to afford nightly shelter and assist

other Night Shelters

200 ance to those only who are really houseless

On the application of friends interested and destitute, during inclement winter sea

in their welfare

88 sons, and the consequent suspension of

On their own applications

31 out-door work. To fulfil this intention, it

Found in the streets and sent in by is provided that an Asylum shall be open

the Secretary

16 and available at all hours of the night, with

Sent by Magistrates, being utterly out the need, ow the part of the applicant,


10 of a Ticket, cr any other passport but his

Brought by Boys' Beadle

4 or her own statement of helpless necessity.

Sent in by London City Missionaries, « But in order to limit the relief to the

Prison Chaplain, and Superiutendent 4 really houseless, this has been confined to

Re-admitted from Ship

13 bread (in a sufficiency to sustain nature), a warm shelter, and the means of rest.



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What becomes of them ? Let us listen again to the report :

“ The average weekly number in the Refuge during 1868 was 147.

Of the 134 in the Refuge at the end of 1867, and the 369 admitted in 1868, there were sent To the Training Ship “Chichester" 216 To the Country Home

35 To various situations

22 Emigrated to Canada, Australia, &c... 22 Restored to friends to get employment for them

23 Left, not liking restraint

15 Apprenticed ..

2 Sent to Infirmary and Hospital, incurable

2 Died

340 Leaving in the Refuge, Dec. 31, 1868.. 163

£1392 7 6 During the year1,390 pairs of new boots and shoes were

made. 2,585 pairs repaired. 1,347 new articles made up in the tailor's

class. 3,363 articles repaired. 106 new mattresses and pillows made.

60 repaired. 19,200 bundles of firewood were cut, and

made up and sold. 2,940 for the use of the Institution. Carpenters' work, making forms, desks,

emigrant boxes, painting, whitewashing, and sundry works, value £129 16s. lld.”

Surely this is making a good use of homeless boys, and better far than leaving them to become thieves, burglars, and murderers; for this would be the bitter fruit if no man cared for their bodies and souls.

Here I must pause, but we will not come home yet. The next paper will give some more scenes taken from London at night.

503 When in the Refuge the boys do not live an idle life. They are taught trades, sent to situations, forwarded to the colonies, and prepared for sea, &c. How busy the boys are kept will appear from a few lines which we take from the annual report:

“One Carpenter, one Tailor, and four Shoemakers ise the Industrial Staff. There is one Schoolmaster, and the Superintendent and the Matron.



HENRY THOMPSON, a youth of little more than twelve years of age, eager for knowledge of all kinds, and specially delighting in books, entered his father's library last Monday morning in quest of something to read. He had often been on that errand before, and always found a willing and wise friend in his father. Looking along the shelves, he at last came upon the title of a book that attracted his attention, and seemed to promise all that he desired. Taking it down, he carried it to its owner with a light heart, for he had never yet been refused when making such a request, and said, as he handed the book, “May I have this to read next, papa ?” Mr. Thomp

son looked at it, and remembering the character of its contents, he mused for a minute or two somewhat anxiously, and then said, “Not at present, Henry, save on one condition.” “What is that, papa ?” “That you only read the first part of it." "With his wonder raised high, and his spirit slightly chafed, Henry instantly asked, " But why may I not read all of it, papa ?". Simply because you are not yet able to understand it, and if you were to read the second and third parts now they would be much more likely to do you harm than good. You know that the meat which you can eat with pleasure, and which makes you strong and healthy, would not suit

The Ideal Chapel.

75 your baby-sister at all; and so it is but to eat and play, and understood with this book, and therefore I can already that he must not give such only let you have it on condition thoughts any quarter. His father that you

do not read more than the had once told him that one touch of first part.”

the rock might dash the vessel to With his curiosity somewhat pieces that was sailing along ever so quieted by his father's earnest and gaily, and destroy the results of a long convincing reasoning, Henry ac- voyage, and he had not forgotten it. cepted the volume, and so allowed Away he went, therefore, and forthhis character to be put to the test. with, before reading a page, or even It was indeed a trying time for him. a single line, securely fastened down He was going near to a precipice. the forbidden parts, as though they Who could say he would not fall contained poison, and then read the over the ledge, and be seriously remainder in peace, feeling all the hurt? The old proverb utters the happier because he had guarded oft-needed warning: “He who himself against violating the confiwould not hear the bell, must not dence which had been placed in him. meddle with the rope.”

Well done, my young friend! You think tempting thoughts came troop- have proved that you have someing up to the gates of Henry's mind thing better than thousands of gold all eager for instant admittance ? and silver, better than being great For somehow or other thoughts that and famous, better even than school point to evil rush upon us as quick prizes and notable skill ; you have as the lightning flashes across the the precious jewel of conscience, and heavens, and in numbers that we you have learnt one of the simplest cannot count. “Why should I not rules for keeping it pure and bright. just see what the other parts are Continue to take care of it. Hold it about? I need not read them all to be a priceless gift which one through. Surely there would be no stumble may shatter; and should I harm in a glance. Nobody would meet you again in twelve years' know. Father would not see me. time, I shall find you a good and I wonder why I am forbidden. How useful


enrolled provoking it is to have the book in amongst those who have striven to my hands, and not be able to read it." “have always a conscience void of

But Henry Thompson was a bold, offence towards God and towards brave fellow, and had not been in

J. CLIFFORD. the world twelve years for nothing

Don't you




The difference between an idea and an ideal is more easily illustrated than defined. An idea is the result of observation or perception, and is the impression produced by the most distinctly recognised features of the object under notice. To complete an ideal requires the co-operation of many ideas (some apparently foreign to the original idea) each of which is referred to some previous standard, an ideal measurement. Our ideas vary with the aspect under which we make our observations. The ideas of man as held

by the physiologist and by the moralist are widely different; but neither, however accurate, embraces either's ideal of inan. Our ideas are precise or vague according to our powers of intellectual honesty and discrimination. Again, though the conditions under which nature presents itself vary but little from age to age, the external appli-. ances and the internal powers of observation

with each observer. Hence, the ideas of men vary indefinitely, and the ideals, which are partly built upon these varying ideas, vary


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