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as clothed with instituted worship, are peculiarly directed unto him. We call on the Father; 1 Pet. i. 17. Eph. iii. 14, 15. For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named.' Bowing the knee, compriseth the whole worship of God, both that which is moral, in the universal obedience he requireth, and those peculiar ways of carrying it on, which are by him appointed. Isa. xlv. 23. 'Unto me,' saith the Lord, 'every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall swear.' Which, ver. 24, 25. he declareth to consist in their acknowledging of him, for righteousness and strength. Yea, it seems sometimes to comprehend the orderly subjection of the whole creation unto his sovereignty. In this place of the apostle, it hath a far more restrained acceptation, and is but a figurative expression of prayer, taken from the most expressive bodily posture to be used in that duty. This he farther manifests, ver. 16, 17. declaring at large what his aim was, and whereabouts his thoughts were exercised in that bowing of his knees. The workings then of the Spirit of grace in that duty, are distinctly directed to the Father as such, as the fountain of the Deity, and of all good things in Christ; as the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.' And therefore, the same apostle doth in another place expressly conjoin, and yet as expressly distinguish the Father and the Son in directing his supplications; 1 Thess. iii. 11. 'God himself even our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you.' The like president also have you of thanksgiving; Eph. i. 3, 4. 'Blessed be the Father of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ,' &c. I shall not add those very many places, wherein the several particulars that do concur unto that whole divine worship (not to be communicated unto any, by nature not God without idolatry) wherein the saints do hold communion with God, are distinctly directed to the person of the Father.
2. It is so also in reference unto the Son; John xiv. 1. 'Ye believe in God,' saith Christ, believe also in me.' Believe also, act faith distinctly on me; faith divine, supernatural, that faith whereby you believe in God, that is the Father. There is a believing of Christ, viz. that he is the Son of God, the Saviour of the world. That is that whose f Rom. xiv. 10, 11. Phil. ii. 10. Jer. x. 11. xvii. 5, 6. Gal. iv. 8.
neglect our Saviour so threatened unto the Pharisees; John viii. 24. If ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.' In this sense faith is not immediately fixed on the Son, being only an owning of him, that is, the Christ to be the Son, by closing with the testimony of the Father concerning him. But there is also a believing on him, called believing on the name of the Son of God;' 1 John v. 13. so also John ix. 36. yea, the distinct affixing of faith, affiance, and confidence on the Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God, as the Son of God, is most frequently pressed. John iii. 16. 'God' (that is, the Father) so loved the world, that whosoever believeth on him' (that is, the Son) should not perish.' The Son, who is given of the Father is believed on. 'He that believeth on him, is not condemned;' ver. 18. He that believeth on the Son hath eternal life;' ver. 36. This is the work of God that ye believe on him, whom he hath sent;' John vi. 29. 40. 1 John v. 10. The foundation of the whole is laid, John v. 23. That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father; he that honoureth not the Son, honoureth not the Father which sent him.' But of this honour and worship of the Son, I have treated at large elsewhere and shall not in general insist upon it again. For love, I shall only add that solemn apostolical benediction, Eph. vi. 24. Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity.' That is with divine love, the love of religious worship; which is the only incorrupt love of the Lord Jesus.
Farther, That faith, hope, and love, acting themselves in all manner of obedience and appointed worship, are peculiarly due from the saints, and distinctly directed unto the Son, is abundantly manifested from that solemn doxology, Rev. i. 5, 6. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, and hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father, to him be glory and dominion for ever, and ever.' Amen. Which yet is set forth with more glory, chap. v. 8. The four living creatures, and the fourand-twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every
h Vin. Evan. cap. 10.
i Psal. ii. 7. 12. Dan. iii. 25. Matt. iii. 17. xvii. 5. xxii. 45. John iii. 36. v. 19— 25. viii. 6. 1 Cor. i. 9. Gal. i. 16. iv. 6. 1 John ii. 22--24. v. 10-12. Heb. i. 6. Phil. ii. 10. John v. 23.
one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints:' and ver. 13, 14. Every creature which is in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, blessing, honour, glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth on the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.' The Father, and the Son, he that sits upon the throne, and the Lamb, are held out jointly, yet distinctly, as the adequate object of all divine worship and honour, for ever and ever. And therefore, Stephen, in his solemn dying invocation, fixeth his faith and hope distinctly on him; Acts vii. 59, 60. 'Lord Jesus, receive my spirit,' and, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge; for he knew, that the Son of man had power to forgive sins also. And this worship of the Lord Jesus, the apostle makes the discriminating character of the saints; 1 Cor. i. 2. With all, saith he, that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours; that is, with all the saints of God. And invocation generally comprises the whole worship of God. This then is the due of our Mediator, though as God, as the Son, not as Mediator.
Thus also is it in reference unto the Holy Spirit of grace. The closing of the great sin of unbelief,' is still described as an opposition unto, and a resisting of that Holy Spirit. And you have distinct mention of the love of the Spirit, Rom. xv. 13. The apostle also peculiarly directs his supplication to him, in that solemn benediction, 2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit, be with you.' And such benedictions are originally supplications. He is likewise entitled unto all instituted worship, from the appointment of the administration of baptism in his name; Matt. xxviii. 18. Of which things more afterward.
Now of the things which have been delivered, this is the sum: there is no grace whereby our souls go forth unto God, no act of divine worship yielded unto him, no duty or obedience performed, but they are distinctly directed unto Father, Son, and Spirit: now by these and such-like ways as these, do we hold communion with God; and therefore, we have that communion distinctly, as hath been described.
* Isa. lvi. 7. Rom. x. 12--14.
Acts vii. 51.
This also may farther appear, if we consider how distinctly the persons of the Deity are revealed to act in the communication of those good things, wherein the saints have communion with God." As all the spiritual ascendings of their souls, are assigned unto them respectively, so all their internal receivings of the communications of God unto them, are held out in such a distribution, as points at distinct rises and fountains (though not of being in themselves, yet) of dispensations unto us. Now this is de
clared two ways.
(1.) When the same thing, is at the same time, ascribed jointly, and yet distinctly to all the persons in the Deity, and respectively to each of them. So are grace and peace, Rev. i. 4, 5. Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come, and from the seven spirits which are before his throne, and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, &c.' The seven spirits before the throne, are the Holy Spirit of God, considered as the perfect fountain of every perfect gift and dispensation. All are here joined together, and yet all mentioned as distinguished in their communication of grace and peace, unto the saints. Grace and peace be unto you, from the Father,
and from,' &c.
(2.) When the same thing is attributed severally and singly unto each person. There is, indeed, no gracious influence from above, no elapse of light, life, love, or grace upon our hearts, but proceedeth in such a dispensation. I shall give only one instance, which is very comprehensive, and may be thought to comprise all other particulars; and this is teaching. The teaching of God, is the real communication of all and every particular emanation from himself unto the saints, whereof they are made partakers. That promise, they shall be all taught of God,' enwraps in itself the whole mystery of grace, as to its actual dispensation unto us, so far as we may be made real possessors of it. Now this is assigned,
[1.] Unto the Father. The accomplishment of that pro
m Tametsi omnia unus idemque Deus efficit, ut dicitur, opera trinitatis ad extra sunt indivisa, distinguuntur tamen personæ discrimine in istis operibus: Matt. iii. 16. Acts. iii, 3. Gen. xix. 24. i. 26. Matt, xxviii. 19. 2 Cor. xiii. 13.
mise is peculiarly referred to him, John vi. 45. 'It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore who hath heard and learned of the Father, cometh unto me.' This teaching, whereby we are translated from death unto life, brought unto Christ, unto a participation of life and love in him, it is of, and from the Father: him we hear, of him we learn," by him are we brought unto union and communion with the Lord Jesus. This is his drawing us, his begetting us anew of his own will, by his own Spirit, and in which work he employs the ministers of the gospel; Acts xxvi. 18.
[2.] Unto the Son. The Father proclaims him from heaven to be the great Teacher in that solemn charge to hear him, which came once again from the excellent glory; 'This is my beloved Son, hear him.' The whole of his prophetical, and no small part of his kingly office consists in this teaching; herein is he said to draw men unto him, as the Father is said to do in his teaching; John xii. 32. which he doth with such efficacy that the dead hear his voice and live.' The teaching of the Son, is a life-giving, a spiritbreathing teaching: an effectual influence of light, whereby he shines into darkness; communication of life, quickening the dead, an opening of blind eyes, and changing of hard hearts, a pouring out of the Spirit, with all the fruits thereof. Hence he claims it as his privilege to be the sole master; Matt. xxiii. 10. One is your Master which is Christ.'
[3.] To the Spirit. John xiv. 26. The Comforter he shall teach you all things;' and the anointing which ye have received,' saith the apostle, abideth in you, and you need not that any man teach you, but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him;' 1 John ii. 27. That teaching unction which is not only true, but truth itself, is only the Holy Spirit of God: so that he teacheth also; being given unto us, that we may know the things that are freely given to us of God;' 1 Cor. ii. 15. I have chosen this special instance, because, as I told you, it is
n Matt. xi. 25. John i. 13. James i. 18.
• Matt. iii. 17. xvii. 5. 2 Pet. i. 17. Deut. xviii. 15-20, &c. Acts iii. 22, 23. Joli v. 25. Isa. lxi. 1-3. Luke iv. 18, 19.