The Polar Regions
A. and C. Black, 1861 - 400 pages
Progress of discovery in Arctic from 52 B.C. to Franklin search expeditions ending 1859. Arranged chronologically and by region. Includes chapters on Svalbard, polar currents, ice, winds, temperature, vegetation, zoology, geology, and native people. Progress of discovery in Antarctic is briefly described.
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America animals antarctic appearance Arctic Arctic circle ascertained banks bears boats called Cape Captain carried Channel coast command Company continent course covered crew direction discovered discovery distance east England entered Eskimos existence expedition extending extremity feet Fish four further give Greenland height Hudson's inhabitants Inlet Island known Lake land latitude lignite longitude mean mentioned meridian miles months mountains named natives navigators nearly north-west northern northwards observed officers parallel party passage passed plants Point polar pole present probably reached remarkable rise river rocks Ross round sailed says season seen ships shore side Sir James Sir John snow Sound southern Spitzbergen Strait summer supposed surface survey temperature tide traced trees vegetation voyage western westward whole winds winter wood
Page 1 - Every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make it go through the fire, and it shall be clean : nevertheless it shall be purified with the water of separation : and all that abideth not the fire ye shall make go through the water.
Page 189 - ... looked thin — they were then supposed to be getting short of provisions ; and they purchased a small seal, or piece of seal, from the natives. The officer was described as being a tall, stout, middle-aged man. When their day's journey terminated, they pitched tents to rest in.
Page 351 - The wild rocks raised their lofty summits till they were lost in the clouds, and the valleys lay covered with everlasting snow. Not a tree was to be seen, not a shrub even big enough to make a tooth-pick.
Page 153 - ... good purpose, both among the officers and men. He has been most successful in his selection of officers, and a more agreeable set could hardly be found. " Sir John is in much better health than when we left England, and really looks ten years younger. He takes an active part in everything that goes on; and his long experience in such services as this makes him a most valuable adviser.
Page 42 - India), and came to that part of this firme lande which is now called Florida, where my victuals failing, I departed from thence and returned into England, where I found great tumults among the people, and preparation for warres in Scotland; by reason whereof there was no more consideration had to this voyage.
Page 186 - It now became evident, from the combined experience of this and the preceding year, that there was something peculiar about the south-west extremity of Melville Island, which made the icy sea there extremely unfavourable to navigation, and which seemed likely to bid defiance to all our efforts to proceed much farther to the westward in this parallel of latitude.
Page 260 - O thou poor man! what hard destiny can have brought thee hither, to a place never visited by any one before? This is the first time I ever beheld a stranger. Thou miserable creature! How didst thou come, and whither wilt thou go? Dost thou not perceive what houses and habitations we have, and with how much difficulty we go to church?
Page 369 - Bristol have, for the last seven years, sent out every year two, three, or four light ships (caravelas), in search of the island of Brazil and the seven cities, according to the fancy of this Genoese.
Page 349 - HAD now made the circuit of the Southern Ocean in a high latitude, and traversed it in such a manner as to leave not the least room for the possibility of there being a continent, unless near the pole, and out of the reach of navigation.
Page 349 - I flatter myself that the intention of the voyage has, in every respect, been fully answered ; the southern hemisphere sufficiently explored, and a final end put to the searching after a southern continent, which has at times engrossed the attention of some of the maritime powers for near two centuries past, and been a favourite theory amongst the geographers of all ages.