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any requests federal acces a fasta nimeinde agenc.s x the CD beresse a vesc extate in the ever se i wes I appe er: 12m of an Chordance on the laws or Construts Suze or inel reed Szias, 4 DIRECTS outie soos and motion of her earr ng win the con of provide neke se odias se atxaror sets have a grand 'aw enfocerere agers pursuan second the USA PATRIOT ALL

DIRECTS potcbrar as the the Cow of * 205. Ea promenen: Face asctan the Ttran a voce ton wes as felins WARNING Lader Section 1. fx federalise PAIROT ActPri Low 07-501 records of the books and other meer as vou termes Ebrary cay be one in festa. zents Tz: rede:2. an rumus librarase TSV Crex:s aww you ne brez van iedere szers Quowas 21 ts pelo sex crecibe learne; General born ist Deurment of Bocz. Was zrcos D 6 Directs the Cir Condicher of S:aff to a Trasci 2007 of ths resou. Ons Senators and

and Represeriais 200cm per ed alette: green wer: 80 spor: Congression etoris i assess the impacts of the PATRIOT AC IC:sor federal askerror son sacs and work so repea. provisions of te L SA PATRIOT ACT and other laws and regulaton at infringe or cmi nghes and l-berses ensure that provisions of the LSA PATRIOT Act sunset in accordance with the prevessons

er x la • ake a lead in Congressional action to prohibet passage of the Domestic Security

Enhancement Aa known as “Patro- II" 7. DIRECTS tie Con Vasager to seek pert: 22.y freza federa a Santes the foung informa:10.-afts that ac..ales as assessmeri che erect of federz. an-tur.SC ent on the residents of the Co of (a) The ares of all residents of the Cty of who have been arrested o- one se deta.net is federa' authorses as a result of terrorst inestigazzens since September 11, 2001, the locarien ef each de a nice the Creststaxes tha: led to each demon the charges, if any, lodged agains; each detaipee, the same of counse: if any, representing each deia:nee. (b) The Burcber of search warrar:s tha: have been elected in the City of withou: ncace to the subsect of the warrant pups.jar: to section 2!3 of the L SA PATRIOT Act,

(c) The extent of electronic surveillance carried out in the City of under powers granted in the USA PATRIOT Act; (d) The extent to which federal authorities are monitoring political meetings, religious gatherings or other activities protected by the First Amendment within the City of (e) The number of times ed ation records have been obtained from public schools and institutions of higher learning in the City of under section 507 of the USA PATRIOT Act, (1) The number of times library records have been obtained from libraries in the City of under section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act; (g) The number of times that records of the books purchased by store patrons have been obtained from bookstores in the City of under section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act, 8. DIRECTS all public libraries to have a policy that ensures the regular destruction of records that identify the name of the book borrower after the book is returned, or that identify the name of the Internet user after completion of Internet use; 9. ADVISES all persons in local businesses and institutions, and particularly booksellers, to refrain when possible from keeping records which identify the name of the purchaser, and to regularly destroy such records that are maintained, in order to protect intellectual privacy rights, and be it 10. DIRECTS the City Manager to transmit to the City Council no less than once every six months a summary of the information obtained pursuant to the preceding paragraph and, based on such information and any other relevant information, an assessment of the effect of federal anti-terrorism efforts on the residents of the City of 11. DIRECTS the City Manager to transmit a copy of this resolution to Senator Senator and Congressman

accompanied by a letter urging them to monitor federal anti-terrorism tactics and work to repeal provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act and other laws and regulations that infringe on civil rights and liberties, 12. DIRECTS the City Manager to transmit a copy of this resolution to Governor

L, and appropriate members of the State Legislature, accompanied by a letter urging them to ensure that state anti-terrorism laws and policies be implemented in a manner that does not infringe on civil liberties as described in this resolution, 13. DIRECTS the City Manager to transmit a copy of this resolution to President Bush and Attorney General Ashcroft, and be it 14. FURTHER RESOLVED that the provisions of this Resolution shall be severable, and if any phrase, clause, sentence, or provision of this Resolution is declared by a court of competent jurisdiction to be contrary to the Constitution of the United States or of the State of or the applicability thereof to any agency, person, or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this Resolution and the applicability thereof to any other agency, person or circumstances shall not be affected thereby

REPORT, HUMAN RIGHTS Watch, "WE ARE NOT THE ENEMY,” NOVEMBER 2002

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"WE ARE NOT THE ENEMY”
Hate Crimes Against Arabs, Muslims, and Those
Perceived to be Arab or Muslim after September 11

1630 Connecticut Ave NW, Suite 500
Washington, DC 20009
TEL (202) 612-4321
FAX (202) 612-4333

2nd Floor, 2-12 Pentonville Road
London N1 SHF, UK
TEL: (44 20) 7713 1995
FAX: (44 20) 7713 1800

15 Rue Van Campenhout
1000 Brussels, Belgium
TEL (322) 732-2009
FAX (322) 732-0471

UNITED STATES

“WE ARE NOT THE ENEMY”

Hate Crimes Against Arabs, Muslims,
and Those Perceived to be Arab or Muslim after September 11

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III. U.S. LAW AND INTERNATIONAL IIUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS

Hate Crimes Legislation..
State and Local Agencies Responsible for Addressing Hate Crimes.
Federal F.gencies Responsible for Addressing Hate Crimes.
International Law..

S 6 7 7 8

IV. A HISTORY OF BACKLASH ATTACKS AGAINST ARABS AND MUSLIMS IN AMERICA,

Middle East Tensions in the 1970s and 1980s..
Persian Gulf War
Oklahoma City Bombing and TWA Flight 800
September 11: Expectations of Backlash Violence

11 11 12 13 14

V. THI: SI:PTEMBER 11 BACKLASH.

Murder
Assaults
Place of Worship Attacks
Arson

14 18 20 22 24

VI. FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL IIATE CRIME PREVENTION EFFORTS BEFORE AND AFTER
SEPTEMBER 11
Public Condemnation

Mixed Messages
Policing ...

Backlash Planning
Police Deployment..
Initial Classification of Crimes.
Hate Crimc Units and Institutional

Support for Hale Crimes Training
Prosecution

Publicizing Prosecutions
Halc Crime Prosecutor Units.

Crimes with Mixed Motives..
Affected Community Outreach.

Relationship With Affected.
Communities Before September U.
Outreach after September 11. Barriers to Trust.
(ultural Competency.
Language Barriers

24 24 27 27 28 28 29 30 30 30 31 32 32 33 33 33 34 34 35

Community Liaisons

Creation of Hotlines on Hate Crimes
Bias Crime Tracking

Federal Halc Crime Statistics
City and Stalc Halc Crime Tracking

35 36 37 37 38

APPENDIX.

40

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