Science Awakening II

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Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 11, 2013 - 347 pages
Whoever wants to understand the genesis of modern Science has to follow three lines of development, all starting in antiquity, which were brought together in the work of ISAAC NEWTON, namely 1. Ancient Mathematics => DESCARTES 2. Ancient Astronomy => COPERNICUS : ~~~~ I=> NEWTON 3. Ancient Mechanics => GALILEO => HUYGENS In Science Awakening I (Dutch edition 1950, first Eng1ish edition 1954, second 1961, first German edition 1956, second 1965) I have followed the first 1ine, giving an outline of the development of Mathematics in Egypt, Babylonia, and Greece. Volume II, dealing with Egyptian and Baby1onian Astronomy first appeared in German under the title 'Die Anfänge der Astronomie' (Noordhoff, Groningen 1965 and Birkhäu ser, Basel 1968). The volume was written in collaboration with PETER HUBER (Swiss Federal School of Technology, Zürich). HUBER has written considerable parts of Chap ters 3 and 4, in particular all transcriptions of cuneiform texts in these chapters. I also had much help from ERNST WEIDNER (Graz), MARTIN VERMASEREN (Amsterdam), JOSEF JANSEN (Leiden) and MANU LEUMANN (Zürich).
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION The role of astronomy in the history
1
Astronomy in ancient Egypt 845
8
OldBabylonian astronomy 4659
46
The Assyrian period 6092
60
SUMMARY
91
CALCULATION OF PERIODS
102
PREDICTION OF ECLIPSES
116
THE ZODIAC
122
IMMORTALITY AND TRANSMIGRATION OF SOULS
142
THE CULT OF MITHRAS AND SOLAR THEOLOGY
150
ZERVANISM AND ASTRAL FATALISM
161
STAGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COSMIC RELIGION AND ASTROLOGY
172
Theory of the moon 205249
205
Babylonian planetary theory 250283
250
The spread of Babylonian astronomy 284324
284
EGYPTIAN PLANETARY TABLES
308

Cosmic religion astrology and astronomy 127204
127
THE RELIGION OF ZARATHUSTRA
133

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