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Guardian | General approved extreme interrogation methods

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The Abu Ghraib scandal, in which US forces physically abused and sexually humiliated Iraqi prisoners at a jail on the outskirts of Baghdad, occurred on during Gen Sanchez's command. Gen George Casey replaced him as top commander in Iraq nine months ago.

The ACLU said the Pentagon initially refused to release the memo on national security grounds.

Click here to read the memo

Guardian Unlimited Guardian Newspapers Limited 2005

ARTICLE, BOB HERBERT, “AMERICA A SYMBOL OF New YORK TIMES,

MAY 30, 2005, AVAILABLE ON WESTLAW AT 2005 WLNR 8545594

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New York Times (NY)
Copyright (c) 2005 The New York Times. All rights reserved.

May 30, 2005

Section: A

America, A Symbol of,..

Bob Herbert

This Memorial Day is not a good one for the country that was once the world's most brilliant beacon of freedom and justice.

State Department officials know better than anyone that the image of the United States has deteriorated around the world. The U.S. is now widely viewed as a brutal, bullying nation that countenances torture and operates hideous prison camps at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and in other parts of the world .. camps where inmates have been horribly abused, gruesomely humiliated and even killed.

The huge and bitter protests of Muslims against the United States last week were touched off by reports that the Koran had been handled disrespectfully by interrogators at Guantanamo. But the anger and rage among Muslims and others had been building for a long time, fueled by indisputable evidence of the atrocious treatment of detainees, terror suspects, wounded prisoners and completely innocent civilians in America's so-called war against terror.

Amnesty International noted last week in its annual report on human rights around the world that more than 500 detainees continue to be held "without charge or trial' at Guantanamo. Locking people up without explaining why, and without giving them a chance to prove their innocence, seems a peculiar way to advance the cause of freedom in the world.

It's now known that many of the individuals swept up and confined at Guantanamo and elsewhere were innocent. The administration says it has evidence it could use to prove the guilt of detainees currently at Guantanamo, but much of the evidence is secret and therefore cannot be revealed.

This is where the war on terror meets Never - Never Land.

President Bush's close confidante, Karen Hughes, has been chosen to lead a high-profile State Department effort to repair America's image. The Bush crowd apparently thinks this is a perception problem, as opposed to a potentially catastrophic crisis that will not be eased without substantive policy changes.

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ARTICLE, NEIL A. LEWIS & CHRISTOPHER MARQUIS, “A NATION CHALLENGED: IMMI

GRATION, LONGER VISA WAITS FOR ARABS,” NEW YORK TIMES, NOVEMBER 10, 2001, AVAILABLE ON WESTLAW AT 2001 WLNR 3372678

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Copyright (c) 2001 The New York Times. All rights reserved.

November 10, 2001

Section: A

A NATION CHALLENGED: IMMIGRATION; Longer Visa Waits for Arabs; Stir Over U.S.

Eavesdropping

NEIL A. LEWIS and CHRISTOPHER MARQUIS

State Department says it will slow process for granting visag to young men from Arab and Musiin nations in bid to prevent terrorist attacks; officials cite changes and controversial new Justice Department plan to allow authorities to monitor all communications between some people in federal custody and their lawyers as part of basic shift in antiterror policy to stress prevention; government weighs further preventive moves; legal profession representatives, civil liberties groups and Sen Patrick J Leahy score eavesdropping plan; chronology of moves over centuries curbing civil liberties; photos (M)

WASHINGTON, Nov. 9 The State Department said today that it would slow the process for granting visas to young men from Arab and Muslim nations in an effort to prevent terrorist attacks.

The move came as the Bush administration was engulfed in complaints about a separate new antiterror policy by the Justice Department to allow the authorities to monitor all communications between some people in federal custody and their lawyers. That move provoked an outcry from the legal profession, civil liberties groups and Senator Patrick J. Leahy, the Vermont Democrat who heads the Judiciary Committee.

The changes in visa procedures and the new authorized eavesdropping represented what government officials said was a fundamental shift in antiterror policy to emphasizing prevention.

The government is considering more changes and is enacting others, some of which stem from new antiterrorism legislation. These measures include the following:

*The use of wiretaps secretly authorized by a special federal court to prosecute people suspected of involvement in terrorism on charges unrelated to terrorism. The wiretaps are supposed to be primarily for intelligence gathering and are more easily obtainable than wiretaps sought for criminal investigations.

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* The revision of guidelines prosecutors use to determine when to oppose bail for people charged with relatively minor crimes. Federal prosecutors have in many cases urged judges not to release people suspected of involvement in terrorist activities even if they are charged with minor and unrelated crimes.

*The holding in New York of at least 10 people as material witnesses with their arrest records sealed by court order.

The new State and Justice policies on visas and the monitoring of communications between suspected terrorists and their lawyers highlighted the problem of trying to reconcile growing national security concerns with traditional civil liberties issues.

State Department officials said that starting next week, visa applications from 26 nations from any men 16 to 45 years old would be checked against databases maintained by the P.B.I.

The security procedure will take up to 20 days, officials said. The applicants will also be required to complete a detailed questionnaire on their backgrounds, including questions about any military service or weapons training, previous travel, and whether they had ever lost a passport.

Secretary of State Colin L. Powell today portrayed the new rules as temporary.

* Those who come to the United States, we're going to check on to make sure that we are safe, ," Mr. Powell said. "We want people to come to our shores but at the same time, we have to protect ourselves. This will be a temporary measure for a number of countries."

Mr. Powell acknowledged that the change could antagonize some Muslim nations whose support the United States seeks in its war against the Taliban and Al Qaeda, Osama bin Laden's organization in Afghanistan.

*We are sensitive to how it will affect our friends," Mr. Powell told Fox News.

Countries affected by the new visa restriction are Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain,
Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia,
Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia Turkey, the
United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

The move on visas drew immediate criticism in the United States, where pro-immigration groups and organizations representing American Muslims said the new requirements amounted to profiling by religion or nationality, a shift to methods they called antithetical to American values.

*This policy to me is very gray," said Angela M. Kelley, the deputy director of the National immigration Forum, a pro-immigrant policy group. "It will catch up in its net people who mean us no harm. It sends the wrong message for a nation of immigrants."

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