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ment of two thousand pounds per annum from the church, for which he had done absolutely nothing; and for which he was the first person who had done nothing. Now the question really is, not whether these productions deserved any additional recompense, but whether they were to be considered as any thing like an adequate compensation for all the neglected duties of a bishopric and a professorship. Considered in this light, we really think that no author upon earth was ever so well paid for such a service.
A few observations on our author's vaunted independence in parliament, together with the supposed demands usually made on his brethren in the exercise of their legislative office, and we have done.
There is surely some difference between independence and defiance; and so far is decent and dignified independence from being discountenanced in the episcopal order with respect to their conduct in parliament, that a busy, officious, loquacious interference on the side of ministers is nerer, we believe, well received. From that venerable body a becomivg reserve, a comparative indifference, excepting on certain momentous questions of church polity, is rather expected than the contrary. But it is expected (we are told) of the whole body, that they vote with the court. Of some surely who have nothing to wish or to wait for, and who are, consequently, in the strictest seuse, independent, this might be expected in vain were they not governed by a better principle than obsequiousness. Others again, and often those who wanted promotion most, have devoted and do devote their lives to the care of their dioceses at a distance from the business of parlianient, and yet are not discountenanced by a court. Perhaps, too, a wise and discerning minister might be aware of the consequences which might follow the unwary step of rendering a man of our prelate's temper too independent. If Watson, bishop of Landaff, was factious and insolent, what might not Watson, archbishop of Canterbury, or even bishop of Durham, have become? To make him primate of Ireland would have been almost equal to the madness of casting a firebrand into a barrel of gunpowder. We have already shewn some points of resemblance betwixt Burnet and the late bishop of Landaff, betwixt one whig and another : as many, perhaps, remain to be exhibited betwist the latter and Swift, a wbig and tory. Though clergymen, the hearts and heads of both were absorbed in politics; both affected the same rude and offensive familiarity with the great; both saw, in early life, the fall of those respective administrations to which they were attached; both spent the rest of their days in libelling, or in embarrassing those which followed; and both sunk alike into moody malignity, which the poetical genius of Swift, and his talent of expressing himself with unparalleled severity in
verse, at length exasperated into madness. From this last and most deplorable calamity our prelate was happily exempt; but this is the only happiness which we can predicate of his temper and understanding in the decline of his days, and the extinction of his influence. With his domestic, or social qualities, we have no
It is our office to pronounce upon the evidence now before us on his own intrepid and faithful exhibition of himself; and sorry we are to say, that in point of self-ignorance, vanity, rancour, and disappointed ambition, united with great original abilities, our country, more various in its combinations of intellect and temper than any other, has produced nothing similar or second to it since the example of Swift; and for the quiet of this church and state, or rather for the sake of human nature, we sincerely and devoutly wish that it may never be our lot to animadvert upon a third.
In the citation from Mr. Bentham's admirable orthoepical work, p. 133, for Sir Samuel of Romilly read Sir Samuel de Romilly.
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