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Agency for International Development

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) administers U.S. foreign economic and humanitarian assistance programs worldwide in the developing world, Central and Eastern Europe, and the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union. The Agency functions under an Administrator, who concurrently serves as the Acting Director of IDCA.

Programs The Agency meets its post-Cold War era challenges by utilizing its strategy for achieving sustainable development in developing countries. It supports programs in four areas: population and health, broad-based economic growth, environment, and democracy. It also provides humanitarian assistance and aid to countries in crisis and transition. Population and Health The Agency contributes to a cooperative global effort to stabilize world population growth and support women's reproductive rights. The types of population and health programs supported vary with the particular needs of individual countries and the kinds of approaches that local communities initiate and support. Most USAID resources are directed to the following areas: support for voluntary family planning systems, reproductive health care, needs of adolescents and young adults, infant and child health, and education for girls and women. Economic Growth The Agency promotes broad-based economic growth by addressing the factors that enhance the capacity for growth and by working to remove the obstacles that stand in the way of individual opportunity. In this context, programs concentrate on strengthening market economies, expanding economic opportunities for the less advantaged in developing countries, and building human skills and capacities to facilitate broad-based participation. Environment The Agency's environmental programs support two strategic goals: reducing long-term

threats to the global environment, particularly loss of biodiversity and climate change; and promoting sustainable economic growth locally, nationally, and regionally by addressing environmental, economic, and developmental practices that impede development and are unsustainable. Globally, Agency programs focus on reducing sources and enhancing sinks of greenhouse gas emissions and on promoting innovative approaches to the conservation and sustainable use of the planet's biological diversity. The approach to national environmental problems differs on a country-by-country basis, depending on a particular country's environmental priorities. Country strategies may include improving agricultural, industrial, and natural resource management practices that play a central role in environmental degradation; strengthening public policies and institutions to protect the environment; holding dialogs with country governments on environmental issues and with international agencies on the environmental impact of lending practices and the design and implementation of innovative mechanisms to support environmental work; and environmental research and education. Democracy The Agency's strategic objective in the democracy area is the transition to and consolidation of democratic regimes throughout the world. Programs focus on such problems as: human rights abuses; misperceptions about democracy and free-market capitalism; lack of experience with democratic institutions; the absence or weakness of intermediary organizations; nonexistent, ineffectual, or undemocratic political parties; disenfranchisement of women, indigenous peoples, and minorities; failure to implement national charter documents; powerless or poorly defined democratic institutions; tainted elections; and the inability to resolve conflicts peacefully. Humanitarian Assistance and Post-Crisis Transitions The Agency provides

humanitarian assistance that saves lives, reduces suffering, helps victims return to self-sufficiency, and reinforces democracy. Programs focus on disaster prevention, preparedness, and mitigation; timely delivery of disaster relief and short-term rehabilitation supplies and services; preservation of basic institutions of civil governance during disaster crisis; support for democratic institutions during periods of national transition; and building and reinforcement of local capacity to anticipate and handle disasters and their aftermath.

to the chief U.S. diplomatic representative who is assisted by the USAID affairs officer.

The overseas program activities that involve more than one country are administered by regional offices. These offices may also perform country organizational responsibilities for assigned countries. Generally, the offices are headed by a regional development officer.

Development Assistance Coordination and Representative Offices provide liaison with various international organizations and represent U.S. interests in development assistance matters. Such offices may be only partially staffed by Agency personnel and may be headed by employees of other U.S. Government agencies. Country Organizations U.S. Agency for

International Development
(Missions, Offices, or Sections of Embassy)

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Albania

Tirana Angola/Luanda Armenia Yerevan Bangladesh Dhaka Belize/Belize City Benin Cotonou .... Bolivia La Paz Botswana/Gaborone Brazil Brasilia Burkina Faso/Ouagadougou Bulgaria/Sofia Burundi Bujumbura Cambodia Phnom Penh Cape Verde/Praia Chad/N'Djamena

Overseas Organizations U.S. Agency for International Development country organizations are located in countries where a bilateral program is being implemented. The incountry organizations are subject to the direction and guidance of the chief U.S. diplomatic representative in the country, usually the Ambassador. The organizations report to the Agency's Assistant Administrators for the four geographic bureaus—the Bureaus for Africa, Asia and Near East, Europe and the New Independent States, and Latin America and the Caribbean.

There are three types of country organizations: USAID missions, offices of the USAID representative, and USAID sections of the embassy. Agency missions are located in countries in which the U.S. economic assistance program is major, continuing, and usually involves multiple types of aid in several sectors. Each mission is headed by a mission director, who has been delegated program planning, implementation, and representation authorities. Offices of the USAID representative are located in countries in which the economic assistance program is moderate, declining, or has limited objectives. The offices are usually headed by a USAID representative, who also has delegated authority for program implementation and representation. Agency sections of the embassy are located in countries where the assistance program is very small or is being phased out. Program planning and implementation authorities are delegated

Dianne M. Blane (OR)
Bill Masten (CO)
Fred E. Winch (OR)
Richard Brown (MD)
Robert Dakan (OR)
Thomas F. Comell (OR)
Lewis Lucke, Acting (MD)
Howard R. Handler (MD)
Edward Kadunc (OR)
Thomas C. Luche (OR)
John A. Tennant (OR)
Myron Golden (MD)
Joseph Goodwin (OR)
Barbara Kennedy (OR)
Richard Frankel, Acting

(OR)
Thomas Nicastro (OR)
Lars Klassen (OR)
Richard Whelden, Acting

(MD) Charles R. Aaneson (OR) James F. Bednar (OR) Marilyn Zak (MD)

Chile/Santiago Colombia/Bogota Costa Rica/San Jose

Croatial Zagreb
Czech Republic/Prague
Dominican Republic/Santo

Domingo.
Ecuador/Quito
EgypuCairo
El Salvador/San Salvador
Estonia Tallinn
Ethiopia/Addis Ababa ....
FYR Macedonia/Skopje
Gambia/Banjul

Ghana/Accra
Guatemala/Guatemala City
Guinea/Conakry
Guinea-Bissau/Bissau
Guyana/Georgetown
Haiti Port-au-Prince
Honduras/Tegucigalpa
Hungary/Budapest
India New Delhi
Indonesia/Jakarta
Israel Jerusalem (West

Bank).

John Sanbrailo (MD)
John Westley (MD)
Car Leonard, Acting (MD)
Adrian deGraffenreid (OR)
Margaret Bonner (MD)
Linda Gregory (OR)
Robbin Burkhart, Acting

(OR)
Barbara Sandovaln (MD)
William Rhodes (MD)
Thomas E. Park (MD)
Michael F. Lukomski (OR)
Pat McDuffy (MD)
Larry Crandall (MD)
Elena Brinernan (MD)
Thomas Cornel (OR)
Walter Bollinger (MD)
Charles F. Weden (MD)
Christopher Crowley (MD)

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IsraelTel Aviv (Gaza)
Jamaica/Kingston
Jordan Amman
Kazakhstan Almaty
Kenya Nairobi
Latvia/Riga

Lesotho Maseru

Liberia Monrovia
Lithuania

Vilnius
Madagascar/Antananarivo
Malawi Lilongwe
Mali Bamako
Mexico Mexico City
Mongolia/Ulaanbaatar
Morocco/Rabat
Mozambique/Maputo
Namibia Windhoeck
NepalKathmandu
Nicaragua Managua
Niger/Niamey
Nigeria Lagos
OmanMuscat
Pakistan-Alghanistan

Islamabad
Panama Panama City

Christopher Crowley (MD)
Carol Tyson (MD)
William T. Oliver, Jr. (MD)
Craig G. Buck (MD)
George E. Jones (MD)
Baudouin De Marcken

(OR)
F. Gary E. Lewis, Acting

(MD)
Lowell Lynch (OR)
John Cloutier (OR)
Donald R. Mackenzie (MD)
Cynthia Rozell (MD)
Joel Schlesinger (MD)
Arthur Danart (OR)
Charles Howell (OR)
Michael Fardman (MD)
Roger Carlson (MD)
Edward Spriggs (OR)
Frederick Machmer (MD)
George Carner (MD)
James Anderson (MD)
Stephen Spielman (AAO)
Mark S. Matthews (OR)
John Blackton (MD)

Paraguay/Asuncion

Richard Nelson (OR) Peru/Lima

George Wachtenheim (MD)
Philippines/Manila

Kenneth Schofield (MD)
Philippines Manila (ASEAN) Dennis Zvinakis (OR)
Poland/
Warsaw

Suzanne Olds (OR)
Romania/Bucharest

Richard J. Hough (OR)
Russia/Moscow

James A. Norris (MD)
Rwanda/Kigali

Myron Golden (MD)
Senegal Dakar

Anne Williams (MD)
Slovakia/Bratislava

Patricia Lemer (OR)
Slovenia/Ljublana

Michael Zak (OR)
Somalia/Mogadishu

Richard Ullrich (MD)
South Africa/Pretoria

Leslie A. Dean (MD)
Sri Lanka/Colombo

David Cohen (MD)
Swaziland/Mbabane

Jack Royer, Acting (MD)
Tanzania Dar es Salaam Mark Wentling (MD)
Thailand/Bangkok

Linda Lion (MD)
Uganda/Kampala

Donald Clark (MD)
Ukraine/kiev

Gregory F. Huger (MD)
Yemen/Sanaa

William D. McKinney (OR) Zambia/Lusaka

Joseph Stepanek (MD) Zimbabwe/Harare

Peter Benedict (MD) 'MD: Mission Director; D: Director; OR: Office of the AID Representative; DO: Development Officer, RD: Regional Director; AAO: AID Alfairs Officer for Section of Embassy; CO: Coordinator in Washington

David Mutchler (MD)

International Organizations-Agency for International Development

(Selected Regional Organizations) (A: Advisor; C: Counselor; ED: Executive Director; MD: Mission Director; AID R: AID Representative; RD: Regional Director)

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Regional Offices
Regional Economic Development Services Officesi.
Office for East and Southern Africa Nairobi, Kenya

Keith Brown (RD)
Office for West and Central Africa Cote d'Ivoire, Abidjan

Williard Pearson (RD) Caribbean Regional Development Office/BridgetownBridgetown, Barbados

Paul Bisek, Acting (RD) Development Assistance Coordination and Representation Offices U.S. Mission to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture Rome, Italy

Hugh Smith (ED)
Office of the U.S. Representative to the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization Dennis Brennan (AID R)

for Economic Cooperation and Development Paris, France.
Office of the AID Development Adviser to the U.S. Executive Director to the Asian Development Terry Barker (A)

Bank-Manila, Philippines.
U.S. Mission to the European Office of the United Nations and Other International Organiza- (Vacancy) (AID R)

tions-Geneva, Switzerland.
AID Office for Development Cooperation Tokyo, Japan

Paul White (C)

Overseas Private Investment Corporation

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) is a self-sustaining Federal agency whose purpose is to promote economic growth in developing countries by encouraging U.S. private investment in those nations. The Corporation assists American investors in four principal ways: financing of businesses through loans and loan guaranties; supporting private investment

funds which provide equity for U.S. companies investing in projects overseas; insuring investments against a broad range of political risks; and engaging in outreach activities. All of these programs are designed to reduce the perceived stumbling blocks and risks associated with overseas investment.

Organized as a corporation and structured to be responsive to private

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