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many of those that have died, and find in all that one of the small stomachs, or contents of the same, is very dry, nothing like as soft as the contents of the other. I have been unable to detect anything wrong in my examination of the liver and lights. I have given those that are atfected linseed oil (raw) in 2-ounce doses, but it does not seem to do them any good. In skinning one that died the other day one or two worms dropped out of the nose, and since then I have been cutting the head open and find worms at the root of the nose in all of them. It is a worm about three-quarters of an inch long and about one-quarter of an inch in diameter, with black stripes across the back. Some of them are white, with no black stripes. A kind of mucous, mixed with some blood, comes from the nose of those affectel. I mixed up a strong solution of tobacco and added a few drops of strong carbolic acid, with which I syringed the nose of the sick animals. I do not think it did them any good, as they swallowed the injected wash. Some of those that have died were nice and fat when first affected, but they would soon become poor, and would die, as near as I was able to judge, in from five to ten days after the first symptons were noticeable.
MYSTERIOUS DESTRUCTION OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS.
Mr. J. L. Gleaves, Wytheville, Va., writing under date of April 12 last, gives the following account of the loss of many domestic animals which annually occurs in that locality from some unknown cause :
I desire to call your attention to a matter which is now of great interest, and is of increasing importance to a large number of our people. In the counties of Washington, Smyth, and Grayson is situated what is known as White Top Mountain. This is the highest mountain in Virginia. The soil all over the mountain is very fertile, as well as that upon neighboring ranges. It is peculiarly adapted to the growth of blue grass and
pea vines, and furnishes pasturage for a large number of cattle, sheep, and hogs. These thrive and fatten during the spring and summer, but about the last of August and first of September there comes what is called by the people of the mountains fall poison, which sometimes kills whole herds of cattle, sheep, and hogs. What it is the people do not know. It is not a weed or any vegetable matter, but something which, as they say, falls upon the grass. It is particularly destructive about and after sundown. People have been made sick by drinking the milk of a cow allowed to feed upon blue grass or pea vines after sunset. A very large and valuable territory is thus rendered practically useless at the season spoken of, when it is most needed. I simply write to ask if it would not be well to investigate the matter and ascertain the true cause of this evil, and, if possible, find a remedy therefor?
WILL STRYCHNINE KILL BUZZARDS ?
The statistical correspondent of Chautuaqua County, N. Y., says: Your correspondent lost 68 hogs out of a herd of 108. Many of my neighbors lost all they had. My hogs were in three separate pastures, with good grass and clover and sound corn. Had no communication with other hogs. No other hogs within less than one-half mile of them when the first ones were taken sick. All drank from the spring in the fields where they were confined ; no water from other fields or outside lots running through the hog lots. Buzzards flew over this field morning and night, going to and from dead hogs on farms three-fourths of a mile away. Changed fields with this lot four times ; took out the sick as fast as discovered, and burned the dead ones. Swarms of buzzards then came, and I then made many gashes in three dead hogs and put in enough strychnine to destroy all the buzzards that would feed upon the carcasses, and watched the results. Did not discover that it had any effect upon them. They ate the three hogs that day; heard of no dead buzzards in the vicinity. Found three dead hogs the next morning that had been gnawing the bones of the hogs in which the poison had been placed. Query: Will strychnine kill buzzards ?
LAWS OF THE STATES AND TERRITORIES FOR THE CONTROL
OF CONTAGIOUS ANIMAL DISEASES.
The following are official transcripts of the laws of all the States and Territories adopted since the publication of the Second Annual Report of the Bureau for the control of contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases of domesticated animals. The proclamations of the governors of the various States and Territories which have adopted quarantine measures to prevent the introduction of contagious and infectious diseases will also be found below :
AN ACT for the prevention and suppression of infectious and contagious diseases of horses and
other animals. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the general assembly of Alabama, That it shall be the duty of any person who is the owner or possessor of a horse, mule, or other animal having the glanders or other fatal, contagious, or infectious disease, to keep such diseased animals away and removed from any public or other place where horses, mules, or other animals are usually kept in said counties, and also to keep such diseased animals at a distance from any common rendezvous for animals therein, whether such rendezvous or place of resort be maintained for public or private use and convenience; and any person refusing or wilfully neglecting to obey this provision of law, by bringing such diseased horse, mule, or other animal or causing the same to be brought to any rendezvous of animals or other place where the same shall be usually kept, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and may be indicted therefor, and upon conviction thereof, by or before any court of this State competent at this time to try and punish misdemeanors committed in said counties, shall be fined not exceeding $50 nor less than $5 for any violation of this law: Provided, That the prosecution and conviction of any person under this statute shall not be a bar to an action for civil damages against said person for loss or injury incurred by reason of the violation thereof.
Approved February 28, 1887.
AN ACT for the protection of domestic animals. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the legislative assembly of the Territory of Arizona: Five commissioners identified with the live-stock interests of the Territory of Arizona shall be appointed by the governor, who shall constitute the live-stock sanitary commission of the Territory of Arizona. Before entering upon the duties of his office, each commissioner shall take and subscribe the oath of office, and file the same with the secretary of the Territory; and each commissioner, before entering on the performance of his duties, shall execute a bond, to be approved by the governor, in the sum of two thousand dollars, conditioned that he will faithfully perform the duties of his office, and file the same with the secretary of the Territory. The term of office of said commissioners shall be for the period of two years from the first day of April, 1887, next succeeding their appointment, and the governor shall have the power to fill any vacancy in said commission. Said commissioners shall elect one of their number chairman, and the Territorial veterinary surgeon hereinafter provided for shall be ex-officio secretary of said commission.
The secretary shall keep a full and complete record of the proceedings of the commission, and make such report to the governor as may from time to time be re quired.
SEC. 2. The governor shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the legislative council, appoint a skilled veterinary surgeon for the Territory, who at the date of such appointment shall be a graduate in good standing of a recognized college of veterinary surgery, and who shall hold his office for the term of two years, unless sooner removed by the commission: Provided, That the salary of said veterinary surgeon shall on no account exceed the sum of two thousand dollars per annum, and fifteen (15) cents per mile for each mile necessarily traveled in the discharge of his duties; and the Territorial auditor is hereby authorized to draw his warrant on the Territorial treasurer for the said amounts, properly verified, to be paid out of the live-stock sanitary fund hereinafter provided for.
Before entering upon the duties of his office the Territorial veterinarian shall take and subscribe an oath to faithfully perform the duties of his said office, and shall execute a bond to the Territory of Arizona, in the sum of three thousand ($3,000) dollars, with good and sufficient sureties, conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties of his office, which bond and sureties thereto shall be approved by the governor, and said bond, together with his oath of office, shall be deposited in the office of the secretary of the Territory.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the commission provided for in the first section of this act to protect the health of the domestic animals of the Territory from all contagious or infectious diseases of a malignant character, and for this purpose it is hereby authorized and empowered to establish, maintain, and enforce such quarantine, sanitary, and other regulations as it may deem necessary. It shall be the duty of any member of said commission, upon receipt by him of reliable information of the existence among the domestic animals of the Territory of any malignant disease, to at once notify the Territorial veterinarian, who shall go at once to the place where any such disease is alleged to exist, and make a careful examination of the animals believed to be affected with any such disease, and ascertain, if possible, what, if any, disease exists among the live stock reported to be affected, and whether the same is contagious or infectious or not; and if said disease is found to
a malignant, contagious, or infectious character, he shall direct the temporary quarantine and sanitary regulations necessary to prevent the spread of any such disease, and report his findings and actions to the commission.
SEC. 4. Upon the receipt by any member of this commission of the report of the Territorial veterinarian, provided for in section two of this act, if said member shall be of the opinion that the exigencies of the case require it, he shall immediately convene the commission at such a place as he may designate, and if upon consideration of the report of the veterinarian the commission shall be satisfied that any contagious or infectious disease exists of a malignant character, which seriously threatens the health of domestic animals, they shall proceed at once to the infected district, ascertain and determine the premises or grounds infected, and establish the quarantine, sanitary, and police regulations necessary to circumscribe and exterminate such disease; and no domestic animal liable to become infected with the disease, or capable of communicating the same, shall be permitted to enter or leave the district, premises, or grounds so quarantined, except by authority of the commission. The said commission shall also from time to time enforce such directions and prescribe such rules and regulations as to separating, mode of handling, treating, feeding, and caring for such diseased and exposed animals as it shall deem necessary to prevent the two classes of animals from coming in contact with each other, and perfectly isolate them from all other domestic animals which have not been exposed thereto, and which are susceptible of becoming infected with disease; and the said commission, or any of the members thereof, and said veterinarian, are hereby authorized and empowered to enter upon any grounds or premises to carry out the provisions of this act.
Sec. 5. When in the opinion of the commission it shall be necessary to prevent the further spread of any contagious or infectious diseases among the live stock of the Territory to destroy animals affected with or which have been exposed to any such disease, it shall determine what animals shall be killed, and appraise the same as hereinafter provided, and cause the same to be killed and the carcasses to be disposed of as in its judgment will best protect the health of the domestic amimals of the locality.
SEC. 6. Whenever, as in the fourth section of this act provided, the commission shall direct the killing of any domestic animal or animals, it shall be the duty of the commissioners to appraise the animal or animals to be killed, and shall make an inventory of the animal or animals condemned, and in fixing the value thereof the commissioners shall be governed by the value of said animal or animals at the rate
of appraisement: Provided, That no animal or animals shall be slaughtered except those affected with contagious pleuro-pneumonia of cattle, or foot and mouth disease, or such as have been exposed thereto.
Sec. 7. When the commission shall have determined the quarantine and other necessary regulations necessary to prevent the spread among domestic animals of any malignant, contagious, or infectious disease found to exist among the live stock of the Territory, and given its order as herein before provided, prescribing quarantine and other regulations, it shall notify the governor thereof, who shall issue his proclamation, proclaiming the boundary of such quarantine, and the orders, rules, and regulations prescribed by the commission, which proclamation may be published by written or printed hand-bills, posted within the boundaries or on the lines of the district, premises, places, or grounds so quarantined, or by being published in the official paper of the Territory: Provided, That if the commission decide that it is not necessary, by reason of the limited extent of the district in which such disease exists, that a proclamation should be issued, then none shall be issued; but the com mission shall give notice as may to it seem best to make the quarantine established effective.
SEC. 8. The commission provided for in this act shall have the power to employ such persons, and purchase such supplies and material as may be necessary to carry into full effect all orders by it given, as hereinbefore provided: Provided, That no laborer shall be employed, nor material or supplies purchased by the commission, except such additional labor, material, and supplies as may be necessary to carry into effect the quarantine and other regulations prescribed by the commission. · SEC. 9. When any animal or animals are killed under the provisions of this act by order of the commission, the owner thereof shall be paid therefor the appraised value fixed by the appraisement hereinbefore provided for: Provided, The right of indemnity on account of any animals killed by order of the commission under the provisions of this act shall not extend to the owners of animals which have been brought into the Territory in a diseased condition, or from any State, country, Territory, or district in which the disease with which the animal is infected, or to which it has been exposed, exists; nor shall any animal be paid for by the Territory which may be brought into the Territory in violation of any law or quarantine regulation thereof, or the owner of which shall have violated any of the provisions of this act, or disregarded any rule, regulation, or order of the live-stock sanitary commission or any member thereof; nor shall any animal be paid for by the Territory which came into the possession of the claimant with the claimant's knowledge that such animal was diseased, or was suspected of being diseased, or of having been exposed to any contagious or infectious disease; nor shall any animal belonging to the United States be paid for by the Territory.
SEC. 10. It shall be the duty of any owner or person in charge of any domestic animal or animals who discovers, suspects, or has reason to believe, that any of his domestic animals or domestic animals in his charge are affected with any contagious or infectious disease, to immediately notify such fact, belief or suspicion to the commission, or any member of it, and to the sheriff and county clerk of the county in which such domestic animal is found ; and it shall be the duty of any person who discovers the existence of any contagious or infectious disease among the domestic animals of another to report the same to the sheriff and county clerk of the county in which such domestic animal is found.
SEC. 11. Any person who shall knowingly bring into this Territory any domestic animal which is affected with any contagious or infectious disease, or any animal which has been exposed to any contagious or infectious disease, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in any sum not less than five hundred dollars or more than five thousand dollars.
SEC. 12. Any person who owns or is in possession of live stock which is, or which is suspected, reported to be affected with any infectious or contagious disease, who shall refuse to allow the Territorial veterinarian or other authorized officer or officers to examine such stock, or shall hinder or obstruct the Territorial veterinarian or other authorized officer or officers in any examination of, or in any attempt to examine such stock, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in any sum not less than one hundred dollars or more than five hundred dollars.
SEC. 13. Any person who shall have in his possession any domestic animal affected with any contagious or infectious disease, knowing such animal to be affected, or after having received notice that such animal is so affected, or who shall sell, ship, drive, trade or give away such diseased animal or animals which have been exposed to such infection or contagion, or who shall move or drive any domestic animal in violation of any direction, rule, regulation, or order establishing and regulating quarantine, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof
S. Mis. 156—20
shall be fined in any sum not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars for each of such diseased or exposed domestic animals which he shall sell, ship, drive, trade, or give away in violation of the provisions of this act. Provided, That any owner of any domestic animal which has been affected with or exposed to any contagious or infectious disease may dispose of the same after having obtained from the Territorial veterinarian a bill of health of such animal.
SEC. 14. When any live stock shall be appraised and killed by order of the commission, it shall issue to the owner of the live stock so killed a certificate, showing the number and kind of animals killed, and the amount to which the holder is entitled, and report the same to the auditor of the Territory and upon presentation of such certificate to the auditor, he shall draw his warrant on the treasurer for the amount therein stated, payable out of the live-stock sanitary fund and no other, as hereinafter provided for.
SEC. 15. The members of the commission appointed by the governor as hereinbefore provided shall receive three dollars per day for the time by them necessarily employed in discharging the duties required by this act, and each member of the commission hereinbefore provided for shall receive fifteen (15) cents for each and every mile actually travelled, which said per diem and expenses shall be drawn from the treasury out of the live-stock sanitary fund and no other, as hereinafter provided for, on the warrant of the auditor, to be issued on the filing in his office of an itemized account thereof properly verified.
SEC. 16. Whenever the governor of the Territory shall have reason to believe that any dangerous, contagious, or infectious disease has become epidemic in certain localities in other States, Territories, or countries, or that there are conditions which render such domestic animals from such infected districts liable to convey such disease, he shall, by proclamation, prohibit the importation of any live stock of the kind diseased into the Territory, unless accompanied by a certificate of health, given by a duly authorized veterinary inspector, and all such animals arriving in this Territory shall be examined without delay by the Territorial veterinary surgeon, and if deemed necessary placed in close quarantine until all danger of infection is passed, when they shall be released by order of the veterinary surgeon or the livestock commission.,
SEC. 17. The commissioners shall have the power to call upon any sheriff, under sheriff, deputy sheriff, or constable to execute their orders, and such officers shall obey the orders of the said commissioners; and the officers performing such duties shall receive compensation therefor, as is prescribed by law for like services, to be paid as other expenses of said commission, as hereinbefore provided; and any officer may arrest on view, and take before any magistrate of the county, any person found violating the provisions of this act, and such officer shall immediately notify the county attorney
of such arrest, and he shall prosecute the person so offending according to law.
SEC. 18. Except as otherwise provided in this act, any person who shall violate, disregard, or evade, or attempt to violate, disregard, or evade any of the provisions of this act, or who shall violate, disregard, or evade, or atttempt to violate, disregard, or evade any of the rules, regulations, orders, or directions of the live-stock sanitary commission establishing and governing quarantine, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in any sum not less than one hundred nor more than five thousand dollars.
SEC. 19. It shall be unlawful for any person or corporation to drive or transport, or cause to be driven or transported into the Territory of Arizona, any cattle from those States, Territories, or countries against which the governor has proclaimed a quarantine as hereinbefore provided for in section 16 of this act: Provided, That cattle in transit through the Territory on the railroads are not liable to any penalties attached to said act.
SEC. 20. The provisions of this act shall not apply, to sheep and hogs, or to cattle when affected by the disease known as Texas, splenic, or Spanish fever.
SEC. 21. For the purposes of this act each member of the live-stock sanitary commission is hereby authorized and empowered to administer oaths and affirmations.
SEC 22. Any moneys collected as fines under the provisions of this act shall be paid into the Territorial treasury and be set apart and be known as the live-stock sanitary fund, and all expenses of said sanitary commission shall be paid out of said fund, and from no other.
SEC. 23. An act to prevent the introduction of diseased cattle into the Territory of Arizona, approved March 2, 1885, is hereby repealed, and all acts and parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed.
SEC. 24. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.