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Notes and Queries, July 28, 1900.




JUL 0 7 1992




LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1900, That an imperial rescript should put one

great and energetic country a year in advance CONTENTS. — No. 106.

of its neighbours, though a little surprising in NOTES :- Editorial Good Wishes - Origin of Yeomanry modern days, is not unprecedented. On the Cavalry, 1-A Lifetime's Work -- Special Literature for other side of the land over which this imperial Soldiers, 2—"Boer" - Rogers's "Ginevra Quagga'

doctor or scientist holds gway is a country in and “Zebra," 3-A Pastille-Burner-Henry Cavendish*Wroth Silver" - Poe's 'Hop-Frog'. * Wound" for which a calendar other than ours prevails. "Winded" - Prince of Wales as Duke of Cornwall, 4-The same holds true of Turkey, and once held "Gaitas," 5 – Partridge, the Almanac-maker - Omar true of Republican France. To add to the Khayyam—"Byre”-st. Michael's Church, Bassishaw, 6. complexity of calendars seems a subject for QUERIES :- Portrait of Madame Laffitte-Correspondence regret. At any rate, in presence of conflictof English Ambassadors to France-' On a Pincushion

ing authorities--imperial, ecclesiastical, or Lambert in Guernsey-" The Dukes"--Methodist Plea - Marriage Gift – Author Wanted - Moseley Hall

, 7-popular-the attitude coincides with that of "Remote" - Thomas Tomkinson, Gent."; - Lieut. James Galileo when, striking the earth with his foot, - Brothers Mayor and Town Clerk - St. Eanswyth

he said, or is reputed to have said, “E pur si Wagner's 'Meistersinger'-Dr. Syntax-Stop-press Editions-Marylebone Churchyard Public Vault-Toad Mugs- | muove.' It is still the nineteenth century, Sidney, Young, and Brownlow-Hogarth’s ‘Sigismunda' and the Editor at least will wait for a time Dandy's Gate="The Beurré"_" Witchelt"=111-shod, 9. he may never see before congratulating his REPLIES :- Cromwell and Music, 9--- An Apology for readers on the advent of the twentieth. Cathedral Service'-"To Priest”-Pickwickian Studies' -Boxing Day, 10—“The Appearance"-PolkinghornSwansea – Shepherdess Walk - Hawkwood, 11- Bryan, Lord Fairfax-The Mint-"Bridge"-Stafford Family- THE ORIGIN OF YEOMANRY CAVALRY. *Lowestoft China," 12 - The Great Oath Bdgett, 13 — “Cordwainer" - Boudicca - May Road

IN connexion with the decision of the Well, Accrington – "A pickled rope' - Authorship of Government, announced on 20 December last, * The Red, White, and Blue' - Prefaces, 15 - MorcomMargaret Blount - Hannah Lee-"* Hoastik carles, 16– to recruit a new mounted infantry force for

Cox's Museum, 17—"King of service in South Africa from the ranks of the Bantam"-Grolier Bindings, 18.

Yeomanry, it may be interesting to place on NOTES ON BOOKS :-Sidney Lee's 'Life of Shakespeare' record the fact that it is to the great Suffolk - Fernald's • Students' Standard Dictionary Library'-Reviews and Magazines.

agriculturist Arthur Young that we owe the Sotices to Correspondents.

inception of Yeomanry Cavalry.

The germ of Young's idea of forming a

“militia of property for this country is Notes,

contained in some reflections on the French

Revolution at the end of his ‘Travels in EDITORIAL GOOD WISHES. The recent issue of the Jubilee Number of 1792, he repeated the suggestion in vol. xviii.

France,' published in May, 1792. In August, Notes and Queries having brought the editor of his Annals of Agriculture' (p. 491), and into communication, more or less close and

expanded it in his well-known pamphlet personal, with some to whom individually, he entitled "The Example of France a Warning was the mere shadow of a name, and having to England,' which went through four English elicited manifestations of toleration and even editions in 1793-4 (besides two editions in of sympathy, by which he has been flattered French-one published at Brussels and the and touched, he feels justified in taking the other at Quebec), and made a great sensaopportunity of the first number of the New tion in its day. Year to wish his contributors a full share of

Young says in this pamphlet :the privileges and blessings with which, in spite of a not too propitious outset, he is

“A regiment of a thousand cavalry in every fain to hope it is charged. His indebted-county of moderate extent, just disciplined enough ness to those who make his post enviable enrolled and assembled in companies three days in and his labours light is not to be expressed. every year, and in regiments once in seven, at a Should even his aspirations be of no effect, very moderate expense to the public...... It has been the attitude of benevolence-to use the word said that such a militia is impracticable; I will not in its classical sense—is like that of devotion venture to assert that a law which legalises and or prayer, good in itself, and is a step regulates the

mode in which all the land

proprietors (the longest that can be taken) towards its in the kingdon......may instantly assen ble, armed, own fulfilment. For congratulations on the in troops and regiments..... a law which prepares arrival of a new century he has still twelve the means of security and defence, while the rage months to wait. That fact, simple as it is, of attack unites and electrifies the enemies of peace is not obvious to all. To him and to most of the salvation of the community.”-Fourth edition, his readers it is patent as the sun at mid-day. 1794, pp. 141-2

Young says in his 'Autobiography,' first published at the beginning of 1898, that his "great plea of a horse militia produced immediately three volunteer corps of cavalry, which multiplied rapidly through the kingdom." His health was the first toast given for being the origin of those corps which, when assembled, had this opportunity of publicly, declaring their opinion”. ('Autobiography,' p. 204). At a dinner given by the Duke of Bedford at Woburn, Young was told “by a gentleman of great property, captain of a troop of Yeomanry, that whenever his troop met he always drank my (Young's] health after the King's, for being the undisputed origin of all the Yeomanry corps in the kingdom” (p. 206). It is significant that in Young's own personal copy of his ‘Annals' the passages relating to his suggestions as to the Yeomanry are marked, apparently in his own hand.

In his own county of Suffolk Young enrolled himself as a private in the ranks of a corps raised at his recommendation in the vicinity of Bury St. Edınunds, and commanded by Lord Broome, afterwards Marquis of Cornwallis (p. 205). In vol. xxvii. of the Annals of Agriculture (1796), p. 537, Young prints a statement of the expense of equipping (with jacket, waistcoat, surtout, breeches, boots, gloves, cravat, &c.) a trooper in the Suffolk corps of Yeomanry Cavalry - which, under the title of the Loyal Suffolk Hussars, now (1900) has as its Honorary Colonel 'H.R.H. the Duke of York--and he even prints a song, obviously written by himself, commencing “Hear ye not the din from afar?” and winding up with these unexceptionable if rather tritely expressed sentiments :

Then, gallant Yeomen, sing with me.

May we fall or conquer free:
Firm our union, just our cause,
'Tis our country, King, and laws.

ERNEST CLARKE. 13a, Hanover Square, W.

Strange delays, still unexpected,
One by one appear, detected,
And the more we do, the greater

Seems the task that lies undone.
Still, as year to year succeedeth,
Each in turn more swiftly speedeth ;
Fifty years soon fly behind us,

And are dwindlod to a span ;
Still the final day draws nearer,
And the truth grows ever clearer
That a life is all too little

To complete the cherished plan.
What remains ? Shall we, defeated,
From the project incompleted
Draw aloof, and seek for solace
In an indolent

repose ?
Rather be the toil redoubled,
Though the light grow dim and troubled,
As the swiftly-falling twilight

Hastens onward to its close.
No! let never the suggestion
Of thy weakness raise

a question Of the duty that impels thee

Still to follow on the trace; Every stroke of true endeavour Often wins, and wins for ever Just a golden grain of knowledge

Such as lifts the human race. Truth is one! To grasp it wholly Lies in One, its Author, solely ; And the mind of man can master

But a fragment of the plan;
Every scheme, howe'er extensive,
Though it seem all-comprehensive,
Is a portion of a portion

Fitting life’s allotted span.
Death is near; and then-what matter
Though a coming hand shall shatter
All the fair but fragile fabric

Thou laboriously didst raise ?
If a single brick abideth
That thine honest toil provideth,
Thy sucoess hath proved sufficient,
Thou shalt win the Master's praise.

WALTER W. SKEAT. [The poem has already appeared in print.]

SPECIAL LITERATURE WRITTEN FOR SOLDIERS. -Since our soldiers form a great topic of conversation just now, brief allusion to some books written for them when on active service may not be out of place. From the nature of the case, they are few in number. A soldier's first duty is to fight, and he is not supposed to have any leisure to read, except the scanty correspondence he may be fortunate to receive from friends at home..

in our great Civil War there were some curious Jittle manuals and treatises written for him, now. very scarce and interesting historically. Their dates lie between 1640 and 1649--that is, between the election of the Long Parliament and the king's execution. The Parliament had not long been in power when it began to


(See gth S. iv. 550.) In the flush of youth's beginning, When renown seems worth the winning By a score of schemes accomplished

Ere the eve of life draws nigh, Then the mind surveys with pleasure All the length of life and leisure For researches carried forward

To completion ere we die. But the march of time, incessant, Proves our hopes but evanescent, And the plans of finished labours

Dwindle down to two or one ;


be clearly seen by those who looked into the seems to be the same word as the Dutch boer near future that on the army would eventu- and English boor; but it is to be noted that ally hang the destinies of both opposing a dairy of cows is spoken of here as a booing, parties, that the common soldiers had to be apparently onomatopoeic, and our word booer reckoned with as important elements in the may signify one who takes over the booing. contest, and that their politics and religion

HERBERT MAXWELL. should therefore be carefully coached and

Rogers's 'GINEVRA.'-. tutored, and, above all, any religious scruples especially cleared and directed. This will Within that chest she had concealed herself, appear from the following curious literature,

Fluttering with joy, the happiest of the happy ;

When a spring-lock that lay in ambush there of which but few copies have escaped to our Fastened her down for ever! days :

If the following, taken from the Daily Tele1. A Spirituall Snapsacke for the Parliament graph for 26 June, 1897, is the bona fide the Successfull Prosecution of this Present Cause. account of an actual occurrence, and not an Lond., 1643, 4to.

exaggeration or invention suggested by the 2. The Christian Souldier; or, Preparation for story, we have what seems to be a striking Battaile. Lond., 1642, 4to.

parallel or illustration :3. The Christian Souldiers Magazine of Spirituall Weapons. Lond., 1644, 8vo.

“Henderson, Kentucky, Friday.-Two sisters, 4. The Rebells Catechism. Composed in an easy five years respectively, while playing hide-and seek

named Laura and Jennie Melton, aged seven and and familiar way. 1643, 4to. 5. The Souldiers Language; or, a Discourse with three other children at their father's house, between Two Souldiers, shewing how the Warres hid inside a big trunk in the cellar. Two others w on. 1644, 4to.

hid in a bed upstairs. The fifth child found the 6. The Zealous Souldier.

latter two, but could not find the others. The 7. The Mercenary Souldier. Both broadsheets, parents were away visiting a neighbour, and did not c. 1646.

come back for three hours, but, on learning the & The Souldier's Pocket Bible. Lond., 1643,

two children were missing, at once began to search 12mo. And a second edition, Lond., 1644.

for them. After an investigation lasting an hour, 9. The Souldier's Catechism, composed for the the father remembered the trunk, and on opening Parliaments Army, in two parts, wherein are

it discovered the two girls lying dead in each other's chiefly taught: (1) The Justification, (2) The Quali- arms. The lid of the trunk fastened with a springfication, of our Soldiers, written for the encourage lock, and when the children were once in the box, ment and instruction of all that have taken up arms they were unable to open it, and were slowly in the cause of God and His People, especially the

suffocated.-Dalziel." Common Soldier. Lond., 1644, 12mo.

The incident, if truly such, lends itself to The last two are associated with the name poetry on the lines of 'Lucy Gray’; but any of Cromwell, as having been issued accord writer so utilizing it would, of course, be ing to the wish and instruction of his rising thought to be simply imitating Rogers. and influential party. Both are extremely


Bath. scarce, only two copies each being known of theoriginals. The Pocket Bible'is well known, having been frequently reprinted, and is

“QUAGGA AND “ZEBRA.”—The names of mainly a collection of Scripture texts suit- these two nearly allied animals have never able for soldiers with appropriate headings. been satisfactorily traced to their sources. Bat the “Soldier's Catechism is by far the Taking Prof. Skeat's 'Dictionary and the most remarkable and interesting book ever Century' as the two best authorities, I find issued for a soldier's breast-pocket, and, as is in the former, Quagga, said to be Hottentot”; acknowledged, was a powerful instrument in in the latter, Quagga, apparently South determining the king's execution. It would African.” The word is South African. It is be interesting to know who drew it up, and not Hottentot, but Xosa-Kaffir. As early as how it is we know so little about it. No 1812, Lichtenstein, in his ‘Travels,' gives it as bibliographers, no historians, even mention it. such in a vocabulary of Xosa words; and in the


'Dictionary of the Kaffir Language,' by the

Rev. W. J. Davis (London, 1872), I find it again. “ Boer.”—It may be of interest to note Davis spells it iqwara, but his r represents that the word boer, pronounced as, a dis: a “deep guttural sound,” hence the European syllable booer, is in common use in this part forms quagga and quacha (pronounced of Scotland (Galloway), although it is not to kwokka). As to zebra, the nearest approach be found in Jamieson's 'Dictionary. It is to an etymology of it is due to Littré, who used to denote the person, usually a peasant, calls it mot éthiopien.” Prof. Skeat quotes to whom a farmer lets his dairy cows for the this only to express doubt of its accuracy, season. Perhaps I should have said that this though he has nothing with which to replace

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