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his London, and his Oxford (both as yet in MS.) furnish good evidence of an imagination continually occupied in pursuits which kindled up its brightest flame, though not always of that judgment, discretion, or candour, which, if human characters had been ever perfect, we should have expected from a Whitaker.

In criticism, however (where writing anonymously, he woull probably have written as temper or caprice suggested) we find him, for the most part, candid and good-natured---not sparing of censure, nor yèt lavish of applause and affording us, in numerous instances, the most agrecable proofs of genuine benevolence. Even in the instance of Gibbon *, where he has been thought severe beyond all former example, we have a large mixture of the sweet with bitterness. It was the critique on Gibbon that contributed greatly to the reputation of The English Rerier, in which Mr. Whitaker was the author of many valuable articles. To his pen also, The British Critic and l'he Antijacobin Review were indebted for various pieces of criticism.

But the strength of his principles is nowhere more apparent than in those articles where he comes forward, armed with the panoply of truth, in defenee of our Civil and Ecclesiastical Constitution. It was there he struck his adversaries with consternation; and we beheld the host of Jacobins shrinking away from before his face, and creeping into their caverns of darkness. But we are here, perhaps, betrayed into expressions too violent for plain prose, which reminds us of another part of our friend's literary character,--we mean his Poetical Genius. That he contributed some fine pieces of poetr; to The Cornwall and Devon Poets, is well known. These were published in two small vetavo volumes ; and the Editor has now in his possession a sufficient quantity of good verse, by Mr, Whitaker, to fill forty or fifty pages of a third volume, now in contemplation.

We have thus (with rapid glances, and in a manner too de. sultory to be perfectly satisfactory to ourselves) reviewed the pro. ductions of our old and valued friend ; and hailed him in the several departments of the Historian, the Theologist, the Critic, the Poli. tician, and the Poet. Versatility, like Whitaker's, is, in truth, of rare occurrence ; but still more rare is the splendor of original genius, exhibited in walks so various : not that Mr. Whitaker was equally happy in them all. His characteristic traits as a wri. ter, were acute discernment, and a velocity of ideas which acquired new force in composition, and a power of combining images in a manner peculiarly striking, and of Ainging on every topic of discussion the strongest illustration. With little scruple, therefore, we hazard an opinion, That though his chief excellence be recognized in antiquarian research, he would have risen to higher emi.

* Whitaker's Review of Gibbon's History (vols.ir. v. and vi.) originally appeared in The English Review.

nence as a poet, had he cultivated io carly youth the favour of the Muses. Be this, however, as it may, there are noue who will deem us extravagant in pronouncing, That Mr. Whitaker was a GREAT literary character.

That he was good as well as grcat, would sufficiently appear in the recollection of any period of his life, whether we saw him abandoning preferment from principle, and heard him “ reasoning of righteousness and judgment to come," until a Gibbon trembled; or whether, amongst his parishioners, we wittiessrd bis unaffected earnestness of preaching, his humility in conversing with the poorest cottagers, his sincerity in assisting them with advice, his tenderness in offering them consolation, and his charity in relieving their distresses. It is true, to the same warmth of temper, together with a sense of good intentions, we must attribute an irritability at times destructive of social comfort, an impetuousness that brooked not opposition, and bore down all before it. This precipitation was in part also to be traced to his ignorance of the world, -to his sim. plicity in believing others like himscit,-precisely what they seemed to be,—and on the detection of his error, his anger at dissimulation or hypocrisy. But his general good humour, his hospitality, and his convivial pleasantry, were surely enough to atone for those sud. den bursts of passion, those thashes which betrayed his “ human frailty,” but still argued genius. And they who knew how “fearfully and wonderfully he was made," could bear from a Whitaker what they could not so well have tolerated in another. In his family, Mr. Whitaker was uniformly regular : nor did he suffer at any time his literary cares to trench on his domestic duties. The loss of such a man must be deemed, as it were, a chasm both in public and in private life. But, for the latter, we may truly say, that if ever wife had cause to lament the kind and faithful husband, or * children the affectionate parent, or servants the indulgent master, the family at Ruan-Lanyhonic must feel their loss irreparable. +

Such was the Historian of Manchester and the Rector of Ruan. Lanyhorne, of whom we have given a very hasty sketch—we hope, however, a just and impartial one. That he should have lived to the age of seventy-three is rather to be wondered ; for, strong as was his bodily constitution, his mind, ever active and restless, must have worn out (we should have presumed) even that athletic frame, long before the period assignei to man's existence. . Amidst his ardent and indefatigable researches into the Antiquities of London, his friends detected the first symptoms of bodily decay. His journey to London, his vast exertions there in procuring information, his energetic and various conversation with literary characters, brought on a debility which he little regarded, till it alarmed him in a stroke of paralysis. From this he never recovered to such a degree as to

* Two amiable daughters.

+ Mrs. Whitaker was a Miss Tregenna, of an ancient Cornish family,

be able to resume, with any good effect, his studies or occupations But, for the last year, his decline has been gradual; and it was such as we have contemplated with pleasure, since we have seen him sensible of his approaching dissolution, yet invariably supported by the faith of a Christian. His indeed was the resignation, the cheerfulness becoming a primitive disciple of that Jesus, in whose mercies he reposed, and to whom only he looked for acceptance. And he who would derive comfort from the prospect of death, should keep in view our venerable friend, when, at that awful hour which assured us of his happiness, at peace with him. self, his fellow-creatures, and his God, he sunk as into quiet slumber, without a trouble or a pain,--and, with a smile on his countenance, expired.

The Isle of the Ocean is Tyranny's Foe.

1.
When the Sons of a Frederick at France were dismay'd,
And the Princes of Prassia their Country betray'd;
When the armies of Austria reluctantly tled,
And abandon’d to Frenchmen the soil where they bled;
When Portugal's Prince sought Brazil's peaceful shore;
And the Patriot Swiss sung his War song no more,
This Hope caus'd each bosom with freedom to glow,
That the Isle of the Ocean was Tyranny's Foe.

II.
When France and Oppression base Europe enslavid,
Spain, bursting her shackles, French treachery brav'd;
Yet mindful lest Fury all order should blast,
Nail'd Royalty's Stundard to Liberty's Mast.
Then Britain eclipsing the glory of Rome,
Re-echo'd the Mandate, "Brave Spaniards Strike Home;":
And proclaims to the World as she seconds the Rlow,
That the Isle of the Ocean is Tyrunny's Fue.

III.
Resistless to Faction and Slavery's Yoke,
The True Briton's lleart's like the Heart of his Oak :
Though its Leaves may be shiver'd), unshatter'd the Slem,
His love to his Monarch is the Crown's brightest gem.
Then may Victory crown our Brave Troops on the plaia ;
And the Conqu’ror's of Europe be conquer'd again!
While our Tars on the Billozes teach Frenchmen to know

That the Isle of the Ocean is Tyranny's Foe!
December, 1808.

S. B. FROME,

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ERRATA
Page Lines
314, 5 from the bottom, insert in after manner
315, 12, for combined, read contained

22, for heir, read hero
316, 2, for their, read the

7, for adapted, read adopted
12, after event, dele of

28, after still, insert he
317, 23, for some of these, read none of those

6 from the bottom, for proofs, read proof.
318, 19, for arbicles, read article

27, for Cavallos, read Cevallos

33, after character, insert and
319, 13, for commotion, read conviction
320, 26, for in, read to

27, for brought, read reduced
321, 4 from the bottom, for must, read may; and after

have, insert ordered
322, 2, for natural, read rational

8, for and, read now
20, for throws, read throw

23, for decline, read declare
323, 29, for retarding, read declining

last line, for began, read begun
325, 10, for jurisdictions, read jurisdiction
327, 9, afler true, insert and
13, for on, read to ; and for requisition, read nego-

ciation
388, 8 from the bottom, for relieving, read correcting

337, 12, from the bottom, for pleased, read placed
* The Index, Table of Conlents, Title-Page, &c. to rot. XXXI,

will be given with the Appendix to Voli XXXII.

TO THE REMARABLE PASSAGES IN VOL. XXXI.

To find any particular Book or Pamphlet, see Table of CONTENTS annexed

to this Volume.

ABEL, his divine belief considered, Armada, the invincible one, sent

213; important lesson taught by against this country by Philip of
him to the world, 214; contrast Spain,-372
between his character and that of Artists, their complaints of a want of
Cain, 215

encouragement from the British
Abrantes, Duke of, conduct of the public, 231; useful recommenda.

English commanders in Portugal tions to, ibid.
considered in acknowledging the Austin, St., bis opinion of the wick-

title of, in the person of Junot, 78 edness of schism, 330
Accum, Mr., remarks on his Manual Austria, remarks on her policy at the

of Analytical Mineralogy, 309 present critical moment, 320
Address, observations on his majesty's BAKU, delightful country of, on the

answer to that of the city of London banks of the Caspian Sea, 268

on the convention in Portugal, 314 Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury,
Agriculturists, attempt to resist the his mission into Wales, 6; his route
distillation from sugar, 358

described, 12; humorous remark
Albigenses, conduct of the pope (In. of, 125

nocent III.) in the war against them, Bardic system, object and principle
384; remark on their history and of, 139; the subsequent corruption
religious principles, 386

of, ibid.
Algarrabos or carob tree described, Bards among the ancient Britons,
178

130, 131; their periodical meetings,
Almogavares, a sort of moorish sol- 131; description of their theology,

diers in Spain; description of their 132; their provincial chair at Gla-

singular mode of fighting, 243 morgan, and the last of their con-
Alpargatas, or Spanish sandals; con- ventions there, 133

struction of, described, 178 Barrow, Mr., his life of Earl Macart-
America, remark on some important ney, 339; contents of, 545; impor-

proposals submitted by a cele- tant sentiments of, 348
brated public character in, to this Beaver, existence of, in Wales, in the
country, 326

days of Archbishop Baldwin, 123
Ancient ballads, by a Lady, con- Beauty, diversity of opinion respect.
tents of, 57; their merits, 58

ing. 197
Angus, Mr. introduction to his Voca- Benefit societies, general utility of,

bulary and to Fulton's Dictionary, 414; baneful perversion of this spe-
206; merit of the work, ibid.

cies of institution in the metropolis,
Anonymous criticisms, observation on with the causes thereof, ibid.

the importance of to literary Study, Bentham, Mr., his reform of the ad.
26

ministration of justice in Scotland,
Antiquarian and topographical Ca. 113; merits of the author, 116; his

binet, observations on, -198 ; inte- answers to objections against his
resting account of Mr. Scott's system, 119; merits of the work,
Grotto at Amwell, ibid.

120; inelegance of his style, ibid.
argyles, institution so called, des- Bichat, anatomica) system of, de.
cription of the plan of, 288

scribed, 39
APPENDIX, ANTIJAC. REV., VOL. XXXI,

2 M

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