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733714

For Sale by the
Superintendent of Documents
U. S. Government Printing Office

Washington 25, D. C.

!

A Collection of Documentary Evidence and Guide Materials Prepared by the American and British Prosecuting Staffs for Presentation before the International Military Tribunal at Nurnberg, Germany, in the case of

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, and THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS

- against

HERMANN WILHELM GOERING, RUDOLF HESS, JOACHIM von RIBBENTROP, ROBERT LEY, WILHELM KEITEL, ERNST KALTENBRUNNER, ALFRED ROSENBERG, HANS FRANK, WILHELM FRICK, JULIUS STREICHER, WALTER FUNK,' HJALMAR SCHACHT, GUSTAV KRUPP von BOHLEN und HALBACH, KARL DOENITZ, ERICH RAEDER, BALDUR von SCHIRACH, FRITZ SAUCKEL, ALFRED JODL, MARTIN BORMANN, FRANZ von PAPEN, ARTUR SEYSS-INQUART, ALBERT SPEER, CONSTANTIN von NEURATH, and HANS FRITZSCHE, Individually and as Members of Any of the Following Groups or Organizations to which They Respectively Belonged, Namely: DIE REICHSREGIERUNG (REICH CABINET); DAS KORPS DER POLITISCHEN LEITER DER NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHEN DEUTSCHEN ARBEITERPARTEI (LEADERSHIP CORPS OF THE NAZI PARTY); DIE SCHUTZSTAFFELN DER NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHEN DEUTSCHEN

DEUTSCHEN ARBEITERPARTEI (commonly known as the “SS”) and including DIE SICHERHEITSDIENST (commonly known as the "SD"); DIE GEHEIME STAATSPOLIZEI (SECRET STATE POLICE, commonly known as the "GESTAPO"); DIE STURMABTEILUNGEN DER N.S.D.A.P. (commonly known as the "SA”) and the GENERAL STAFF and HIGH COMMAND of the GERMAN ARMED FORCES all as defined in Appendix B of the Indictment,

Defendants.

C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S

Page

Preface

Chapter

I. Agreement by the United States, France, Great Britain, and the

Soviet Union for the Prosecution and Punishment of the Major

War Criminals of the European Axis...

1

II. Charter of the International Military Tribunal and Protocol of

6 October 1945...

4

III. International Military Tribunal, Indictment No. 1 and Statement

of Reservation Filed by U. S. Chief of Counsel...

13

IV. Motions, Rulings, and Explanatory Material Relating to Certain

of the Defendants.....

83

1. Robert Ley

83

2. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach.

84

3. Martin Bormann

94

4. Ernst Kaltenbrunner

95

5. Julius Streicher

96

6. Rudolf Hess

97

V. Opening Address for the United States.

114

VI. Organization of the Nazi Party and State.....

175

VII. Means used by the Nazi Conspirators in Gaining Control of the

German State

184

1. Common Objectives, Methods, and Doctrines of the Con-

spiracy

184

2. Acquisition of Totalitarian Political Control.

199

3. Consolidation of Totalitarian Political Control.

218

4. Purge of Political Opponents and Terrorization..

239

5. Destruction of the Free Trade Unions and Acquisition of

Control over the Productive Labor Capacity..

252

6. Suppression of the Christian Churches....

263

V. Adoption and Publication of the Program for Persecution

of Jews

296

8. Reshaping of Education and Training of Youth.

312

9. Propaganda, Censorship, and Supervision of Cultural Ac-

tivities

328

10. Militarization of Nazi Organizations.

341

VIII. Economic Aspects of the Conspiracy...

349

IX. Launching of Wars of Aggression...

370

1. The Plotting of Aggressive War.

370

2. Preparation for Aggression: 1933-1936.

410

3. Aggression Against Austria...

450

4. The Execution of the Plan to Invade Czechoslovakia.

515

5. Opening Address for the United Kingdom...

593

6. Aggression as a Basic Nazi Idea: Mein Kampf.

7. Treaty Violations

651

8. Aggression against Poland, Danzig, England and France. . 673

9. Aggression against Norway and Denmark...

733

10. Aggression against Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxuni-

bourg

760

11. Aggression against Greece and Yugoslavia.

775

12. Aggression against the USSR....

794

13. Collaboration with Italy and Japan and Aggressive War

against the United States: November 1936 to December 1941 840

X. The Slave Labor Program, the Illegal Use of Prisoners of War,

and the Special Responsibility of Sauckel and Speer Therefor 875

XI. Concentration Camps

949

XII. The Persecution of the Jews...

978

XIII. Germanization and Spoliation...

1023

XIV. The Plunder of Art Treasures.

1097

PREFACE

I On the 2d day of May 1945, President Truman signed Executive Order 9547 appointing Justice Robert H. Jackson as Representative of the United States and as its Chief of Counsel in the preparation and prosecution of the case against the major Axis war criminals. Since that date and up to the present, the staff of the Office of Chief of Counsel, or OCC, has been engaged continuously in the discovery, collection, examination, translation, and marshalling of documentary evidence demonstrating the criminality of the former leaders of the German Reich. Since the 20th day of November 1945, a considerable part of this documentary arsenal has been directed against the 22 major Nazi war criminals who are on trial before the International Military Tribunal in Nurnberg. As of this writing the American and British casesin-chief, on Counts I and II of the Indictment charging, respectively, conspiracy and the waging of wars of aggression, have been completed.

There is perhaps no need to recall in these pages that the Nurnberg trial represents the first time in history that legal proceedings have been instituted against leaders of an enemy nation. It is perhaps equal supererogation to state here that there are no exact precedents for the charges made by the American, British, French, and Russian prosecutors that to plot or wage a war of aggression is a crime for which individuals may be punished. Yet it was because of these very facts that in its indictment the prosecution presented a challenge to itself quite as great as to the defense. A heavy burden was laid on the accusing nations to make sure that their proof measured up to the magnitude of their accusations, and that the daring of their grand conception was matched by the industry of their research, lest the hard-bought opportunity to make International Law a guardian of peace should fail by default.

It is not surprising, therefore, that the American collecting and processing of documentary evidence, under the general direction of Col. Robert G. Storey, gradually developed into an operation of formidable scope. Although some pieces of evidence were secured in Washington and London, by far the greater part was obtained in the land of the enemy. As the American Armies had swept into Germany, military investigating teams had filled document centers with an increasing wealth of materials which were freely

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