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INDEX TO VOL. I.
Arnold, Matthew, Contemporary Por-
Baby Playing with a Bone, To a, 312.
Collins, Mabel, 80, 184, 298, 420, 553,
345, 468, 513.
Charles Reade, D.C.L.,'673.
Ambition's Dream, 762.
and Sketches, Poetical Works of, 124.
Cox, Samud. Expository Essays and Dig-
courses; and Salvator Mundi, 510.
other Poems, 760.
and Sepher Yezirah, 635.
tem of Musical Notation, 256.
of Dust, 512.
from Spanish Authors, 761.
beard's Wives, 384.
periences of a Charity Organisationist,
Dumb Oracle, The, 665.
Nangis, M. le Marquis de, 1, 129,
Notes and Reminiscences, 537, 698.
Old Age, What is ? 728.
Old Contributor, Ant, 318, 478.
Other Half, The, 278, 404, 597.
Owen, Professor, Contemporary Por-
Pale-faces, The, of Mount Gambara-
Papacy, The, The Caliphate, and
Pictures, Among the, 732.
Picturesque Transformation, A, 49.
Reade, Charles, D.C.L., Contemporary
Reade, Compton, 197.
Religious Imagination in the East,
On the, 345, 468.
River's Romance, The, 296.
Robertson, E. Stanley, 461.
Rosebery, The Earl of, Contemporary
Rossetti, Christina G., 104.
Rossetti, W. M., 138, 262.
Ruskin, John, 385.
Shaftesbury, The Earl of, and His
Shelley's Life and Writings, 138, 262.
Shining Words, The, 419.
Sisters of Lepe Water, The, 318, 478.
Smith, Right Hon. W. H., M.P.,
Contemporary Portraits, 548.
A Novel, 80, 184, Spirit of the Universities :
Oxford, 239, 363, 493, 622, 744.
Cambridge, 243, 366, 496, 625,
Dublin, 245, 368, 500, 628, 749.
Edinburgh, 248, 371, 502, 630.
Glasgow, 251, 374, 504.
Durham, 505, 751.
Statesman of an Old School, A, 47.
Student of the Fifteenth Century, A,
Vjera Sassulitch and Constitutional
Aspirations in Russia, 652.
Waller, J. F., LL.D., 296.
Yet a Little While, 104.
Zimmern, Helen, 337.
THE HAND ON PETER'S KEYS.
By M. LE MARQUIS DE NANGIS.
MR. TROLLOPE's life of Pope Pius terests. The temporal sword has the Ninth * has one serious blot, fallen from his hand. The opporwhich must to some extent com- tunity which was offered him to municate its stain to the pages of grasp the spiritual sword with a the reviewer of the work. If it hold firmer than that of any Pontiff has, from of old, been pronounced since Gregory the Great, has been, unwise to call any man happy in the opinion of the same judges, while he lived, how wanting in foolishly neglected. The proverthe very essentials of completeness bially astute policy of the Vatican, must be any account of the life of which has ever left a back door a Pope given to the world before open to retreat from an untenable the decision of that Conclave which position, was reversed during his has to pass on the events of the pontificate.
pontificate. And the Pope who reign the practical judgment of commenced his reign by something the election of his successor! Pius more than coquetting with the danthe Ninth has occupied that seat gerous spirit of Italian Liberalism, which (if it can still be called a has been the desperado who nailed throne) is the oldest throne in to the mast of the stormed-tossed Christendom, for a period without bark of St. Peter the black flag example in duration, as it has also of defiance to the intelligence of been without example in the mankind. eventful character of his reign. Only an Italian word can do He has done more, in the opinion justice to the pontificate of Pius of some of those who, at all events, the Ninth. It is the most comstrive to form an impartial judg- plete fiasco in the history of the meut, to destroy not only the visible Papacy. There is no single power, power, but the invisible prestige, principle, or influence which would of the Papacy, than a long series have been dear to a great Pope, of the ablest Pontiffs has done to which has not been diminished, establish and advance those in- betrayed, or degraded in direct
* The Story of the Life of Pius the Ninth, by T. Adolphus Trollope, in two vole. London : Bentley. 1877.
consequence of the conduct of the Cardinal Andrea will not readily Vatican under his reign. There be forgotten by those who rememhas been no influence mortally ber the persistent tyranny that hostile to the permanence of the forbad him to leave Rome when Catholic Church which has not his physicians declared that his been fanned and fostered into life depended on his removal to activity by his acts, whether spon- a purer air. The constant support taneous, or those on which he has and encouragement been driven by his advisers. attempt to impede and to trouble Whether we look at the logic the new-born unity of Italy met of facts, or attempt to take from Rome, may, perhaps, be a philosophical view of the passed over
a part of the natural sequence of human actions, necessity of the situation. Mawe are alike forced to the conclu- chiavelli had stated in plain lansion that Cardinal Mastai Ferretti
that if Northern and has been a
sore Pope for the Southern Italy ever fell under the Church.
same temporal sceptre, the power It is not the private character of the Papacy would be at an end. of the man that has now so much The instinct of self-preservation is interest for the world.
While we as keen in kings, as kings, as it question the taste with which Mr. is in private men, as private men. Trollope characterises the main It thus has not unfrequently hapmotives of the Pontiff, we think pened in the course of history that that it is only by the use of a cer- à reigning prince, in other respects tain English plainness, not to say a feeble or a stupid man, has taken brutality, of speech that this author a far juster view of the necessities has erred—not at all on the side of his own position than has been of an undue depreciation of cha- done by the keenest minister of racter. There are not a few State. We have, within the last circumstances which from time to few days, seen fresh and graceful time became familiar to residents proof how much more just and in Italy during the pontificate of profound was the conception of Pius the Ninth, which throw far political events, and of the course darker shades on his portrait than which they indicated to be due the somewhat vulgar colour freely to the national honour and laid on by the biographer. For safety, formed by a Sovereign the flight from Rome to Gaeta it who was little more than a girl, might be a wise and politic blind and by her still youthful husthat a lady, as mentioned by Mr. band, than that entertained by Trollope, should be of the party. the grayest beards that wagged in But for that same lady to be a re- Parliament, or by the most expesident in the Palace of Portici, rienced ministers who held the seals which was placed at the disposal of office. Resistance to Italian of the Pontiff by the King of unity, on the part of the Pope, Naples, during the abode there of may well be regarded as synonymhis Holiness, and that in the
pre- ous with resistance to the apsence of the well-known want of proaches of an avowed murderer. charity as to right motives for None the less did the mode in such associations that is an essen- which that resistance was kept up tial feature of the South Italian —when it
was matter, not of character, is one of those errors open policy, but of underhand which it is difficult, from any point suggestion, burn a deep hatred of view, to excuse. The name of against the Pope into the hearts