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Field Offices National Labor Relations Board Continued
(RD: Regional Director; OC: Officer-in-Charge; RO: Resident Officer)
Sources of Information
Board and YOU (Unfair Labor Practices),
The National Labor Relations Board and Contracts Prospective suppliers of
YOU (Representation Cases), Your goods and services may inquire about
Government Conducts an Election for agency procurement and contracting
You on the Job, and The National Labor practices by writing to the Chief,
Relations Board-What It Is, What It Procurement and Facilities Branch,
Does. The Superintendent of Documents, National Labor Relations Board,
Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20570. Phone, 202
Washington, DC 20402, sells A Guide to 273-4040.
Basic Law and Procedures Under the Employment The Board appoints
NLRA, the Annual Report, the Classified administrative law judges from a register Index of National Labor Relations Board established by the Office of Personnel
Decisions and Related Court Decisions, Management. The agency hires
volumes of Board decisions, and a attorneys, stenographers, and typists for
number of subscription services, all its offices; field examiners for its field
including the NLRB Casehandling offices; and administrative personnel for Manual (in three parts), the Weekly its Washington office. Inquiries regarding Summary of NLRB Cases, the NLRB college and law school recruiting
Election Report, and An Outline of Law programs should be directed to the
and Procedure in Representation Cases. nearest regional office. Employment Speakers To give the public and inquiries and applications may be sent to
persons appearing before the agency a any regional office or the Washington better understanding of the National personnel office.
Labor Relations Act and the Board's Publications Anyone desiring to inspect policies, procedures, and services, formal case documents or read agency Washington and regional office publications may use facilities of the personnel participate as speakers or Washington or field offices. The agency panel members before bar associations, will assist in arranging reproduction of labor, educational, civic, or management documents and order transcripts of organizations, and other groups. hearings. The Board's offices offer free Requests for speakers or panelists may informational leaflets in limited
be made to Washington officials or to quantities: The National Labor Relations the appropriate regional director.
For further information, contact the Information Division, National Labor Relations Board, 1099 Fourteenth Street NW., Washington, DC 20570. Phone, 202-273-1991.
NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD
Chief of Staff
MAGDALENA G. JACOBSEN
National Railroad Adjustment Board
The National Mediation Board, in carrying out the provisions of the Railway Labor Act, assists in maintaining a free flow of commerce in the railroad and airline industries by resolving disputes that could disrupt travel or imperil the economy. The Board also handles railroad and airline employee representation disputes, and provides administrative and financial support in adjusting minor grievances in the railroad industry under section 153 of the Railway Labor Act.
The National Mediation Board was created on June 21, 1934, by an act amending the Railway Labor Act, as amended (45 U.S.C. 151-158, 160-162, 1181-1188).
The Board's major responsibilities include the mediation of disputes over
ages, hours, and working conditions that arise between rail and air carriers and organizations representing their employees; and the investigation of representation disputes and certification of employee organizations as representatives of crafts or classes of carrier employees.
Disputes arising out of grievances or interpretation or application of agreements concerning rates of pay, rules, or working conditions in the railroad industry are referable to the National Railroad Adjustment Board. This Board is divided into four divisions and consists of an equal number of representatives of the carriers and of national organizations of employees. In deadlocked cases the National
Mediation Board is authorized to appoint a referee to sit with the members of the division for the purpose of making an award.
In the airline industry no national airline adjustment board has been established for settlement of grievances. Over the years the employee organizations and air carriers with established bargaining relationships have agreed to grievance procedures with final jurisdiction resting with a system board of adjustment. The Board is frequently called upon to name a neutral referee to serve on a system board when the parties are deadlocked and cannot agree on such an appointment themselves.
Activities Mediation Disputes The National Mediation Board is charged with mediating disputes between carriers and labor organizations relating to initial contract negotiations or subsequent changes in rates of pay, rules, and
interstate commerce to a degree such as to deprive any section of the country of essential transportation service. In these cases, the President may, at his discretion, appoint an Emergency Board to investigate and report to him on the dispute. Self-help is barred for 60 days after appointment of the Emergency Board.
Section 9A of the Railway Labor Act (45 U.S.C. 159a) provides emergency dispute procedures covering publicly funded and operated commuter railroads and their employees. That section attempts to resolve contract disputes between the parties through a series of emergency board procedures with a maximum 8-month status quo period. Section 9A is invoked only after all other procedures under the act have been exhausted.
working conditions. When the parties fail to reach accord in direct bargaining, either party may request the Board's services or the Board may on its own motion invoke its services. Thereafter, negotiations continue until the Board determines that its efforts to mediate have been unsuccessful, at which time it seeks to induce the parties to submit the dispute to arbitration. If either party refuses to arbitrate, the Board issues a notice stating that the parties have failed to resolve their dispute through mediation. This notice commences a 30day cooling-off period after which selfhelp is normally available to either or both parties. Employee Representation If a dispute arises among a carrier's employees as to who is to be the representative of such employees, it is the Board's duty to investigate such dispute and to determine by secret-ballot election or other appropriate means whether or not and to whom a representation certification should be issued. In the course of making this determination, the Board must determine the craft or class in which the employees seeking representation properly belong. Additional Duties Additional duties of the Board include the interpretation of agreements made under its mediatory auspices; the appointment of neutral referees when requested by the National Railroad Adjustment Board; the appointment of neutrals to sit on system boards and special boards of adjustment; and finally, the duty of notifying the President when the parties have failed to reach agreement through the Board's mediation efforts and that the labor dispute, in the judgment of the Board, threatens substantially to interrupt
Sources of Information Publications Available for public distribution are the following documents: Determinations of the National Mediation Board (21 volumes); Interpretations Pursuant to Section 5, Second of the Act (2 volumes); Annual Reports of the National Mediation Board including the Report of the National Railroad Adjustment Board; The Railway Labor Act at Fifty; and The National Mediation Board at Fifty-Its Impact on Railroad and Airline Labor Disputes. Reading Room At the Board's headquarters in Washington, DC, copies of collective bargaining agreements between labor and management of various rail and air carriers are available for public inspection, by appointment, during office hours (1 to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday).
For further information, contact the Chief of Staff, National Mediation Board, Suite 250 East, 1301 NW., Washington, DC 20572. Phone, 202-523-5920. Fax, 202-523-1494.
NATIONAL RAILROAD PASSENGER CORPORATION (AMTRAK) 60 Massachusetts Avenue NE., Washington, DC 20002 Phone, 202-906-3000
Board of Directors:
THOMAS M. DOWNS
Gov. THOMAS R. CARPER, DANIEL
W. COLLINS, SYLVIA A. DE LEON,
NEEL, DON J. PEASE, AMY ROSEN
THOMAS M. DOWNS
ELIZABETH C. REVEAL
DENNIS R. WRIGHT
RONALD J. HARTMAN Vice President, Passenger Marketing and Sales ROBERT K. WEHRMAN Vice President, Reengineering
NORRIS W. OVERTON
Strategic Business Unit
Strategic Business Unit
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation was established to develop the potential of modern rail service in meeting the Nation's intercity passenger transportation needs.
The National Railroad Passenger
Amtrak is governed by a nine-member
member and Amtrak's president serves
executive officers of the strategic business units (SBU's).
The three SBU's, the Northeast Corridor, the Intercity, and the West, were created during Amtrak's restructuring in the fall of 1994 in order to increase profitability. Each SBU has a chief executive officer who has control over business decisions in his area. The SBU's have been successful in the Northeast Corridor, which has expanded operations south, through Richmond to Newport News.
Amtrak operates an average of 212 trains per day, serving over 540 station locations in 45 States, over a system of approximately 24,500 route miles. Of this route system, Amtrak now owns a right-of-way of 2,611 track miles in the Northeast Corridor (Washington-New York-Boston; New Haven-Springfield; Philadelphia-Harrisburg), and several small track segments in the East, purchased pursuant to the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 (45 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) and the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 801 et seq.).
Amtrak owns or leases its stations and owns its own repair and maintenance facilities. The Corporation employs a total work force of approximately 23,000 and provides all reservation, station, and on-board service staffs, as well as train and engine operating crews. Outside the Northeast Corridor, Amtrak has historically contracted with 21 privately owned railroads for the right to operate over their track and has compensated each railroad for its total package of services. Under contract, these railroads are responsible for the condition of the roadbed and for coordinating the flow of traffic.
In fiscal year 1995, Amtrak transported over 20 million people approximately 5.5 billion passenger miles. In addition, under contracts with several transit
agencies, Amtrak carried over 33 million commuters.
Although Amtrak's basic route system was originally designated by the Secretary of Transportation in 1971, modifications have been made to the Amtrak system and to individual routes that have resulted in more efficient and cost-effective operations. Currently, in the face of ongoing budget constraints, new service will only be added if a State agrees to share any losses associated with the new service or if the new service does not substantially add to Amtrak's need for Federal assistance.
Amtrak began operation in 1971 with an antiquated fleet of equipment inherited from private railroads; some cars were nearly 30 years old. Since then, the fleet has been modernized and new state-of-the-art single- and bi-level passenger cars and locomotives have been added.
Systemwide ridership is steadily rising, and Amtrak is finding it increasingly difficult to meet the demands of increased travel patterns with its limited passenger fleet. To ease these equipment constraints, the Corporation is working to identify innovative funding sources in order to acquire additional passenger cars and locomotives.
There is no rail passenger system in the world that makes a profit; Amtrak is no exception. However, Amtrak has made significant progress in reducing its dependence on Federal support, while at the same time improving the quality of service. Every year Amtrak moves further toward increasing the ratio of its earned revenue to total costs. As a result, Amtrak's appropriation for the current fiscal year is 45 percent below that for fiscal year 1978 (in constant dollars). One of Amtrak's highest priorities is to make the Corporation even more selfsufficient in the future.
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Department, Amtrak, 60 Massachusetts Avenue NE., Washington, DC 20002. Phone, 202-906–3860.