Report of Hon. Leonor K. Sullivan, Chairman, and Hon. Philip E. Ruppe, Ranking Minority Member, with Additional Views by Hon. Paul N. McCloskey, Jr., Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Merchant Marine of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, on the Oversight Hearings Before the Merchant Marine Subcommittee with Respect to U.S.-flag Merchant Marine
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actual additional adequate agreements Amendments American amount approval authorized average award balance barges benefits building bulk carriers capital cargo carriers carry charterer Commerce Committee companies competitive Conditional construction contracts Corp costs countries Department of Defense designed developed Differential Subsidy direct economic effect efficient example Export financing Fiscal flag fleet foreign foreign-flag funds guarantee hull important increase industry interest July June Lash Lines Lykes major Maritime Administration Merchant Marine Act military million mortgage national security necessary Ocean operating subsidy owner parity payments percent period present President production rates received recent Recommendation reduced represent responsibility result River Secretary Sept serve shipbuilding ships shipyards Soviet subsidy program substantial Tanker Title XI tons trade routes Transport United vessels wage yards
Стр. 126 - It is necessary for the national defense and development of its foreign and domestic commerce that the United States shall have a merchant marine (a) sufficient to carry its domestic waterborne commerce and a substantial portion of the waterborne export and import foreign commerce of the United States and to provide shipping service on all routes essential for maintaining the flow of such domestic and foreign waterborne commerce at all times...
Стр. ix - ... owned and operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable, and (d) composed of the best-equipped, safest, and most suitable types of vessels, constructed in the United States and manned with a trained and efficient citizen personnel. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to foster the development and encourage the maintenance of such a merchant marine.
Стр. 126 - States and to provide shipping service essential for maintaining the flow of such domestic and foreign water-borne commerce at all times, (b) capable of serving as a naval and military auxiliary in time of war or national emergency, (c) owned and operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable, (d) composed of the best-equipped, safest, and most suitable types of vessels, constructed in the United States and manned with a trained and efficient...
Стр. 121 - Gilbert to the Office of the Special Representative for Trade Negotiations in the Executive Office of the President.
Стр. 65 - Government ought to give to shipping. I propose that we end this subterfuge. If the Congress decides that it will maintain a reasonably adequate American Merchant Marine, I believe that it can well afford honestly to call a subsidy by its right name.
Стр. x - The position and circumstances of the United States leave them nothing to fear on their land-board, and nothing to desire beyond their present rights. But on their seaboard, they are open to injury, and they have there, too, a commerce which must be protected. This can only be done by possessing a respectable body of citizen-seamen, and of artists and establishments in readiness for ship-building.
Стр. 73 - ... (4) the granting of the aid applied for is necessary to place the proposed operations of the vessel or vessels on a parity with those of foreign competitors, and is reasonably calculated to carry out effectively the purposes and policy of this Act.
Стр. x - As a branch of industry, it is valuable, but as a resource of defense, essential. " Its value as a branch of industry is enhanced by the dependence of so many other branches on it. In times of general peace, it multiplies competitors for employment in transportation, and so keeps that at its proper level ; and in times of war, that is to say, when those nations who may be our principal carriers, shall be at war with each other, if we have not within ourselves the means of transportation, our produce...
Стр. x - Its value as a branch of industry is enhanced by the dependence of so many other branches on it. In times of general peace it multiplies competitors for employment in transportation, and so keeps that at its proper level, and in times of war — that is to say, when those nations, who, may be our principal carriers, shall be at war with each other — if we have not within ourselves the means of transportation, pur produce must be exported in belligerent vessels, at the increased expense of war freight...