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workers' schools, schools organized where the rank and file Communist Party members can attend, and where they can bring their friends from the factories, shops, and organizations they belong to, and they advertise it, where anybody can come and learn about communism.

In Los Angeles we had a workers' school, and in San Francisco we had a workers' school, and as the policy of the Communist Party changed, the policy of these schools changed in a sense.

Mr. TÁVENNER. Now the schools that you attended up to the present time, up until the time you have described, have been schools limited to Communist Party members ?

Mr. ROSSER. They have been training schools organized by the Communist Party in the State and the county and on a national scale to train those Communists whom they thought were leadership material to develop them into Communist Party leaders.

The workers' schools are schools that are advertised and open to the public.

Mr. TAVENNER. Was the San Francisco Workers' School one of those schools that you have just referred to?

Mr. ROSSER. Yes, it was.

Mr. TAVENNER. Mr. Chairman, I desire to offer in evidence as Rosser Exhibit No. 5 an announcement of courses of the San Francisco Workers' School.

Mr. VELDE. Without objection it will be admitted.

(Photostat of San Francisco Workers' School announcement of courses was received in evidence as Rosser Exhibit No. 5.)

ROSSER EXHIBIT NO. 5

SAN FRANCISCO WORKERS' SCHOOL

Announcement of Courses

“Without a correct revolutionary theory, there can be no correct revolutionary practice"-Lenin.

Third Year

Spring Term : March 5 to May 31, 1934

Ruthenberg House
121 Haight Street, San Francisco

Telephone: UNderhill 3425

FOREWORD

The San Francisco Workers School functions on the basis of the economic, political, and philosophic teachings of Marx, Engels, and Lenin, and has as its fundamental principle the inseparability of revolutionary theory from revolutionary practice. The central aim of the Workers School is to equip workers with the knowledge and understanding of Marxism-Leninism and its effective application in their militant struggles against the capitalist class toward the decisive proletarian victory. The revolutionary working-class movement is in constant need of trained new groups of active workers, and leaders.

The school is not an academic institution. It participates in all the current struggles of the working class.

PSEUDO MARXIST AND “LIBERAL” SCHOOLS

It is necessary to state that the Workers School is the only school in San Francisco which authoritatively bases its education on the theory of MarxismLeninism under the official guidance and leadership of the Communist Party of the U. 8. A. and the Communist International.

Students seeking to obtain a true scientific Marxist-Leninist education should not be confused by the appearance of .unauthorized schools, pretending to the same purpose. Serious students of social science will also beware of the socalled "liberal” schools. Marxism, the application of the principles of dialectical materialism, is a science based on a thorough study of the processes of social and physical life. This science should be distinguished from the shallow vaporings of pedants who hide their bankruptcy and confusion under the title of "liberalism."

FORUMS

A series of forums, lectures, concerts, and exhibits will be given by the San Francisco Workers School during the spring term, every Sunday evening.

SCHOOL LIBRABY

The school asks for the assistance of all its friends in establishing its library. We have no endowment and the small tuition fee paid by the students is not sufficient to cover the expenses connected with the school. Therefore, we ask that any working-class, political, economic, or research literature that you can contribute to the school library be out of the building. Library open dat to the school office, No books allowed

1 to 7 p. m., except Sunday. REGISTRATION

Spring term 1934 opens March 5. It is essential to register early, since the size of the classes is limited.

School office open daily, 1 to 10 p. m., except Sunday.

TUITION FEES

Each course of 3 months (12 sessions) $1 for employed, 50 cents for unemployed. Courses under 12 sessions, 50 cents employed and 25 cents unemployed.

COURSES

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All classes night classes. Twelve sessions unless otherwise stated.
Principles of Communism

Monday, 9-10:30. Room 202. Instructor, E. Roberts.
Tuesday, 7:20-8:50. Room 202. Instructor, Ed. Boudreau.

An Introduction to the Study of Marxism-Leninism. Elements of the Revolutionary Movement of the Proletariat. The Two World Systems of Society, the Economic Crisis and Its Causes, the General Crisis of Capitalism, Imperialist Contradictions, Imperialist Wars, Proletarian Revolution, the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, and the Role of the Communist Party. Principles of communism for Young Workers

Monday, 7:20-8:50 p. m., Room Instructor, Jean Rand.
Marxian Economics-A

Prerequisite: Principles of communism.
Tuesday, 7:20–8:50. Room 101. Instructor, James Branch.
Wednesday, 7:20–8:50. Room 101. Instructor, Sam Goodwin.

The basic principles of the system and method of Marx and Engels and their application. Commodities, Value, Surplus Value. Absolute and Relative Surplus Value, Money, Capital, Constant and Variable Capital. Theory of Wages, Process of Capitalist Accumulation, General law of Capitalist Accumulation. Marxian Economics-B

Prerequisite: Marxian Economics—A.
Friday, 8–10:30 p. m. Room 201. Instructor, Charles Gordon.

The Distribution of Surplus Value, Profit and Price of Production, Commercial Capital and Commercial Profit, Interest, Ground Rent, Development of Capitalism in Agriculture, Crises, Bourgeois Theories, Social Democratic Conceptions, Marxist Theory of Crises, Monopoly and Finance, Capital and Imperialism.

Leninism

Prerequisites : Marxian Economics—A. History of the Three Internationals.

Tuesday, 9–10:30. Room 201. Instructor, Sam Darcy, George Morris, James Branch and others.

The Marxism of the epoch of Imperialism and proletarian revolution. Development of Imperialism and Imperialist War. Decline of Capitalism. Theory of Proletarian Revolution. The Dictatorship of the Proletariat; Agrarian, National, and Colonial Questions. Problems of Socialist Construction. Role of the Communist Party as the Vanguard of the Proletariat. History of the American Labor Movement

Friday, 7:20-8:50. Room 202. Instructor, Violet Orr.

The Historical Development of the American Labor Movement, its Traditions and Changing Tactics and Strategy. Colonial Period and the Revolutionary War, Development of Trade Unions, particularly after the Civil War. The Imperialist War, its effects upon the American Labor Movement. Organization and Program of the Trade Union Unity League, and recent developments. History of the Three Internationals

Prerequisite: Principles of Communism.
Wednesday, 9–10:30 p. m. Room 201. Instructor, Emmett Kirby.

Preimperialist epoch of capitalism; Chartist movement. Revolution of 1848. American Civil War. Paris Commune and First International. War of 1914 1918 and collapse of Second International. Russian Revolution : founding, tactics, and role of Communist International. History and tasks of American Communist Party. History of the Russian revolution

Friday, 9–10:30 p. m. Room 202. Instructor, L. Thompson.

Origin of Menshevism and Bolshevism. Role of Bolshevism and Second International. Revolution of 1905, period of reaction following. The March 1917 revolution. Events leading up to the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks. Survey of the major stages after 1917. Study of the proletarian dictatorship in action. Leninism versus Trotskyism and other opportunist doctrines. Lessons of the Russian Revolution for the world proletariat. National and Colonial Problems

Prerequisites : Principles of Communism.
Wednesday, 9–10:30. Room 101. Instructor, Carl Hama.

Development of capitalism in the colonies; relationship of imperialism to colonial peoples and national minorities. Agrarian colonial movements, forms of the national liberation movement and its relation to the struggle of the proletariat in imperialist countries. History and forms of the Negro liberation movement in the United States. Trade Union Strategy and Tactics

Tuseday, 7:20–8:50. Room 201. Instructor, Neil Hickey.

Strategy of revolutionary and reformist unions. Historical analysis of American trade-union movement. Study of strike strategy. Immediate tasks of the Trade Union Unity League and forms of struggle against unemployment. Rationalization and imperialist war. Principles of working class organization Prerequisite : Principles of communism. (Limited to Communist Party and YCL members.) Friday, 7:20–8:50. Room 201. Instructor, Louise Todd.

Training functionaries to apply the organizational principles of working class organization, role of the party and its relation to the working class, tasks of the party nuclei, meaning and methods of mass work, and factory concentration on the basis of specific party campaigns. History of the Youth Movement and Program of the Young Communist

International
Monday, 7:20-8:50 p. m. Room 201. Instructor, Jack Olson.

Origin and development of the revolutionary youth movement from the International Youth Conference in Berne, 1915. The Second International Youth Movement. Role of Liebknecht to the First Congress of the Communist Youth International to the consolidation of the Communist youth movement since 1919. History, development and tasks of the YCL in the United States.

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Economics for Young Communist League

Prerequisite: Principles of communism.
Monday, 9–10:30. Room 201.

Includes the same material as main Marxian economics course with special emphasis on problems of the revolutionary youth movement in the struggle against militarism and imperialist war. Elementary English

Wednesday, 7: 20-8:50. Room 202. Instructor, Cora Reed.

Spelling, writing, reading, and pronunciation for foreign-born workers. Advanced English

Monday, 9–10:30. Room 101. Instructor, K. McKee.

Sentence structure, grammar, composition. Elementary Russian

Tuesday, 9-10:30. Room 202. Instructor, G. Williams.

Grammar, conversation, writing, and simple reading. Advanced Russian

Wednesday, 9–10:30. Room 202. Instructor, Vladimir A. Tichinin.

Sentence structure, composition, advanced reading, and conversation. Evolution of Arts and Technics

Wednesday, 9-10:30. Instructor, K. Rexroth. Self-Defense in Courts

Friday, 9–10:30. Room 101. Instructors, Elaine Black and George Anderson. (Four sessions.)

Capitalist court procedure, methods of self-defense and mass support in working-class trials. Public Speaking

Monday, 7:20–8:50 p. m. Room 101. Instructor, T. Alex.

Organization of speeches, delivery, voice control, and effective agitation and propaganda. Agitation and Propaganda Technique

Tuesday, 9–10:30 p. m. Room 101. Instructors, A. Garrison and R. Casimir.

Theory and practice of effective execution of revolutionary agitation and propaganda. Slogans, leaflets, bulletins, organization of street and mass meetings, forums, demonstrations, etc. Revolutionary Journalism

Wednesday, 7:20–8:50. Room 201. Instructor, Emmett Kirby.

Workers' correspondence, reporting, shop papers, and contradictions of the capitalist press. Feature writing, the fundamentals of newspaper makeup. Revolutionary Theater

Friday, 7:20-8:50. Room 108. Instructor, Harold Davis.

Function of the theater in society. Analysis of the development of the theater just before the World War; period of radicalization within the bourgeois theater, and the rise of the revolutionary theater, which is its historical successor. Historical Materialism Seminar

Prerequisites : Marxian economics and Leninism.

Friday, 46 p. m. Poster Work

Wednesday, 2-4 p. m. Room 203. Instructor, Lester Balog.

(Six sessions.) Drawing

Thursday, 7:20-9:30. Room 202. Instructor, Jack Roberts.

Design, poster layout, etc. Still Photography-blementary

Monday, 7:20-8:50. Room 203. Instructors, P. Aller and J. Fidiam,

Study and use of various types of cameras, lighting, lenses, choice and composition of revolutionary working-class subjects.

Still Photography-Advanced

Tuesday, 7:20-8:50. Room 203. Instructors, P. Aller and J. Fidiam. Darkroom and field practice.

Cinematography

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Monday, 9–10:30. Room 203. Instructors, Lester Balog and P. Otto.

Criticism of bourgeois pictures, analysis of Soviet news reels, documentary and acted films. Montage, film production and projection of working class news reels and films., ! He's

iegel Hygiene and Diet

Monday, 7:20–8:50 p. m. Room 202. Instructor, Dr. H. F. Unsinger.

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EXTENSION DIVISION Greek Workers Club: 1171 Market Street, History of American Labor Movement

Wednesday, 8-10 p. m. Instructor, Ida Rothstein.
Needle Workers Industrial Union, 890' Market Street, Trade Union Strategy and

Tactics.
Tuesday, 8-9:30 p. m.
North Beach Workers

Principles of Communism.
History of American Labor Movement. A. Ir dogte,

7? Principles of working class organization. Marine Workers, 49% Market Street:

(Conducted in conjunction with Marine Workers Industrial Union.) <?*Trade Union problems. Sunday, 2-4 p. m. Instructor, Fred Moore.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 11.'T

!! James Branch, director

ros size Leo Thompson Esther Goodman, secretary

A. Palola J. W. Weeks, publicity manager

C. Dunning Nell Higman, librarian

Dr. Harold F. Unsinger i ei to'feste, M. McNab

!!

; W. Randolph G. Bergman

is. G. Geoffrin L. Sugi ADVISORY COUNCIL

on?? 1; Langston Hughes, writer

#1531 Ella Winter, writer Lincoln Steffens, writer George Morris, editor, Western Worker si l'fi'""},"36,1641!':-))", ar Beatrice Kinkead, teacher

411, !" !" !" !" I video spotrili 14.1 Anita Whitney

II. nit, les, Dr. M. H. Crawford

TIL
Sam Darcy, district organizer, Communist Party
Benjamin Ellisberg, business agent, ornamental plasterers" union, AFT
Ed Harris, Machinist Local No. 68, AFL
Sam Diner, president Needle Trades Workers' Industrial Union
Harry Jackson, coast organizer, Marine Workers' Industrial Union
Leo Gallagher, attorney

, I Neil Hickey, district organizer, Trade Union Unity League 11. :--il post

Mr. TAVENNER. I desire to read some of the material from this exhibit and the names of the courses and the teachers as a basis for further questioning. ;-}.2013

The foreword to this announcement is as follows: fifth ceria

The San Francisco Workers School functions on the basis of the economic, political and philosophie t

teachings of Marx, Engles and Lenin; and has as its fundamental principle the inseparability of revolutionary theory from 'revolutionary practice. The central aim of the Workers' School is to equip workers with the knowledge and understanding of Marxism-Leninism and its effective application in their militant struggles against the capitalist class toward the

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