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First CASE. Being in Column of Sections or Half-Batteries,

on a March, Right in Front.

13. 1st. To form to the Front in Line (or in Battery.) The commandant in chief commands,

1. Attention. 2. Front into line (or into battery.) 3. MARCH. The chief of the first battery, having repeated these commands, causes them to be executed as has been prescribed in the School of the Battery, Nos. ?5, 36 and 57.

At the word MARCH, the chiefs of the second, third and fourth batteries command,

Head of column-left wheel. Each battery, thus forming a partial column, directs its march diagonally about two hundred paces in rear of the point which its right is to occupy on the line, where having arrived, its chief cominands,

Head of column-right wheel. When each is in this new direction perpendicular to the line, it is formed in line, or in battery, as the first.

14. 2d. To form to the Left in Line (or in Battery.) The commands indicated in the School of the Battery, Nos. 41, 43, and 57, are here given by the commandant in chief, and repeated by the chiefs of battery. The movement in each battery is executed in exactly the

same manner.

15. 3d. To form on the Right in Line (or in Battery.)
The commandant in chief commands,
1. Attention. 2. On right into line (or into battery.) 3. MARCH.

At the word MARCH, the chief of the first battery forms it according to the principles already explained in the School of the Battery, Nos. 48, 49, and 57.

The other batteries continue to march forward, changing the guide to the right, and are formed successively by the commands of their respective chiefs.

16. 4th. To form faced to the Rear in Line (or in Battery.),

The commandant in chief commands, 1. Attention. 2. Into line (or into battery)-faced to the rear. 3. MARCH.

At the second command, the chief of the first battery gives the commands prescribed in the School of the Battery, Nos. 50, 51, and 58, to prepare for the movement.

At the word MARCH, the first battery executes its movement as bas been explained. The other chiefs of batteries command,

Head of columnright wheel. Each battery, thus forming a partial column, directs its march diagonally about two hundred paces from the point which its right is to occupy on the line, where having arrived, each chief commands,

Head of column-left wheel, and then forms his battery as has been said above for the first.

These different formations are executed, when the left is in front, by similar means and words of command.

EVOLUTIONS OF BATTERIES

Second Cast. Being in Column on centre Sections (or Half

Batteries.) 17. 1st. To form to the Front in Line (or in Battery.) The commandant in chief commands,

1. Attention. 2. Front into line (or into battery.) 3. MARCH. At the second command, the chiefs of the second and third batteries order,

Front into line (or into battery)-guide left (or right ;) the chief of the first commands,

Head of column-right wheel; the chief of the fourth,

Head of column-left wheel. At the word MARCH, repeated by the chiefs of battery, the movement is executed as directed in No. 13, (Evolutions.)

18. 2d. To form to the Left and on the Left in Line (or in

Battery.) The commandant in chief commands, 1. Attention. 2. To the left and on the left into line (or into battery.)

3. MARCH At the second command, the chiefs of batteries give the orders indicated in the School, of the Battery, Nos. 41, 43, 48, 49, and 57. At the command MARCH, the movement is executed in a manner analogous to what has been prescribed in the School of the Battery.

The same formation may be made in like manner to and on the right. 19. - 3d. To form faced to the Rear in Line (or in Battery.,

This movement being impracticable by the method indicated for the column formed on one of the flanks, must be performed by inversion.

The commandant in chief commands, 1. Attention ; 2. By inversion-into line (or into battery) faced to the

rear; 3. MARCH; and the movement is executed as has been said above, in No. 17, and in the School of the Battery, No. 58.

This inversion may be avoided, by previously executing a countermarch of the whole column, and then deploying it on the subdivisions of the centre, either by forming to the front into line, in a manner analogous to what has been stated in the School of the Battery, or by deploying from a halt on the subdivision of the centre.

ARTICLE SECOND. Formations which are executed by combining two Movements. First CASE. Column of Sections, (or of Half-Batteries,) on a

March, Right in Front, to form in Line (or in Battery) on

any given Subdivision. 20. Ist. To form to the Front in Line, (or in Battery;) on the first

Section (or Half-Battery) of the second Battery, for example.

The coinmandant in chief commands, 1. Attention. 2. On first section (or half-battery) of second battery

front into line (or into battery.) 3. MARCH.

At the second command, the chief of the first battery orders,

Pieces and caissons-right wheel. The chief of the second battery gives the commands prescribed in the School of the Battery, Nos. 35, 36, 57, for forming to the front in line or in battery.

At the word MARCH, repeated by the chiefs of the first and second batteries, the chiefs of the third and fourth batteries give the ,commands and execute the movements, which have been detailed in No. 13 for these batteries.

The second battery forms to the front.

When the first has marched about twenty paces, the chief of this bat. tery commands,

Pieces and caissonsright wheel-MARCA; and forms his battery in line in retreat, on the line of the second, if the formation be in battery, and twenty paces, at least, in rear of that line, if the formation be in line. In the last case, the chief of the first battery commands,

Pieces and caissons-left-about wheel-MARCH; and this battery halts, and dresses on the second.

21. 2d. To form faced to the Rear in Line (or in Battery.)

The commandant in chief commands, 1. Attention. 2. On first section (or half-battery) of second battery

into line (or into battery) faced to the rear. 3. MARCH At the second command, the chief of the second battery gives the cautionary command, Into line faced to the rear ; and, at the word MARCH, the commands of execution prescribed in the School of the Battery, Nos. 50, 51, and 58. At the word MARCH, the chief of the first battery commands,

Head of column-left wheel ; the chiefs of the third and fourth command,

Head of column-right wheel; and cause them to execute what has been prescribed for into line faced to the rear, No. 16.

The whole of the first battery having moved into the new direction, it is formed left wheel into line, (or into battery,) and is dressed on the second.

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SECOND Case. The Head of the Column having changed its

CASE Direction, to form Line, before the whole Column is in the new Direction.

22. • 1st. To foron to the Left and Front, in Line (or in

Battery:) At the moment when the two first batteries (for example) have entered the new direction, the commandant in chief commands, 1. Attention. 2. Left and front into line (or into battery.) 3. MARCH. At the second command, the chiefs of the first and second batteries order,

Left into line (or into battery)--wheel. The chief of the third battery commands,

Front into line (or into battery)-guide right.

EVOLUTIONS OF BATTERIES.

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At the word MARCH, repeated by the chiefs of the first, second and third batteries, the chief of the fourth commands,

Head of column-left wheel. The movements are executed as in Nos. 13 and 14.

23. 2d. To form to the Left, and faced to the Rear, in Line

(or in Battery.) The commandant in chief commands, 1. Attention. 2. Left and faced to the rear-into line (or into battery.)

3. MARCH. At the second command, the chiefs of the first and second batteries order,

Left into line (or into battery)—wheel. The chief of the third battery commands,

Into line (or into battery)-faced to the rear. At the word MARCH, repeated by the chiefs of the first and second batteries, the chief of the third gives all the commands prescribed in the School of the Battery, Nos. 50, 51, and 53, The chief of the fourth battery commands,

Head of column-right wheel; and the rest is executed as in Nos. 14 and 16.

To execute the formation to the left and front, the change of direction must be to the right, and the contrary for the formation to the left and faced to the rear. The reverse is the case when the left is in front. In other respects, the formations in this last case are executed in a similar

manner.

ARTICLE THIRD. Being in Column of Batteries, Right in Front, at a Halt, to

deploy. Ist. To the Front.

3d. To the Right. 2d. To the Left.

4th. Faced to the Rear. 24. 1st. To deploy to the Front on the second Battery (for

example.) The commandant in chief commands,

1. Attention. 2. Deploy on second battery. 3. MARCH At the second command, the chief of the first battery orders,

Pieces and caissons-right wheel ; the chief of the second battery,

Battery-forward-guide right; the chiefs of the third and fourth batteries,

Pieces and caissons-left wheel. At the word March, repeated by the chiefs of batteries, the movements are executed, and the batteries thus gain ground toward the flanks, as has been directed in the School of the Battery, No. 68.

The left of the first battery having arrived abreast the point which it should occupy on the line, its chief commands,

Pieces and caissons-left wheel-MARCH; then

Forward--guide left.

The third and fourth batteries having also arrived, the right of each abreast the point which it should occupy on the line, the chiefs of these batteries command,

Pieces and caissons-right wheel-MARCH; then,

Forwari-guide right. All these batteries arrive in succession on the line where the second has been established, and align themselves on it. .

In this deployment, care must be taken to establish the line at least thirty paces in front of the first battery.

If the left is in front, the movements and commands are similar.

25. If it be desirable to deploy the column on the alignment of one of the batteries, the batteries in front of it are the only ones which have different movements to execute : for example, to deploy the column in this manner on the second battery, The commandant in chief commands,

1. Attention. 2. Deploy on second battery-halted. 3. MARCA. The line of pieces of the named battery should advance the length of a piece : all the other batteries move out of the column towards the flanks : when the first has marched far enough to the right, it marches in retreat until it is beyond the alignment determined by the second battery; then, its pieces and caissons having wheeled to the left-about, it is aligned on the left. The third and fourth batteries manæuvre as above stated.

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2d. To form on the left Flank. The commandant in chief commands,

1. Attention. 2. By rear of column-left into line. 3. MARCH. At the second command, the chiefs of the first, second and third batteries caution them to continue to march forward. The commandants of caissons of these batteries command,

Caissons-forward-trot. At the word MARCH, repeated by the commandants of caissons, the lines of caissons close on those of the pieces. The chief of the fourth battery halts his battery, and soon after causes it to change front to its left flank, as has been prescribed in the School of the Battery, No. 75.

As soon as the third battery has left in its rear sufficient space for the fourth to form, besides the interval, twice the length of a piece, which should separate these two batteries, the chief of the third causes it to execute the same movements as has been explained for the fourth.

It is the same for the other batteries.
When the left is in front, similar means are used to form line to the right.

3d. To form on the right Flank.
The commandant in chief commands,
1. Attention. 2. By rear of columnby inversion-right into line.

3. MARCH This maneuvre is executed on the same principles as the preceding, but by contrary movements.

28. The natural order is resumed either by breaking into sections or half-batteries to the left, and forming batteries; or by breaking at once into batteries to the left.

29. 4th. To deploy to the Rear on any given Battery. The commandant in chief will cause a countermarch to be made, and the manæuvre is then reduced to a deployment to the front, as in the first case.

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