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of an ironical compassion for the " Hast thou never heard of the folly of mankind, and the restless- priest Eubulides ?” ness which had at first impelled “Eubulides!” exclaimed the him to seek relief in a change of young traveller, “that is my scene gave place to a spirit of own name!” curiosity and observation. He “ Thou mayest well rejoice, learned to mix freely with all then, “observed another of the orders of men,
guests,” to bear the name of one rejoiced to find the narrow mys- so holy and pure, and so eminently ticism which he had imbibed from favoured by the happy Gods. So his previous education gradually handsome and dignified, moreover, yielding to contact with the great as I may well assert who have world. From one class of men, often beheld him discharging his indeed, he learned nothing—the sacred functions. And truly, now priests, whose society he eschewed that I scan thee more closely, the with scrupulous vigilance, nor did resemblance is marvellous. Only he ever enter the temples of the that thy namesake bears with him Gods. Diviners, augurs, all that a certain air of divinity, not made any pretension whatever to equally conspicuous in thee.' a supernatural character, he held "Divinity !” exclaimed another. in utter abhorrence, and his ulti- "Aye, if Phoebus himself minismate return in the direction of his tered at his own shrine, he could native country is attributed to his wear no more majestic semblance inability to persevere further in than Eubulides." the path he was following without “Or predict the future more danger of encountering Chaldean accurately,” added a priest. soothsayers, or Persian magi, or “Or deliver his oracles in more Indian gymnosophists.
exquisite verse,” subjoined a poet. He cherished, however, no in- * Yet is it not marvellous," retention of returning to Phrygia, marked another speaker, “that and was still at a considerable for some considerable time after distance from that region, when his installation, the good Eubulides one night, as he was sitting in the was unable to deliver a single inn of a small country town, his oracle ?" ear caught a phrase which arrested Aye, and that the first he renhis attention.
dered should have foretold the “ As true as the oracle of Dory- death of an aged woman, one of læum." The speaker
the ministers of the temple.”. countryman, who appeared to have “Ha!” exclaimed Eubulides, been asseverating something re- “how was that?” garded by the rest of the company "He prognosticated her decease as greatly in need of confirmation. on the following day, which acThe sudden start and stifled cry cordingly came to pass, from her of the ex-priest drew all eyes to being choked with a piece of gold, him, and he felt constrained to ask, not lawfully appertaining to herwith the most indifferent air hé self, which she was endeavouring could assume
to conceal under the root of her “Is the oracle of Dorylæum, tongue." then, so exceedingly renowned for "The Gods be praised for that!" veracity ?"
ejaculated Eubulides, under his “Whence comest thou to be breath. « Pshaw! as if there ignorant of that?” demanded the were Gods! If they existed, would countryman, with some disdain. they tolerate this vile mockery?
To keep up the juggle—well, I rushing forward to denounce the know it must be so; but to purloin impostor and drag him from the my name! to counterfeit my shrine, was immediately and inperson! By all the Gods that are voluntarily relinquished. As he not, I will expose the cheat, or stood confounded and irresolute, perish in the endeavour.”
the melodious voice of the hieroHe arose early on the following phant rang through the temple :morning and took his way towards “Let the priest Eubulides stand the city of Dorylæum. The fur- forth." ther he progressed in this direction, This summons naturally created the louder became the bruit of the greatest astonishment in every the oracle of Apollo, and the more one but Eubulides, who emerged emphatic the testimonies to the as swiftly as he could from the piety, prophetic endowments, and swaying and murmuring crowd, personal attractions of the priest and confronted his namesake at Eubulides; his own resemblance the altar. A cry of amazement to whom was the theme of con- broke from the multitude as they tinual remark. On approaching beheld the pair, whose main disthe city, he found the roads tinction in the eyes of most was swarming with throngs hastening their garb. But, as they gazed, to the temple, about to take part the form of the officiating priest in a great religious ceremony to assumed colossal proportions; a be held therein. The seriousness circle of beams, dimming sunof worship blended delightfully light, broke forth around his with the glee of the festival, and head; hyacinthine locks clustered Eubulides, who at first regarded on his shoulders, his eyes sparkled the gathering with bitter scorn, with supernatural radiance; a found his moroseness insensibly quiver depended at his back; an yielding to the poetic charm of the
unstrung bow occupied his hand; He could not but acknow- the majesty and benignity of his ledge that the imposture he panted presence alike seemed augmented to expose was at least the source tenfold. Eubulides and the crowd of much innocent happiness, and sank simultaneously their almost wished that the importance knees, for all recognised Apollo. of religion, considered as an engine All was silence for a space.
It of policy, had been offered to his was at length broken by Phæbus. contemplation from this point of “Well, Eubulides," inquired he, view, instead of the sordid and with the bland raillery of an Imrevolting aspect in which it had mortal, “has it at length occurred been exhibited by the old woman. to thee that I may have been long
In this ambiguous frame of enough away from Parnassus, mind, he entered the temple.
the temple. filling thy place here while thou Before the high altar stood the hast been disporting thyself amid officiating priest, a young man, heretics and barbarians?" the image, yet not the image, of The abashed Eubulides made no himself. Lineament for lineament, response. The Deity continued the resemblance was exact, but " Deem not that thou hast in over the stranger's whole figure aught excited the displeasure of was diffused an air of majesty, of the Gods. In deserting their absolute serenity and infinite su- altars for Truth's sake, thou periority, which excluded every didst render them the most acceptidea of deceit, and so awed the able of sacrifices, the only one, it young priest that his purpose of may be, by which they set much
store. But, Eubulides, take heed ventured to reply, “shall I not how thou again sufferest the un- return to the shrine purified by worthiness of men to overcome thy presence, and again officiate the instincts of
as thy unworthy minister ?” nature. Thy holiest sentiments 'No, Eubulides," returned should not have been at the mercy Phæbus, with a smile; “silver is of a knave. If the oracle of good, but not for ploughshares. Dorylæum an imposture, Thy strange experience, thy long hadst thou no oracle in thy own wanderings, thy lonely meditabosom? If the voice of Religion tions, and varied intercourse with was no longer breathed from the men, have spoiled thee for a priest, tripod, were the winds and waters while as I would fain hope, qualisilent, or had aught quenched fying thee for a sage.
Some the everlasting stars? If there worthy person may easily be was no power to impose its man- found to preside over this temple; dates from without, couldst thou and, by the aid of such inspiration be unconscious of a power within ? may from time to time see If thou hadst nothing to reveal meet to vouchsafe him, administer unto men, mightest thou not have its affairs indifferently well. Do found somewhat to propound unto thou, Eubulides, consecrate thy them ? Know this, that thou hast powers to a more august service never experienced a more truly than Apollo's, to one that shall religious emotion than that which
endure when Delphi and Delos led thee to form the design of know his no more. overthrowing this my temple, the "To whose service, Phoebus?" abode, as thou didst deem it, of inquired Eubulides. fraud and superstition.”
"To the service of Humanity, “But now, Phoebus,” Eubulides
my son,” responded Apolio.
FRENCH AND ENGLISH FARMING.*
MR. RICHARDSON has produced a ducts of the soil are as varied as work which is at the same time is the aspect of the country. And instructive and entertaining. To it would be an admirable thing ensure a large circulation it is for England if the wise method, only needful that the public should adopted in some French provinces, be made aware of what he has to of drawing up an agricultural tell them, and, it may be fairly catechism, specially adapted to the added, of the manner in which he wants of the district, and making has performed his task. Farming it the text-book of the village is a pet hobby of the well-to-do schools, were introduced in our Englishman. From the most country districts. But apart from modest poultry yard, to the costly the fact that the knowledge of model farm, the rearing of stock the manner in which other people for amusement, and even to some do work very similar to that which extent for economical purposes, is we have to do may give us many a favourite mode of employing a a valuable hint, there is a special portion of time. From the cottage reason why the English farmer, garden to the large and well- the English gentleman, and the stocked farm the distance is very English labourer, should know a considerable. But the same spirit good deal more than they usually of interest in watching and aiding do as to the state of farming in the operations of nature is alive in France. It is the case that within the cottager and in the great the past twenty-five years the farmer. And happiest, as well as French farmer has made a promost successful, are those in whom gress of which we are, for the the full information afforded by most part, entirely in ignorance. science is added to the natural He has turned the tables upon us, instinct of the agriculturist.
as it were, behind backs. Few It may be thought that a convictions were stronger, at all competent knowledge of English events half a century ago, than agriculture is the first requisite that French beef could not comfor the education of the farmer, pare with English beef. In fact, whether amateur or professional. the admitted excellence of French In that wide variety of soil and cookery has been not unfrequently local climate which reaches from attributed to the need of exercising the Scottish mountains to the art in order to render palatable Lincolnshire and Norfolk fens, the viands produced by nature in there may, indeed, be found an that part of Europe. ample field for study. The pro
However true this opinion may at one time have been, it is evidence and a result of the excel. certainly true no longer. While lence attained by the French cattle in England great progress has farmers and dairymen, comes home been made in farming on a large to us all. Most housekeepers are scale, and especially in the im- aware of the extraordinary extent provement of vegetable crops, by to which French butter is now dissteam ploughing and by chemical placing English butter_ in our manure, a still more remarkable family consumption. But few progress has been made in France
* “ The Corn and Cattle Producing Districts of France." By G. Gibson Ricbardson.
Illustrated. London : Caesell, Petter, and Galpin. 1878.
persons may be altogether prein the breeding and feeding of pared to hear that in 1876 we paid stock. As to sheep, indeed, we between three and four millions may be said still to hold the sterling for 600,000 cwt. of French pre-eminence. The French, as a butter. Nor is this a question of rule, are not fond of mutton; nor quantity alone. There is not only is the soil of France so suitable an excellence, but a regularity of for the sheep farmer as are many excellence, about the best brands broad districts of the United of French butter which few English Kingdom. But in the rearing of dairies can rival. The most famous horned cattle, of horses, and even brands are those of Gournay, in of pigs, there is much that we may Seine Inférieure, and Isigny, in learn from our neighbours. Far Calvados. For the latter the prices more of that systematic precision
seven to ten guineas which aims at definite and well- per cwt., salted. But this latter considered results will be gathered price, which is equal to ls. 101. from Mr. Richardson's book to be per lb., is far from being the familiar to the French breeders highest commanded by the Isigny than is at all common in England. butter. In Paris, in the winter, The study of the points required, this product of the dairy sells for whether it be strength and hardi- as much as 3s. 6d. per lb. wholehood for labour, abundance of sale, in large quantities. The milk, rapidity in producing meat, delicate care which is given to the or delicate flavour as food; and, whole
of the manufacture, again, the consideration of the during which the cream and butter special circumstances of soil or
touched by human climate, which render either of fingers, is the main cause of an these different qualifications speci- excellence which is rewarded by ally attainable in certain localities, such a price. have been carried in France to a We have not space to dwell remarkable pitch. The study of further on the details of Mr. pedigree has been as carefully and Richardson's excellent book. We systematically carried with cordially recommend it to all those regard to certain breeds of cattle who take any interest in the as is the case in the English racing produce of the farm, and more stables. And the result is, that especially in the produce of the while in the yield per acre of dairy. The illustrations give an cereals and some
admirable idea of the special England is far richer than France, peculiarities of the most famous the reverse is the case in the yield French breeds of cattle, sheep, per acre of milk and of meat. horses, pigs, and dogs.
One fact, which is at once an