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strength, knowledge acquired kindle our deepest love. Imperthrough many a fall, strength fectly satisfied with life in the through many a weakness, and senses, more conscious of the light character through many a soil; so that glimmers through, they are with the angelic soul-it falls but strangers and sojourners, amphibito rise, it loses but to regain more creatures of mysterious abundantly.

sorrows and troubled joys. They Those to whom the physical life is are too apt to contemn those in still the happiest residence, if they easier earlier stages of life, and in keep themselves simple and pure, their turn, those well assured form sweet, wholesome, natural natural folk, firm-based on their marriages, and are earthly re- familiar plane, are wont to regard presentatives of the remote ideal, them with a feeling half of respect, far more truly than any dissatisfied half of shrinking withdrawal, wanderers, straining after present reluctance, even terror. The impossibilities of completion. Of degradations of these two classes such is the replenishment of the are represented by the many world, and its virtues-patience, varieties of sensualists and intelsobriety, constancy, kindliness, lectualists: the former trampling good repute. The heart warms as

on reason, the latter on love. we think of them; they are in the In a paper succeeding this we earthly paradise, and with the shall pass on four centuries to the least glow of the higher worlds beginning of our own era, and shining upon them now and again,

them now and again, trace out what its lore affords us it may be in a moment of pain or upon the theory of the archetypal an hour of trial, they are fairly state of man, or its rehabilitation; well content to be where and as a fuller legacy of information than they are. Others there are who is perhaps generally supposed. are in a more difficult position, yet

CONTEMPORARY PORTRAITS.

NEW SERIES.-No. 3.

PROFESSOR OWEN, C.B., M.D., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S.

How rarely, after all the opportunities that education puts before men for the advancement of science, do we find anyone sufficiently endowed with the art of acquiring that preliminary knowledge of conventional details without which no speculation, no deductions, no theoretic results are of any practical value. But when the divinely nascent master mind, thrilling with the consciousness of future greatness, has grasped the necessary rudiments of those branches of human learning and research which best apply towards the realisation of its advanced mission, and, so progressing, ultimately reaches a point where, with

Nothing before, nothing behind,

The footsteps of faith
Tread on the seeming void, and find

The rock beneathHow great the glory of the man who, having arrived at this culimination of scientific attainment, is there sustained by the satisfaction that it is through his individual cultivation that permanent good is transmitted to his fellows, who, had it not been for his labours, might have failed ever to discover such benefits for themselves! These sentiments apply in a great and peculiar manner to him whose portrait adorns this number of the MAGAZINE, the third member of that triad of scientific naturalists which numbers Linneus and Cuvier as its two other members.

Richard Owen is the youngest son of Richard Owen, Esq., of Fulmer Place, Bucks; he was born at Lancaster on the 20th July, in the year 1804. His early years were devoted to the ordinary studies of youth at the grammar school of his native town, where he was contemporary with Whewell, and in 1824 he passed his matriculation at the University of Edinburgh, where he attended the anatomical

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lectures delivered by Dr. Barclay. He also spent a considerable period attending, the Schools of Medicine in Paris, and was a pupil of the illustrious Cuvier, whose labours in Fossil Osteology Professor Owen bas so closely followed up. Two years later, after successfully passing his medical examination in London, he became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons of London, and in 1827 he commenced life as a surgeon in private practice in Serle Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields. Even at this early period of his career he was ever on the watch for the advancement of science, and he was enabled, by his careful practical researches, to communicate several important cases to the Medical Society of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, of which he was a member. It was also about this time that he demonstrated the practicability of tying the internal iliac artery, an operation which had attracted the attention of the profession in connection with a well known case of aneurism of the gluteal artery.

At the recommendation of the celebrated Abernethy the appointment of Assistant Curator of the Hunterian Collections was conferred upon Mr. Owen, and this office first diverted his attention from general medical practice to the crowning object of his life, the pursuit of comparative anatomy, a science at that time far from being accurately studied or properly worked out. This appointment induced him to resume his zoological labours, and he threw himself with ardour and energy into the performance of a task admirably fitted, as the result indicated, to call forth and develope those powers of research and observation which have so extensively conduced to his reputation. Among the first great works which he undertook was that of preparing a “Descriptive and Illustrated Catalogue of the Specimens of Physiology and Comparative Anatomy" in the museum of the College. This work was published in five volumes quarto. He also prepared the catalogues of Natural History, Osteology, and of Fossil Organic Remains preserved in the same museum. These works were received at the time with great success. as an important and very necessary contribution towards the scientific literature of England. In the preparation of these publications much was required to be performed, and Mr. Owen, as curator, applied himself with the greatest diligence to the dissection of such animals as the Zoological Society of London could supply from time to time. Thus he obtained materials for many valuable contributions to the Proceedings of the Society, while the same facts were also available towards the illustration of the Hunterian Catalogue, the first portion of which appeared from the press in 1833. In 1834 a second, and in 1836 a

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