Verso, 1991 - 442 pages
In this path-breaking work, Alan Carling develops a general theory of social division centring on the three core areas of social class, gender and ethnicity.
The inspiration for Carling's approach is the Analytical Marxist treatment of class division and class struggle. Carling synthesizes the rational-choice theory of capitalist transition with G.A. Cohen's functional version of the Marxist theory of history and, in an analysis which spans the work of Roemer and Elster, provides an accessible treatment of Analytical Marxism across the range of its major concerns. He then applies rational-choice theory to the domestic sphere and to processes of assimilation and discrimination in relation to ethnic groups. The book concludes that rational-choice is necessary to, but insufficient for, an adequate general theory of social division.
Carling's topic and his method are at the forefront of current concerns in sociology, economics and political philosophy.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - nadineeg - www.librarything.com
A detailed and scholarly breakdown of the types of social divisions, the history of theories, and how these divisions reverberate through time and location. Read full review
A Theory of History
Brenner on the Transition to Capitalism
The Logic of Class Struggle
Roemer on Wealth and Class
Roemer on Class and Exploitation
The Problem of Exploitation
The Exchange Model of Households
Chicken Gender Class
The Difference Gender Makes
Ethnic and Racial Affiliation
Communism and Socialism
Symmetry and Social Division
The Problem of Social Order
Rational Choice and Social Division
actors agents Analytical Marxism argument assumption Banton Basic Income behaviour Brenner Cambridge capitalism capitalist chapter Chicken Chicken game claim Cohen collective action conception constraint consumption cooperative Crusoe definition differential discrimination distribution domestic economic egalitarian Elster equal equilibrium ethnic exchange model existence exploitation feudal forces of production functional explanation G.A. Cohen game theory gender given household housework implies incentive individuals inequality John Roemer labour balance labour-power London Marx Marx's Marxian means of production moral N-person needs needs-contribution principle non-cooperative outcome output ownership partner payoff structure peasants person Philippe Van Parijs players position possible preferences Prisoner's Dilemma problem proletarian property relations pure private pure public racial rational choice rational-choice theory respect sense social access rule social division society solution strategy subsistence supergame surplus value taxonomy theory of history tion unequal unequal exchange wage labour wealth welfare women workers