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HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTIETH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 984

A BILL TO PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT

BECAUSE OF RACE, RELIGION, COLOR

NATIONAL ORIGIN OR ANCESTRY

JUNE 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, JULY 16, 17, and 18, 1947

Printed for the use of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

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COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

ROBERT A. TAFT, Ohio, Chairman GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont

ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota

JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana FORREST C. DONNELL, Missouri

LISTER HILL, Alabama
WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana
IRVING M. IVES, New York

PHILIP R. RODGERS, Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE

FORREST C. DONNELL, Missouri, Chairman H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana IRVING M. IVES, New York

ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana

II

CONTENTS

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

322

Barbour, Clarence, representing Students for Demorratic Action, University Page
of North Carolina -

466

Boyd, Dr. Beverley M., executive secretary, department of Christian social

relations, Federal ('ouncil of the (hurches of Christ in America, New

York, N. Y

5+

Bustard. Joseph L., assistant commission of education, department of educa-

tion, State of New Jersey----

355

('ardinal. Rev. Edward, C. S. V., director, Sheil School of Social Studies,

Chicago, III.--

84

Chavez, Hon. Dennis, l'nited States Senator from the State of New Mexico - 21
Crojer. Harry Benge, chairman-executive director, Texas Employment
('omiuission..

627

Epstein. Henry, chairman, National Community Relations Advisory ('ouncil,

Vew York, N. Y.

447

Garside, Charles, chairman, New York State Commission Against Dis-

crimination, New York, NY..

Gilbert, Robert W., cochairman, Los Angeles Chapter, National Council for

a Permanent FEPC.

478

Goldman, Frank, national president, B'nai B'rith, Lowell, Mass...

221

Green, William, president, American Federation of Labor_

483

Harrison, Gilbert, national vice chairman, American Veterans Committee_ 169
Herzberg, Ben, American Jewish Committee, New York, N. Y.-

211
Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., mayor, Minneapolis, Minn.

429
Hutcheson, Dr. R. II., State commissioner of health, Nashville, Tenn.-- 717
Ives, Hon. Irving M., United States Senator from the State of New York.. 2
Johnsou, Mrs. Elizabeth J., Washington bureau, National Fraternal Council
of Negro Churches in America, Washington, D.C -

137

Korner, Joseph, American Civil Liberties Union, Washington, D. (_

139

Lutham, Robert, international vice president, Food, Tobacco, Agricultural,

and Allied Workers Union of America, CIO..

536, 541

Lpe. Dr. J. Oscar, executive secretary, department of race relations, Federal

Council of the Churches of Christ in America, New York, N. Y..
Lloyd, David D., director, research and legislation, Americans for Demo-
cratic Action, Washington, D. (-..

176

Long, Raymond V., director, Virginia State Planning Board, Richmond, Va. 621

Looney, Frank J., attorney, Shreveport, La

56)
Jahoney, Mildred H., chairman, Fair Employment Practice Commission,
Boston, Mass.-

40.5
Marshall, Mrs. Katharine L., Women's International League for Peace and
Freedom, Washington, D. C.-

211
Masaoka, Mike M., national legislative director, Japanese-American Citi-
zen's League Anti-Discrimination ('ommittee, Inc---

19.5
Myers, E. Pauline, national legislative representative, civil liberties depart-

ment, Improved, Benevolent, Protective Order of Elks of the World... 510
Quigg, Floyd B., editor-publisher, Wood Industries Weekly, Washington,
D. C.

638

Randolph, A. Philip, cochairman, National Council for a Permanent FEPC,

Washington, D. C.

101

Rankin. Hon. John E., Representative in Congress from the State of

Mississippi.-

678

Ray, Rev. Sandy F., chairman, social service commission, National Baptist
Convention, U. S. A., Inc.

275

Reuther, Walter P., president. United Automobile, Aircraft, Agricultural Page
Implement Workers of America (LAW-CIO).

279
Rosenblum, Rabbi William F., president, Synagogue ('ouncil of America,
New York, N. Y.

39
Salert, Irving, field director, Jewish Labor ('ommittee, New York, N. Y. 501
Saunders, T. Brady, president, Miller Manufacturing Co., Richmond, Va. 608
Schottland, Col. Charles I., national executive director, Jewish War Vet-
erans of the United States.

523
Searle, Rev. Robert W., executive secretary, human relations commission,
Protestant Council of the City of New York, New York, N. Y.

266
Spence, Paulsen, president, Spence Engineering (0., Walden, N. Y

592
Stephens, Roderick, Westchester County, N. Y.

393
Taylor, Tyre, general counsel, Southern States Industrial Council, Wash-
ington, D. C-

727
Thomas, Julius A., director, department of industrial relations, National
Urban League, New York, N. Y..

2017
Turner, Henry C., attorney, New York, X. Y

322
Wedel, Mrs. Theodore (., chairman, committee on Christian social rela-
tions, United Council of Church Women, Washington, D. (

479
Wilkins, Roy, assistant national executive secretary, National Association
for the Advancement of ('olored l’eople.

182
Williams, Paul D., president, Southern Regional Council, Richmond, Va- 532, 739
Wise, Dr. Stephen S., president, American Jewish ('ongress.

153
Wolfe, Mrs. H., national committee on education and social action, National
Council of Jewish Women.

272
Wright, Hon. Fielding L., Governor of the State of Mississippi, Jackson,
Miss..

615
Wubnig, Mrs. Sylvia, the National League of Women Shoppers, inc--

J18

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I. CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

Wednesday, June 11. 1947:

Hon. Trying M. Ives, United States Senator from the State of New

York

Hon. Dennis Chavez, United States Senator from the State of New

Mexico -

Rabbi William F. Rosenblum, president, Synagogue Council of Ameri-

ca. New York, N. Y.

Dr. Beverley M. Boyd, executive secretary, department of Christian

social relations, Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in Ameri-

ca, New York, N. Y.-----

Dr. J. Oscar Lee, executive secretary, department of race relations,

Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, New York,

N. Y.---

Rev. Edward Cardinal, C. S. V., director, Sheil School of Social Studies,

Chicago, 11.-

A. Philip Randolph, cochairman, National Council for a Permanent

FEP, Washington, D. C--------

Thursday, June 12, 1947:

Mr. Elizabeth J. Johnson, Washington bureau, National Fraternal

Council of Negro Churches in America, Washington, D. C.----

Joseph Kovner, American Civil Liberties Union, Washington, D. C.

Dr. Stephen S. Wise, president, American Jewish ('ongress.

Gilbert Harrison, national vice chairman, American Veterans Com-

mittee --

Roy Wilkins, issistant national executive secretary, National Asso-

ciation for the Advancement of Colored People.

Mike M. Masaoka, national legislative director, Japanese-American

('itizens League Anti-Discrimination Committee, Inc.-

Friday, June 13, 19947:

Ben Herzberg, American Jewish Committee, New York, N. Y.----

Frank Goldman, national president, B'nai B'rith, Lowell, Mass.

Mrs. Katherine L. Marshall, Women's International League for Peace

and Freedom, Washington, D. C.-.

Julius A. Thomas, director, department of industrial relations, National

Urban League, Vew York, N. Y.--

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Friday, June 13, 1947-Continued

Rev. Robert W. Searle, executive secretary, human relations commis-

sion, Protestant Council of the City of New York, New York, N. Y.---

Mrs. H. Wolfe, national committee on education and social action,

National Council of Jewish Women..

Rer. Sandy F. Ray, chairman, social service commission, National

Baptist Convention, U. S. A., Inc.-----

Wednesday, June 18, 1947 :

Walter P. Reuther, president, United Automobile, Aircraft, Agricul-

tural Implement Workers of America (l'AW-(10)--

(harles Garside, chairman, New York State Commission Against

Discrimination, New York, N. Y.

Henry ('. Turner, attorney, New York, X. Y

Joseph L. Bustard, assistant commissioner of education, department

of education, State of New Jersey -

Roderick Stephens, Westchester County, N. Y-

Thursday, June 17, 1947:

Mildred H. Mahoney, chairman, Fair Employment Practice ('ommis-

sion, Boston, Mass.

Hon. Ilubert H. Humphrey, mayor, Minneapolis, Minn --

Henry Epstein, chairman, National Community Relations Advisory

Council. New York, N. Y..

Clarence Barbour, representing Students for Democratic Action, Uni-

versity of North Carolina.

David D). Lloyd, director, research and legislation, Americans for

Democratic Action, Washington, D. ('----

Robert W'. Gilbert, cochairman, Los Angeles chapter, National Council

for a Permanent FEPC.--

Mrs. Theodore 0. Wedel, chairman, committee on Christian social rela-

tions, l'uited ('ouncil of Church Women, Washington, D. C-

Friday, June 20, 1947:

William Green, president, American Federation of Labor

Irving Salert, field director, Jewish Labor Committee, New York,

X. Y.

E. Pauline Myers, national legislative representative, civil liberties

department, Improved, Benevolent, Protective Order of Elks of the

World.

Mis. Sylvia Wubnig, the National League of Women Shoppers, Inc.-

Col. (Charles I. Schottland, national executive director, Jewish War

Veterans of the United States-

Paul D. Williams, president, Southern Regional Council, Richmond,

Va.

Robert Latham, international vice president, Food, Tobacco, Agricul-

tural, and Allied Workers Union of America, CIO-

Wednesday, July 16, 1947:

Frank J. Looney, attorney, Shreveport, La

Paulsen Spence, president, Spence Engineering Co., Walden, N. Y..

T. Brady Saunders, president, Miller Manufacturing (Co., Richmond,

Va.

Raymond V. Long, director, Virginia State Planning Board, Richmond,

Va

Harry Benge ('rozier, chairman-executive director, Texas Employ-

ment ('ommission. -

Floyd B. Quigg, editor-publisher, Wood Industries Weekly, Washing-

ton, DC..

Thursday, July 17, 1947:

Hon. Fielding L. Wright, Governor of the State of Mississippi, Jack-

son. Viss

Hon. John E. Rankin, Representative in Congress from the State of

Mississippi

Dr. R. H. Hutcheson, State commissioner of health, Nashville, Tenn..

Friday, July 18, 1947:

Tyre Taylor, general counsel, Southern States Industrial Council,

Washington, D. C-

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