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Agency for International Development
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) administers U.S. foreign economic and humanitarian assistance programs worldwide in the developing world, Central and Eastern Europe, and the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union. The Agency functions under an Administrator, who concurrently serves as the Acting Director of IDCA.
Programs The Agency meets its post-Cold War era challenges by utilizing its strategy for achieving sustainable development in developing countries. It supports programs in four areas: population and health, broad-based economic growth, environment, and democracy. It also provides humanitarian assistance and aid to countries in crisis and transition. Population and Health The Agency contributes to a cooperative global effort to stabilize world population growth and support women's reproductive rights. The types of population and health programs supported vary with the particular needs of individual countries and the kinds of approaches that local communities initiate and support. Most USAID resources are directed to the following areas: support for voluntary family planning systems, reproductive health care, needs of adolescents and young adults, infant and child health, and education for girls and women. Economic Growth The Agency promotes broad-based economic growth by addressing the factors that enhance the capacity for growth and by working to remove the obstacles that stand in the way of individual opportunity. In this context, programs concentrate on strengthening market economies, expanding economic opportunities for the less advantaged in developing countries, and building human skills and capacities to facilitate broad-based participation. Environment The Agency's environmental programs support two strategic goals: reducing long-term
threats to the global environment, particularly loss of biodiversity and climate change; and promoting sustainable economic growth locally, nationally, and regionally by addressing environmental, economic, and developmental practices that impede development and are unsustainable. Globally, Agency programs focus on reducing sources and enhancing sinks of greenhouse gas emissions and on promoting innovative approaches to the conservation and sustainable use of the planet's biological diversity. The approach to national environmental problems differs on a country-by-country basis, depending on a particular country's environmental priorities. Country strategies may include improving agricultural, industrial, and natural resource management practices that play a central role in environmental degradation; strengthening public policies and institutions to protect the environment; holding dialogs with country governments on environmental issues and with international agencies on the environmental impact of lending practices and the design and implementation of innovative mechanisms to support environmental work; and environmental research and education. Democracy The Agency's strategic objective in the democracy area is the transition to and consolidation of democratic regimes throughout the world. Programs focus on such problems as: human rights abuses; misperceptions about democracy and free-market capitalism; lack of experience with democratic institutions; the absence or weakness of intermediary organizations; nonexistent, ineffectual, or undemocratic political parties; disenfranchisement of women, indigenous peoples, and minorities; failure to implement national charter documents; powerless or poorly defined democratic institutions; tainted elections; and the inability to resolve conflicts peacefully. Humanitarian Assistance and Post-Crisis Transitions The Agency provides
humanitarian assistance that saves lives, reduces suffering, helps victims return to self-sufficiency, and reinforces democracy. Programs focus on disaster prevention, preparedness, and mitigation; timely delivery of disaster relief and short-term rehabilitation supplies and services; preservation of basic institutions of civil governance during disaster crisis; support for democratic institutions during periods of national transition; and building and reinforcement of local capacity to anticipate and handle disasters and their aftermath.
to the chief U.S. diplomatic representative who is assisted by the USAID affairs officer.
The overseas program activities that involve more than one country are administered by regional offices. These offices may also perform country organizational responsibilities for assigned countries. Generally, the offices are headed by a regional development officer.
Development Assistance Coordination and Representative Offices provide liaison with various international organizations and represent U.S. interests in development assistance matters. Such offices may be only partially staffed by Agency personnel and may be headed by employees of other U.S. Government agencies. Country Organizations U.S. Agency for
Tirana Angola/Luanda Armenia Yerevan Bangladesh Dhaka Belize/Belize City Benin Cotonou .... Bolivia La Paz Botswana/Gaborone Brazil Brasilia Burkina Faso/Ouagadougou Bulgaria/Sofia Burundi Bujumbura Cambodia Phnom Penh Cape Verde/Praia Chad/N'Djamena
Overseas Organizations U.S. Agency for International Development country organizations are located in countries where a bilateral program is being implemented. The incountry organizations are subject to the direction and guidance of the chief U.S. diplomatic representative in the country, usually the Ambassador. The organizations report to the Agency's Assistant Administrators for the four geographic bureaus—the Bureaus for Africa, Asia and Near East, Europe and the New Independent States, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
There are three types of country organizations: USAID missions, offices of the USAID representative, and USAID sections of the embassy. Agency missions are located in countries in which the U.S. economic assistance program is major, continuing, and usually involves multiple types of aid in several sectors. Each mission is headed by a mission director, who has been delegated program planning, implementation, and representation authorities. Offices of the USAID representative are located in countries in which the economic assistance program is moderate, declining, or has limited objectives. The offices are usually headed by a USAID representative, who also has delegated authority for program implementation and representation. Agency sections of the embassy are located in countries where the assistance program is very small or is being phased out. Program planning and implementation authorities are delegated
Dianne M. Blane (OR)
(MD) Charles R. Aaneson (OR) James F. Bednar (OR) Marilyn Zak (MD)
Chile/Santiago Colombia/Bogota Costa Rica/San Jose
John Sanbrailo (MD)
IsraelTel Aviv (Gaza)
Christopher Crowley (MD)
Richard Nelson (OR) Peru/Lima
George Wachtenheim (MD)
Kenneth Schofield (MD)
Suzanne Olds (OR)
Richard J. Hough (OR)
James A. Norris (MD)
Myron Golden (MD)
Anne Williams (MD)
Patricia Lemer (OR)
Michael Zak (OR)
Richard Ullrich (MD)
Leslie A. Dean (MD)
David Cohen (MD)
Jack Royer, Acting (MD)
Linda Lion (MD)
Donald Clark (MD)
Gregory F. Huger (MD)
William D. McKinney (OR) Zambia/Lusaka
Joseph Stepanek (MD) Zimbabwe/Harare
Peter Benedict (MD) 'MD: Mission Director; D: Director; OR: Office of the AID Representative; DO: Development Officer, RD: Regional Director; AAO: AID Alfairs Officer for Section of Embassy; CO: Coordinator in Washington
David Mutchler (MD)
International Organizations-Agency for International Development
(Selected Regional Organizations) (A: Advisor; C: Counselor; ED: Executive Director; MD: Mission Director; AID R: AID Representative; RD: Regional Director)
Keith Brown (RD)
Williard Pearson (RD) Caribbean Regional Development Office/BridgetownBridgetown, Barbados
Paul Bisek, Acting (RD) Development Assistance Coordination and Representation Offices U.S. Mission to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture Rome, Italy
Hugh Smith (ED)
for Economic Cooperation and Development Paris, France.
Paul White (C)
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) is a self-sustaining Federal agency whose purpose is to promote economic growth in developing countries by encouraging U.S. private investment in those nations. The Corporation assists American investors in four principal ways: financing of businesses through loans and loan guaranties; supporting private investment
funds which provide equity for U.S. companies investing in projects overseas; insuring investments against a broad range of political risks; and engaging in outreach activities. All of these programs are designed to reduce the perceived stumbling blocks and risks associated with overseas investment.
Organized as a corporation and structured to be responsive to private