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1589. dayes, pressed him so farre that he entreated a parle, by putting out a flagge of truce: the parle was granted, and certaine of the Spaniards came aboord the English. Where after conference about those matters that had passed in the fight betwixt them, they received reasonable intertainement and a quiet farewell. The Spanish, as if they had ment to requite the English courtesie, invited our men to their shippe, who perswading them- Spanish selves of good meaning in the Spanish, went aboord: but treason. honest and friendly dealing was not their purpose, suddenly they assaulted our men, and one with a dagger stabde Roger Kingsnod the English Pilote to the heart and slewe him, and others were served with the like sauce, onely William Mace the Master & others, notwithstanding al the prepared trappes of the enemie, lept overboord into the sea, and so came safe to their own ship: and directing his course for England, arrived at Plimouth the tenth day of September, 1589, laden with wines, yron, Roans, which is a kinde of linnen cloth, and other rich commodities, looking for the arrivall of the rest of his consorts, whereof one and the principall hath not long since obtained his Port. Thus much in generall termes onely I have as yet learned, and received touching this voyage, extracted out of letters sent from the aforesaid William Mace, to Master Edward Wilkinson of Towre-hill in London. My principall intention by this example is to admonish our nation of circumspection in dealing with that subtill enemie, and never to trust the Spanish further, then that their owne strength shall be able to master them: for otherwise whosoever shall through simplicitie trust their curtesie, shall by tryall taste of their assured crueltie.

[Certaine Spanish

1590.

Certaine Spanish Letters intercepted by shippes of

the worshipfull Master John Wattes written
from diverse places of the islandes and of the
maine land as well of Nueva Espanna, as of
Tierra Firma and Peru, containing many
secrets touching the aforesaid countreys, and
the state of the South Sea, and the trade to the

Philippinas.
A letter sent from Havana in Cuba from the

general of the fleete John de Orimo to the
king of Spaine the 18 of October 1590,
touching the building of certaine excellent
Frigats, &c.

T may please your majestie that at the date hereof one of the Frigates was lanched: and three more will be ready against the fleete depart from hence. They are very bigge and excellent of sayle, which will carie 150 men a piece

with souldiers and mariners. And having good ordinance, there are fewe or none of our enemies that

can offend us. For wee shall both leave and take at all [III. 558.] times when we list. But it behooveth your majestie to

send both souldiers and mariners to man the Frigats. For we have great want of souldiers and mariners, with tackling, ankers, powder, shot, calivers, and all kinde of furniture for them. For these things are not here to bee had for money: and likewise to send some great ordinance for the Zabras. For the merchants ships are so weake and so unprovided, that they have almost none to defend themselves. Also we shall be constrained to give the carena againe unto al the ships ; for they are very weake by reason of the long voyage: and the mariners and souldiers are wearie with their long travelling and keeping of them here. Thus if it would please your majestie to

1590.

command with all expedition that these souldiers and mariners with all kinde of other furniture might be sent us, then the fleete may set forward and so proceede on their voyage.

God preserve your Catholike royal majestie. From Havana the 20 of October 1590.

Your majesties servant, whose royall feet I kisse.

JOHN DE Orimo General of your Fleete.

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Havana.

A Letter sent from the Governour of Havana John

de Trexeda, to the King of Spaine, the twen-
tieth of October 1590, touching the wants of
that place.

Y three shippes which departed from this

Harbour since the Fleetes arrivall here, I
have given your majestie at large to
understand, what hath happened as much
as I can, and what thing is here to be
done in this citie, and what your majestie

must provide. And now once againe I will returne to put your majestie in minde thereof. I beseech your majestie to command to be provided and to be sent hither two hundred Negros, if

fortification in will have this

you fortification to goe forwardes: because your majestie is here at great charges with the master workeman and the Officers. And for want of Pioners the worke goeth not forwardes. For as the worke goeth dayly forward and increaseth farther and farther, so we want men to worke, and to garde it, and likewise to keep it. We dare not meddle with those of the Galies. And likewise it may please your majestie to send new working tooles of

yron, according to a remembrance which I have sent to your majestie of late, which doeth signifie our wants more at large.

Likewise it is needeful that your majestie should send powder and match to furnish these forts. And likewise Souldiers sent to send money to pay those souldiers which are newly come hither, & for that companie of souldiers which were

to Havana.

1590.

A fort upon

an hill.

made at

de Orimo

sent from Mexico to this place. For it behooveth your majestie not to have them as yet left, till such time as the defences about the forts bee finished, and that which is in building upon the hill, which will be ended very

shortly if you send the Negros and yron tooles. Five Frigats

Likewise I have certified your majestie, that with all Havana, John speed I am making ready of the five Frigates, that they

may cary all the treasure. Also John de Orimo seeing General of that it is of so great importance to have them dispatched, the fleete.

doeth furnish mee with some money, although somewhat scantly, untill such time as your majestie doth send him some order therefore. I beseech you to command it to bee done; considering the great charges and expences that we are at here, as by the accounts your Majestie shall more at large perceive, what hath bene spent. These Frigats will be made an end of without all doubt by the moneth of Februarie: but as yet their tackling and sayles are not here arrived: but I doe stay the comming thereof every day, according as the Duke of Medina and John de Ibarra have written unto me, that those ships which should bring the same were ready to depart from thence. All these things it behooveth your Majestie to send in

time: for I can assure your Majestie that you shall not The excellency have upon the sea such good shippes as these are. of the great

touching the other ships of the fleete, which are in this Frygates built in Cuba.

harbour, it is not convenient to venture the silver in them. This counsell your Majestie shall not take of mee, for I am a souldier, and have but small skill in navigation. But every day it is tolde me openly and in secret by many of the pilots, captaines, masters and

mariners. Copper mines

As touching the copper, I have put it in practise twise newly found

more, and have made proofe thereof: wherein there hath bene more spent, then I was willing there should have bene, because I have gotten no fruit thereof: I know not the cause, but that it is not done effectually by those that have the working thereof. Therefore I beseech your Majestie to send me that same founder which I wrote to

For as

in Cuba.

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