« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW
STUART E. WEISBERG
The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission works to ensure the timely and fair resolution of cases involving the alleged exposure of American workers to unsafe or unhealthy working conditions.
The Occupational Safety and Health or likely to cause death or serious Review Commission is an independent, physical harm to the employees and to quasi-judicial agency established by the comply with occupational safety and Occupational Safety and Health Act of health standards promulgated under the 1970 (29 U.S.C. 651-678).
act. The Commission is charged with ruling on cases forwarded to it by the Activities Department of Labor when
The Commission was created to disagreements arise over the results of
adjudicate enforcement actions initiated safety and health inspections performed under the act when they are contested by the Department's Occupational Safety by employers, employees, or and Health Administration. Employers
representatives of employees. A case have the right to dispute any alleged job arises when a citation is issued against safety or health violation found during
an employer as the result of an the inspection by the Administration, the
Occupational Safety and Health penalties it proposed, and the time given Administration inspection and it is by the agency to correct any hazardous contested within 15 working days. situation. Employees and representatives The Commission is more of a court of employees may initiate a case by system than a simple tribunal, for within challenging the propriety of the time the the Commission there are two levels of Administration has allowed for
adjudication. All cases that require a correction of any violative condition. hearing are assigned to an administrative
The Occupational Safety and Health law judge, who decides the case. Act covers virtually every employer in Ordinarily the hearing is held in the the country. Enforced by the Secretary of community where the alleged violation Labor, the act is an effort to reduce the occurred or as close as possible. At the incidence of personal injuries, illness, hearing, the Secretary of Labor will and deaths among working men and generally have the burden of proving the women in the United States that result case. After the hearing, the judge must from their employment. It requires issue a decision, based on findings of employers to furnish to each of their fact and conclusions of law. employees a working environment free A substantial number of the decisions from recognized hazards that are causing of the judges become final orders of the
Commission. However, each decision is subject to discretionary review by the three members of the Commission upon the direction of any one of the three, if done within 30 days of the filing of the decision. When that occurs, the Commission issues its own decision.
Once a case is decided, any person adversely affected or aggrieved thereby may obtain a review of the decision in the United States Courts of Appeals.
The principal office of the Commission is in Washington, DC. There are also three regional offices where Commission judges are stationed.
Sources of Information
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Specialist, Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, 1120 Twentieth Street NW., Washington, DC 20036–3419. Phone, 202-606-5398. Fax, 202– 606-5050.
OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS
STEPHEN D. POTTS Deputy Director and General Counsel
F. GARY DAVIS Deputy Director for Government Affairs and JANE S. LEY
Special Projects Deputy General Counsel
MARILYN GLYNN Associate Director for Administration
ROBERT E. LAMMON Associate Director for Agency Programs
JACK COVALESKI Associate Director for Education
BARBARA A. MULLEN-ROTH (For the Office of Government Ethics statement of organization, see the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 5, Part 2600]
The Office of Government Ethics provides overall direction of executive branch policies in preventing conflicts of interest on the part of officers and employees of all executive agencies. The Office is the principal agency for administering the Ethics in Government Act for the executive branch.
The Office of Government Ethics is a separate executive agency established under the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, as amended (5 U.S.C. app. 401).
The Director of the Office is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate for a 5-year term,
and is required to submit to Congress a biennial report concerning the implementation of the Director's functions and responsibilities.
-providing guidance on and promoting understanding of ethical standards in executive agencies through an extensive program of Government ethics advice, education, and training;
-evaluating the effectiveness of the Ethics Act, the conflict of interest laws, and other related statutes; and
-recommending appropriate new legislation or amendments.
-developing, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Office of Personnel Management, rules and regulations to be promulgated by the President or the Director of the Office of Government Ethics pertaining to standards of ethical conduct of executive agencies, public and confidential financial disclosure of executive branch officials, executive agency ethics training programs, and the identification and resolution of conflicts of interest;
-monitoring and investigating compliance with the executive branch financial disclosure requirements of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, as amended;
-providing ethics program assistance and information to executive branch agencies through a desk officer system;
- conducting periodic reviews of the ethics programs of executive agencies;
-ordering corrective action on the part of agencies and employees that the Director of the Office deems necessary, including orders to establish or modify an agency's ethics program;
Sources of Information The Office of Government Ethics annually updates its publication, The Informal Advisory Letters and Memoranda and Formal Opinions of the United States Office of Government Ethics, available from the Government Printing Office. In addition, the Office publishes a periodic newsletter on Government ethics, offers a free ethics electronic bulletin board service (phone via modem, 202-523-1186), and has available ethics publications, instructional videotapes, and a CDROM. The Office also, upon request, provides copies of executive branch public financial disclosure reports (SF 278's) in accordance with the Ethics Act and the Office's regulations.
For further information, contact the Office of Government Ethics, Suite 500, 1201 New York Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20005–3917. Phone, 202-208-8000. TDD, 202–208-8025. Fax, 202-208-8037.
OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
JAMES B. KING
RICHARD FERRIS, Acting LEONARD R. KLEIN
Associate Director, Office of Merit Systems CAROL J. OKIN
Oversight and Effectiveness
WILLIAM E. FLYNN III
Equal Employment Opportunity
CURTIS J. SMITH
LYNN L. FURMAN
(VACANCY) (For the Office of Personnel Management statement of organization, see the Federal Register of Jan. 5, 1979, 44 FR 1501)
The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) administers a merit system to ensure compliance with personnel laws and regulations and assists agencies in recruiting, examining, and promoting people on the basis of their knowledge and skills, regardless of their race, religion, sex, political influence, or other nonmerit factors. The Office's role is to provide guidance to agencies in operating human resources programs which effectively support their missions and to provide an array of personnel services to applicants and employees. The Office supports Government program managers in their human resources management responsibilities and provide benefits to employees, retired employees, and their survivors.
The Office of Personnel Management was created as an independent establishment by Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1978 (5 U.S.C. app.), effective January 1, 1979, pursuant to Executive Order 12107 of December 28, 1978. Transferred to OPM were many of the functions of the former United States Civil Service Commission. The Office's duties and authority are specified in the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. 1101). Office of the Inspector General The Office of the Inspector General conducts comprehensive and independent audits, investigations, and evaluations relating to OPM programs and operations. It is responsible for administrative actions against health care providers who commit sanctionable offenses with respect to the Federal Employees' Health Benefits Program or other Federal programs. The Office keeps the Director and Congress fully informed about problems and deficiencies in the administration of agency programs and operations, and the necessity for corrective action. For further information, contact the Office of the Inspector General. Phone, 202-606-1200.
Activities Examining and Staffing The Office of Personnel Management is responsible for providing departments and agencies with technical assistance and guidance in examining competitive positions in the Federal civil service for General Schedule grades 1 through 15 and Federal Wage system positions. In addition, the Office is responsible for:
-providing examination services, at the request of an agency, on a reimbursable basis;
-establishing basic qualification standards for all occupations;
-certifying agency delegated examining units to conduct examining;
-providing employment information for competitive service positions; and
--providing policy direction and guidance on promotions, reassignments, appointments in the excepted and competitive services, reinstatements, temporary and term employment, veterans preference, workforce restructuring, career transition, and other staffing provisions. Workforce Diversity The Office provides leadership, direction, and policy for governmentwide affirmative recruiting programs for minorities and veterans. It also provides leadership,