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EVOLUTIONS OF BATTERIES.

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leading horses of the sixth, and, like that, it commences firing to the right flank.

The other pieces are arranged in the same manner, in respect to that which precedes them on the left.

The caissons march in retreat the same distance as their respective pieces.

87. In the same manner is executed the fire to the left flank; the fire to a fank by any portion of the battery; or, in fine, part to the right and part to the left. For this last, the captain commands,

1. Attention. 2. Fire to the right and left. 3. MARCH. (Pl. LV.) The third piece trails to the left, and the fourth to the right; and the first and third sections move in retreat, as directed above.

If the captain wishes the centre section to continue firing to the front, he cautions the chief of it, and then this section stands fast.

88. After having caused the fire to cease, to form battery, the captain commands,

1. Attention. 2. On piece-DRESS. At this command, the pieces move up to the line of the one which is named, and the caissons are aligned among themselves.

89.

5th. Fire to the Rear. Being in battery, to execute this fire, the captain commands,

1. Attention. 2. By inversion-fire to the rear. 3. MARCH. (Pl. LVI.) At the second command, the chiefs of sections order,

Piecesleft-about wheel. At the word MARCH, the pieces wheel to the left-about; and, as soon as the movement is completed, the officer of the train commands,

Caissons-forward-trot-MARCH; and the caissons take their places in battery as in retreat.

To execute this fire when the battery is in line, the captain gives the same words of command as above; and the officer of the train, at the second command, orders,

Caissons--pass your pieces-trot; and, at the word March, the caissons take their places in battery.

END OF THE SCHOOL OF THE BATTERY.

EVOLUTIONS OF BATTERIES.

General Principles. THE School of the Battery having established the principles, and explained the mode of execution, of all the movements which a single battery can make, in every possible case, it remains to apply these principles to a line of several hatteries.

We here suppose a line of four batteries; but the rules, which will be prescribed, equally apply to any number of batteries whatsoever. Each will be designated by its number, according to the rank which it occupies in the line. The battery on the right will be denominated the first; the next, the second ; and so on to the left.

Two batteries will constitute a division. The divisions will be designa

ted by their numbers, according to their rank, from right to left. The pieces and sections of each battery will always preserve their numbers, and will, moreover, be designated by that of their battery.

The line of batteries, and the divisions, will be commanded by fieldofficers.

The commandants of divisions will superintend, both in line and in col. umn, the execution of all the commands. They may, consequently, move wherever they judge their presence necessary, within the extent of their respective divisions.

An adjutant will always be attached to the commandant in chief, and be charged with the establishment of the guides, and the general direction.

According to the number of unassigned officers, the commandant in chief may attach one to each commandant of division, as acting adjutant, and may retain several about his own person.

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FORMATION OF BATTERIES.

Ist. IN LINE.

2d. IN COLUMN.

3d. FOR PARADE.

Ist. FORMATION OF BATTERIES IN LINE. In line, or in battery, the interval between the batteries will be twice the length of a piece.

The commandant in chief will have no fixed position, but may move wherever he judges his presence necessary.

In line, the commandants of division will place themselves in front of the centre of their respective divisions, three paces in advance of the line of chiefs of batteries. In battery, they will likewise be in the centre, but on a line with the chiefs of battery.

The adjutants and supernumerary officers will be near the commandant in chief.

The acting adjutants attached to the commandants of division will be in their rear, and on the line of the chiefs of section.

20. FORMATION OF BATTERIES, IN COLUMN. In column of sections, half-batteries or batteries, the distance between the pieces will be the length of a piece.

In column of batteries, there should be the length of a piece between the line of pieces and that of caissons, of each battery.

The commandant in chief will be habitually at the head of the column, in order to direct it. In the evolutions, he may move wherever he can best direct the general movement.

The commandants of division will be on the flank on which the direction is taken, twelve paces from it, and abreast of the centre of their respective divisions.

The adjutant and supernumerary officers will be near the commandant in chief; the acting adjutants attached to commandants of division will be near them.

3D. PARADES AND REVIEWS. The batteries will be in line.

The commandant in chief will be placed in the centre of the line, three paces in advance of the commandants of division, who will be at their places in line;

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