Anti-genocide: Building an American Movement to Prevent Genocide

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002 - Всего страниц: 213

This book is a frank and hopeful meditation on the recurring tragedy of genocide that should be read by anybody who cares about its prevention. Hirsch argues if we are to successfully confront, prevent, or control the most egregious aspects of genocidal violence, we must create containing political institutions and social mechanisms. But ultimately human nature must change to temper the worst excesses of genocidal violence, given its long and intractable historical presence. Hirsch looks hard at complex realities and proposes how to build a politics of prevention. Focusing on the United States, a political movement must be built that supports the politics of prevention in the international realm. Long-term prevention depends on changing how humans view each other, though. Creating a new ethic of life-enhancing behavior based on the ideology of universal human rights that is passed on from generation to generation via the process of political socialization ultimately is our best hope of preventing future genocides.

This book begins with the fact that there is apparently nothing historically unique about human beings killing one another in relatively large numbers. Genocide appears to be a phenomenon that has been a part of human history since we began to record our worst excesses. Certainly it has been in the forefront of human consciousness as the last century came to its bloody conclusion. It is not an intractable problem. A mass movement to prevent genocide can be built, and once created it should pressure the federal government to focus its foreign policy on the prevention of genocide.

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Genocide Politics and Human Behavior
1
Building a Movement to Stop Genocide
21
A Comparison of the Policy
39
Tables
41
Guilty Secrets Genocide and the Failure of U
69
Kosovo Clinton and Bush
95
Genocide and the Politics of Prevention
119
Thinking about a New Political Consciousness for a
151
Inculcating an Ethic to Prevent Genocide
163
A Politics to Prevent Genocide
175
Notes
187
References
193
Index
207
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Стр. 128 - We do not intend that the Japanese shall be enslaved as a race or destroyed as a nation, but stern justice shall be meted out to all war criminals, including those who have visited cruelties upon our prisoners.
Стр. 127 - On the other hand the very essence of the Charter is that individuals have international duties which transcend the national obligations of obedience imposed by the individual State. He who violates the laws of war cannot obtain immunity while acting in pursuance of the authority of the State if the State in authorizing action moves outside its competence under international law.
Стр. 6 - Any Contracting Party may call upon the competent organs of the United Nations to take such action under the Charter of the United Nations as they consider appropriate for the prevention and suppression of acts of genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III.
Стр. 126 - Crimes against international law are committed by men, not by abstract entities, and only by punishing individuals who commit such crimes can the provisions of international law be...

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Об авторе (2002)

HERBERT HIRSCH is Professor of Political Science at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond. He is the author of Genocide and the Politics of Memory: Studying Death to Preserve Life (1995), and Persisitent Prejudice: Perspectives on Anti-Semitism, with Jack Shapiro (1988), among other titles.

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